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Gestation in Medical News

Elective Early Deliveries Pose Risks for Babies

... preterm deliveries -- those before 37 weeks of gestation -- among single-birth pregnancies. And more than ... often needed to persuade a family that a full gestation is in the best interests of the baby. "It's ... the March of Dimes, a baby's brain at 35 weeks' gestation weighs only two-thirds of what it will weigh at ...

New Study Data: JANUVIA™ (sitagliptin) Significantly Reduced Blood Sugar Levels and Was Not Associated with Hypoglycemia in Elderly Patients with Type 2 Diabetes

... to pregnant female rats and rabbits from gestation day 6 to 20 (organogenesis) was not teratogenic ... Sitagliptin administered to female rats from gestation day 6 to lactation day 21 decreased body weight ... were treated 2 weeks prior to mating through gestation day 7. No adverse effect on fertility was ...

Fetal Heart Rate Points to Later Child Development

... -- six times from 20 weeks through 38 weeks of gestation in 137 women with normal pregnancies. When the ... variation in fetal heart rate at about 28 weeks gestation predicted better performance on a standardized ... in heart rate variation beginning at 20 weeks gestation had quicker progression through childhood mental, ...

Depression May Lead to More Preemies Among Blacks

... birth was defined as any birth before 37 weeks of gestation. Normal gestation ranges from 38 to 42 weeks. "Preterm births are one of the most ... deliveries or what impact depression during pregnancy might have on gestation because the data did not include that information. "At this point we ...

Landmark Rh Immune Globulin Celebrates 40 Years of Saving Babies' Lives

... of the mother and baby Antepartum prophylaxis at 26 to 28 weeks gestation Antepartum fetal-maternal hemorrhage (suspected or proven) as a ... trauma Actual or threatened pregnancy loss at any stage of gestation Ectopic pregnancy To maintain an adequate level of ...

Multiple Doses of Steroids Don't Help Preemies

... Murphy and her colleagues studied 1,858 women at 25 to 32 weeks of gestation who had not delivered their babies within 14 to 21 days after receiving ... were randomly assigned to corticosteroids every 14 days until 33 weeks of gestation or until they delivered, or a placebo. The researchers looked for cases of ...

Canola Oil Consumed During Pregnancy Lowers Breast Cancer Risk for Offspring

... Mouse study found it was better than corn oil during gestation and lactation TUESDAY, Nov. 18 (HealthDay News) -- Women ... changing behavior until unanswered questions are resolved. "Is it gestation or is it lactation, because that's a pretty big difference," said Dr. Alan ...

First evidence that prenatal exposure to famine may lead to persistent epigenetic changes

... were found among individuals who were exposed to famine early in gestation who have normal birth weights. For comparison purposes, the researchers also studied individuals who were exposed late in gestation and who therefore had lower birth weights. They did not see methylation ...

Neural Stem Cells May Help Repair Spina Bifida in Utero

... of inside, the body. The defect develops at around the fourth week of gestation and can occur anywhere along the spine. Children with spina bifida suffer ... regenerative impact, researchers administered the NSCs at 97-112 days of gestation (full term being 145 days) during the development of the spinal cord, ...

Essential dental treatment safe for pregnant women, says ADA journal study

... to receive scaling and root planing, either at 13 to 21 weeks' gestation or up to three months after delivery. (Experts recommend that pregnant women defer elective care before eight weeks' gestation and during late pregnancy.) The researchers determined that 483 of these ...

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Gestation in Medical Technology

Pew Commission Says Industrial Scale Farm Animal Production Poses 'Unacceptable' Risks to Public Health, Environment

... absence of disease or productivity outcomes. Intensive confinement (e.g. gestation crates for swine, battery cages for laying hens) often so severely ... the risk of IFAP to public health and improve animal wellbeing (i.e., gestation crates and battery cages). 5. Federal and state laws need to be amended ...

MedImmune Presents New Data Demonstrating Increased Risk for Medically Attended RSV in Late-Preterm Infants

... the occurrence of RSV infection requiring medical attention in the first year of life. The study consisted of 117,060 babies born at 33 weeks gestation or later, who were discharged from six hospitals between January 1, 1996, and December 31, 2002. The neonatal characteristics evaluated included GA, ...

Two-Year Phase III Data Presented at AAN 61st Annual Meeting Show Positive Outcome of Cladribine Tablets in Patients With Multiple Sclerosis

... were reported during the study (cervical stage 0, melanoma, ovarian and pancreatic), and a case of choriocarcinoma was reported at week 14 of gestation in a cladribine-treated patient who became pregnant 6 months after completion of the study. Observed malignancies were isolated cases across ...

Mission Pharmacal Launches CitraNatal(R) Assure Prescription Prenatal Vitamin

... prenatal care. It has been shown to be instrumental in the baby's pre- and postnatal brain, eye and nervous system development, increase the baby's gestation period, birth weight and size, lead to higher visual acuity at age 60 days, and increase cognitive and psychomotor developments(2,3,4). DHA cannot be ...

National Study Shows Magnesium Sulfate Reduces Risk of Cerebral Palsy in Premature Births

... in the August 28 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine found that magnesium sulfate administered to women delivering before 32 weeks of gestation reduced the risk of cerebral palsy by 50 percent. The Beneficial Effects of Antenatal Magnesium Sulfate (BEAM) trial was conducted in 18 centers in ...

Progesterone Therapy and Preterm Birth: More Evidence Helps Identify Women Who Can Benefit

... J. Rouse, M.D., found that weekly injections of 17P (17 alpha-hydroxyprogesterone caproate, a derivative of progesterone) between 16 and 35 weeks gestation did not reduce the rate of preterm birth among women carrying twins. "Premature birth is a growing problem in the United States and a leading killer ...

MedImmune Announces Positive Clinical Results at PAS Annual Meeting From Large Prospective Trial in Prevention of Serious RSV Disease

... who are at high risk for RSV include those who were born at 35 weeks gestation or less as well as those who have chronic lung disease (CLD) due to being ... infants with a history of premature birth (less than or equal to 35 weeks gestation age), and children with hemodynamically significant CHD. Synagis has ...

Late Breaking Data Released at ADA Showed that the Investigational Use of Januvia and Metformin as Initial Combination Therapy Provided Significant Glucose Lowering Efficacy over 54 Weeks in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes

... exposure at the MRHD. Sitagliptin administered to female rats from gestation day 6 to lactation day 21 decreased body weight in male and female ... 8 weeks total) and females were treated 2 weeks prior to mating through gestation day 7. No adverse effect on fertility was observed at 125 ...

An Investigational Study Released at ADA Showed that Initial Combination Therapy with Januvia (sitagliptin) and Metformin Led to Improvement in Markers of Beta Cell Function in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes

... exposure at the MRHD. Sitagliptin administered to female rats from gestation day 6 to lactation day 21 decreased body weight in male and female ... 8 weeks total) and females were treated 2 weeks prior to mating through gestation day 7. No adverse effect on fertility was observed at 125 ...
Gestation in Medical Products

PAPP-A, Ultra-Sensitive ELISA Test

Description:... produced in high concentrations by placental trophoblast cells, and is released into the maternal circulation in increasing concentrations throughout gestation until delivery [1]. PAPP-A is not specific to pregnancy since measurable levels have been found in non-pregnant females and in males. [2]. The ...
Company:Diagnostic Systems Laboratories, Inc.

PAPP-A ELISA Test

Description:... produced in high concentrations by placental trophoblast cells, and is released into the maternal circulation in increasing concentrations throughout gestation until delivery [1]. PAPP-A is not specific to pregnancy since measurable levels have been found in non-pregnant females and in males. [2]. The ...
Company:Diagnostic Systems Laboratories, Inc.

TSH ELISA Test

Description:... and elevated thyroid hormone levels lead to decreased TSH secretion. During human fetal life, serum TSH levels are measurable at about 18 weeks gestation and increase to a peak at the beginning of the 3rd trimester. At birth, a sharp and dramatic increase in serum TSH levels occurs with a subsequent ...
Company:Diagnostic Systems Laboratories, Inc.

TSH IRMA Test

Description:... and elevated thyroid hormone levels lead to decreased TSH secretion. During human fetal life, serum TSH levels are measurable at about 18 weeks gestation and increase to a peak at the beginning of the 3rd trimester. At birth, a sharp and dramatic increase in serum TSH levels occurs with a subsequent ...
Company:Diagnostic Systems Laboratories, Inc.
Gestation in Medical Dictionary

Gestation

... gestation al trophoblastic tumor is not always easy to ... it may look like a normal pregnancy . gestation al diabetes Definition gestation al diabetes is a condition that occurs during ...

Molar pregnancy

... pregnancy but is actually a tumor multi ple gestation such as twins or triplets ... There are two types of gestation al trophoblastic tumor s: hydatidiform mole ... in the uterus after conception . Also called gestation al trophoblastic disease , ...

Placenta

... s (amniotic sac ) ... Placenta l-Site gestation al Trophoblastic Tumor s Nonmetastatic gestation al Trophoblastic Tumor s Good Prognosis Metastatic gestation al Trophoblastic Tumor s ... Placenta : The ...

Prematurity

... Definition The length of a normal pregnancy or gestation is considered to be 40 weeks (280 days) from the ... of conception . Infants born before 37 weeks gestation are considered premature and may be at risk for ... are born prematurely, or before the 37th week of gestation . Retinopathy of prematurity Definition: ...

Abortion

... placenta l material has been expelled from the uterus before 20 weeks' gestation . Abortion , spontaneous: A miscarriage , that is, any pregnancy ... time. Most elective abortion s take place between 8 and 12 weeks of gestation . The procedure consists of dilating the cervix and removing the ...

Eclampsia

... pre eclampsia (serious pregnancy -induced high blood pressure ), gestation al ( pregnancy -related) diabetes , premature rupture of the membrane ... insufficiency , breech baby, active genital herpes , multi ple gestation , pre eclampsia , ... the flow of urine in your system (such as an ...

Fetus

... Fetus - Foot This is a normal ultrasound of a fetus at 19 weeks gestation . The right foot, including the developing bones, are clearly visible in ... grows. Amniotic fluid volume is greatest at approximately 34 weeks of gestation , when it averages 800 ml. The fetus cannot be protected from being ...

Infant

... of the thymus gland or inadequate maternal intake of iodine during gestation . The infant seems otherwise well and does not seem hungry until the ... more than 4000 grams (8 pounds, 13 ounces), regardless of the period of gestation . Babies of large birth are also called macrosomic infant s . Lower ...

Placenta previa

... insufficiency , breech baby, active genital herpes , multi ple gestation , ... Simply identifying presentation may lead to missing fetal ...... preeclampsia (serious pregnancy -induced high blood pressure ), gestation al ( pregnancy -related) diabetes , premature rupture of the membrane ...

Preeclampsia

... preeclampsia (serious pregnancy -induced high blood pressure ), gestation al ( pregnancy -related) diabetes , premature rupture of the membrane ... insufficiency , breech baby, active genital herpes , multi ple gestation , preeclampsia , ... the flow of urine in your system (such as an ...

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Gestation in Biological News

Repeat C-section before 39 weeks raises risk of neonatal illness

... them at term but before completing 39 weeks gestation are up to two times more likely to have a baby ... small studies that infants born before 39 weeks' gestation are at increased risk for respiratory distress. ... elective cesarean of a viable infant at 37 weeks gestation or later in the absence of labor or other ...

Women's health-related scientific findings presented by University of Pittsburgh researchers

... babies were born earliest less than 34 weeks gestation had the highest concentrations, Janet M. Catov, ... on 47 women who had delivered prior to 37 weeks gestation with data on 104 women with term births, at or ... of preterm birth compared to those with normal gestation births, said Dr. Catov, adding that results were ...

September 2008 Biology of Reproduction highlights

... novel approach in which pregnant female mice were exposed before or during gestation to filtered or nonfiltered air in exposure chambers placed in the garden ... Pregnant mice exposed to urban air pollution either before or during gestation produced fetuses of smaller weights compared to those provided filtered ...

Exercise during pregnancy leads to a healthier heart in moms- and babies-to-be

... of the fetal activity or the gestational age. at each stage of gestation the differences between the fetal heart rates of the two groups were ... of short- and long-term heart variability at 28, 32 and 36 weeks of gestation in exercise-exposed vs. non-exercise-exposed fetuses were statistically ...

Bacterial infections in premature babies more common than previously realized

... fetal infection. 23% of neonates born between 23 and 32 weeks of gestation have positive umbilical blood cultures for two genital mycoplasmas ... 457 consecutive singleton deliveries of infants born at 23-32 weeks gestation from 1996 to 2001. This study focuses on a subset of 351 women/infant ...

Researchers find evidence linking stress caused by the Sept. 11 disaster with low birth weights

... the associations we are seeing with birth weight likely reflect shorter gestation and earlier births, rather than a reduction in foetal growth, explained ... the babies would have been in either their first or second trimester of gestation or being conceived. In NYC there was a 36% increased risk of babies ...

Stem cell research: From molecular physiology to therapeutic applications

... adipogenic and endothelial lineages, but also hepatocyte-like cells, and neural and erythroid cells. They remained in some tissues and organs during gestation and could give rise to different kinds of pluripotent stem cells and thus could potentially contribute to self-repair and self-renewal of tissues and ...

Brain malformations significantly associated with preterm birth, Wake Forest research shows

... defects, the mean gestational age was 36.6 weeks, whereas the data showed a mean gestational age of 39.9 weeks for infants with no defects and a gestation of 38.1 weeks for infants with defects of any kind. "Preterm" birth is defined as 20 to 36 weeks gestation, while "term" birth is defined as 37 to 41 ...

Pre-pregnancy depressed mood may heighten risk for premature birth

... health over time among black women. For this study, premature birth referred to any child born after less than 37 weeks of gestation. Normal gestation ranges from 38 to 42 weeks. Data for the study was drawn from a larger longitudinal investigation looking at the risks for cardiovascular disease ...

Report updates guidelines on how much weight women should gain during pregnancy

... pregnancy weight change. Noting that entering pregnancy with a normal body mass index (BMI) as well as gaining within the recommended levels during gestation are the best ways to minimize the risks, the report calls for increased diet and exercise counseling and programs to help women attain a normal BMI. ...

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Gestation in Biological Technology

MedImmune Presents Data at AAP National Conference & Exhibition Demonstrating Burden of RSV Disease

... of infants born between 32 and 35 weeks gestation that may be at high risk for RSVH, but not ... with Palivizumab for Infants 32-35 Weeks gestation (Poster #29) - Leonard Krilov, MD, Friday, ... Synagis for infants born between 32 and 35 weeks gestation with two or more of five risk factors: ...

Nanotech particles affect brain development in mice

... For this study, the researchers injected pregnant mice with Ti02 nanoparticles. The brains were obtained from male fetuses/pups on the 16th day of gestation and at several points after birth. Comparing these brains to those of control animals, the researchers were able to demonstrate changes in expression ...

New England Journal of Medicine Study Highlights Need for Rapid, PCR-based Group B Streptococcus (GBS) Testing at Time of Admission for Labor and Delivery

... had previously screened negative during their 35-37 week gestation. "This revealing study shows clearly that screening for GBS at 35 to 37 weeks gestation leaves many newborns at significant risk of GBS infection, presumably due to either false negative culture results or due to a change in GBS status, ...

Martek Announces Second Quarter 2008 Financial Results

... the role of polyunsaturated fatty acids on infant development indicated that higher cord blood DHA was associated with longer gestation and better visual acuity and cognitive function in these infants. The authors note the importance of DHA during the third trimester of ...

Kaiser Permanente Study Shows Newer, Stronger Evidence That Caffeine During Pregnancy Increases Miscarriage Risk

... as nausea and vomiting -- also were collected during the in-person interview and controlled during analyses. Pregnancy outcomes up to 20 weeks of gestation were determined for all participants. Overall, 172 of women in the study (16.18 percent) miscarried. Whereas 264 women (25 percent) reported no ...

Principles and applications of electrical cell fusion

... to produce the desired result. The fusion product is implanted into a surrogate mother and is then carried through the full gestation period. Cloning mammals from embryonic cells was carried out as long ago as the late 1980s [6 -10] and aroused little public ...

Principles and applications of electrical cell fusion

... to produce the desired result. The fusion product is implanted into a surrogate mother and is then carried through the full gestation period. Cloning mammals from embryonic cells was carried out as long ago as the late 1980s [6 -10] and aroused little public ...
Gestation in Biological Definition

Embryo

... . An embryo is called a foetus at a more advanced stage of development and up until birth or hatching. In humans, this is from the eighth week of gestation . Stages : morula -> blastula -> gastrula . See also Embryogenesis Embryology In vitro fertilization Plant ...

Human

... (137 lb ). North American adult males are typically larger: 175 cm (69 in) and 78 kilograms (172 lb). Human children are born after a nine-month gestation period, with typically 3-4 kilograms (6-9 pounds) in weight and 50-60 centimetres (20-24 inches) in height. Helpless at birth, they continue to grow ...

Neural tube

... The neural tube is the embryonal structure that gives rise to the brain and spinal cord . In gestation , the human neural tube gives rise to three vesicles: the rhomboencephalon , the mesencephalon and the prosencephalon . Formation of the neural ...
Gestation in Biological Dictionary

Endophyte

... ... endophytes . endophyte (plural endophytes ) Any organism that lives ... Broodmares consuming endophyte -infected tall fescue during late gestation may ... no test for the presence of the endophyte in hay is commercially available. ... Total loss of endophyte from. seed can occur after 2 ...
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