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Ketones in Medical News

Illness Presents Diabetics With Special Challenges

... instructed by your health-care team, check for ketones in your urine every few hours. Ketones, a waste ... Call your doctor if: there is a rise in ketones or if there are ketones in your urine for more than 12 hours; if you've ...

Duke chemist has new way to tell right from left

... up to industrial manufacturing quantities. "Asymmetric synthesis of ketones is not new, but we can do it more practically and easily," said Coltart, ... to the pharmaceutical industry, this problem of molecular handedness in ketones has been difficult to solve. Academic labs have succeeded at asymmetric ...

Transporters may help delay diabetes-related retinal damage

... this high-energy-consuming tissue, says Dr. Martin. She suspects the two transporters work harder in diabetes to increase levels of lactate and ketones bodies, which may help explain why diabetes impact on the eye may go undiagnosed for years. I think what fascinates me so much about the eye is you ...

A Milky Alternative to Alzheimer Drug

... Ketasyn contains fatty acids that the liver metabolizes into substances called ketones, similar to what's produced during a fast. Brain cells can use ketones in place of sugar for energy. That's also similar to the high-fat, low-protein ketogenic diet sometimes used for children with severe ...

New Chemistry Approach Promises Less Expensive Drugs

... activation that allows a whole group of reactions to take place." Broadly stated, the discovery will open up new possibilities for working with ketones and aldehydes, two chemical groups that are found on a large percentage of the substances in which organic chemists are interested. "They form a big ...

Progression Of ALS May Be Prevented By A High Caloric Diet

... those affected." The cause of neuronal death in ALS is uncertain but study researchers say mitochondrial dysfunction plays an important role. ketones promote mitochondrial energy production and membrane stabilization. Mitochondiral membrane dysfunction, loss of oxidative stress control, generation ...

Start the New year with news on intelligent weight loss!!

... each year until he hits 50. A woman gains proportionately more. Another wakening is : Eating less than 130g of carbohydrate a day can build up ketones in your blood, which can lead to gout and kidney stones. So never say a complete no to carbs. Never skip breakfast when loosing weight. Studies ...
Ketones in Medical Technology

Help! I'm Sick. How Do I Handle My Diabetes?

... instructed by your health care team, check for ketones in your urine every few hours. -- Don't stop ... your health care provider if there is a rise in ketones or if there are ketones in your urine for more than 12 hours; if you are ...
Ketones in Medical Dictionary

Coma

... : Coma in a diabetic due to the buildup of ketones in the blood stream. ketones are a product of metabolizing (using) fats ... high glucose levels without the presence of ketones (a by-product of fat that can cause other ... ...

Diabetic ketoacidosis

... buildup of by-products of fat metabolism ( ketones ), which occurs when glucose is not available ... Ketoacidosis ) Ketone Bodies - Serum ( Serum ketones ) Ketone Bodies - Urine ( ketones - Urine ) ...

Ketones

... ketones - urine Definition: A ketones urine test measures the presence or absence of ketones in the urine . ...

Acetone

... poisoning Definition: This is poisoning from swallowing acetone . ketones ( beta -hydroxybutyric acid , acetoacetic acid , and acetone ) are the ... of rapid or excessive fatty acid breakdown. As with glucose , ketones are present in the urine when the blood levels surpass a certain ...

Flood

... or from flood ing. As a byproduct of this process, chemicals called ketones flood the blood stream. Together with excess sugar , the extra ketones can build up to dangerous, even life-threatening levels. This condition ...

Acidosis

... treatment of pediatric patients suffering from congenital lactic acidosis . Uncontrolled diabetes leads to diabetic acidosis , in which ketones build up in the blood . Patients have sweet- smell ing breath, and may suffer confusion , unconsciousness , and death . (see also Diabetes ...

Alcoholic ketoacidosis

... Alcoholic ketoacidosis Definition: Alcoholic ketoacidosis is an accumulation of ketones (a type of acid ) in the blood , caused by excessive alcohol consumption . Alcoholic Encephalopathy (Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome ) Alcoholic ...

Carbohydrates

... 6 small meals a day! ... Unavailability of carbohydrates from starvation or uncontrolled diabetes mellitus increases the production of ketones . Too high a ketone level causes the blood chemistry to become acidic, a condition that's potentially life-threatening. The body cannot store ...

Cornea

... long-term risks are not yet known. (back to top) ... A deformity of the cornea in which the cornea resembles the end of a football. ketones ... Inflammation of the cornea ( keratitis ) or membrane s of the eye ( uveitis ) Nerve damage Meningitis ( inflammation of the ...

Diet

... A diet that supplies an abnormally high amount of fat , and small amounts of carbohydrates and protein . Ketosis An abnormal increase in ketones in the body, usually found in people with uncontrolled diabetes mellitus . Optimal Diet Calculator The optimal diet calculator is being ...

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Ketones in Biological News

New process derives 'green gasoline' from plant sugars

... of an organic oil-like solution floating on top of the water. The oil layer, which is easily transportable, contains molecules of acids, alcohols, ketones and cyclics, which Dumesic calls "functional intermediates." These molecules are the precursors to fuel. Unlike petroleum, plant sugars contain ...
Ketones in Biological Technology

Stevens researchers provide new information about mass spectrometry

... spectra of anions derived from several hydroxyphenyl carbaldehydes and ketones were recorded and mechanistically rationalized. For example, the spectrum ... followed by that of the phenolic group. Anions from 2-hydroxyphenyl alkyl ketones lose a ketene by a hydrogen transfer predominantly from the alpha ....
Ketones in Biological Definition

Alcohol

... also undergo oxidation to give aldehydes , ketones or carboxylic acids , or they can be dehydrated ... KOH (mainly 1 alcohols). From aldehydes or ketones : reduction with sodium borohydride . From ... upon oxidation, while secondary alcohols give ketones . Tertiary alcohols resist oxidation. ...

Carbohydrate

... (e.g. chitin , which contains nitrogen ). The simplest carbohydrates are monosaccharides , which are small straight-chain aldehydes and ketones with many hydroxyl groups added, usually one on each carbon except the functional group. Other carbohydrates are composed of monosaccharide ...

Diabetes mellitus

... acids by lipolysis . Muscle is degraded to release amino acids for gluconeogenesis. The rise of fatty acid levels is accompanied by a rise of ketones ( acetone , acetoacetate and beta-hydroxybutyrate ). As the ketosis worsens, it produces a metabolic acidosis , with anorexia, abdominal ...
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