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Neurotransmitter in Medical Technology

Jazz Pharmaceuticals and UCB Announce Second Phase III Study of Sodium Oxybate in Patients With Fibromyalgia Meets Primary Endpoints

... Notes to the editor About Sodium Oxybate Sodium oxybate is the sodium salt form of gamma-hydroxybutyrate, an endogenous neurotransmitter and metabolite of GABA. While the precise mechanism of action is unknown, the effects may be mediated in part through interaction with GABA(B) and ...

Data Suggest Sodium Oxybate Significantly Improves Pain and the Core Symptoms of Fibromyalgia

... will manage registrations accordingly. About Sodium Oxybate Sodium oxybate is the sodium salt form of gamma-hydroxybutyrate, an endogenous neurotransmitter and metabolite of GABA. While the precise mechanism of action is unknown, the effects may be mediated in part through interaction with GABA(B) and ...

Autism Studies Presented at Mid-Atlantic Research Consortium Meeting

... Krieger Institute, presented the results of animal studies that shed light on how autism operates in humans. By altering the flow of serotonin, a neurotransmitter in the brain, Blue showed that mice behaved less socially, had impairments in fine motor functions and increased repetitive behaviors. The changed ...

Key Protein May Lead to Faster Acting Anti-Depression Drugs

... was awarded the 2000 Nobel Prize in Medicine or Physiology, helped establish p11 as an important protein that regulates signaling in the brain by the neurotransmitter serotonin, which has long been linked to mood. Michael Stern Parkinson's Research Center scientists begun studying p11 because the serotonin system ...

Kyowa Hakko Kirin Announces Development Policy for Anti-Parkinson's Disease Drug KW-6002 (Istradefylline)

... of this disease result from the progressive degeneration of certain nerve cells located in a specific area in the brain leading to a shortage of the neurotransmitter dopamine. This results in decreased activation of dopamine receptors in the brain which is thought to cause the motor symptoms. The symptoms of ...

Jazz Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Completes Enrollment in Second of Two Phase III Clinical Trials of Sodium Oxybate to Treat Fibromyalgia

... countries outside North America. About Sodium Oxybate Sodium oxybate is the sodium salt form of gamma-hydroxybutyrate, an endogenous neurotransmitter and metabolite of GABA. While the precise mechanism of action is unknown, the effects may be mediated in part through interaction with GABA(B) and ...

Schering-Plough Reports Preladenant Meets Primary Endpoint in Phase II Dose-Finding Trial for Parkinson's Disease

... compromise a patient's ability to lead a normal life. All currently available treatment options enhance directly or indirectly the effect of the neurotransmitter dopamine in the brain. While these treatments are often effective in the initial phase of the disease, their ability to control the symptoms of ...

Jazz Pharmaceuticals and UCB Announce Positive Phase III Results for Sodium Oxybate (JZP-6) in Fibromyalgia

... using the passcode 46982308. About Sodium Oxybate Sodium oxybate is the sodium salt form of gamma-hydroxybutyrate, an endogenous neurotransmitter and metabolite of GABA. While the precise mechanism of action is unknown, the effects may be mediated in part through interaction with GABA(B) and ...

VAI Finding Could Lead to New Drugs for Anxiety, Depression

... this receptor as a drug target, and we are the first to determine the structural details necessary to develop an ideal drug." CRF is a hormone and neurotransmitter secreted by the hypothalamus area of the brain and is involved in stress response. CRF has been associated with anxiety, depression, and related ...

Protein Shown to Play a Key Role in Normal Development of Nervous System

... published two studies in the Journal of Neuroscience. The first study, published Oct. 1, showed that the protein GluR1, which is a receptor for the neurotransmitter glutamate, promotes the growth of dendrites, both in nerve cell cultures and in the nervous system of mice. Dendrites are branching extensions of ...

GlaxoSmithKline Announces New Drug Application and Phase III Results for Rezonic(TM)/Zunrisa(TM) (Casopitant)

... nausea and vomiting. NK-1 receptor antagonists like casopitant complement 5-HT3 receptor antagonists by acting on a different, but also important neurotransmitter system responsible for nausea and vomiting.(7) "Our goal is not only to eradicate cancer, but also to help patients cope with their cancer and the ...

Genaera Corporation Announces MSI-1436 Data Presented at Society of Neuroscience Meeting

... inhibit the dopamine transporter in vivo by directly measuring dopamine levels in the brain of rats after MSI-1436 administration. Dopamine is a neurotransmitter found in the brain which can have affects on locomotor function and addictive behavior. Many drugs that reduce food intake and body weight affect the ...

CeNeRx BioPharma Announces Successful Completion of Phase l Clinical Program for Novel Antidepressant Agent Tyrima(TM)

... and dopamine) that positively affect mood and anxiety. In contrast, most of the current leading antidepressant drugs affect only the single neurotransmitter serotonin. However, unlike older MAOIs, the unique selectivity and reversibility of CeNeRx's Tyrima should enable patients to benefit from the ...

Novel Mechanism for Long-Term Learning Identified by Carnegie Mellon Researchers

... the receptors' effect on long-term neural stimulation. They found that while the NMDA receptor is required to begin neural strengthening, a second neurotransmitter receptor -- the metabotropic glutamate (mGlu) receptor -- comes into play after this first phase of cellular learning. Using an NMDA antagonist to ...

New Study: Pine Bark Extract Boosts Nitric Oxide (NO) Production

... on the release of NO, an inhibitor of the amino acid L-arginine was infused in patients, which restricts the expansion of arteries in response to the neurotransmitter acetylcholine. After two weeks of supplementation with Pycnogenol(R), results revealed blood flow increased in response to acetylcholine stimulation ...

Lexicon Reports Initial Clinical Trial Results for LX1031, an Investigational New Drug for Irritable Bowel Syndrome

... drug discovery team as an orally-administered inhibitor of tryptophan hydroxylase, a key enzyme in the synthesis of serotonin. Serotonin is a neurotransmitter found primarily in the brain and GI tract, where it has distinctly different functions. In the brain, serotonin is associated with mood and behavior, ...

Rotigotine Transdermal System Shows Significant Symptom Reduction and Tolerability in Patients with Restless Legs Syndrome

... delivery system, a patch, designed for once-a-day application. Rotigotine is designed to mimic the action of dopamine, a naturally-produced neurotransmitter crucial for proper motor functioning. The system is applied to the skin once daily and provides rotigotine continuously to the body for 24 hours. ...

Neupro(R) (Rotigotine Transdermal System) Effective in Controlling Early Morning Motor Impairment and Generally Well-Tolerated for Long-Term Use in Patients with Parkinson's Disease

... delivery system, a patch, designed for once-a-day application. Neupro(R) is designed to mimic the action of dopamine, a naturally-produced neurotransmitter crucial for proper motor functioning. The system is applied to the skin once a day and provides rotigotine continuously to the body for 24 hours. ...

Ceregene Presents Long Term Follow-Up Data From Phase 1 Trial of CERE-120 Demonstrating Improved Motor Function in Parkinson's Patients

... at least one million people in the United States. It is caused by a reduction in dopamine containing nerve cells of the midbrain. Dopamine is a neurotransmitter involved in controlling movement and coordination, so Parkinson's patients experiencing a reduction of dopamine-producing nerve cells exhibit the ...

Revolutionary Immunologic Data Explains Function of Diamyd Diabetes Vaccine

... GAD65, a major autoantigen in autoimmune diabetes, is the active substance in Diamyd®. GAD65 is also an enzyme that converts the excitatory neurotransmitter glutamate to the inhibitory transmitter GABA. In this context GAD may have an important role not only in diabetes, but also in several central ...

Dynogen Reports Positive Results in Phase 1B GERD Study

... a Phase 2b study in IBS-c this year. About DDP733 DDP733 is an oral, partial agonist of the serotonin type 3 receptor (5-HT(3)). Serotonin is a neurotransmitter that is known to be involved in the control of the gastrointestinal (GI) system. Preclinical studies of DDP733 established the compound's ...

Dynogen's DDP733 Reduces Reflux in Phase 1b GERD Study

... Phase 2b study in IBS-c this year. About DDP733 DDP733 is an oral, partial agonist of the serotonin type 3 receptor (5-HT3). Serotonin is a neurotransmitter that is known to be involved in the control of the gastrointestinal (GI) system. Preclinical studies of DDP733 established the compound’s ...

Neurologix Announces Publication of Landmark Gene Therapy Study Demonstrating Safety and Statistically Significant Improvement in Patients With Advanced Parkinson's Disease

... brain. In Parkinson's disease, STN activity is abnormally increased, largely due to a deficit in GABA (gamma-aminobutyric acid), the major inhibitory neurotransmitter in the brain. Increasing GAD causes more GABA to be synthesized, thus helping to calm the STN over-activity. The value of this strategy has been ...

DOR BioPharma Announces Publication Describing Results of Its Multivalent Botulinum Toxin Vaccine BT-VACC

... is known as the heavy chain of each of the A, B, and E serotypes. These components lack the region of the toxin that are responsible for blocking neurotransmitter functions. The subunits can bind avidly to receptors on the surface of mucosal cells and traverse lung and gastrointestinal tissue to stimulate ...
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Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Jeju Island is a live volcano 2Cleveland Clinic researchers discover neuroprotective role of immune cell 2UC Riverside entomologist receives international honor for chemical ecology contributions 2
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