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Chloroplast in Medical News

A Protein from Primate may Save Humans from HIV !

... microbiology, to develop a way to grow retrocyclin through genetically engineered tobacco plants. The retrocyclin gene would be incorporated into the chloroplast genome of tobacco cells before the plants grow. Daniell has developed a similar approach to growing anthrax vaccine in tobacco plants. An ...

Plant based vaccine for Anthrax

... Daniel, Professor of Molecular biology, University of Central Flordia, the new technique involves transferring the anthrax vaccine gene into the chloroplast genome of tobacco plant cells and the vaccine produced from the plant is found to be effective in protecting mice from anthrax bacilli. The ...

Hearty tomatoes

... for 'medicinally enhanced' foods - containing vaccines, antibodies, and pharmaceuticals. "What is important about the German research is the chloroplast method has a high level of protein production," said Professor James Dale, head of the Biotechnology Group at the Queensland University of ....
Chloroplast in Biological News

Dartmouth researchers identify an important gene for a healthy, nutritious plant

... "We've found a gene that is key for proper chloroplast function. This finding might some day help ... FRO7, a gene in the FRO family, is involved in chloroplast iron acquisition and is required for efficient ... that an analogous process is required for proper chloroplast function," says Guerinot. "Moreover, without ...

Tree of life for flowering plants reveals relationships among major groups

... said Jansen. But by analyzing DNA sequences from completely sequenced chloroplast genomes, the scientists brought some clarity to the evolutionary picture. ... University of Texas at Austin analyzed DNA sequences of 81 genes from the chloroplast genome of 64 species of plants, while the Florida researchers analyzed 61 ...

UF botanists: Flowering plants evolved very quickly into 5 groups

... and his UT Austin colleagues analyzed DNA sequences of 81 genes from the chloroplast genome of 64 plant species, while the UF researchers analyzed 61 genes ... Doug Soltis said. Where it would have taken months to sequence the chloroplast genome before, you can do it in a single day now. By laboriously ...

Chloroplast f and m Thioredoxins Discovered in Nonphotosynthetic Tissues

... established the presence of these redox proteins in tissues other than the chloroplast by fusing the promoters of these genes to a visible reporter molecule, ... Whereas the light regulated expression of these genes in the chloroplast is well known, the discovery by Sahrawy and her team that their expression ...

Leicester research paves way for first use in Europe of an insect to fight invasive plant

... by P. von Siebold in the 1850s making it one of the biggest females in the world! Michelle was also able to show that small mutations in the chloroplast region of these plants gave us a clue to the region of origin. Catherine Pashley carried on this work with the intention of applying it to native ...

University of Toronto helps to 'barcode' the world's plants

... species apart based on a sample of 550 species of land plants", says Barrett. "Based on this global analysis we recommended that matK and rbcL two chloroplast genes are adopted as the DNA barcode for land plants." The primary application of the methodology will be the identification of the many species ...

Plant Min protein sits tight and rescues E. coli

... release is available in Chinese . A protein vital for correct chloroplast division in plants is able to take on a similar role in bacterial cells, according to research published today in the open access journal BMC ...

2009 ASPB Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship award announcement

... my inspiration for studying plant biology. Evan Pratt, Michigan State University Mentor: Susanne Hoffmann-Benning Characterization of Novel chloroplast Transporters in the C4 PlantMaize It is very exciting to be able to continue my research over the summer through SURF. I would like to thank Dr. ...

Tahitian vanilla originated in Maya forests, says UC Riverside botanist

... decided to give their genetic data a second look. This time, by comparing patterns of relatedness in DNA sequences from both the nucleus and the chloroplast (a plant cell's photosynthetic factory), they discovered that Tahitian vanilla fit the pattern of being a hybrid offspring between V. planifolia ...

MSU's discovery of plant protein holds promise for biofuel production

... EAST LANSING, Mich. Scientists at Michigan State University have identified a new protein necessary for chloroplast development. The discovery could ultimately lead to plant varieties tailored specifically for biofuel production. Chloroplasts, which are ...

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Chloroplast in Biological Technology

Norgen Biotek Corp. Launches Four New Kits for the Purification of RNA and DNA from Plants and Fungi

... extension, and expression array assays. With the Plant/Fungi DNA Isolation Kit total DNA is isolated including genomic DNA, mitochondrial DNA and chloroplast DNA. The purified DNA can be used in a number of downstream applications including Real-Time PCR, Southern blotting and sequencing. 3- The Plant ...

Despite confinement, crop genes can spread fast to wild

... own genome. An advantage of this strategy is that chloroplast DNA - and any artificial genetic information it ... But, as he points out, "it has been shown that chloroplast DNA transmission through pollen can occur at a ... in the 1980s who studied the probability of chloroplast DNA transmission through the pollen of tobacco ...

Sub-Micron Gold Particles Are Superior to Larger Particles for Efficient Biolistic Transformation of Organelles and Some Cells

... were used for assaying nuclear and chloroplast transformation, respectively. For nuclear ... lyase gene from C. reinhardtii; for chloroplast transformation, CC-373 cells were bombarded with plasmid P-437 (BamH I chloroplast fragment 10 cloned into pBluescript ...

DGGE Analysis for Non-Invasive Studies of Primate Diet

... Materials and Methods Genomic DNA was extracted from fecal samples and reference plants, and the chloroplast rbcL gene amplified via the PCR with one GC-clamped primer. PCR mixtures contained 1x PC2 PCR buffer (Ab Peptides), 0.1 units/l ...

Simple and Rapid Isolation of Plant RNA Using the Eppendorf Perfect RNA, Eukaryotic, Maxi Kit

... RNA Maxi Kit. The distinct 18S and 28S rRNA bands demonstrate the excellent total RNA quality. Mitochondrial and chloroplast ribosomal RNA are also visible. Figure ...
Chloroplast in Biological Definition

Alga

... algae Glaucophytes In these groups the chloroplast is surrounded by two membranes, both now thought ... first three of these groups ( Chromista ), the chloroplast has four membranes, retaining a nucleomorph in ... pigmented ancestor. The typical dinoflagellate chloroplast has three membranes, but there is considerable ...

Endosymbiotic theory

... , related to the rickettsias), and that the chloroplast evolved from endosymbiotic cyanobacteria ... (Discusses theories on how mitochondria and chloroplast genes are transferred into the nucleus, and also ... Jarvis (2001), "Intracellular signalling: The chloroplast talks!", Current Biology , 11 (8), pp. ...

Alga

... algae Glaucophytes In these groups the chloroplast is surrounded by two membranes, both now thought ... first three of these groups ( Chromista ), the chloroplast has four membranes, retaining a nucleomorph in ... pigmented ancestor. The typical dinoflagellate chloroplast has three membranes, but there is considerable ...

ATP synthase

... take place. The overall structure and the catalytic mechanism of the chloroplast ATP synthase are almost the same as those of the mitochondrial enzyme. ... of 20 different types of subunits. See also mitochondrion chloroplast electron transfer chain proton pump transmembrane ATPase ...

Chloroplast

... forming chloroplasts with four membrane layers. The fluid within the chloroplast is called the stroma , corresponding to the cytoplasm of the bacterium, ... the number of membranes and the presence of thylakoids. See also chloroplast membrane Calvin cycle External links Chloroplasts and ...

Arabidopsis

... are 30644 known genes in the Arabidopsis genome. Arabidopsis has been used extensively in the study of the genetic basis of phototropism, chloroplast alignment, and other light influenced processes. Study of this organism has led to discoveries such as positive phototropic responses of root cells ...

Cell biology

... by centrifugation . Proteins extracted from membranes by detergents and salts . See also Active transport Adhesion chloroplast Cilia Cytoplasm Cytoskeleton Endoplasmic reticulum Flagella Glycolysis Golgi apparatus Lipid bilayer Membrane ...

Chloroplast membrane

... contain several important membranes , vital for their function. Like mitochondria , chlorplasts have a double-membrane envelope, called the chloroplast envelope . Each membrane is a phospholipid bilayer , between 6 and 8 nm thick, and the two are separated by a gap of 10-20nm, called the ...

Cytoplasm

... cell are gel-like and the cell's interior is liquid. The insoluble constituents of the cytoplasm are organelles (such as the mitochondria , the chloroplast , lysosomes , peroxysomes , ribosomes ), several vacuoles , cytoskeletons as well as complex membrane structures (e.g. endoplasmic ...

Electron transfer chain

... them we can cite carbon monoxide , cyanide , azide , antimycin , amytal and rotenone . See also: cytochrome mitochondrion chloroplast ...

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Chloroplast in Biological Dictionary

Nuclear genome

... genome ") but can ... from their chloroplast and mitochondrial genomes to their nuclear ... content contained in a haploid ... from their chloroplast and mitochondrial genomes to their nuclear ... hereditary information of an ... from their chloroplast and mitochondrial genomes to their nuclear ...

Chloroplasts

... place in chloroplasts require enzymes. ... chloroplast also chloroplastid n. A chlorophyll-containing ... capture light energy from the sun ... chloroplast , structure in the cells of plants and algae where photosynthesis takes place. ... chloroplast - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia ... ...

Chloroplast DNA

... The chloroplast has its own DNA which codes for redox ... ... Direct measurement of the transfer rate of chloroplast DNA into the nucleus" ... Discusses ... no histones associated with the DNA . ... The chloroplast Genome ... Although ...

Chloroplast

... Direct measurement of the transfer rate of chloroplast DNA into the nucleus" ... Role of chloroplast retention in a marine dinoflagellate" ... chloroplast also chloroplastid n. A chlorophyll-containing ...

CpDNA

... in animal and plant cells and the chloroplasts in plant cells. chloroplast DNA ( cpDNA ) contains genes that are involved with ... ... cpDNA probes were labeled with digoxigenin dUTP by random priming. ... chloroplast DNA ( cpDNA ) sequence comparisons have been a widely used tool in ... ...

Circular chromosomes

... is circular . both for chloroplasts and bacteria. ... Circular chloroplast Chromosomes : The Grand Illusion. Arnold J. Bendich ... the only data ... mitochondrion contains its own circular chromosome . ... Circular chloroplast Chromosomes : The Grand Illusion. Arnold J. Bendich ... the only data ...

Chlorenchyma

... , circumferentially distributed around the ... ... expose the chloroplast containing cells ( chlorenchyma tissue) to light over a ... area botany broad can cells chlorenchyma chloroplast containing expose flat food ... Garden Dictionany for thousands of ...

Thylakoids

... THAT RESEMBLE STACKS OF PANCAKES ARE CALLED GRANA. The Thylakoids are Interconnected and are Layered on top of one another to form ... chloroplast summary with 12 pages of encyclopedia entries, essays, summaries, ... pigments, and an elaborate system of internal membranes called thylakoids . ....

Ribosomes

... once the two ... There are two types of Ribosomes : free and bound. ... Ribosome Structure ... Ribosomes ... Eukaryotic mitochondrial and chloroplast ribosomes differ from both of the examples shown. ... The ribosomes operate in chains when translating a mRNA. The ribosome is plays a key ...

Pyrenoid

... by ... Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org /wiki/ Pyrenoid " ... pyrenoid n. A proteinaceous structure found within the chloroplast of certain algae and bryophytes ... The pyrenoid may serve to aid the concentration of ... Definition of pyrenoid from the Merriam-Webster ...

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Other Contents
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