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descent in Medical News

Another Blood Fat Fuels Heart Attack Risk

... people in the studies were white, Nordestgaard said. "People of African descent have the highest lipoprotein(a) levels, while those of European descent and most Asians have similar levels, but lower levels than blacks," he ...

Newborns of South Asian and East Asian descent misclassified as underweight at birth: Study

... TORONTO, Ont., May 26, 2009 Babies of East Asian and South Asian descent are between two and three times more likely to be misclassified as ... and 1,565 and 753 babies born of mothers of East Asian and South Asian descent respectively. Birth weight curves were generated for males and females ...

Alcohol 'flush' signals increased cancer risk among East Asians

... Many people of East Asian descent possess an enzyme deficiency that causes their skin to redden, or flush, ... "It is very important for clinicians who treat patients of East Asian descent to be aware of the risk of esophageal cancer from alcohol consumption in ...

On World Glaucoma Day, Keep an Eye on the Future

... pressure (IOP) Are markedly nearsighted Are of African descent (open-angle glaucoma) Are of Asian descent (angle-closure glaucoma). Global Burden of Glaucoma ...

Large multicenter study suggests new genetic markers for Crohn's disease

... to Crohns Disease as well as further evidence that some people of Jewish descent are more likely to develop it. The study examined changes in DNA ... families have both CD and UC in the family. People of Ashkenazi Jewish descent are at least twice as likely to develop a form of IBD and are more likely ...

Genetic Variation Associated With Survival Advantage in African Americans With HIV

... that the same DARC variant conferred protection for persons of African ancestry against a particular form of malaria, and that persons of African descent have, on average, lower white blood cell (WBC) counts than persons of European ancestry. Leukopenia is one of several blood conditions observed ...

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descent in Medical Technology

Lupus Under the Spotlight: U.S. Congress Shows Support for Women's Health Issues

... times more likely than men to develop lupus, but women of African-American descent are three times more likely to be diagnosed with the disease. Women of Asian, Latin American/Hispanic, Pacific Rim descent are also more likely to be affected. An estimated 1.4 million Americans ...

deCODE Discovers Second Common Genetic Risk Factor for Atrial Fibrillation and Stroke

... at http://www.nature.com/ng . The new SNP is in the ZFHX3 gene on chromosome 16q22, and the more than one third of people of European descent who carry one copy are at approximately 20% greater risk of AF and cardioembolic stroke than are individuals who carry none. AF is the most common ...

deCODE Breakthrough in Thyroid Cancer May Enable More Targeted Risk Assessment and Earlier Intervention

... of a total of more than 40,000 patients and control subjects from Iceland, the United States and Spain. Approximately 4 percent of people of European descent carry two copies of the at-risk versions of both SNPs, putting them at a 5.7-times greater risk of thyroid cancer than individuals who carry no ...

RAD001 Phase II Trial Results Positive in Patients with Advanced Gastric Cancer After Failure of One or More Prior Treatments

... progressed despite prior treatment. Patients enrolled in the trial were heavily pre-treated. All trial participants were from Japan and of Asian descent (1). "There are very limited treatment options for patients who progressed despite the standard treatment for this aggressive cancer," said ...

Raptor Pharmaceuticals Corp. Announces Positive Phase IIa Clinical Study Results for Convivia(TM) Program

... ) Conducted in Hawaii, the blinded, intra-subject controlled, single dose, dose escalation study enrolled 32 subjects of Japanese descent with a history of symptoms of inborn altered ethanol metabolism with concomitant ethanol exposure. At the time of enrollment, study subjects also ...

Raptor Pharmaceuticals Corp. Initiates Phase IIa Clinical Study for Convivia(TM)

... of the current liquid injectible dose form of 4-MP that is marketed in the United States for other indications. Up to 32 subjects of Japanese descent who have a history of flushing reactions from alcohol will participate in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, dose escalation study of ...
descent in Medical Dictionary

Autosomal dominant

... disease . more than one primary tumor , the tumor s may be multi centric, usually more than 25 percent of the individuals in direct lineal descent from the proband are affected, and the cancer predisposition in these families behaves as an autosomal dominant ... ...

Barotrauma

... sinus blocks that can occur during air travel. Bartholin cyst ... Airplane ear ( barotrauma ). Pressure on your ear, such as during ascent or descent of a flight, can cause your eardrum to rupture . Injury to your ear ( acoustic trauma ). Scuba divers who have accidents resulting in ...

Carcinogen

... to radiation, carcinogen ic chemicals or virus es has been determined. The disease is more common in Jewish people of Russian or Eastern European descent and is uncommon in Asia. ...

Genetic

... in how likely it is that you will become obese. Genetic Basis and Screening Tay-Sachs disease occurs primarily among Jews of Eastern European descent but is also found in French Canadians whose roots are in the St. Lawrence region, certain Cajuns in Louisiana, and some Amish communities. ...

Phimosis

... over the glans). Having poor personal hygiene . Having many sexual partners. Using tobacco products. Normal appearance (for people of Asiatic descent and some non-Asian infants ) Down syndrome Turner syndrome Phenylketonuria ( PKU ) Williams syndrome Noonan syndrome Rubinstein-Taybi ...

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descent in Biological News

Babies born to native high-altitude mothers have decreased risk of low birth weight

... do women of European descent. The study helps explain why babies of Andean descent born at high altitude weigh more than European babies born at altitude. ... delivered more blood and oxygen to the fetus compared to women of European descent the babies of Andean women weighed an average of nine ounces more at ...

Genetic mutation causes familial susceptibility for degenerative brain disease

... confirmed episodes of ANE. Nineteen patients of European, Asian or African descent had isolated cases of ANE. None of the participants with isolated ANE, as ... mutation. The rest of the participants came from 16 families of European descent affected by familial or recurrent forms of the disease. In one family ...

Why do we choose our mates? Ask Charles Darwin, prof says

... beliefs about the choice of mates and sexual selection being beyond mere chance have been proven correct, as stated in Darwin's landmark book The descent of Man, and Selection in Relation to Sex. His work has withstood decades of analysis and scrutiny, as Jones states in his paper, "Mate Choice and ...

Genes that influence start of menstruation identified for first time

... study carried out an analysis of 17,510 women across eight different international population-based sources. This number included women of European descent who reported the age at which they reached menstruation of between nine and 17 years. The two genes identified were on chromosomes nine and six. ...

Saving energy and the environment with Flywheels

... move a shipping container every three minutes. Most of the power is expended in the lift, but since containers can weigh up to 50 metric tons, the descent must be carefully controlled. When a given container is lowered with a strictly diesel-based crane, its potential energy is not recovered but rather ...

Relationships in rank and file

... cannot be predicted offhand from their sequence, is equally important. Still, similar protein sequences suggest relatedness or, in other words, the descent from a common ancestral protein, and with it a similar function. Accordingly, the sequences and functions of genes and proteins all get stored away ...

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descent in Biological Technology

Aviation partners to cut 500,000 tonnes of CO2 a year

... 4th Aviation and Environment Summit in Geneva, will implement Continuous descent Approach (CDA) at up to 100 airports across Europe by the end of 2013. ... service providers and governments working together. Allowing continuous descent means aircraft will operate at their maximum efficiency with fewer ...

Growing Interest in DNA-Based Genetic Testing Among African American with Historic Election of President Elect Barack Obama

... of consumer genetic testing coupled with First Black President of African descent spawn trend in African Americans to trace roots to Africa during ... began -- an experience that remains elusive to many people of African descent in the U.S. African Ancestry, Inc., the company that pioneered DNA-based ...

Major Independent Study Underscores Utility of deCODE MI(TM) for Better Predicting Risk of Heart Attack, Informing Statin Therapy

... Through an analysis of more than 10,000 ARIC participants of European descent for whom 9p21 status was known, the study found that knowing the 9p21 risk ... those without the genetic risk variants. About 20% of people of European descent are positive for this test. deCODE's findings have been confirmed in ...

deCODE genetics Announces Third Quarter 2008 Financial Results

... risk of urinary bladder cancer. Approximately 20% of people of European descent carry two copies of the first variant, a version of a SNP on chromosome ... (UV) radiation in sunlight. Approximately 2% of people of European descent carry two copies of the risk versions of both SNPs, and are at a 170% ...

deCODE Discovers Fourth Major Set of Common Genetic Variants Linked to Risk of Estrogen Receptor-Positive Breast Cancer

... tumors are found to contain estrogen receptors; in women of European descent approximately three-quarters are ER+, and in women of African descent approximately 50% are ER+. An estimated 178,000 cases are diagnosed in the ...

International Survey Shows People Over Forty Ignore Risk of Blindness

... nearsighted(5) - Have a family history of glaucoma(5) - Are of African descent (open-angle glaucoma)(5) - Are of Asian descent (angle-closure glaucoma)(1) - Have high blood pressure(6) The only ...
descent in Biological Definition

Biology

... of living organisms 1.4 Continuity: the common descent of life 1.5 Homeostasis: adapting to change ... Viroids -- Prions Continuity: the common descent of life Main article: Common descent A group of organisms is said to have ...

Charles Darwin

... of evolution and the principle of common descent by proposing natural selection as a mechanism. ... 6.2 Reaction 7 Orchids, Variation, descent of Man and Worms 8 Views on religion 9 ... book ever written. Orchids, Variation, descent of Man and Worms The classic ...

Common descent

... A group of organisms is said to have common descent if they have a common ancestor . In biology , the theory of universal common descent proposes that all organisms on Earth are ... gene pool. A theory of universal common descent based on evolutionary principles was proposed ...

Evolution

... Darwin's theory of evolution describes the descent of all living organisms from a common ancestor. ... has three major aspects: The common descent of all organisms from a single ancestor. ... A group of organisms is said to have common descent if they have a common ancestor. In biology , ...

Life

... definition 1.2 Other definitions 1.3 descent with modification: a "useful" characteristic ... to negentropy , using flow of energy . descent with modification: a "useful" characteristic A ... which to base a definition of life is that of descent with modification: the ability of a life form to ...

Evolutionary biology

... biology is a subfield of biology concerned with the origin and descent of species , as well as their change over time, i.e. their evolution . ... Charles Darwin (1859) The Origin of Species and (1871) The descent of Man and Selection in Relation to Sex Ronald Fisher (1930) The ...

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descent in Biological Dictionary

Common descent

... A group of organisms is said to have common descent if they have a common ancestor. In modern ... pool. The wide range of evidence of common descent of living things strongly indicates the ... ... 1.1 Do fossils validate common descent ? 1.2 Transitional forms. 2 RNA / DNA code ... ...

Evolutionary biology

... of biology concerned with the origin of species from a common descent and descent of species, as well as their change, multiplication and diversity over ...

Repulsion

... 1965, Repulsion was greeted as a brilliant, grisly potboiler that gave the ... Roman Polanski directs this truly chilling film that tracks the descent into madness of a fragile, sexually confused beauty parlor worker named Carol ... Dictionary.com - Largest free online dictionary and ...

Phylogeny

... online encyclopedia article on phylogeny (biology), the history of the evolution of a species or group, especially in reference to lines of descent and ... A community about phylogeny . Tag and discover new products. Share your images and discuss your questions with phylogeny experts. ...

Pedigree

... software to automate compliance ... Information about pedigree in the free online English dictionary and encyclopedia. ... 2 distinguished descent or ancestry a man of pedigree . ... Welcome to the official Facebook Page of Pedigree Adoption Drive. ... Dana My Pooks loves Pedigree ...

Homologies

... ... Homologies . Hands Or Wings, Flippers Or Paws? Human. 3 bones in ... These likenesses in structure, called homologies , are the result of descent from ... homologies ... Homologies are also referred to as homologous structures or features. see cladistics. ... see homologies . ...

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(Date:4/17/2014)... University synthetic biology team has created a new ... therapeutics that could travel the body and selectively ... Engineering cell-based, biological devices that monitor and modify ... synthetic biology. However, no existing technology enabled bioengineers ... physiological state and respond in a customized fashion. ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... that as many as 10 million older Americans suffer ... and isolation. , However, new research a project ... Americans for six years found that Internet use ... by more than 30 percent. , "That,s a very ... professor of telecommunication, information studies and media who led ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... April 17, 2014 By discovering a new mechanism ... a stroke, researchers at UC Irvine and the Salk ... may limit or prevent stroke-induced brain damage. , A ... cause of death and primary reason for disability in ... a stroke and lets blood-borne material into the brain, ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... Calif.) An international team led by researchers at ... complex, which plays a key role in cell division, ... This is the first time the complex has been ... make cyclin B1/Cdk1 an excellent target to control cellular ... The research was published online today in the journal ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... and their partners have found that their proprietary microbicide ... of multiple sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in both the ... 2 (HSV-2), and human papillomavirus (HPV). The USAID-funded study ... effective against multiple strains of HIV, and has a ... viruses of at least eight hours prior to exposure. ...
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(Date:4/17/2014)... in many serious conditions such as heart disease, epilepsy ... drug therapies. Unfortunately, there is still much scientists do ... fresh and unexpected insight into the structure of sodium ... molecules - which are responsible for ,fine-tuning, the activity ... most recent edition of the Journal of Biological ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... Current Biology on April 17 have discovered ... Brazilian insects, which represent four distinct but related species ... example of an animal with sex-reversed genitalia. , ... animals, Neotrogla is the only example in ... Yoshizawa from Hokkaido University in Japan. , During copulation, ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... whereby the genetic information of DNA is used ... have numerous different functions in living organisms. Messenger ... gene expression, by relating the genetic information of ... proteins. , By examining the different types ... organism at a given time, researchers can determine ...
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