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Citric in Medical News

Pfizer's work on penicillin for World War II becomes a National Historic Chemical Landmark

... it developed 20 years earlier to mass produce citric acid. citric acid is a key ingredient in foods and beverages ... or sour taste. Charles Pfizer & Co had made citric acid the traditional way since 1880: from unripe ...

Sports Drinks May Be Tough on Teeth

... drinks as a healthier alternative to soda, a new study shows that the citric acid they contain can damage teeth. The finding comes from a study ... damage and tooth loss, if not treated. "This is the first time that the citric acid in sports drinks has been linked to erosive tooth wear," study leader ...

Drink Brewed Tea to Avoid Tooth Erosion

... 20 ounces and contains 17 teaspoons of sugar. More startling is that some citric acids found in fruit drinks are more erosive than hydrochloric or sulfuric ... In addition, stay away from prepackaged iced teas because they contain citric acid and high amounts of sugars. It does not matter whether the tea is ...

Bionovo Presents Positive Results from Phase 1B Trial of Bezielle for Metastatic Breast Cancer

... with a novel mechanism of action. Bezielle targets diseased cells while leaving normal cells healthy and intact. Normal cells depend primarily on the citric acid cycle (>85%) and very little on glycolysis (<7%) for energy production. Cancer cells depend largely on glycolysis (>85%) for energy ...

Chemstar Corporation Introduces Safe and Effective Liquid Fruit and Vegetable Wash Composed Entirely of Food-Grade Ingredients

... Liquid Fruit and Vegetable Wash reflects the company's GREENSTAR Commitment(TM) to create products that are environmentally friendly. "The citric acid formulation removes wax, dirt, soil, and residues that are not removed by simply rinsing with water," said Jim Schurman, president of Chemstar. ...

Some Diet Sodas May Ward Off Kidney Stones

... Medical School, in Boston. Potassium citrate and other pills can help alleviate the problem, as can a special lemonade drink (rich in citric acid) concocted by one of Eisner's co-authors a decade or so ago. But this study extended the idea to see how much citrate was contained in 15 ...

Route to obesity passes through tongue

... implanted electrodes in the rodents' brains to record the firing of nerve cells when the rats' tongues were exposed to various tastes -- salt, citric acid, plain water and six different concentrations of sucrose. Hajnal and Kovacs specifically looked at differences in processing taste in the ...

Keep a Watchful Eye on Sugary Beverage Consumption

... teeth. Did you know that some soft drinks contain as much as 11 teaspoons of sugar per serving and that most soft drinks also contain phosphoric and citric acids? Prolonged exposure to these acids can cause erosion, the loss of hard tissue from the tooth surface. According to Dr. Bruce Terry, a ...

Academy of General Dentistry Launches Campaign to Focus on Tooth Erosion

... Repeated exposure to acidic drinks and foods permanently destroys enamel CHICAGO, Sept. 4 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Fruit, yogurt, citric and soft drinks, may seem like harmless snacks and beverages, but improper consumption and overuse may lead to devastating and permanent damage ...

Root Beer - Safe Soft Drink

... this concern. However, diet drinks contain phosphoric acid and/or citric acid and still cause dental erosion—though considerably less than their ... concluded that non-colas cause a greater amount of erosion than colas. citric acid is the predominant acid in non-cola drinks and is a major factor in ...

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Citric in Medical Technology

Bionovo Advances BZL101 to Phase 2 Clinical Trials After Positive Phase 1 Results for Metastatic Breast Cancer

... with a novel mechanism of action. BZL101 targets diseased cells while leaving normal cells healthy and intact. Normal cells depend primarily on the citric acid cycle (>85%) and very little on glycolysis (<7%) for energy production. Cancer cells depend largely on glycolysis (>85%) for energy production. ...

Bionovo Announces Publication of the Paper Detailing the Mechanism of Action of Its Cancer Drug BZL101

... with a novel mechanism of action. BZL101 targets cancer cells while leaving normal cells healthy and intact. Normal cells depend primarily on the citric acid cycle (>85%) and very little on glycolysis (<7%) for energy production. In contrast, cancer cells depend largely on glycolysis (>85%) for energy ...

Bionovo Announces Positive Developments in On-going Phase 1/2 Cancer Drug Trial

... with a novel mechanism of action. BZL101 targets cancer cells while leaving normal cells healthy and intact. Normal cells depend primarily on the citric acid cycle (>85%) and very little on glycolysis (<7%) for energy production. In contrast, cancer cells depend largely on glycolysis (>85%) for energy ...
Citric in Medical Products

BD Vacutainer® Plus Plastic Citrate Tube

Features:... 0.109Molar / 3.2% citric concentrate Outer tube PET (Polyethylene Terephthalate) Retains vacuum, maintaining proper blood to additive ratio Standard light blue BD ...
Company:BD Diagnostic Systems
Citric in Medical Definition

Tincture

... were formerly common in medicine include: Tincture of benzoin Tincture of cantharides Tincture of ferric citrochloride (a chelate of citric acid and Iron(III) chloride ) Tincture of green soap (which also contains lavender ) Tincture of guaiac Tincture of iodine Tincture ...
Citric in Biological News

Kilogram quantities at last!

... The citric acid cycle, one of the most important metabolic ... become accessible on a kilogram scale. In the citric acid cycle, acetyl CoA, formed in the breakdown ... one of the intermediate products, the anion of citric acid. In nature, isocitric acid is always ...

CU researcher engineers sorghum that grows in poisonous soils

... special proteins in the root tip release citric acid into the soil in response to aluminum exposure. citric acid binds aluminum ions very effectively, ... membrane-transporter protein responsible for the citric acid release. The gene, they discovered, is only ...

Drink brewed tea to avoid tooth erosion

... 20 ounces and contains 17 teaspoons of sugar. More startling is that some citric acids found in fruit drinks are more erosive than hydrochloric or sulfuric ... In addition, stay away from prepackaged iced teas because they contain citric acid and high amounts of sugars. It does not matter whether the tea is ...

An easy way to find a needle in a haystack by removing the haystack

... hundred analyte peaks, among which 46 metabolites could be identified. Interestingly, among them were eight of a total of eleven intermediates of the citric acid cycle, which is vital for most organisms," says Rohit Shroff, a native of India, who was a PhD student at the "International Max Planck Research ...

Food scientists confirm commercial product effectively kills bacteria in vegetable washwater

... as FIT Fruit and Vegetable Wash, not only proved much more effective than the commonly used chlorine dioxide but is made from ingredients like citric acid and distilled grapefruit oil that are generally regarded as safe. Chlorine dioxide, whose use in food plants can put workers at risk, was ...

Simulations unravel outer membrane transport mechanism

... appears online in the Biophysical Journal and was described in the May 25 edition of Science. Transporting large molecules, such as vitamin B12, citric acid or other vital nutrients across the outer membranes of Gram-negative bacteria is not a simple task. The cells must be selective in what ...
Citric in Biological Technology

Citrate appears to control buckyball clumping but environmental concerns remain

... this behavior can be changed by the addition of citric acid although the good news and bad news of this ... mixing the molecules with water, they have added citric acid, a naturally occurring and readily available ... and fate of fullerenes in the environment. citric acid is well understood as a proxy for other ...

Bacteria pack their own demise

... while bacteria have to make do with around one millimetre of DNA. A piece of DNA containing the recipe for one characteristic, such as "how to make citric acid" or "how to make hair curl," is called a gene. Humans have several tens of thousands of genes. Toxin and antitoxin If your genetic ...

Sensitive identification of phosphopeptides in brain tissue using Ettan MDLC and Finnigan LTQ

... brain sample was injected onto a 2.1 ×250 mm SCX column (BioBasic™, Thermo Electron) and eluted with a linear salt gradient (A: 20 mM citric acid, 25% CH 3 CN; B: A+ 1 M NH 4 Cl) where fractions were collected twice every minute (Fig 1). The fractions were injected onto a 0.3 ×5 mm ...

2D-LC analysis of phosphopeptides in brain tissue using Ettan MDLC and Finnigan LTQ

... injected onto a 2.1 x 250-mm BioBasic SCX column and eluted at 100 µl/min with a linear salt gradient of 0–30% B over 40 min (A: 20 mM citric acid, pH 2.5, 25% CH3CN; B: A + 1 M NH4Cl). Fractions were collected twice every minute (Fig 1). The fractions were injected onto a 0.3 x 5-mm Zorbax ...

New Protocols for Isolating High- Molecular-Weight Genomic DNA

... recovery in transgenic in vivo mutation assays. Methods 8 Blood: Recover rodent whole blood (5 to 7 ml) with the anticoagulant ACD (0.48% citric acid w/v, 1.32% sodium citrate w/v, 1.47% glucose w/v), 7 and add five volumes of Tris-buffered ammonium chloride (140 mM NH4Cl, 17 mM Tris-HCl, ...
Citric in Biological Definition

Coenzyme A

... areas such as fatty acid oxidization and the citric acid cycle . Its main function is to carry acyl ... carbon atoms within the acetyl group to the citric acid cycle to be oxidized for energy ... reduced to NADH and H + . See also citric acid cycle HMG-CoA reductase pathway ...

Citric acid cycle

... The citric acid cycle (also known as the tricarboxylic ... respiration . In these aerobic organisms , the citric acid cycle is a metabolic pathway that forms ... catabolism and ATP production. The citric acid cycle also provides precursors for many ...

Citric acid cycle

... The citric acid cycle (also known as the tricarboxylic ... respiration . In these aerobic organisms , the citric acid cycle is a metabolic pathway that forms ... catabolism and ATP production. The citric acid cycle also provides precursors for many ...

Oxidative phosphorylation

... metabolic pathway of cellular respiration , after glycolysis and the citric acid cycle . The process takes place at a biological membrane . In ... and FADH 2 , electron carrier molecules that were "loaded" during the citric acid cycle, are used in an intricate mechanism (involving NADH-Q ...

Adenosine triphosphate

... independent of batteries . See also Adenosine diphosphate (ADP) Adenosine monophosphate (AMP) ATPases ATP hydrolysis citric acid cycle (also called the Krebs cycle) Cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) Phosphagen Thioesters are related to ATP ...

Carbohydrate

... groups need to be removed from the blood. Catabolism There are three metabolic pathways of carbohydrate catabolism : glycolysis citric acid cycle oxidative phosphorylation See also Biochemistry Macromolecules Glycolysis Gluconeogenesis Pentose ...

Cellular respiration

... releases a total of two ATP molecules per molecule of glucose (compare to the approximately 38 of aerobic respiration). See also citric acid cycle Carbohydrate catabolism External links A detailed diagram of glycolysis ...

FAD

... an energy-carrying molecule. This is used by organisms to carry out energy requiring processes. FAD, and the more common NAD , are reduced in the citric acid cycle during aerobic respiration . FAD also stands for Familial Alzheimer disease ...

Flavin

... oxidase, glucose oxidase, and xanthine oxidase . FADH / FADH 2 FADH and FADH 2 are reduced forms of FAD. FADH 2 is produced in the citric acid cycle . In oxidative phosphorylation, one molecule of FADH 2 yields approximately 1.5 ATP FMN Flavin mononucleotide is a ...

Flavin

... oxidase, glucose oxidase, and xanthine oxidase . FADH / FADH 2 FADH and FADH 2 are reduced forms of FAD. FADH 2 is produced in the citric acid cycle . In oxidative phosphorylation, one molecule of FADH 2 yields approximately 1.5 ATP FMN Flavin mononucleotide is a ...

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Citric in Biological Dictionary

Krebs cycle

... The citric acid cycle — also known as the tricarboxylic ... occurs in the liquid part of the ... The citric acid cycle (also known as the tricarboxylic ... reactions of central importance in all ... citric Acid Cycle , series of chemical reactions ...

FADH2

... and FADH2 are produced in glycolysis and the citric ... NADH and FADH2 have high potential energy and yield many ATP during ... b) citric Acid Cycle ==> 2Acetyl-CoA ---> 2 CO2 + 3 ... one molecule of FADH2 . ... 2 FADH2 from citric acid cycle 4. Total 38 ... ... of the energy ...

Citric acid cycle

... The citric acid cycle — also known as the tricarboxylic ... in ... In aerobic organisms, the citric acid cycle is a metabolic pathway that forms ... The citric acid cycle also provides precursors for many ...

Chemiosmosis

... ... ... in chemiosmosis ? 23. How many ATP molecules are produced in chemiosmosis ? ... Aerobic Anaerobic Cellular respiration Chemiosmosis citric acid cycle Electron ... Glucose contains energy that can be ... The electron transport system and chemiosmosis ... Via chemiosmosis , ATP is ...

Autotrophic

... examined at the compositional ... The principle of autotrophic N removal under O2 limitation has been examined in ... Outline of the reductive citric acid cycle for autotrophic CO2 fixation. ... Key enzyme activities of other autotrophic pathways could not be detected. ... GardenWeb ...

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