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Eosinophils in Medical News

Experimental Drug May Dampen Severe Asthma

... is essential for the development of eosinophils. eosinophils have long been implicated in asthma, though their ... in 10 people on placebo. Nine had evidence of eosinophils during their exacerbations. During the study, ... the treatment group had an exacerbation, but no eosinophils were present. Additionally, those taking the ...

JCI online early table of contents: Nov. 6, 2008

... immune cells at work Immune cells known as eosinophils have a central role in causing asthma. Now, a ... by Mikael Pittet and Ralph Weissleder, visualized eosinophils at single-cell resolution using various ... optical sensor that targets proteins produced by eosinophils known as MMPs. Using a combination of the ...

Innate immune system targets asthma-linked fungus for destruction

... recently in the Journal of Immunology .* eosinophils typically combat parasitic invaders of the human ... remarked: "Our results strongly demonstrate that eosinophils have the capacity to recognize and exert ... have shown that CD11b receptors on the surface of eosinophils recognize and adhere to beta-glucan, a major cell ...

White blood cell uses DNA 'catapult' to fight infection

... colleagues discovered that bacteria can activate eosinophils to release mitochondrial DNA in a catapult-like ... cells, which are distributed throughout the body, eosinophils are found only in selected areas, including the ... own DNA. Previous research has shown that eosinophils secrete toxic granule proteins during parasite ...

JCI online early table of contents: Jan. 10 2008

... by the production of TGF-beta-1 by activated eosinophils in individuals with chronic asthma. These data ... asthma reduced TGF-beta-1 expression by activated eosinophils and airway fibrosis; and second, that mice ... production by activated human and murine eosinophils and contributes to allergic lung fibrosis ...

Protein a possible key to allergy and asthma control

... in normal immune function and allergic diseases. eosinophils directly combat foreign invaders, such as ... or reducing allergic reactions by killing eosinophils and preventing mast cells from releasing their ... types. Though drugs exist that affect either eosinophils or mast cells, Bochner says developing a single ...

Dermatologic and Ophthalmic Drugs Advisory Committee Unanimously Recommends Bepreve(TM) for the Treatment of Ocular Itching Associated with Allergic Conjunctivitis

... highly selective antagonist of the histamine (H1) receptor. It has a stabilizing effect on mast cells, and it suppresses the migration of eosinophils into inflamed tissues. The compound's primary mechanisms of action are believed to make it an effective treatment against ocular itching associated ...

ISTA Pharmaceuticals Announces FDA Advisory Committee to Review Bepreve(TM) for the Treatment of Ocular Itching Associated with Allergic Conjunctivitis

... highly selective antagonist of the histamine (H1) receptor. It has a stabilizing effect on mast cells and it suppresses the migration of eosinophils into inflamed tissues. The compound's primary mechanisms of action are believed to make it an effective treatment for ocular itching associated with ...

The American Partnership for Eosinophilic Disorders (APFED) Honors Disney Star Demi Lovato and the Jonas Group's Ned Specktor, as 2009-2010 Honorary Ambassadors of Education

... of thousands others suffering with this difficult disease." Eosinophilic Disorders (EGIDs) are chronic and characterized by a large number of eosinophils (white blood cells) and inflammation in the esophagus (the tube connecting the mouth to the stomach). Symptoms include difficulty swallowing, ...

Morria Biopharmaceuticals Plc Announces Preliminary Results Regarding Inflammatory Markers From its Phase II Study in Allergic Rhinitis

... in vitro and in vivo in pre-clinical models. This is the first time that such modulation has been observed in patients. In addition, the levels of eosinophils were tested in the nasal lavage. Eosinophils are white blood cells that play a key role in the allergic response. MRX-4 reduced the levels of these ...

Simple, inexpensive and objective tools for the assessment of mucosal inflammation: fecal markers

... of eosinophil granulocytes is also increased in IBD. Upon activation, neutrophils release Calprotectin and MPO, two major neutrophil proteins, while eosinophils release the protein, EPX. Previous studies have shown that fecal markers may be used to differentiate IBD from functional gastrointestinal disorders, ...

String probes for devastating childhood digestive disease

... were recently awarded three grants for an all-fronts attack on eosinophilic esophagitis, an inflammatory disease in which defense cells called eosinophils mistakenly attack the esophagus, causing it to narrow until food can't pass. "Most cases are first encountered in the emergency room, where a ...

Asthma and smoker's lung: dry airways play a key role

... Union. In young mice, overly dry airways lead to allergic airway inflammation - characterized by an increase in specific white blood cells, the eosinophils - typically seen in asthma, a disease that affects every tenth child in Germany. Subsequently, adult mice gradually develop chronic bronchitis ...

VBI, Mayo Clinic investigate link between fungal proteins, innate immunity and asthma

... like parasites but for some reason, in certain people, the body thinks it is being attacked. This results in Th2 cells constantly recruiting eosinophils and chronic inflammation occurs because humans are continually exposed to common environmental fungi like Alternaria. The hypothesis that will be ...

Antibiotic treatment targets difficult asthma

... and Asthma (VIVA) Research Program. Current asthma medication is focused on treating a particular cell, called an eosinophil. Increased levels of eosinophils are thought to be responsible for inflammation of the airways. However, almost half of people with asthma symptoms have normal levels of eosinophils. ...

ISTA Pharmaceuticals Expands Its Pipeline in Allergy Treatments

... a non-sedating, selective antagonist of the histamine 1 (H1) receptor, it has a stabilizing effect on mast cells, and it suppresses the migration of eosinophils into inflamed tissues. The compound's primary mechanisms of action are believed to make it an effective treatment for the symptoms of ocular and ...

Common abdominal pain may be due to a potentially treatable newly recognized inflammatory reaction

... the control group population, but these cells were found only in the duodenum, the place in the intestine where most chemical digestion takes place. eosinophils are white blood cells, part of the immune system, which fight parasites. The researchers cannot yet say whether duodenal esoinophilia is the ...

Scientists Pursue New Treatment For Asthma Sufferers

... a problem no longer common in the Western world, eosinophils are known to accumulate during allergic ... “Researchers have been looking at the role of eosinophils in asthma for decades,” says research associate ... to the extent they used to, the question is what eosinophils do now?” “Previous studies ...

Novel Anti-Neutrophilic Effect produced by Salmeterol in mild asthma patients

... (CD4+) T-helper cells, (CD45RO+) activated T-helper cells and eosinophils in the biopsy samples were significantly reduced with fluticasone ... with placebo. Fluticasone propionate also reduced the percentage of eosinophils and soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 in serum. The ...

Latest technique for asthma treatment

... Several weeks before an asthma attack, levels of immune cells known eosinophils increase// in the airways. Researchers at Glenfield Hospital,UK, have been looking at how targeting this build up of eosinophils in sputum compares with conventional treatment for reducing an asthma ...

Study Says - Blocking 'aP2' Protein Prevents Airway Diseases

... in airway inflammation in a model of asthma. In addition, the infiltration into the airways of inflammatory molecules such as leukocytes and eosinophils was highly dependent on aP2 function in mice. The data emphasize the importance of lipids in the inflammatory response and contribute to the emerging ...

Leukemia Gets A New Drug

... patients more susceptible to infections. Chronic leukemia appears in several forms − in CEL, a rare form of leukemia, the excessive increase of eosinophils (a certain type of white blood cell) can cause tissue damage in the heart, the skin, and the central nervous system. The mechanism behind the ...

Fungal spores in the pillows can trigger an asthma attack

... of A. fumigatus spores leads to colonization of the fungus in the bronchi of the lungs leading to asthmatic reactions, which causes an increase in eosinophils and mast cell degranulation. This increase in IgE leads to an increase in inflammatory mediators leading to an asthma attack. Experts view: ...

Onset Linked To Severity of Asthma

... later suffer a more rapid loss of lung function. The study also found late-onset patients were more likely to have inflammatory cells known as eosinophils in their airways, despite treatment. Thus researchers conclude saying it is clear asthma is not a single disease, but a group of syndromes with ...

Novel Therapy for Chronic Problem

... research shows a topical corticosteroid therapy is effective for patients with EE. EE is caused by the presence of high levels of eosinophils. eosinophils are a type of white blood cell that is not normally found in the esophagus and high levels can indicate an allergic response.// EE can make digestion ...

The superior steroids

... a quality-of-life questionnaire. Researchers looked for chemical evidence of allergic reaction, such as eosinophils, in participants' blood. eosinophils are white blood cells involved in defending the body from allergens. For best results, experts generally recommend that you use either an inhaled ...
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