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Evolutionary in Medical News

Two Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center Scientists Receive Presidential Early Career Award

... education or community outreach. An evolutionary biologist, Malik is an associate member of the ... within a cell's nucleus as genes jockey for evolutionary dominance. These clashes can have a long-term ... educating the general public about the role that evolutionary biology plays in the current understanding and ...

Ancient fossils shed light on anatomical changes accompanying evolution of first land vertebrates

... of Oregon, and Brian Sidlauskas of the National evolutionary Synthesis Center in North Carolina. The ... animal's body change size at different rates over evolutionary time, that can generate changes in body shape ... Moreover, some changes are consistent with an evolutionary quirk known as paedomorphosis, in which species ...

New Insight Into Primate Eye Evolution

... and nervous system could produce the multiple evolutionary changes seen in more advanced brains, without ... embryonic growth could help us understand what evolutionary changes would be required to evolve from a ... the types of cells that they became. Thus, the evolutionary adaptation from diurnal to nocturnal eye might ...

AIBS honors outstanding contributions to biology

... a historical perspective as a way of thinking in evolutionary biology, and has helped to provide an evolutionary framework and toolkit to molecular biology and ... Humanities in the Life Sciences and the Ecology, evolutionary Biology, and Behavior graduate program. His ...

Discovery in amber reveals ancient biology of termites

... their ability to digest cellulose, and through evolutionary processes they came to depend on it. Today, ... process isn't always pretty. Somewhere on the evolutionary scale the termites began producing a liquid that ... the two groups have both had extraordinary evolutionary success. "The relationship between termites ...

How new species evolve is focus of public lecture at UC Riverside

... What is a species and how does speciation the evolutionary process that results in the formation of new ... to our understanding of speciation? evolutionary biologist David Reznick will address these ... predictions from different facets of modern evolutionary theory in natural populations of guppies (small ...

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Evolutionary in Medical Technology

Scientists Discover Origin of Malaria

... being confiscated by authorities or abandoned by human owners. In Ivory Coast scientists from the Robert Koch Institute and Max Planck Institute for evolutionary Anthropology collected tissue and blood samples from 10 chimps that had died due to anthrax, respiratory disease or other reasons in the Tai National ...

Scientists Discover Why Teeth Form in a Single Row

... Institutes of Health. "Beyond medical applications, our results suggest that diversity in the number of tooth rows across species may be due to evolutionary changes in the control of the BMP4/Msx1 pathway," Jiang said. "In mammals, Osr2 suppresses this pathway to restrict teeth within a single row." ...

Next Generation Proton Therapy System for Cancer Treatment Set for Release This Year

... River has achieved all of the component milestones that bring us to system integration and delivery." Proton therapy, widely regarded as the next evolutionary step in the radiation treatment of cancer, has seen unprecedented interest from the radiation oncology and patient communities in recent years. ...

Research Teams at J. Craig Venter Institute and Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research Uncover New Chromosomal Alterations in Cancer Using Transcriptome Sequencing Approach

... public, and policymakers. Founded by J. Craig Venter, Ph.D., the JCVI is home to approximately 400 scientists and staff with expertise in human and evolutionary biology, genetics, bioinformatics/informatics, information technology, high-throughput DNA sequencing, genomic and environmental policy research, and ...

J. Craig Venter, Ph.D. Receives Double Helix Medal from Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory

... public, and policymakers. Founded by J. Craig Venter, Ph.D., the JCVI is home to approximately 400 scientists and staff with expertise in human and evolutionary biology, genetics, bioinformatics/informatics, information technology, high-throughput DNA sequencing, genomic and environmental policy research, and ...

PEAK Surgical Announces Positive Results From Preclinical Study of PEAK PlasmaBlade(TM) Needle

... device company that has developed the PEAK(R) Surgery System, a new tissue dissection system based on a proprietary technology that represents an evolutionary leap in the advancement of radiofrequency surgical technologies. The PEAK Surgery System consists of the PEAK PlasmaBlade(TM), a family of disposable ...
Evolutionary in Medical Products

SharpShooter Tissue Repair System

Description:... The SharpShooter Tissue Repair System is an evolutionary product for the inside-out technique of meniscus repair. Although initially designed specifically for use with the Collagen Meniscus Implant (CMI), ...
Company:ReGen Biologics

MyLab30CV Portable Ultrasound System

Description:... The MyLab30CV ultrasound system is an evolutionary step in ultrasound technology. Weighing less than 20 pounds, it is the first compact ultrasound system to deliver premium console performance. And ...
Company:Biosound Esaote, Inc.

Pathfinder

Description:... uses an ingenious technique in which the pedicle screw insertion assembly incorporates crescent-shaped slotted guides for easy rod insertion. The evolutionary Pathfinder MIS pedicle screw system uses small incisions for a less invasive ....
Company:Abbott Spine

The New Model C Dermatome

Description:... The New Model C Dermatome - reaching a new evolutionary plateau. A new thumb-operated On/Off switch - Push forward to operate in the pulse mode, or to the rear for continuous mode. Autoclavable - the ...
Company:Integra LifeSciences Corporation
Evolutionary in Medical Definition

Medicine

... medicine ) is the prevention and treatment of diving-related problems. evolutionary medicine is a perspective on medicine derived through applying evolutionary theory. Forensic medicine deals with medical questions in legal ...

Pathology

... biology Anatomy - Astrobiology - Biochemistry - Bioinformatics - Botany - Cell biology - Ecology - Developmental biology - evolutionary biology - Genetics - Genomics - Marine biology - Human biology - Microbiology - Molecular biology - Origin of life - Paleontology - ...

Neuropsychiatry

... | Neuropsychiatry | Psychopharmacology | Systems Neuroscience | Developmental Psychology | Social Psychology | Clinical Psychology | evolutionary Psychology | Forensic Psychology External links Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment The British Neuropsychiatry ...

Ramón Carrillo

... brain cells which are not neurons—named glial cells —and the method for staining and observing them under the microscope , as well as on their evolutionary origin ( phylogeny ), and the comparative anatomy of the brain across the several classes of vertebrates . In the same period Ramón Carrillo ...

Thymocyte

... receptor has a different sequence, due to different choice of gene fragments and the errors introduced during the cutting and joining process. The evolutionary advantage in having a large number of unique T cell receptors is that each T cell is capable of recognising a different peptide, providing a ...
Evolutionary in Biological News

Naming evolution's winners and losers

... Alfaro, a UCLA assistant professor of ecology and evolutionary biology and lead author of the research. ... exceptional rates of success. Among the evolutionary winners are most modern birds, including the ... fish that live on coral reefs, said Alfaro, an evolutionary biologist. A group with the scientific name ...

Parasitic worms make sex worthwhile

... clone can directly produce offspring," said IU evolutionary biologist and coauthor Curt Lively, who has been working on the system for 25 years. "So evolutionary biologists have long wondered why clonal ... infect both sexual and asexual snails," said IU evolutionary biologist Lynda Delph, who also coauthored the ...

A global model for the origin of species independent of geographical isolation

... Two views of the process of "speciation" -- the evolutionary process by which new biological species arise -- dominates evolutionary theory. The first requires a physical barrier ... the role of complexity in species coexistence and evolutionary diversification. "One can think about the ...

New theory on why male, female lemurs same size

... to keep other males from mating with them, and evolutionary biologists have long wondered why lemurs evolved ... said Dunham, assistant professor of ecology and evolutionary biology. "I actually started doing research on ... featured on the cover of this month's Journal of evolutionary Biology , Dunham offers one of the first new ...

2 Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center scientists receive Presidential Early Career Award

... leadership, education or community outreach. An evolutionary biologist, Malik is an associate member of the ... within a cell's nucleus as genes jockey for evolutionary dominance. These clashes can have a long-term ... educating the general public about the role that evolutionary biology plays in the current understanding and ...

Study finds role for parasites in evolution of sex

... What's so great about sex? From an evolutionary perspective, the answer is not as obvious as one ... its central role in biology, sex is a bit of an evolutionary mystery. Reproducing without sexlike microbes, ... suggest that sexual reproduction provides an evolutionary advantage in parasite rich environments." So ...

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Evolutionary in Biological Technology

Chromosome breakpoints contribute to genetic variation

... A new study reveals that contrary to decades of evolutionary thought chromosome regions that are prone to ... that chromosomal organization plays an important evolutionary role, the researchers report. The study, ... parts of chromosomes can have very different evolutionary histories, said University of Illinois animal ...

GEN Joins Charles Darwin 2009 Celebration

... Dobzhansky, the late great geneticist and evolutionary biologist, said it best: "Nothing in biology ... discipline is deeply grounded in evolutionary theory. This is particularly the case with ... animal diversity. This field of study is known as evolutionary developmental biology, or "Evo Devo." The entire ...

Scientists fix bugs in our understanding of evolution

... come one important step closer to answering such evolutionary questions correctly. In the current issue of ... of different species to learn about their evolutionary relationships. They present a new computational ... by taking into account what we already know about evolutionary relationships," says Ari Lytynoja, who developed ...

Growing old together: Yeast, worms and people may age by similar mechanisms

... ( www.genome.org ) provides new insight into the evolutionary conservation of the genes and pathways associated ... underlying mechanisms have eluded geneticists and evolutionary biologists. Many different theories have been ... and humans are more similar to each other on an evolutionary scale than nematodes and yeast, explains Dr. ...

Massive reanalysis of genome data solves case of the lethal genes

... genes to infer their species position on the evolutionary tree of life was thought to be futile. Now, ... for building phylogenic treesthe means to verify evolutionary relationships between organisms. At DOE JGI, ... categorized, while providing us a lesson in the evolutionary history of the organism, now suggest a short-cut ...

Consortium publishes Phase II map of human genetic variation

... to be determined, the findings pose interesting evolutionary questions. In their paper, researchers suggest ... letter changes that formed the focal points for evolutionary change. The work uncovered several intriguing ... identified in our study open new windows on these evolutionary forces and provide a launching point for future ...

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Evolutionary in Biological Definition

Artificial life

... and computer simulations which include evolutionary algorithms (EA), genetic algorithms (GA), ... Processes occurring on molecular, social, and evolutionary scales are subject to investigation. The ... artificial chemistry digital organisms evolutionary art clanking replicator carbon ...

Biology

... their habitats are examined in ecology and evolutionary biology . A speculative new field is ... in the so-called modern synthesis . The evolutionary history of a species —which tells the ... paleontology . Biologists organize and analyze evolutionary relationships through various methods, including ...

Bioinformatics

... 1.1 Sequence analysis 2 Computational evolutionary biology 2.1 Gene expression analysis ... tool , sequence motif . Computational evolutionary biology evolutionary biology is the study of the origin and descent ...

Charles Darwin

... he received a paper from Wallace describing the evolutionary mechanism, with a request to send it on to Lyell. ... to most people from other varieties of evolutionary thought. For the next thirteen months, Darwin ... bulldog" – the fiercest defender of evolutionary theory on the Victorian stage. On being asked by ...

Cladistics

... is a branch of biology that determines the evolutionary relationships of living things based on derived ... classification, which seek to group organisms by evolutionary relationships. In contrast, phenetics groups ... to eliminate all non-clades. In contrast, other evolutionary taxonomists insist that groups reflect ...

Convergent evolution

... In evolutionary biology , convergent evolution describes the ... evolution is a different phenomenon than evolutionary relay and parallel evolution . Similar to convergent evolution, evolutionary relay describes how independent species acquire ...

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Evolutionary in Biological Dictionary

Sequence similarity

... In evolutionary biology, homology refers to any similarity ... be a consequence of functional, structural, or evolutionary relationships ... Sequence ... (EBI) ... ... one example of homology. In evolutionary biology , homology refers to any similarity ...

Punctuated equilibrium

... Punctuated equilibrium is a theory in evolutionary biology which proposes that most sexually reproducing species will experience little evolutionary change for most of their geological history . ... Gould and Niles Eldredge's model for one kind of evolutionary change. punctuated equilibrium n. The ...

Phylogenetics

... In biology, phylogenetics is the study of evolutionary relatedness among various groups of organisms, ... based on how closely they are related in terms of evolutionary differences. Phylogenetics summary with 23 ... a field of study that uses information about the evolutionary relationships among species ( phylogenetics ) ...

Phylogenetic tree

... A phylogenetic tree or evolutionary tree is a tree showing the evolutionary relationships among various biological species ... tree representing a hypothesis about the evolutionary ancestry of a set of genes, species, or other ...

Paraphyletic

... bout a tribe) Term applied ... However, in evolutionary systematics paraphyletic groups, or evolutionary grades, ... A paraphyletic group is an ... Paraphyletic taxa are recognized in Linnean and evolutionary systematics but not ... Paraphyletic Taxa. ...

Molecular phylogeny

... to gain information on an organism's evolutionary relationships. The result of a molecular ... In biology, phylogenetics is the study of evolutionary relatedness among various groups of organisms, ... places on the ... Before molecular phylogeny , evolutionary trees were based on morphology, which ... ...

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Other Contents
(Date:4/20/2014)... key genes linked to why some people have a ... study released today that will be presented at the ... April 26 to May 3, 2014. , "Our ... way to understand pain and why different individuals have ... MD, MPH, with Proove Biosciences and a member of ...
(Date:4/18/2014)... Harvard neuroscientists have made a discovery that turns 160 ... electrical insulating material long known to be essential for ... nerve cells, is not as ubiquitous as thought, according ... of the Harvard Stem Cell Institute (HSCI) and the ... collaboration with Professor Jeff Lichtman, of Harvard,s Department of ...
(Date:4/18/2014)... A new study in the American Journal of ... searches reveals a recurring pattern that could be leveraged ... from San Diego State University, the Santa Fe Institute, ... Google searches (searches that included the term healthy and ... U.S. from 2005 to 2012. They found that on ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... first genetic variant specifically associated with the risk ... 10-15 per cent of all breast cancer cases. ... cancer sub-type, called invasive lobular carcinoma, gives researchers ... particular kind of breast cancer, which can be ... (Thursday) in the journal PloS Genetics , ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... California, San Diego School of Medicine report that older ... recent major loss are more likely to be compassionate ... is published in this month,s issue of the ... behaviors are associated with better health and well-being as ... to improve the outcomes of individuals whose deficits in ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):Health News:Low tolerance for pain? The reason may be in your genes 2Health News:Finding turns neuroanatomy on its head 2Health News:Finding turns neuroanatomy on its head 3Health News:New research shows people are thinking about their health early in the week 2Health News:First genetic link discovered to difficult-to-diagnose breast cancer sub-type 2Health News:First genetic link discovered to difficult-to-diagnose breast cancer sub-type 3Health News:The ilk of human kindness 2
(Date:4/17/2014)... such as heart disease, epilepsy and pain, making them ... is still much scientists do not know about the ... into the structure of sodium channels and, specifically, one ... responsible for ,fine-tuning, the activity of the channel. The ... the Journal of Biological Chemistry . , Nerves ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... Cell Press journal Current Biology on April ... sex lives. The Brazilian insects, which represent four distinct ... are the first example of an animal with sex-reversed ... in several different animals, Neotrogla is the ... reversed," says Kazunori Yoshizawa from Hokkaido University in Japan. ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... process whereby the genetic information of DNA is ... which have numerous different functions in living organisms. ... during gene expression, by relating the genetic information ... manufacturing proteins. , By examining the different ... an organism at a given time, researchers can ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Structure of sodium channels different than previously believed 2In sex-reversed cave insects, females have the penises 2Rapid and accurate mRNA detection in plant tissues 2
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