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Cortex in Medical News

Easy Baby or Fussy -- It May Be Out of Mom's Control

... between the DRD4 gene and activity in the frontal cortex of the brain to find out if it predicted ... infants with more activity in the left frontal cortex are temperamentally "easy" and take little effort ... children with more activity in the right frontal cortex are more easily distressed, more difficult to ...

People who wear rose-colored glasses see more, University of Toronto study shows

... and bad moods literally change the way our visual cortex operates and how we see," says Adam Anderson, a U ... shows that when in a positive mood, our visual cortex takes in more information, while negative moods ... resonance imaging to examine how our visual cortex processes sensory information when in good, bad, ...

Activation of the prefrontal cortex improves working memory

... to show that there are two parts of the cerebral cortex with highly differentiated roles implicated in ... memory needs to be increased, the prefrontal cortex reinforces the activation of the parietal cortex, ... A brief stimulus that reaches the parietal cortex generates a reverberating activation that ...

Kavli Prize awarded to Pasko Rakic, pioneering Yale neuroscientist

... revealed how neurons in the developing cerebral cortex are generated and how they assemble themselves ... idea that different regions of the cerebral cortex acquire many of their specialized anatomical and ... through genetic programs intrinsic to the cortex itself. His early studies have, in large part, ...

Humans have more distinctive hearing than animals, Hebrew U study shows

... the activity of single neurons in the auditory cortex while subjects were exposed to sound stimuli. The auditory cortex has a central role in the perception of sounds by the brain. Current knowledge on the auditory cortex was largely based on earlier studies that traced ...

CSHL scientists make progress in determining how the brain selectively interprets sound

... parties. Neurons in the brains auditory cortex interpret incoming sound signals and send them to ... found that only 5% of neurons in the auditory cortex had a high firing rate when receiving a range of ... sounds. Most of what is known about the auditory cortex of the mammalian brain comes from studies of the ...

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Cortex in Medical Technology

FDA Issues Complete Response Letter for INTUNIV(TM) (guanfacine) Extended Release for the Treatment of ADHD in Children and Adolescents

... adrenergic receptors located in the prefrontal cortex - an area of the brain that has been linked to ... strengthens working memory and prefrontal cortex neuronal firing.(6) This research supports the ... of alpha-1 adrenergic agonist into the prefrontal cortex impairs spatial working memory performance in ...

Shire Announces Study Results of the Effects of INTUNIV(TM) (Guanfacine) Extended Release on Secondary Measures in Children with ADHD and Oppositional Symptoms

... adrenergic receptors located in the prefrontal cortex. The prefrontal cortex is an area of the brain associated with working memory, behavioral ... this selective alpha-2A agonist strengthens working memory and prefrontal cortex neuronal firing. This research supports the use of guanfacine for the ...

Shire's Investigational Nonstimulant ADHD Treatment INTUNIV(TM) (Guanfacine Extended Release) Demonstrated Significant Efficacy in Reducing ADHD Symptoms at All Measured Time Points Up to 24 Hours Postdose

... adrenergic cell receptors located in the prefrontal cortex. The prefrontal cortex is an area of the brain associated with executive functioning, ie, ... The selective alpha-2A agonist strengthens working memory and prefrontal cortex neuronal firing. This research supports the use of guanfacine for the ...

Adlyfe Strikes Translational Medicine Partnership With Wyeth Pharmaceuticals for Alzheimer's Biomarker Assay

... and temporal lobes of the brain. This pathological process consists principally of neuronal loss or atrophy, principally in the temporoparietal cortex but also in the frontal cortex, together with an inflammatory response to the deposition of amyloid plaques and neurofibrillary tangles. According to ...

Stress-Related Disorders Affect Brain's Processing of Memory

... with the patient's life." Dr. Agarwal and colleagues used brain fMRI to explore alterations in the neural circuitry that links the prefrontal cortex to the hippocampus, while study participants performed a memory task. Participants included 11 patients with major depression, 13 with generalized ...

Findings on Bladder-Brain Link May Point to Better Treatments for Problems in Sleep, Attention

... (EEG) recorded from the cortex, the broad mass of the brain that governs higher-level functions. In people, abnormally high activity in the cortex may result in disordered sleep, anxiety and difficulty in concentrating. Valentino said further studies are necessary to analyze the ...
Cortex in Medical Products

Aldosterone RIA Test

Description:... Aldosterone is produced in the adrenal cortex and is the most potent mineralocorticoid in humans. Aldosterone secretion appears to be stimulated primarily through the renin-angiotensin system, in ...
Company:Diagnostic Systems Laboratories, Inc.

DHEA RIA Test

Description:... Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) is produced in the adrenal cortex and, to a lesser extent, the gonads [1,2,3]. DHEA serves as a precursor in testosterone and estrogen synthesis, and has relatively weak androgenic ...
Company:Diagnostic Systems Laboratories, Inc.

DHEA EIA Test

Description:... Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) is produced in the adrenal cortex and, to a lesser extent, the gonads [1,2,3]. DHEA serves as a precursor in testosterone and estrogen synthesis, and has relatively weak androgenic ...
Company:Diagnostic Systems Laboratories, Inc.

Cortisol EIA Kit

Description:... Cortisol is a glucocorticoid produced by the adrenal cortex in response to adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH). It is secreted with a circadian periodicity, and peaks just prior to waking in the morning. ...
Company:Cayman Chemical

Progesterone EIA Test

Description:... with other steroids, progesterone is synthesized from cholesterol via a series of enzyme-mediated steps [1,2]. Progesterone produced by the adrenal cortex and testes is almost immediately shunted into other steroidogenic pathways, with only a small amount released into the blood. Progesterone produced ...
Company:Diagnostic Systems Laboratories, Inc.

Progesterone RIA Test

Description:... with other steroids, progesterone is synthesized from cholesterol via a series of enzyme-mediated steps [1,2]. Progesterone produced by the adrenal cortex and testes is almost immediately shunted into other steroidogenic pathways, with only a small amount released into the blood. Progesterone produced ...
Company:Diagnostic Systems Laboratories, Inc.

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Cortex in Medical Definition

Episodic memory

... the hippocampus and memory . The prefrontal cortex (and in particular the left hemisphere ) is ... encoding). Patients with damage to the prefrontal cortex can learn new information, but tend to do so in a ... ). Some researchers believe that the prefrontal cortex helps organize information for more efficient ...

Thymocyte

... Progenitor) Lineage- CD44 + CD25 - CD117 + cortex - Double negative 2 Lineage-CD44+CD25+CD117+ cortex - Double negative 3 Lineage-CD44-CD25+ cortex TCR beta rearrangement Double negative 4 ...

Neuropsychiatry

... of homosexuality NMDA receptor activation in the human prefrontal cortex Ross et al (2006) Visual hallucination - ... and Treasure (2005) Bipolar disorder Narcissistic Prefrontal cortex and hippocampus, anterior cingulate, amygdala Barrett et al (2003), ...

Depolarization-induced suppression of inhibition

... in the cerebellum, DSI is a pretty ubiquitous phenomenon and has been demonstrated in other areas of the brain such as the basal ganglia , the cortex , the amygdala , and the hypothalamus (Katona et al. 2001, Jo et al. 2005, Bodor et al. 2005, Matyas et al. 2006) DSI mediation ...

Hyperesthesia

... consumption of caffeine can temporarily induce this condition in humans, [1] due to excessive stimulaton of the spinal cord, as well as the cortex and medulla in the central nervous system. However, this is far from the only cause, and usually wears off after 3-5 hours. In animals ...

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Cortex in Medical Dictionary

Adrenal glands

... kidney s and consists of 2 separate organ s, the cortex and the medulla . adrenal glands Located ... contain two types of tissue . The ad renal cortex produces hormone s that affect water balance and ... located just above the kidney s. The ad renal cortex is the surface layer. It produces the hormone s ...

Glands

... kidney s and consists of 2 separate organ s, the cortex and the medulla . SWOLLEN GLANDS ... contain two types of tissue . The ad renal cortex produces hormone s that affect water balance and ... located just above the kidney s. The ad renal cortex is the surface layer. It produces the hormone s ...

Renal

... s. Also called collecting duct . Ad renal cortex Hormone s Glucocorticoids Mineralocorticoids ... natural corticosteroid hormone s produced by the cortex of the ad renal glands . A renal ... located just above the kidney s. The ad renal cortex is the surface layer. It produces the hormone s ...

Aldosterone

... The adrenal glands are located just above the kidney s. The ad renal cortex is the surface layer. It produces the hormone s aldosterone and ... , epinephrine ( adrenaline ) and norepinephrine (nor adrenaline ). The cortex (outer portion) produces the corticosteroids , glucocorticoids (such as ...

Corticosteroids

... drugs similar to the natural corticosteroid hormone s produced by the cortex of the adrenal glands . - Antibiotics and corticosteroids do not ... or weeks at home. CORTICOSTEROID: A natural steroid that comes from the cortex or ad renal gland , or a synthetic version. Corticosteroids can reduce ...

Alzheimer

... Alzheimer 's Disease Related Category: Pathology (ls´h´´mrz, ls-), degenerative disease of nerve cells in the cerebral cortex that leads to atrophy of the brain and senile dementia . Alzheimer Disease and Down Syndrome Introduction Alzheimer disease (AD) is ...

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Cortex in Biological News

Hush little baby... Linking genes, brain and behavior in children

... The pattern of brain activity in the frontal cortex of the brain has been associated with various ... who have more activity in the left frontal cortex are characterized as temperamentally "easy" and ... greater activity in the right half of the frontal cortex are temperamentally "negative" and are easily ...

Brain's problem-solving function at work when we daydream

... activity and includes the medial prefrontal cortex (PFC), the posterior cingulate cortex and the temporoparietal junction was the only ... the lateral PFC and the dorsal anterior cingulate cortex also becomes activated when we daydream. ...

Researchers capture wave of brain activity linked to anticipation

... excitatory signals passed from the prefrontal cortex to the nearby premotor cortex. The prefrontal cortex is the brain's "executive" center, which plans ... complex cognitive behaviors. The premotor cortex and its associated systems, which include the ...

Neural mechanisms of value bias in the human visual cortex

... modulations within areas of the visual cortex and to dissociate the influence of prior rewards ... influenced activation of early regions of visual cortex that are thought to play a key role in ... activation in regions of frontal and parietal cortex that were associated with representing the ...

Pitt research identifies new target in brain for treating schizophrenia

... for the first time that the orbitofrontal cortex could be a promising target for developing future ... target glutamate. "The orbitofrontal cortex is an area that's been somewhat neglected in ... This data suggests that the orbitofrontal cortex may be a critical component in networks affected ...

Autism Speaks collaborates on grant with the Allen Institute for Brain Science and autism expert

... disorder. This unique study analyzing frontal cortex microstructure is aimed at identifying the ... detail the precise locations in the frontal cortex where specific genes are most active inside ... to the appropriate locations in the frontal cortex of the brain, and disruptions in this process can ...

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Cortex in Biological Technology

Scientists restore movement to paralyzed limbs through artificial brain-muscle connections

... In this case, electrodes implanted in the motor cortex were connected via external circuitry to a ... Here, the researchers discovered that any motor cortex cell, regardless of whether it had been ... able to establish a connection between the motor cortex and sites in the spinal cord below the injury, ...

Discovery of 'creator' gene for cerebral cortex points to potential stem cell treatments

... only during the stage when the developing cortex is made up of stem cells, not before or after. In ... to become the hippocampus, the oldest part of the cortex in evolutionary terms and a major memory center of the brain. Lhx2s role in cerebral cortex development has far-reaching implications in the ...

Practice makes perfect -- motor memory possible for neuroprosthetic control

... used a mathematical model, or "decoder." The decoder, analogous to a simplified spinal cord, translated the signals from the brain's motor cortex into movement of the cursor. It took about four to five days of practice for the monkeys to master precise control of the cursor. Once they did, ...

Delcath Adds Senior Pharmaceutical Professional to Its Board of Directors

... Inc. (Nasdaq: DCTH ) today announced the appointment of Roger G. Stoll, Ph.D. to Delcath's Board of Directors. Dr. Stoll is Executive Chairman of cortex Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (Amex: COR ), a biotechnology company specializing in the treatment of central nervous system disorders. (Logo: ...

World Market for Biotechnology Reagents to Reach $32.5 Billion by 2012, According to New Report by Global Industry Analysts, Inc.

... include Abbott Diagnostics, Applied Biosystems, Beckman Coulter Inc., Becton Dickinson and Company, Biomerieux SA, Chemicon International Inc., cortex Biochem Inc., EMD Biosciences Inc., GE Healthcare, Invitrogen Corporation, Ortho-Clinical Diagnostics, PerkinElmer Inc., Promega Corporation, Roche ...

RTXC Kernel Awareness Module from Quadros Systems Now Available for Keil Vision Debugger

... RTXCflashfile and the four-box logo are trademarks of Quadros Systems, Inc. ARM and RealView are registered trademarks of ARM Limited. ARM7, ARM9, cortex and Keil are trademarks of ARM Limited. All other brands or product names are the property of their respective holders. "ARM" is used to ...

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Cortex in Biological Products

PARP Inhibitor XI, DR2313 from Calbiochem

Description:... toxin even at concentrations as high as 10 µM. Shown to inhibit H 2 O 2 -induced PAR formation and neuronal cell death in primary rat cerebral cortex culture in vitro (EC 50 = 270 nM) and exhibit neuroprotective effects in both permanent and transient focal ischemia models in rat in in vivo . ...
Company:Calbiochem

Mouse Anti-Rat Pan-NMDA NR1 Monoclonal Antibody, Unconjugated, Clone R1JHL from Calbiochem

Description:... Recognizes the ~115 kDa NMDA receptor NR1 subunit in rat cortex tissue ....
Company:Calbiochem

Anti-JIP 1 / 2 (SH3) Polyclonal Antibody, Unconjugated, Clone ZMD.177 from Invitrogen

Description:... been identified in brain and kidney tissues while JIP2a, JIP2b, and JIP3 are specifically expressed in the brain, particularly in the adult cerebral cortex and hippocampus. All JIP1 isoforms inhibit JNK signaling when overexpressed. A recent study has discovered a direct interaction between JIP1 and ...
Company:Invitrogen
Cortex in Biological Definition

Brain

... by increasing complexity in the cerebral cortex as one moves up the phylogenetic and ... 1: olfactory bulb 2: cerebral cortex 3: cerebellum 4: medulla oblongata ... matter. Most regions of the human cerebral cortex have six layers of neurons, a structure known as ...

Homunculus

... space our body parts represent on the cerebral cortex . The lips, hands, feet and sex organs are ... on the retinas are transferred to the visual cortex where it is scanned. Again this cannot be a full ... an android from the future, with the cerebral cortex of a pig . In many Role-playing games , a ...

Lichen

... building a protective outer layer called the cortex . Cyanobacteria may be held in small eruptions of ... surface called cephalopodia. Beneath the upper cortex is an algal layer composed of algal cells ... the upper surface and is called the lower cortex , consisting of densely packed fungal hyphae. The ...

Down syndrome

... Down syndrome and Alzheimer's individuals. Layer II of the entorhinal cortex and the subiculum , both critical for memory consolidation , are among ... damage. A gradual decrease in the number of nerve cells throughout the cortex follows. A few years ago, Johns Hopkins scientists created a ...

Kidney

... Organization The outermost portion of the kidney is called the renal cortex , deep to which lies the renal medulla . The innermost portion is the ... Terms renal capsule : The membranous covering of the kidney. cortex : The outer layer over the internal medulla. It contains blood vessels, ...

T cell

... cortex. At first, multipotential T cells move at the edge of the thymic cortex . These cells express CD2,CD7 and CD3, but neither CD4 nor CD8 (they are ... move towards the thymic medulla where at the boundary between thymic cortex and thymic medulla and in the medulla, they get are presented with ...

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Cortex in Biological Dictionary

Cortex

... The cerebral cortex is a structure within the brain that plays a key ... of the cerebrum. In ... Look up cortex in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Adrenal cortex , the portion of the Adrenal gland responsible ...

Cerebrum

... ... The cerebral cortex is a structure within the brain that plays a key ...... The surface of the cerebrum -- the cerebral cortex -- is composed of six thin ... Cerebrum ... take ... Most of the cerebrum beneath the cortex consists of nerve cell fibres. ... The brain ...

Auditory

... In the human brain, the primary auditory cortex is located in the temporal lobe. ... Auditory ... meatus, the ear canal ... auditory cortex n. The region of the cerebral cortex that receives auditory data from the medial ...

Striate

... usage examples and striate quotes. ... cortex: If the striate cortex is damaged in animals or humans, the ... to striate (third-person ... of striate lespedeza, which ... The primary visual, or striate , cortex is a far more complex and elaborate ... begin by saying something about ...

Ground tissue

... and procambium. ... The ground meristem forms the pith and cortex tissues of the stem and the ... Plant Anayomy Glossary ... ... tissue , consists of thin-walled, ... In the stem, the pith and the cortex make up the ground tissue (see textbook Figure 1.1B) ... ...

Endodermis

... are discussed in the following places at Britannica. Assorted References cortex ( in cortex (plant tissue); ... and tannins. In roots and in some herbaceous ...

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