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Skeleton in Medical News

Bone from blood: Circulating cells form bone outside the normal skeleton, Penn study finds

... discovery that circulating blood cells can form bone outside the normal skeleton was made while studying a rare genetic disease of misplaced bone growth, ... study may help us understand how bone forms after the development of the skeleton has ceased, with possible applications in bone diseases where only scarce ...

Ancient fossils shed light on anatomical changes accompanying evolution of first land vertebrates

... of the skull, the researchers hoped to get a more fine-grained picture of skeleton evolution as a whole. "I tend to think the genetic instructions for making a skeleton come from how you make individual bones first, and then how you fit those ...

Appealing the death sentence for brain cells

... patients with mild cognitive damage against memory loss by protecting the skeleton and transport system of brain cells. The new drug candidate has passed its ... can be likened to a derailed train, says Prof. Gozes. The nerve cell skeleton the microtubules are like the rails, and a protein called "tau" ...

Readily available treatment could help prevent heart disease in kidney patients

... the calcification of blood vessels. "BMP-7 restores the ability of the skeleton to serve as a reservoir for phosphate, and in the walls of blood vessels ... problems. The mechanism described in the study, in which the skeleton cannot absorb excess phosphates, is also present in elderly people with ...

Same process discovered to both form skeleton and protect it for life

... signaling pathway recently discovered to guide the formation of the skeleton in the fetus also keeps bones strong through adult life, according to two ... production by osteoblasts of osteoprotegerin, a protein that protects the skeleton by inhibiting osteoclast formation. In the absence of Notch, osteoclast ...

Researchers find new way to block destructive rush of immune cells

... that the T cell is moving across. The T cell then contracts using its cell skeleton to pull itself over the leading edge integrins. Finally, the integrins on ... provide the first evidentiary support of the longstanding theory that cell skeleton contractile force is used to drive T cell migration, with MyH9 as the ...

When Lawn Mowers Attack: National Medical Societies Offer Tips to Prevent Injuries; Children Often Victims

... plastic surgeons. The Society accomplishes its mission to advance the science and practice of surgery of the facial region and the craniofacial skeleton through excellence in education and research, and advocacy on behalf of patients and practitioners. www.maxface.org The American Academy of ...

Famed Hollywood Dog Trainer and Lassie Descendant Unleash National Dog Bite Prevention Week, May 14

... plastic surgeons. The Society accomplishes its mission to advance the science and practice of surgery of the facial region and the craniofacial skeleton through education, research, and advocacy. For more information, visit www.maxface.org . The American Society for Reconstructive ...

National Dog Bite Prevention Week - Prevention is the Best Cure for Dog Bites

... plastic surgeons. The Society accomplishes its mission to advance the science and practice of surgery of the facial region and the craniofacial skeleton through education, research, and advocacy. For more information, visit www.maxface.org . The American Society of Plastic Surgeons is the ...

Mothers Play a Powerful Role in Determining Strength of Daughters' Bones

... calcium and dairy intake to bone status. The overwhelming majority of those studies showed that high dairy and high calcium intakes protect the skeleton and increase its strength," said Robert Heaney, MD an internationally recognized expert in the field of bone biology and calcium nutrition at ...

Ethnic Rhinoplasty: The "Classic" Nose Job is Not One Size Fits All

... nose that is covered by thin skin, the Mestizo nose shows differences in size, shape and cutaneous cover. The supporting platform provided by the skeleton of the midface is different. Cartilage of the tip tends to be small, limiting nasal prominence and producing broadness of the nose," he said. ...

Scientists discover way to jumpstart bone's healing process

... of the clinical trial, a large portion of non-healing fractures tend to occur in older adults. "In many people, as they get older, their skeleton loses the ability to heal fractures and repair itself," Puzas said. "With careful application of teriparatide, we believe we've found a way to turn ...

Slow-Healing Bones May Get Boost From Drug

... prove especially important for older adults, who suffer the majority of broken bones that heal slowly. "In many people, as they get older, their skeleton loses the ability to heal fractures and repair itself," J. Edward Puzas, head of orthopedic bone research at the medical center and the lead ...

Misplaced metamorphosis

... (FOP), a condition studied by the authors who care for most of the world's 700 patients with the condition. In FOP, the body forms a second skeleton as a result of the transformation of normal muscle tissue into normal bone. That change is caused by a mutant gene that encodes a receptor, or ...

PreMD Reduces Staffing, Operations - FDA Appeal Still in Process

... not currently able to continue to finance our clinical or operational activities." said Dr. Brent Norton, President and CEO. "We will be moving to a skeleton staff and working with key executives to explore alternatives that may allow our Company to continue to operate until the outcomes of our FDA appeal ...

Researchers detail how aging undermines bone healing

... were engineered by the National Institute on Aging, and have inspired several major insights into aging that have been validated in humans. "The skeleton loses the ability to repair itself as we age," said Regis J. O'Keefe, M.D., Ph.D., chairman of the Department of Orthopaedics at the University of ...

MRI shows new types of injuries in young gymnasts

... that takes the most stress during gymnastics. Due to damage to the radial growth plates, the bone does not grow in proportion to the rest of the skeleton and may be deformed. Consequently, it is not unusual for gymnasts to have a longer ulna than radius. Some former gymnasts must undergo surgery to ...

MRI Shows New Types of Injuries in Young Gymnasts

... that takes the most stress during gymnastics. Due to damage to the radial growth plates, the bone does not grow in proportion to the rest of the skeleton and may be deformed. Consequently, it is not unusual for gymnasts to have a longer ulna than radius. Some former gymnasts must undergo surgery to ...

Susan Lark, MD Speaks Out Against the Newest Osteoporosis Drug, Reclast

... taking a bisphosphonate are increasingly constructed of over-aged, damaged bone cells that have been encouraged to linger longer than is good for the skeleton at large. When it comes to preventing and treating osteoporosis, regulating the body's pH--and specifically the pH of blood--is the real secret ...

Chocolate Milk: The Official Drink of Halloween

... potassium," said Dr. Trachtenberg. "It's a treat you won't have to trick your kids into liking and teaches children sensible nutrition choices." A skeleton Bone-Builder Keeping chocolate milk stashed in the refrigerator is a good strategy to help kids get more calcium, which is critical to build ...

March of Dimes awards $250,000 prize to leaders in understanding embryonic development

... work that has expanded our understanding of how hedgehog genes and their protein signals guide the formation of the brain, limbs, spinal cord, axial skeleton and other organs during embryonic and fetal development. Their work has become a model for how communication between cells directs the course of ...

Investigators unveil new drug discovery tool for Alzheimer's disease

... is described as an example. Tau proteins are a family of neuron-specific proteins believed to play an important role in the organization of the skeleton of nerve cells. This protein has been known to be abnormally modified in degenerating neurons in Alzheimers disease in a process called ...

Press Preview to Unveil Miracle Manny

... CHICAGO, April 15 /PRNewswire/ -- (Photo: http://www.newscom.com/cgi-bin/prnh/20080415/AQTU157 ) -- Unveiling of Miracle Manny -- a life-sized skeleton outfitted with 73 actual orthopaedic devices used by doctors today to successfully treat many bone or joint problems. Manny dramatically ...

Tell them where it hurts

... from medical analyses conducted in doctors' offices across the country or laser scans used to capture complex shapes like the Hatcher Triceratops skeleton at the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History. Engineers can capture datasets for almost anything, even enormous structures, because the ...

Bone Density Tests Do Predict Women's Fracture Risk

... But many, if not most, of these fractures go undetected. "Osteoporosis is sometimes called the silent thief," Cauley said. "It basically robs the skeleton of strength and resources, and women don't really know about it. About 75 percent of all spine fractures actually occur silently." "Identifying ...

Biological markers of prostate cancer shed light on cancer burden faced by African-American men

... These structural proteins, called hnRNP-H1 and SAFB-2, in part comprise the nuclear matrix, the mesh of molecules that serves as the supporting skeleton of the cells nucleus. We have employed a unique functional genomics approach to unravel the molecular mechanisms underlying the disproportionate ...

Stem cells train heart following heart attack

... Derived Cell' or EPDC. This cell plays a crucial role during embryonic heart development: the embryonic EPDCs provide cells for the connective tissue skeleton of the heart and for the walls of the coronary arteries. EPDCs also play an important role in the formation of a thick, compact heart muscle wall. ...

The Rosenbach and The Mutter: A Perfect Pair

... Lady." -- Collection of 2,000 objects extracted from people's throats. -- Cancerous growth removed from President Grover Cleveland. -- Tallest skeleton on display in North America. Rosenbach Museum & Library -- Original Drawings by Maurice Sendak (Where the Wild Things Are). -- James Joyce's ...

Discover The Mutter Museum After Dark

... museum's popular and unique pieces. Visitors will learn about such one-of-a-kind treasures as the preserved body of "The Soap Lady" and the tallest skeleton on display in North America. The Mutter Museum at The College of Physicians of Philadelphia was originally founded to educate future doctors about ...

The Mutter Assassins Go to the Theater!

... "Soap Lady" -- Collection of 2,000 objects extracted from people's throats -- Cancerous growth removed from President Grover Cleveland -- Tallest skeleton on display in North America Located on 22nd Street between Market and Chestnut Streets, the museum is open to the public Saturday through Thursday ...

Vitamin D or Anti-osteoporosis Drug Reduces Bone Loss from Binge Drinking

... reduced as they age. “Before that, in the teen and young adult years, the skeleton is developing and requires exercise, calcium, vitamin D and good nutrition ... even more.” Bone is a constantly changing tissue. Don’t take your skeleton for granted, Wezeman cautioned. “Of course individuals should speak ...

Species Linking Fish And Land Animals Found

... study the mosaic pattern of evolutionary change in different parts of the skeleton as fish evolved into land animals. The high quality of the fossils also ... in shallow water and perhaps even out of the water for short periods. "The skeleton of Tiktaalik indicates that it could support its body under the force of ...

Our Medieval Ancestors Were More or Less Similar to Us Than Previously Thought

... continued to grow later than today's teenagers. Payne said the earliest bones were from the Battle of Hastings era. One of them is a skeleton of a man aged around 50, probably born during the reign of King Canute (1016-1035). He lived during the Norman Conquest of 1066 and the subsequent ...

Hip Resurfacing Fever Catches on in US

... running, baseball/softball pitching, doctors say. The growth plate is like a cap on the end of a long bone. Eventually, it will cement as the skeleton matures, but in children it is the weakest part of the skeleton. Muscle strength imbalances, poor flexibility, inadequate strength training, ...

UCLA Find Yields Further Insight into Causes of Parkinson’s Diseas

... Drug Administration to see which ones might stop disease progression. If they find one that works, such a compound, which could serve as a kind of skeleton for other therapeutic drugs, could then be tested in mouse models and eventually in humans. While non-scientists may have trouble understanding ...

Exercise In Childhood Provides Lifelong Benefits

... of the Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee of Indiana University. 'We knew that exercise increases bone size and strength, and that the skeleton is most responsive to exercise during the crucial growing years around puberty when you reach adult size and strength,' Warden said. 'We also knew ...

Researchers explore medicine in space

... normal gravitational vector is from the head to the feet, so if you put somebody slightly head down, that completely offloads the musculature, the skeleton and the circulation, and it causes adaptations in bone, muscle and circulation that are very similar to real space flight, minus the nausea that ...

Formula Predicts Osteoporotic Fracture Risk

... years after the baseline measurements were obtained. The authors also discovered that heavier body weight seemed to increase the force applied to the skeleton during a fall. Findings of most previous studies indicated that lighter body weight led to increased risk of fracture, due to lower bone mass. ...

Mouse Gene With Gene Stutter Will Help Leukemia Research

... vertebra in the lower backbone. This suggested the mutation was affecting Hox genes, some of which govern the growth and development of the skeleton and of blood cells. Next, the researchers examined cells in the bone marrow and spleen that give rise to blood cells. The cells looked normal, ...
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