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Retardation in Medical News

Gene Mutation Tied to Majority of Cases of Mental Retardation

... Children who have the most common form of mental retardation -- called nonsyndromic mental retardation -- appear to have a genetic mutation that may ... the researchers said. "Nonsyndromic mental retardation is a very common problem -- it involves about 3 ...

St. Jude Scientists Discover a New Mechanism Controlling Neuronal Migration

... insights into how malfunctions in the machinery cause epilepsy and mental retardation MEMPHIS, Tenn., July 15 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- The ... of this brain-patterning machinery can cause epilepsy and mental retardation and understanding its function could give new insight into such disorders. ...

Findings in Epilepsy Gene in Animals May Guide Treatment Directions for Infants

... epilepsy. The neurological problems included varying degrees of mental retardation or other learning disabilities. These findings, said Golden, will immediately change the evaluation and testing of women with mental retardation and epilepsy, particularly in families with other affected individuals. ...

Findings in epilepsy gene in animals may guide treatment directions for infants

... epilepsy. The neurological problems included varying degrees of mental retardation or other learning disabilities. These findings, said Golden, will immediately change the evaluation and testing of women with mental retardation and epilepsy, particularly in families with other affected individuals. ...

BioMarin Receives 2009 Corporate Award for the Development of Kuvan

... brain, resulting in a variety of complications, including severe mental retardation and brain damage, mental illness, seizures, tremors and limited cognitive ... genetic metabolic disorder that, when left untreated, can result in mental retardation and other neurological problems. Individuals with PKU cannot metabolize ...

Study IDs Variations in Black, White Genomes

... in 8 percent of the 435 blacks. This region has been implicated in mental retardation caused by the deletion of two genes due to duplication. The two genes ... disease. It is also interesting to find out whether the type of mental retardation associated with this locus is more common in whites than in Africans or ...

Justice Department Reaches Settlement to Improve Conditions at a Nebraska Developmental Center

... operated residential facility that serves almost 300 persons with mental retardation or other developmental disabilities. The agreement, submitted to and ... include nursing homes, residential facilities serving people with mental retardation or other developmental disabilities, mental health facilities, jails, ...

Mutant gene causes epilepsy, intellectual disability in women

... A mutated gene has been discovered as the key behind epilepsy and mental retardation specific to women, thanks to new research at Adelaides Womens & Childrens ... known as protocadherins with a condition known as epilepsy and mental retardation limited to females (EFMR). Although a relatively uncommon disorder, the ...

Drosophila drug screen for fragile X syndrome finds promising compounds and potential drug targets

... reverse the features of fragile X syndrome -- a frequent form of mental retardation and one of the leading known causes of autism. The discovery sets the ... X syndrome is caused by the functional loss of the fragile X mental retardation protein (FMRP). Currently there is no effective drug therapy for fragile X ...

Fragile X Syndrome Corrected in Mice

... may lead to treatments for the genetic disease, a leading cause of mental retardation ,,,, WEDNESDAY, Dec. 19 (HealthDay News) -- By targeting one ... Fragile X syndrome is caused by loss of the gene for "fragile X mental retardation protein" (FMRP). It affects about 100,000 people in the United States and ...

Columbiana County Board of MR/DD Chooses Q Continuum(TM) System

... care organizations, announced the Columbiana County (Ohio) Board of Mental retardation & Developmental Disabilities (MR/DD) has chosen its Q Continuum System. Q ... http://www.chmack.com . About the Columbiana County Board of Mental retardation & Developmental Disabilities The Columbiana County Board of MR/DD ...

One shot of gene therapy spreads through brain in animal study

... also called Sly syndrome, is a rare, multisystem disease causing mental retardation and death in childhood or early adulthood. Sly syndrome is one of a ... births. Those diseases account for a significant share of childhood mental retardation and severe, often fatal, disabilities. In each of the lysosomal storage ...

Patents Issued Covering Stable Tablet Formulation and Once Daily Dosing Regimen for Kuvan

... accumulates to abnormally high levels in the blood and becomes toxic to the brain, resulting in a variety of complications including severe mental retardation and brain damage, mental illness, seizures, tremors, and limited cognitive ability. As a result of newborn screening efforts implemented in the 1960s ...

Catastrophic Epilepsy Caused by Defect in One Gene

... could lead to treatments or a cure for the disorder. People with catastrophic epilepsy suffer severe muscle spasms, persistent seizures, mental retardation and sometimes autism. "At present, there is no proven cure to offer children with this specific epilepsy," Dr. Jeffrey Noebels, a professor of ...

Low birth weight linked to long-term respiratory problems

... per year, with charges in excess of $225 million per year," said Dr. Walter. While the study did not distinguish between premature birth and retardation of in utero development as causes of low birth weight, previous research has found that both conditions increase risk of abnormal pulmonary function ...

Death Penalty and Mental Illness: Families of Victims Speak out at National Convention; 'Double Tragedies' Report Released

... . The U.S. Supreme Court has already ruled the death penalty unconstitutional in cases involving defendants with mental retardation ( Atkins v. Virginia , 2002) and juvenile defendants ( Roper v. Simmons 2005). The report, a joint project of NAMI and Murder Victims' ...

New Guidelines to Fight Obesity in Pregnancy Issued

... cause of newborn death and babies who survive an early birth often face the risk of lifetime health challenges, such as breathing problems, mental retardation and others. Even babies born just a few weeks too soon (34-36 weeks gestation, also known as late preterm birth) have higher rates of death and ...

Philadelphia Police Commissioner Charles H. Ramsey to Receive MHASP's 2009 Bell of Hope Award

... ceremony will begin at 7 p.m. Guest speakers will include Dr. Arthur C. Evans, Jr., Director, Philadelphia Department of Behavioral Health/Mental retardation Services. CBS-3 News Anchor Susan Barnett will be the Emcee. "We are honoring Commissioner Ramsey because of the Philadelphia Police ...

Viral Infection Might Trigger High Blood Pressure

... disease." The effort to develop a CMV vaccine has concentrated on childbirth, since infection during pregnancy is the leading cause of mental retardation and deafness in children, Schleiss said. "Now there is an urgency to develop a vaccine for men as well as women," he said. More information ...

Access to care leads Americans' priorities in first-ever public study of health value

... highest valued health priorities. The least valued health services included psychiatric services, vocational rehabilitation, services for mental retardation and substance abuse. "Health reformers cannot afford to overlook how everyday constituents, when faced with difficult trade-offs, place a relative ...

Access to Care Leads Americans' Priorities in First-Ever Public Study of Health Value

... highest valued health priorities. The least valued health services included psychiatric services, vocational rehabilitation, services for mental retardation and substance abuse. "Health reformers cannot afford to overlook how everyday constituents, when faced with difficult trade-offs, place a ...

Ohio Health Care Association/Ohio Centers for Assisted Living Host Midwest's Largest Long-Term Care Convention in Columbus

... is a non-profit association of more than 700 skilled nursing facilities, assisted living residences, and facilities for people with mental retardation and developmental disabilities, representing 64,000 beds. It is the largest long-term care association in the state, and the only chartered Ohio ...

Resuscitated Newborns at Risk for Lower IQs

... if they showed no signs of mental problems in early infancy, British researchers report. It has been thought that when the cause of the mental retardation and cerebral palsy is a period of lack of oxygen, newborns will show signs of brain damage immediately following birth called encephalopathy. The ...

Unmarried Childbirths in U.S. Reach Record Levels

... $26 billion annually, according to the Institute of Medicine. Preterm babies who survive are at risk for numerous health issues, including mental retardation and breathing problems, the March of Dimes said. More information The March of Dimes has more about teen pregnancy . ...

Preterm birth rate drops

... cause of newborn death and babies who survive an early birth often face the risk of lifetime health challenges, such as breathing problems, mental retardation and others. Even babies born just a few weeks too soon (34-36 weeks gestation, also known as late preterm birth) have higher rates of death and ...

Preterm Birth Rate Drops

... cause of newborn death and babies who survive an early birth often face the risk of lifetime health challenges, such as breathing problems, mental retardation and others. Even babies born just a few weeks too soon (34-36 weeks gestation, also known as late preterm birth) have higher rates of death and ...

Study finds how brain remembers single events

... fleeting experiences can be captured by the brain to form lasting memories," Guzowski says. Arc activation is disrupted in mouse models of mental retardation and Alzheimer's disease. "Our findings on Arc regulation in CA3 neurons should prove useful to researchers testing new therapies for Alzheimer's ...

Understanding mental illness through gene-environment interactions

... epigenetics article of this issue, Monteggia and Kavalali examine the epigenetics of Rett syndrome, a neurodevelopmental disorder that causes mental retardation and autistic-like behavior, as it arises from mutations in a gene that is believed to alter synaptic transmission. In all, these epigenetics ...

Tiniest Babies Carry Biggest Costs

... noted that the costs of preterm birth can be substantial and continue well beyond the first year of life. These can include cerebral palsy, mental retardation or neurological impairment. "The more severe the disabilities and problems experienced by the newborn, the higher the costs will be," she said. ...

Positive behavior support training curriculum

... that treats people as individuals while setting a more supportive and caring environment." Michael F. Dorsey, Director of Clinical Services, Mental retardation Division, Vinfen, Massachussetts "The Curriculum is both teacher and student friendly and provides a wonderful base of understanding for staff ...

Iodine in Prenatal Vitamins Varies Widely

... are deficient in pregnancy have children often with lower IQs or neurocognitive delays. Iodine deficiency is the leading cause of preventable mental retardation in the world." But, based on the new findings, "it seems that an ideal prenatal vitamin, in terms of iodine, does not exist," she said. "About ...

NAMI-NYC Metro Gives New Yorkers the Most Comprehensive Mental Health Web Site in Effort to Help Transform Care

... specific disorders, pending legislation and advocacy, as well as daily news articles from around the world concerning behavioral health, mental retardation and substance abuse. "While there are many mental health resources for New York City residents, tracking down the right mental health care can ...

Sechrist Introduces Hyperbaric Industry's First Patient-Positioning Pads Designed for Use in Hyperbaric Chambers

... in achieving optimum patient comfort during treatment. The HBO2 Patient Comfort Positioning Pads have the compact size, flame and moisture retardation and conductivity required for use in high oxygen concentration environments. The three configurations of the Sechrist HBO2 Patient Comfort ...

Rockefeller University's Center for Clinical and Translational Science funds 18 new pilot studies

... in clinical investigation, Thomas Tuschl's Laboratory of RNA Molecular Biology, to identify proteins and mutations involved in Fragile X mental retardation and related disorders. Johannes Scheid, visiting student, Michel C. Nussenzweig's Laboratory of Molecular Immunology, to identify antibodies for ...

Gene Tied to Common Childhood Language Disorder

... the strongest gene candidate for language but the mutation is only seen in a small number of people, just one family, and that family also has mental retardation and other issues," Miranda said. The FOXP2 gene is also active in animals such as mice, birds and primates that obviously don't have speech ...

JOHNSON'S(R) and March of Dimes(R) Launch 'Prevent Prematurity Campaign'

... these babies that are born too small and too soon often face the challenges associated with lasting disabilities such as cerebral palsy, mental retardation and learning problems, chronic lung disease, and vision and hearing problems, making half of all neurological disabilities in children related to ...

Scientists identify new gene responsible for puberty disorders

... in CHARGE syndrome a multi-system disorder characterized by diverse problems from heart defects to hearing loss to cleft lip and palate and mental retardation also accounts for about 6 percent of two puberty disorders. These disorders idiopathic hypogonadotropic hypogonadism, or IHH, and Kallmann ...

VA Announces $36 Million in Grants for Homeless Programs

... 25 Beds Texas Ft. Worth Mental Health Mental retardation of Tarrant County $600,000 Renovation, 30 beds ...

The first autism disease genes

... repetitive and stereotyped patterns of interests and activities. Problems that may accompany these disorders are sensory distortion, mental retardation or seizures. Disease onset occurs during the first three years of life. Although early intervention has considerable impact on reducing symptoms and ...

New Law Signed by Governor Rendell Expands Newborn Screening in Pennsylvania

... diagnosis, treatment, and parental education. Although the 28 metabolic and genetic disorders are uncommon, their presence may lead to mental retardation and even death if not promptly diagnosed and treated. Babies already receive screening for hearing loss at birth as provided by The Infant Hearing ...
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