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Inverse in Medical News

The upside to allergies: cancer prevention

... contradictory, results. Many studies have found inverse associations between the two, meaning cancer ... from the past five decades. They found that inverse allergy-cancer associations are far more common ... hives, hay fever and animal and food allergieshad inverse relationships to cancers. ...

Hospital volume inconsistent predictor of quality care

... studies, when combined, show a quantifiable and statistically significant inverse association between case volume and mortality, the review finds that ... between surgical volume and outcome. After early studies found an inverse relation between surgical volume and mortality, healthcare decision-makers ...

Alcohol types and socioeconomic status are associated with Barrett's esophagus risk

... with the risk of BE, although stratification by beverage type showed an inverse association for wine drinkers compared to nondrinkers (seven+ drinks ... Adjustment for these factors or GERD symptoms did not eliminate the inverse association between wine consumption and BE. Education status was ...

Possible association between CP and LC of alcoholic etiology

... respectively, but other characteristics of cirrhosis or CP were absent. An inverse correlation (r = -0.746) between elastase-1 test and indocyanine test was ... alterations among patients with CP or LC of alcoholic etiology, but an inverse correlation between pancreatic and liver function tests. These findings ...

Sex Hormone Protein May Predict Type 2 Diabetes

... they confirmed their findings in a group of 340 men who participated in the Physicians' Health Study II, a similarly large study. Besides the inverse relationship between levels of SHBG and type 2 diabetes, they identified two genetic variants in the gene coding for SHBG -- one increases type 2 ...

Environmental manganese good in trace amounts but can correlate to cancer rates

... association between groundwater manganese and specific cancer mortality rates might be a function of the high concentrations measures, while the inverse relationship between air manganese and death rates might point toward adequate (e.g. healthy) county-level manganese exposures." ...

RNA snippet suppresses spread of aggressive breast cancer

... screened samples were classified as either metastatic cancer or non-metastatic cancer. After analysis, the microRNA miR-31 stood out because of its inverse correlation with metastasis. In samples where a patient's original tumor had not metastasized, the cancer cells retained high levels of the microRNA. ...

What is the relationship between hepatocellular carcinoma and type 2 diabetes mellitus?

... male HCC, patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, their data shows a direct association of HCC risk with insulin and sulphanylureas treatment and an inverse relationship with metformin therapy. ...

To what extent can environmental pollutants and alcohol affect GI health?

... these data on Wednesday, June 3 at 10:30 a.m. CDT in South Hall, McCormick Place. Alcohol Intake and Development of Symptomatic Gallstones: An inverse Association A UK Prospective Cohort Study (Abstract #15) Scientists have known that alcohol intake has a protective effect against the formation ...

Also in the March 24 JNCI

... cancer. Inhibition of FASN gene expression led to programmed cell death in a prostate cancer cell line grown in culture. FASN expression showed an inverse correlation with the rate of programmed cell death in prostate cancer biopsy samples. "The experimental evidence we provide on the oncogenic role ...

Omega-3 fatty acids reduce risk of advanced prostate cancer

... disease was essentially reversed by increasing omega-3 fatty acid intake by a half a gram per day," said Witte. "If you want to think of the overall inverse association in terms of fish, where omega-3 fatty acids are commonly derived, the strongest effect was seen from eating dark fish such as salmon one ...

Cell pathway on overdrive prevents cancer response to dietary restriction

... tumors would respond to those dietary restriction-mimicking drugs and which ones would not," says Sabatini. Sabatini is also intrigued by the inverse relationship between too much food and an increase in tumors. "We already know that the United States has an epidemic of obesity and that obesity is ...

University of Kansas research finds human emotions hold sway over physical health worldwide

... met. According to Pressman, positive emotions unmistakably are linked to better health, even when taking into account a lack of basic needs. The inverse holds true as well: Negative emotions were a reliable predictor of worse health. Most strikingly, the association between emotion and physical ...

Higher blood sugar levels linked to lower brain function in diabetics, study shows

... in Diabetes (MIND) study, a sub-study of the Action to Control Cardiovascular Risk in Diabetes Trial (ACCORD), found a statistically significant inverse relationship between A1C levels (average blood glucose levels over a period of two to three months) and subjects' scores on four cognitive tests. No ...

Tau protein expression predicts breast cancer survival -- though not as expected

... It is the same association as with many other biomarkers, including the Oncotype DX breast cancer assay and the proliferation marker Ki-67-an inverse relationship between chemotherapy sensitivity and endocrine sensitivity. The issues would be far less complicated, Pusztai added, if ER-negative ...

The miseries of allergies just may help prevent some cancers, study finds

... in the December issue of The Quarterly Review of Biology (83:4). "One of our main results was that more than twice as many studies reported inverse allergy-cancer associations as reported positive associations," said Sherman. Sherman believes that allergy symptoms may help protect against ...

Hey fever! The surprise benefit of allergies

... impart the greatest reduction in risk," said Dr Vajdic. "Investigation of the genetic and environmental factors underlying atopy and the apparent inverse effect of atopy on NHL risk will inform our understanding of the complex biological pathways that may be involved." ...

Children's Neck Size Associated With Sleep Disorders

... with body-mass index (BMI) and weight and showed a higher correlation with AHI than did BMI, weight or tonsil size. Neck size also showed a strong inverse correlation with mean oxygen saturation and was a better predictor of mean oxygen saturation than BMI, weight or tonsil size, the study found. ...

UCSD researchers show link between vitamin D status, breast cancer

... Even after controlling for known variables such as meat, vegetable and alcohol intake, cigarette consumption, weight, fertility and others, the inverse association of modeled vitamin D status with breast cancer incidence remained strong. In the paper, the authors caution that this was a study of ...

Toddlers Affected Most by Secondhand Smoke Exposure at Home

... our data by looking at the relationships between the number of smokers in the home and the EPC levels, we found that in toddlers, there was an inverse relationship between secondhand smoke exposure and EPC prevalence," Groner said. "In other words, the more smokers the toddler was exposed to, the ...

Secondhand Smoke Hikes Tots' Risk of Heart Disease

... The youngest children also had higher levels of an inflammatory marker called soluble intracellular adhesion molecules, and there was an inverse relationship between EPC levels and exposure to smoke in both age groups, though again, the effect of secondhand smoke was more pronounced in the ...

Magnesium May Lower Risk for Some Strokes in Male Smokers

... associated with risk for any type of stroke. The findings were published in the March 10 issue of the Archives of Internal Medicine . "An inverse association between magnesium intake and cerebral infarction is biologically plausible," the study authors wrote. Magnesium lowers blood pressure and ...

Depression After a Heart Attack Dangerous for Years

... of omega-3 fatty acids, comparing them with a similar group that gets only an antidepressant. "A number of studies over the years have found an inverse relationship between the amount of fish people eat and depression," Carney said. "The advantage of giving them in heart disease is that they have an ...

Naturally Occurring Bacteria Cut Kidney Stone Recurrence

... . It was detected in 17 percent of people with recurrent kidney stones and in 38 percent of those in the control group. "We observed a strong inverse association between colonization with O. formigenes and recurrent CaOx kidney stones, with a 70 percent reduction in overall risk," lead researcher ...

Skip Breakfast, Pack on the Pounds

... one. Yet another study is confirming that adolescents who skip breakfast have a higher risk of being overweight. "There's a pretty significant inverse association between how frequently kids report eating breakfast and how much weight they gain over time, and we took into account other dietary ...

Ovarian cancer risk not affected by alcohol and smoking, but reduced by caffeine

... a rare form of ovarian cancer. The authors also found no association between alcohol consumption and ovarian cancer risk. However they observed an inverse trend of risk with total caffeine and caffeinated coffee intake, but no association with decaffeinated coffee. The potential reduction in risk with ...

Vitamin C May Play Role in Stroke Prevention

... C levels between the lowest and highest group roughly translates to about one extra fruit or vegetable daily, according to the study. "The strong inverse association between plasma vitamin C and stroke suggests that plasma vitamin C is likely to be a good biomarker of whatever causal factors affect ...

Pipeline for New Obesity Therapies is Focus of New Report

... acting, peripheral and non-systemic approaches to weight reduction, including: -- Rimonabant, comparing next-generation CB-1 antagonists and inverse agonists in terms of efficacy and propensity to cause depression and other psychiatric disorders, -- Other centrally acting agents, alone ...

January American Naturalist highlights

... hold for sizes of bacteria and their food molecules" Using a mathematical model, scientists at Michigan State University predict the opposite, an inverse relationship between sizes of bacteria and their resource molecules. Theoretical biologists Kohei Yoshyama and Chris Klausmeier tweaked a model of ...

Diet and cancer prevention: New evidence for the protective effects of fruits and veggies

... of raw and cooked cruciferous vegetables, their smoking habits and other cancer risk factors. They observed a strong and statistically significant inverse association between bladder cancer risk and raw cruciferous vegetable consumption. When compared to smokers who ate less than three servings of raw ...

Gene Tests Match Up Lung Tumors, Best Treatment

... therapies for lung cancer, including pemetrexed, which uses a different mechanism of action to fight NSCLC tumors. "We found the strongest inverse correlation between tumors that were sensitive to cisplatin and those that were sensitive to pemetrexed," senior author and oncologist Dr. Anil Potti ...

Genomic profiling of lung tumors helps doctors choose most effective treatment

... second-line therapies, such as a drug called pemetrexed which uses a different mechanism of action to attack NSCLC tumors. We found the strongest inverse correlation between tumors that were sensitive to cisplatin and those that were sensitive to pemetrexed, Potti said. This suggests that some patients ...

Planning for 2020: increasing elderly population poses huge challenges in cancer care

... negative attitudes to the elderly. Such attitudes mean that many elderly cancer patients receive sub-optimal cancer care. In fact, there is an inverse relationship between increasing age and the likelihood of proper treatment despite evidence that otherwise healthy elderly cancer patients can ...

Wanting a bite of everything: Hungry people crave more variety

... liked two more snacks than the participants who had cake. In another study, the researchers then tested whether diminishing desire would have an inverse effect, as they wanted to see whether it was the perceived value of the product category that drove the desire for variety. They accidentally exposed ...

Study shines more light on benefit of vitamin D in fighting cancer

... data were then applied to 177 countries to estimate the average serum level of a vitamin D metabolite of people living there. The data revealed an inverse association of serum vitamin D with risk of colorectal and breast cancer. The protective effect began at levels ranging from 24 to 32 nanograms per ...

Smoking Linked to Lower Parkinson's Disease Risk

... conducted between 1960 and 2004. They found that there is an inverse association between cigarette smoking and Parkinson's disease. ... the authors write. "Our analyses confirmed prior reports of an inverse association between cigarette smoking and Parkinson's disease similar in ...

Exercise Reduces Inflammation

... case, determined by assessing heart-rate recovery after exercise on circulating levels of C-reactive protein (CRP). Parasympathetic tone and its inverse function sympathetic tone are components of the autonomic nervous system. CRP, which is secreted by the liver, circulates in the bloodstream and is ...

Urate Reduces the Risk of Parkinsons Disease

... explained by differences in age or other risk factors for Parkinson's disease. The results of two previous studies had suggested a possible inverse relation between blood urate and risk of Parkinson's disease, but it is only when the previous data were combined with those of this new study that ...

Reduced Lung Capacity Linked to Cardiovascular Disease by Inflammation

... people with reduced lung function and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), the authors say: To our knowledge, this is the first report of an inverse association between lung function and CRP in young adults. The results showed that this association was not related to smoking or lung ...
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