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Cytoplasm in Medical News

Protein compels ovarian cancer cells to cannibalize themselves

... Autophagy kills when a cell entraps parts of its cytoplasm in membranes and digests the contents, leaving a ... cell essentially eats itself until it dies, its cytoplasm riddled with cavities. Location, location, ... effects. Now they've found that PEA-15 in the cytoplasm induces autophagy in cancer cells, a second ...

Protein Branded As Culprit in Mad Cow Disease

... done by the researchers had found that brain deterioration follows when cytoplasm contains too much PrP. To further solidify this finding, a subsequent ... Syndrome -- a rare neurodegenerative disease in which PrP is found in cell cytoplasm -- found that some brain cells lacked Mahogunin in these mice. A similar ...

Scientists at CSHL uncover new RNA processing mechanism and a new class of small RNAs

... not likely perform this function. Yet mascRNA's location in the cell's cytoplasm and its pathway of biogenesis does hint at a possible function. Spector ... molecule within the nucleus while expelling the mascRNA fragment into the cytoplasm is still elusive. "The answer will come when we identify more and more ...

New nano device detects immune system cell signaling

... primed for an immune response, the concentration of calcium ion in their cytoplasm jumps up. So when the cytoplasm contains a dye that fluoresces when it comes into contact with calcium, it ...

Food additive may one day help control blood lipids and reduce disease risk

... "The neighborhoods where PPAR-alpha and fatty acid synthase live aren't very close together," says Semenkovich. "The synthase is way out in the cytoplasm that's like being in the suburbs whereas the PPAR-alpha lives right in the middle of the 'city.' These are all microscopic distances, but to the ...

Neuronal survival and axonal regrowth obtained in vitro

... order to do so, they used gene therapy based on use of interfering RNA. The short RNA sequences, which were made to measure, were inserted into the cytoplasm of cultured astrocytes using a viral therapeutic vector. Once in the cell, the RNA activates mechanisms which block the synthesis of the two proteins ...

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Cytoplasm in Medical Technology

New Clinical Studies Confirm Mauna Kea Technologies' Cellvizio(R) GI in Range of Procedures

... in 93% of sites; resolution was sufficient in 91%. Epithelial width could be measured in 94% and villous width in 88%. Epithelial cell cytoplasm and basal cell layer regularity could only be assessed in 30% and 26%, respectively. Investigators conclude that Cellvizio(R) GI can ...
Cytoplasm in Medical Products

Anti-MPO ANCA EIA Auto-Immune Markers 013-MPO-48 Myeloperoxidase

Description:... finely granular, diffuse staining pattern of the cytoplasm of human neutrophils. At the 2nd International ... an antigen in the azurophil granules of the cytoplasm of human neutrophils (8) and later that the ... also present in the azurophil granules in the cytoplasm of neutrophils (6,12). These antibodies were ...
Company:ALPCO Diagnostics

Giemsa Stain

Description:... pale pink. Leukocyte nuclear chromatin stains magenta-purple, monocyte cytoplasm stains the classical "ground glass" blue and lymphocyte cytoplasm stains clear, sky ....
Company:Richard-Allan Scientific

Chagatest ELISA

Description:... With membrane parasite soluble lysate (epimastigote phase) and cytoplasm as antigen. Since this kit employs different antigens than the recombinant kit, it is possible to use two ELISA techniques as screening, ensuring a ...
Company:Wiener Lab
Cytoplasm in Medical Dictionary

Optical

... cell adenocarcinoma , is a very rare malignant epithelial neoplasm composed of a monomorphous population of cells that have optical ly clear cytoplasm with standard hematoxylin and eosin stains and lack ... It occurs when the physical length of the eye is greater than the optical length. ...

Prostate

... than in Caucasians and is relatively uncommon in Native Americans and Hispanics. Prostate -specific antigen ( PSA ) is a glyco protein in the cytoplasm of prostatic epithelial cells. It can be detected in the blood of all adult men. Prostate cancer is the abnormal growth of cells in the ...

PSA

... PSA level checked. Is this true? No name/ No state given ... PSA Blood Test Prostate -specific antigen ( PSA ) is a glyco protein in the cytoplasm of prostatic epithelial cells. It can be detected in the blood of all adult men. PSA levels alone do not give doctors enough information to ...
Cytoplasm in Biological News

Nanoneedle is small in size, but huge in applications

... delivery of one or more molecules into the cytoplasm or the nucleus of living cells. In addition to ... individual fluorescent quantum dots in a cell's cytoplasm and nucleus. The quantum dots can be used for ... via "linker" molecules. When placed in a cell's cytoplasm or nucleus, the bonds with the linker molecules ...

New study overturns orthodoxy on how macrophages kill bacteria

... species kill the bacteria by going into the cytoplasm and causing DNA damage," said medical ... against ROS. There are two such enzymes in the cytoplasm of S. typhimurium , called SodA and SodB, and ... that the superoxide dismutases in the bacterial cytoplasm are most likely protecting the bacterium from its ...

Artificial cells, simple model for complex structure

... in developing simple experimental models for cytoplasm organization," she told attendees at the 2009 ... Association for the Advancement of Science. cytoplasm is the material that fills the cell and is ... and the nucleus. Unlike organelles, the cytoplasm is a fundamental feature of all cells. Many ...

Newly identified role for 'power plants' in human cells could lead to targeted therapies

... determined that tRNAs can be imported from cytoplasm to mitochondria in rat liver cells and human ... should be able to bring a healthy tRNA from the cytoplasm into the mitochondria and correct the ... to rely on the import process that starts in the cytoplasm to transfer healthy tRNAs to damaged mitochondria ...

Simple model cell is key to understanding cell complexity

... her colleagues built a model cell using as the cytoplasm a solution of two different polymers: ... work demonstrated the interrelationship of the cytoplasm and the cell membrane," said Keating. The ... a cascade in polarity. "By creating a model cytoplasm with different compositions, we demonstrated that ...

Regulation of cell proliferation by the OGF-OGFr axis is dependent on nuclear localization signals

... complex involves the shuttling of the peptide-receptor complex from the cytoplasm to the nucleus, as well as transport receptors. The research team was ... is dependent on shuttling of the peptide and the OGF receptor from the cytoplasm to the nucleus. This discovery may provide valuable information to ...

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Cytoplasm in Biological Technology

Genetic pathway critical to disease, aging found

... molecules that carry genetic information from the nucleus of a cell to the cytoplasm where proteins are made. Star-PAP is responsible for adding a critical ... that enables messenger RNA to exit the nucleus of the cell and enter the cytoplasm where the genetic message is translated into protein." The Star-PAP ...

Tigris Pharmaceuticals Presents Results of Breast Cancer Research at AACR Annual Meeting

... believed to be that treatment with AF results in translocation of the arylhydrocarbon receptor (AhR; a transcriptional regulator of CYP1A1) from the cytoplasm to the nucleus, and its subsequent interaction with the xenobiotic-response element (XRE) sequence on the CYP1A1 promoter region, causing induction ...

Researchers develop new way to see single RNA molecules inside living cells

... inside a cell, but the current study demonstrated that individual probes without cellular targets could be observed homogenously distributed in the cytoplasm with no localization or aggregation. With single-molecule sensitivity accomplished, the researchers investigated whether they could visualize ...

Researchers outline structure of largest nonvirus particle ever crystallized

... Institute and the UCLAU.S. Department of Energy Institute for Genomics and Proteomics. Vaults are large, barrel-shaped particles found in the cytoplasm of all mammalian cells; they may function in innate immunity. As naturally occurring nanoscale capsules, vaults may be useful to engineer as ...

Sigma-Aldrich Introduces N-TER Nanoparticle siRNA Transfection System for Delivery of siRNA Into Difficult-to-Transfect Cell Types

... transfection reagents by relying on a stable nanoparticle, formed by the blending of siRNA and the N-TER peptide, to quickly enter into the cell's cytoplasm to deliver its siRNA cargo. In addition, due to the reagent's stability, stocks of N-TER/siRNA Nanoparticles can be stored for long periods of time ...

Team demos safety of RNA therapy

... precursor to siRNA. Once the gene is incorporated into the cell's DNA, short hairpin RNA is synthesized and transported from the cell nucleus to the cytoplasm for further processing. The earlier study showed that large amounts of short hairpin RNA blocked the cell's ability to export microRNA, which uses ...

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Cytoplasm in Biological Products

PULSin Protein & Antibody Delivery Reagent from Polyplus Transfection

Description:... reagent for highly efficient transfer of functional proteins to the cytoplasm of living cells. Unlike DNA transfection, with PULSin Protein & Antibody ... cells in culture. Advantages: Effective and robust delivery into the cytoplasm Delivery to a wide variety of cells including primary cells ...
Company:Polyplus Transfection

Autofluorescence Eliminator Reagent from CHEMICON

Description:... With increasing age, the autofluorescent pigment lipofuscin accumulates in the cytoplasm of many cell types, including neurons. The presence of lipofuscin granules can complicate the use of fluorescence microscopy in the central nervous ...
Company:CHEMICON

PULSin Protein & Antibody Delivery Reagent from Polyplus Transfection

Description:... many proteins including antibodies. Complexes are internalized via anionic cell-adhesion receptors present on all cells and are released into the cytoplasm where they disassemble. The process is general, nontoxic and delivers unmodified, functional ....
Company:Polyplus Transfection

PULSin Protein & Antibody Delivery Reagent from Polyplus Transfection

Description:... many proteins including antibodies. Complexes are internalized via anionic cell-adhesion receptors present on all cells and are released into the cytoplasm where they disassemble. The process is general, nontoxic and delivers unmodified, functional ....
Company:Polyplus Transfection

Rabbit Anti-HDAC4 Polyclonal Antibody, Unconjugated from GeneTex

Description:... Its C-terminal sequence is highly similar to the deacetylase domain of yeast HDA1. HDAC4, unlike other deacetylases, shuttles between the nucleus and cytoplasm in a process involving active nuclear export. Association of HDAC4 with 14-3-3 results in sequestration of HDAC 4 protein in the cytoplasm. In the ...
Company:GeneTex

BL21 Competent Cell Set* from Novagen

Description:... the yield and activity of your target proteins, including stringent control over basal expression levels, the ability to form disulfide bonds in the cytoplasm for proper folding and activity, and alleviating codon usage incompatibilities. Every strain of Novagen’s competent cells is verified for ...
Company:Novagen

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Cytoplasm in Biological Definition

Cell nucleus

... to control chemical reactions within the cytoplasm and to store information needed for cellular ... separating the chemical reactions taking place in cytoplasm from reactions happening within the nucleus. The ... consistency (similar in this respect to the cytoplasm ), in which many substances are dissolved. These ...

Cytoplasm

... cytoplasm is the colloidal , semi-fluid matter contained ... suspended. In contrast to the protoplasm , the cytoplasm does not include the cell nucleus , the interior ... made up of nucleoplasm . Components of the cytoplasm The aqueous component of ...

Cell biology

... Movement of proteins Proteins are synthesized by ribosomes in the cytoplasm . This process is also known as protein biosynthesis or simply protein ... See also Active transport Adhesion Chloroplast Cilia cytoplasm Cytoskeleton Endoplasmic reticulum Flagella Glycolysis ...

RNA

... in eukaryotes ) from a gene 's DNA (in eukaryotes exported into the cytoplasm ) and is used to encode proteins. RNA genes are genes that encode ... has been transcribed from DNA, it is exported from the nucleus into the cytoplasm (in eukaryotes mRNA is "processed" before being exported), where it is ...

Alga

... creating Earth's oxygen atmosphere. They have a prokaryotic cell structure typical of bacteria and conduct photosynthesis directly within the cytoplasm , rather than in specialized organelles. Eukaryotic algae All other algae are eukaryotes and conduct photosynthesis within membrane-bound ...

Cell growth

... cell. Typical stem cells reproduce, double in size, then reproduce again. Most Cytosolic contents such as the endomembrane system and the cytoplasm easily scale to larger sizes in larger cells. If a cell becomes too large, the normal cellular amount of DNA may not be adequate to keep the cell ...

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Cytoplasm in Biological Dictionary

Syncytium

... is a large cell-like structure filled with cytoplasm containing many nuclei. Most cells in all ... n. , pl. -cytia . A multinucleated mass of cytoplasm that is not separated into individual cells ...... syncytium ? ... syncytium a mass of cytoplasm containing several nuclei and enclosed in a ...

Sarcoplasm

... of a muscle fiber is comparable to the cytoplasm of other cells fluid of the muscle, but it ... the Day, and word games. sarcoplasm n. The cytoplasm of a striated muscle fiber. ... How does an ... in the sarcoplasm ? ... sarcoplasm the cytoplasm of a striated muscle fiber ... How does an ...

Ribosomes

... of RNA and protein that is found in the cytoplasm of living cells and serves as the site of ... cells resemble ... This can be done in the cytoplasm on clusters of ribosomes , called ... dictionary. ... Ribosomes are formed in the cytoplasm of prokaryotic cells. ... Brief and ...

Mitochondria

... organelles that are found in the cytoplasm of ... In fact, mitochondria enable cells to ... . A spherical or elongated organelle in the cytoplasm of nearly all eukaryotic cells, containing ... cellular structures, or organelles, found in the cytoplasm ... Mitochondrion - Wikipedia, the free ...

Lysosome

... ( ) n. A membrane-bound organelle in the cytoplasm of most cells containing various hydrolytic ... lysosome an organelle found in the cytoplasm of most cells (especially in leukocytes and ... ... lysosome - an organelle found in the cytoplasm of ... Lysosome - Definition of Lysosome ...

Cytokinesis

... Cytokinesis is the process in which the cytoplasm of a single eukaryotic cell is divided to form ... microscope ... During Cytokinesis , the cytoplasm (the liquid center of the cell that holds the ... process consisting of the division of the cytoplasm of a ... Cytokinesis . Now there are two ...

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Other Contents
(Date:7/10/2014)... As the use of electronic health record becomes widespread ... implementation of the Affordable Care Act, the quantity of ... analytic purposes will also dramatically increase. Additionally, experts ... that analyze large quantities of data for the purpose ... the value of patient care a process that ...
(Date:7/10/2014)... THURSDAY, July 10, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Teens who ... are more likely to develop emotional symptoms such as ... factors such as these that may exacerbate issues teens ... appropriate treatment and in making decisions about when to ... school for these athletes," study authors Lisa Koehl and ...
(Date:7/10/2014)... Thompson HealthDay Reporter THURSDAY, ... 10 adults make use of calorie information on menus, if ... to a new U.S. study. Women in particular review ... Lee-Kwan, an epidemiologist with the U.S. Centers for Disease Control ... used menu labeling to help choose their meal, compared with ...
(Date:7/10/2014)... device developed at the Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) Center ... can be cultured to establish cell lines for genetic ... issue of Science , an MGH research team ... genetic mutation over time and changing susceptibility to therapeutic ... the blood that represent those present in metastatic deposits, ...
(Date:7/10/2014)... CLEVELAND The U.S. Department of Health and Human ... Hospitals (UH) Case Medical Center Seidman Cancer Center totaling ... at improving care for patients with complex cancer. ... a unique model developed at UH to enhance care ... or demonstrated need for high health care utilization. ...
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(Date:7/10/2014)... of enzymes known as heme enzymes, due to the ... At the centre of the heme cofactor is an ... reacting heme is in an intermediate state called Compound ... is whether this oxidation involves just an oxygen atom ... question has implications for understanding oxidative processes within living ...
(Date:7/10/2014)... (ACS) announced today that Courtney Aldrich, Ph.D., will ... Diseases as editor-in-chief. With the first issue ... journal will meet a growing demand for a ... , "Our vision is to develop a journal ... the basic science that advances the field and ...
(Date:7/10/2014)... from The University of Texas Health Science Center at ... (IYG), a health education program designed to delay sexual ... dating violence behaviors among minority youth. , According to ... of high school youth are victims of physical dating ... percent are victims of emotional dating violence. Previous studies ...
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