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Temporal in Medical News

Measuring brain atrophy in patients with mild cognitive impairment

... automated and rapid methods of measuring medial temporal lobe volumes may help clinicians predict ... a robust biological marker for change." Medial temporal lobe atrophy has been associated with increased ... brain associated with emotions and the nearby temporal horn could predict cognitive decline was unknown. ...

Ending Epileptic Seizures

... before taking the next step and has surgery. temporal lobectomies cure many epilepsy cases but factors ... Surgically we can remove a small section of their temporal lobe and stop or minimize their seizures. Better ... these surgeries. According to Dr. Morris a temporal lobectomy has been shown to be as safe as any ...

Surgery a Boon for Most Common Form of Epilepsy

... modeling to assess the benefits of surgery of the temporal lobe region for people with temporal lobe epilepsy. "In light of what we found, ... N.Y. "People have been aware of the benefit of temporal lobe epilepsy surgery and the substantially ...

Study firmly shows no connection between measles, mumps, rubella (MMR) vaccine and autism

... with autism and GI disturbances or examined the temporal relationship of MMR, GI disturbances, and autism. ... (autism/GI group, 4%; control, 8%). The temporal order of onset of GI episodes and autism relative ... "Over 20 epidemiologic studies have reported no temporal relationship between MMR vaccine and autism, ...

Tennis Players Ace Perception of Speed, Motion

... were unsure whether playing tennis improves one's temporal processing or that having better temporal processing allows people to become better tennis ... of perceptual functions, including motion and temporal processing, object detection and attention. ...

Brain Injury May Not Erase Long-Term Memory

... dependent on a brain region called the medial temporal lobe, which contains the memory-processing center ... to the hippocampus, and two had large medial temporal lobe lesions. The researchers used extensive ... recollection was impaired in patients with medial temporal damage when memories were drawn from the recent ...

Flu and Fever Detection Facts for Dr. Mom

... but not all are as accurate or easy to use as a temporal artery thermometer, such as the Exergen TemporalScanner(TM). temporal artery thermometers work by measuring heat emitted from the skin over the temporal artery. This artery runs along the forehead and ...

Scientists identify brain circuits used in sensation of touch

... aligned dots. Brain activity during that temporal task was contrasted with brain activity during ... showed more activity during either spatial or temporal processing. "What is interesting is that we ... are stronger during spatial discrimination than temporal discrimination." The researchers are not yet ...

Nurses Choose Exergen TemporalScanner(TM) Thermometer as 'Most Valuable Product' in Annual Industry Survey

... they found most useful in day-to-day practice. Exergen's infrared temporal artery thermometer is the most accurate and least invasive product on the ... the instrument captures the naturally emitted heat from the skin over the temporal artery. Exergen Corporation is recognized worldwide as an ...

Alterations in brain's white matter key to schizophrenia, UCLA study shows

... and expected increase in measures indexing white matter integrity in the temporal lobe as they age," said Karlsgodt, "but young people at high-risk for ... finding, she said, was that by looking at white matter integrity in the temporal lobe at people's first appointment, "we could predict how well they would ...

PET scans may improve accuracy of dementia diagnosis

... Other types include frontotemporal dementia, which affects the frontal and temporal lobes of the brain, and Lewy body dementia, which involves degeneration of dopamine nerves in addition to the temporal and parietal lobes. Although these types of dementia have different ...

How to build a bigger brain

... and areas within the orbito-frontal cortex, the thalamus and the inferior temporal gyrus all regions known for regulating emotions. "We know that ... the right orbito-frontal cortex, the right thalamus and the left inferior temporal lobe. There were no regions where controls had significantly larger ...

Love handles put the squeeze on lungs

... While the cross-sectional study was not able to address causality or temporal associations, the authors posit several possible mechanisms by which ... who never smoked. "Prospective studies are needed to determine the temporal relationship between lung function impairment and metabolic syndrome, ...

Novel Photoconductive Cellular Depolarization Technology Reveals Insight Into Neuronal Growth, Guidance, and Regeneration

... specificity than extracellular field stimulation as well as greater temporal resolution than direct neurotransmitter application. Previously, ... activity-dependant axon guidance in which growth guidance both spatial and temporal is mediated by neuronal activity. Further under experimental conditions ...

Flash Speed. Lowest Dose.

... the patient's body. The fastest scanning speed in CT (i.e., 43 cm/s) and a temporal resolution of 75 ms, enable for example complete scans of the entire chest ... scan speed never before attained in CT (i.e., up to 43 cm per second) and temporal resolution of 75 milliseconds. The patient is moved through the CT tube ...

A new relationship between brain derived neurotrophic factor and inflammatory signaling

... as the dentate gyrus may be crtically important to the development of temporal lobe epilepsy, the most common type of epilepsy in children and adults. ... and stress," states Dr. Russek. An estimated 400,000 Americans have temporal lobe epilepsy a neurological impairment that includes both ...

Cancer research highlights

... New York ... MORE DETAILS BELOW 7) STUDY CORRELATES temporal CHANGES IN TUMOR HETEROGENEITY TO TREATMENT RESPONSE ... cancer ... . 7) STUDY CORRELATES temporal CHANGES IN TUMOR HETEROGENEITY TO TREATMENT RESPONSE Tumors are ...

Brain Activity May Predict Schizophrenia Behavior

... were given ketamine. For example, those who showed more frontal and temporal brain activity while imaging the sounds of voices in their normal state ... more likely to have disordered thoughts after they took the drug. The temporal lobe is involved in speech, hearing and memory. The frontal lobe is ...

Researchers discover second depth-perception method in brain

... of the eyeball itself. According to DeAngelis, the neurons in the middle temporal area of the brain are combining visual information and physical movement ... tracking the overall movement of the group of objects, it gives the middle temporal neurons enough information to grasp that the object moving fastest in the ...

Loss of gene leads to protein splicing and buildup of toxic proteins in neurons

... number of older age dementias, including Alzheimers Disease (AD), Frontal temporal Dementia (FTD), and in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Not only ... in people under age 65, clumps of TDP-43 were found in the frontal and temporal lobes which control the judgment and thought process disrupted in the ...

Therapy should extend beyond childhood

... at Heidelberg University Hospital have succeeded for the first time in demonstrating reversible and permanent brain damage as well as elucidating its temporal evolution. The Heidelberg researchers now assume that during the course of the disease, the products of metabolism cause not only acute, but ...

Scientists Track Impact of DNA Damage in the Developing Brain

... in a process known as gliosis. Overall changes in the hippocampus mimicked those found in the brains of adults with the seizure disorder known as temporal lobe epilepsy. In this study, the loss of Xrcc1 also resulted in seizures in mice. The other authors of this paper were Youngsoo Lee, Sachin ...

Brain Imaging (MRI/PET) and Measurements of Proteins in Spinal Fluid May Improve Alzheimer's Prediction and Diagnosis

... (AB1-42), (b) MRI volume measures of certain sections of the brain, including the left and right hippocampus, entorhinal cortex, and medial temporal lobe, and (c) scores on certain standard memory, learning and brain function tests, including the Rey Auditory Verbal Learning test (RAVL) and the ...

Carnegie Mellon algorithm charts evolution of genetic networks during fruit fly life cycle

... first practical and scalable method for recovering large-scale, time-varying networks underlying sociocultural and biological processes at arbitrary temporal resolutions," the authors concluded in their report. Xing and Ahmed also used Tesla to analyze the voting record for 642 bills before the U.S. ...

DFG establishes nine new collaborative research centers

... is to extend the emergence of meaning in complex linguistic structures on the basis of word meaning, syntactical structure and context with a temporal dimension. The linguistic centre hopes to make it possible to measure meaning as it is created. (Host university: Eberhard Karls University of ...

Risks Remain for Childhood Cancer Survivors

... The risk of second primary cancers was significantly higher in men than in women, the researchers reported. "This study quantified long-term temporal patterns of increased risk of cancer at specific sites in survivors of childhood cancer," wrote Dr. Jorgen H. Olsen, of the Institute of Cancer ...

Study finds higher prevalence of early menarche among survivors of childhood sexual abuse

... and physical abuse in all analyses. An important limitation was the retrospective nature of data collection, which prevented establishment of the temporal relationship between abuse onset and menarche. According to lead author Lauren A. Wise, ScD, an epidemiologist at the Slone Epidemiology Center ...

UCSF, Stanford Study Reveals Neural Networks Targeted in Brain Diseases

... from misfolding events involving beta-amyloid and tau proteins, which result in neuritic plaque and neurofibrillary tangle formation in medial temporal memory structures. In all neurodegenerative diseases, synapses between nerve cells falter, and damage spreads to new regions, accompanied by ...

Also in the April 7 JNCI

... due to sarcoma, melanoma, and cancers of the brain and nervous system; the risk extended more than 40 years after their initial diagnosis. "The temporal patterns of site-specific excess risks of subsequent malignant neoplasms in retinoblastoma survivors should inform screening programs designed for ...

Rigorous Visual Training Teaches the Brain to See Again After Stroke

... team focused on motion perception, since it's an aspect of vision critical for most everyday tasks. The team's aim was to see if the brain's middle temporal region, which was healthy in the participants, could be stimulated so extensively that it could take on some of the tasks normally handled by the ...

Siemens Highlights Cardiology Excellence from Prevention to Follow-up at ACC 2009

... can be done in only 0.6 seconds, taking the burden of breath-holding off the patient and allowing functional imaging for body regions up to 48 cm. temporal resolution of 75 ms and scan speed of up to 43 cm/s make heart-scanning without beta-blockers possible and, for the first time, breath-hold optional ...

Siemens Demonstrates Flash Speed, Lowest Dose at ACC 2009

... off the patient and allowing functional imaging for body regions up to 48 cm." Flexible cardiac examinations with a minimum radiation dose temporal resolution of 75 ms and scan speed of up to 43 cm/s make heart-scanning possible, with dose levels below 1 millisievert (mSv), whereas the average ...

When it comes to intelligence, size matters

... on cognitive ability. A positive link between cortical thickness and cognitive ability was detected in many areas of the frontal, parietal, temporal and occipital lobes. The regions with the greatest relationship were the 'multi-modal association' areas, where information converges from various ...

Frost & Sullivan Awards Philips Healthcare for Brilliance iCT 256 Slice and iCT SP 128 Slice CT Systems

... as one of the most advanced CT imaging systems on the market. As a result of these technology advances, the system provides leading image quality and temporal resolution, and can reduce scan times by half, requiring significantly less contrast than previous models while also offering dual energy and leading ...

Musicians' Brain Waves Are Also in Tune

... they actually began playing together. As expected, the frontal and central regions of the guitarists' brains showed high synchronization. But the temporal and parietal regions also showed high synchronization in at least half the pairs of musicians. These regions may be involved in the processes ...

Brain Scans Shed Light on Dyslexia

... conducted functional MRI while the participants performed a series of these experiments. Dyslexic participants had less activation of the superior temporal cortex region of the brain which, among other things, is involved with processing sounds. "They looked at what happens when people with and ...

Schizophrenia linked to signaling problems in new brain study

... and DNA as well as mRNA in the samples, which were taken from two brain regions associated with schizophrenia: the frontal cortical area and the temporal cortex. mRNA are copies of small sections of our DNA that cells use to build proteins. Unlike DNA, mRNA varies in different parts of the body, where ...

Marinus Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Announces Positive Results of its Phase 2 Clinical Trial of Ganaxolone as Adjunctive Therapy in Adults With Partial Onset Seizures

... in this population adding to the safety database of more than 950 subjects. Partial seizures are episodes of abnormal electrical activity in the temporal lobe of the brain, an area near the side of the head, resulting in unconsciousness with symptoms of decreased responsiveness and decreased awareness ...

Frost & Sullivan Lauds Veran Medical for its IG4 Plug-n-Play Navigation System

... includes an automatic 3-D spatial registration between the electromagnetic field generator and the real-time CT scans of the patient anatomy, and a temporal registration capable of determining when the patient is at the same point in the respiratory cycle as when the CT scan was acquired. While competing ...

Physical fitness improves spatial memory, increases size of brain structure

... fit adults accounts for about 40 percent of their advantage in spatial memory. The hippocampus, a curved structure deep inside the medial temporal lobe of the brain, is essential to memory formation. Remove it as was done in the well-known case of surgical patient Henry Gustav Molaison and a ...
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(Date:9/30/2014)... Health (NIH) awarded Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) ... system that will enable researchers to better understand ... scale. , LLNL,s grant-funded project is part of ... (Brain Research through Advancing Innovative Neurotechnologies) Initiative , ... of the human mind and uncover ways to ...
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