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Diploid in Medical News

Also in the March 24 JNCI

... whether HCMV induces telomerase activity, Dawei Xu, M.D., Ph.D., of the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm, Sweden, and colleagues infected normal diploid fibroblasts and malignant glioma cells with HCMV or introduced a copy of the viral immediate early antigen 72 (IE-72) gene into the cells. ...

Designer Strawberries

... these genes through high-throughput screening methods." The electronic preprint of this article entitled "High-efficiency transformation of the diploid strawberry (Fragaria vesca) for functional genomics" (Planta, 2005, Dec 1:1-12) is available online at ...
Diploid in Medical Technology

J. Craig Venter, Ph.D. Receives Double Helix Medal from Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory

... structure of the DNA molecule, discovered by Dr. Watson along with Dr. Francis Crick in 1953. In 2007 Dr. Venter and his team published the first diploid genome, which was his genome and represents both sets of chromosomes inherited from each of his parents. That publication was the first human ...
Diploid in Medical Dictionary

Rabies

... rabbits, and chipmunks, which are usually free of rabies but can cause other illnesses, such as plague ... HDCV ( Rabies Vaccine , Human diploid Cell ) Headache Medicines, Ergot Derivative-Containing ( Systemic ) Headache Tablet (Aspirin) Head & Shoulder s Dandruff Shampoo (Fine ...
Diploid in Biological News

First individual genome sequence published

... HuRef version, represents the first time a true diploid genome from one individualDr. Venterhas been ... at JCVI compared and contrasted the new HuRef diploid genome sequence to earlier versions of published ... that is made possible by having an individual, diploid genome is the ability to begin to do better and ...

Greatest thing since sliced bread: New data offer important clues toward improving wheat yields

... the authors attempted to recreate the evolutionary events leading to the spontaneous origin of bread wheat in nature. To do this, they crossed a diploid and tetraploid progenitor species and formed a synthetic strain of wheat in the laboratory. Then they simultaneously measured genetic expression of ...

Human genomics in China

... developing country of the world, food security is of the primary concern and rice is the major staple food for Chinese people. Second, rice, a diploid crop, with its relatively small genome size (about 400 Mb), is a nice model of the monocotyledon plants. Third, over the years, the Chinese ...

Research sheds light on the mechanics of gene transcription

... its position in the nucleus. To test the generality of the findings beyond polytene nuclei to common (but much smaller and more difficult to test) diploid cells, the researchers used a technique called fluorescence in situ hybridization, which allowed them to detect the location of specific DNA ...

A genetic identity card for Plasmodium populations to improve control strategies

... from 145 infected mosquitoes caught in 11 different localities. The oocyst of the parasite provided the researchers with a means of access to the diploid phase of the microorganism, containing all its genetic information. Up to then, nearly all studies aiming to determine the genetic structure of ...

Sunflower speciation highlights roles for transposable elements in evolution

... at Kansas State University and appear in the October 24th issue of the journal Current Biology, published by Cell Press. Theory predicts that for diploid species--that is, those possessing two sets of chromosomes, like most animals and plants--the origin of new species through inter-species ...

Same-Sex Mating Discovered in a Toxic Fungus

... same sex, they reported. Meiosis is the process whereby cells divide into two "haploid" cells, each with half the number of chromosomes. Unlike diploid animals and plants, C. neoformans normal state is haploid, Heitman explained. Furthermore, the team showed, strains lacking components required ...
Diploid in Biological Technology

J. Craig Venter Institute Names Robert Friedman, Ph.D., Deputy Director of West Coast Facility

... within the human genome. This team also has plans to sequence the complete diploid genomes of up to 10,000 people over the next 10 years. Dr. Levy has an ... from the JCVI's Global Ocean Sampling Expedition, the first complete diploid genome, and many other key genomes for researchers worldwide. In her ...

SNPs Powerful Tools for Association Studies

... See genetic map Meiosis Meiosis is the process by which one diploid cell gives rise to four haploid cells, each containing half of the chromosome complement of the diploid cell. In mammals, meiosis produces sperm cells and egg cells. It is during ...

Inoculation of Viral RNA and cDNA to Potato and Tobacco Plants Using the Helios Gene Gun

... 980985 (1991) Hamalainen, J. H., et al., Recessive and dominant genes interfere with the vascular transport of potato virus A in diploid potatoes, Mol. Plant Microbe Interact. (in press). Klein R. M., et al., High-velocity microprojectiles for delivering nucleic ...
Diploid in Biological Definition

Allele frequency

... somatic cells (e.g. two loci in the cells of diploid species, which contain two sets of chromosomes) ... which there may be one or many. Note that for diploid genes, however, the proportion of individuals ... copies of the allele). So all together 36% of diploid individuals would be expected to carry an allele ...

Cell growth

... used for a special cell reproduction process of diploid organisms. It produces four special daughter ... DNA, often symbolized as N . Meiosis is used by diploid organisms to produce haploid gametes. In a diploid organism such as the human organism, most cells ...

Chromosome

... have somatic cells (body cells), which are diploid [2n] (they have two sets of chromosomes, one ... Gametes are produced by meiosis of a diploid germ line cell. During meiosis, the matching ... a female gamete merge ( fertilization ), a new diploid organism is formed. Figure 3 : ...

Ploidy

... within an organism. In humans, most cells are diploid (containing one set of chromosomes from each ... 1 Haploid 2 diploid 3 Haplodiploidy 4 Haploidisation 5 ... and other algae switch between a haploid and a diploid or polyploid state, with one of the stages ...

Gamete

... two complete sets of chromosomes and therefore diploid . The zygote cell receives one set of ... of producing gametes. Gametes from a mature diploid individual will be produced in the gonadal tissue ... to one (i.e., produces haploid gametes). The diploid somatic cells of an individual will contain one ...

Ploidy

... within an organism. In humans, most cells are diploid (containing one set of chromosomes from each ... 1 Haploid 2 diploid 3 Haplodiploidy 4 Haploidisation 5 ... and other algae switch between a haploid and a diploid or polyploid state, with one of the stages ...

Meiosis

... . It is a form of nuclear division by which a diploid parent produces four haploid daughter cells. ... fusion of the gametes would not result in a diploid condition (2n) but 4n. Meiosis also provides ... variation. The reduction of chromosomes from the diploid to the haploid condition separates alleles so ...

Trait

... of traits 3 Genetic origin of traits in diploid organisms 4 Mendelian expression of genes in diploid organisms 5 Biochemistry of dominance and ... energy state . Genetic origin of traits in diploid organisms The heritable unit that may produce ...

Cell division

... mitosis , followed by division of the cell, called cytokinesis . A diploid cell may also undergo meiosis to produce haploid cells, usually four. ... cells serve as gametes in multicellular organisms, fusing to form new diploid cells. Multicellular organisms replace worn-out cells through cell ...

Hardy-Weinberg principle

... genetic drift ) sexually reproducing randomly mating diploid and experience: no selection no mutation no migration ... than two copies of each chromosome. Consider again only two alleles. The diploid case is the binomial expansion of: ( p + q ) 2 and ...

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Diploid in Biological Dictionary

Sporophyte

... gametophyte generation alternates with a diploid sporophyte , the generation of a plant or ... in which two distinct phases (a haploid and a diploid phase) occur in the life history of a plant, ... the gametophyte.) In the sporophyte phase, a diploid plant ... The sporophyte refers to ...

Meiosis

... meiosis is the process that transforms one diploid cell into four haploid cells in ... process. In meiosis I, chromosomes in a diploid cell resegregate, producing four haploid ... meiosis and an explanation of haploid versus diploid cells. A detailed look at beginning of meiosis ...

Haploid gametophyte

... of plants, fungi and protists. A multicellular diploid phase alternates with a multicellular haploid ... alternation between haploid gametophyte and diploid sporophyte phases, known ... Haploid ... haploid ... of generations involving a diploid sporophyte and a haploid gametophyte . ... ...

Haploid Cell

... cells (sperm and egg) are haploid . ... a diploid human cell contains 46 chromosomes: 2 ... of a ... From the On-Line ... Haploid and diploid are terms referring to the number of sets of ... ...... each has ... The sizes of haploid and diploid cells vary with the phase of growth and from ...

Haploid

... life cycle -- Occurs when a multicellular diploid phase, or ... (Redirected from Haploid ... haploid (n) only has one set of chromosomes. A diploid cell (2n) has two sets of chromosomes. ... meiosis is the process that transforms one diploid cell into four haploid cells in ...

Diploid nuclei

... from medicine, ... A nucleus containing the diploid or normal double complement of chromosomes for ... The dictionary term diploid nucleus was found in Taber's Medical ... scientists to ... include the production of diploid nuclei in a heterokaryotic, haploid ...

Diploid

... the somatic cells that compose the body are diploid , but sex cells (sperm and egg) are haploid. In ... tulips and lilies are commonly found as both diploid and as triploid. Daylilies (Hemerocallis) cultivars are available as either diploid or tetraploid. ... ...

Diploid Cell

... yet the cell may still be classified as diploid (although with aneuploidy) ... Human diploid cells have 46 chromosomes and human ... a simple single celled eukaryote with both a diploid and haploid mode of existence. The mating of ...

Amictic egg

... females in the ... Amictic females produce diploid eggs that develop by ameiotic ... Amictic : diploid eggs formed by mitosis, which develop directly ... invertebrate zoology ) In rotifers, producing diploid eggs that are ... to the egg produced by the ...

Zygote

... especially a fertilized ovum before cleavage ... results in the diploid zygote , with a full set of ... Zygote - Definition of Zygote at ...... zygotes , zygote ... zygote (zgt) ... zygote - (genetics) the diploid cell resulting from the union of a haploid ... ... zygote – Our ...

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