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Ciliary in Medical News

In retinal disease, sight may depend on second sites

... all? For a group of genetic diseases so-called ciliary diseases that include Bardet-Biedl syndrome, ... of progressive blindness in patients with other ciliary diseases. The findings are published online this ... they affect disease progression. In the case of ciliary diseases where there is a risk of retinal ...

Eye Cells Believed to Be Retinal Stem Cells Are Misidentified

... in 2000, scientists proposed that the layer of ciliary epithelial cells lining the inside of the eye, ... revealed all were pigmented and had features of ciliary epithelial cells. The researchers also compared ... characteristic of stem cells, yet remain adult ciliary epithelial cells. Dyer said that a ...

The Power of a Tiny Microscopic Plant Found To Reduce Computer Eye Strain

... including such things as increased capillary blood flow and improved ciliary body function. The ciliary body is a small muscle in the eye responsible for controlling the lens of ...

JCI table of contents: Nov. 21, 2007

... location: gene determining body organ position identified Primary ciliary diskinesia (PCD) is an inherited disease caused by mutations in any one of ... and complex structural heart defects in a mutant mouse model of primary ciliary dyskinesia AUTHOR CONTACT: Cecilia W. Lo National Institutes of ...

The Reduction of Eye Fatigue Improves Vision in Older Subjects

... activated functions of three muscles in the eye; the constrictor pupillae muscle and dilator pupillae muscle working in coordination with the ciliary muscle. Astaxanthin has been shown in other studies to improve muscle endurance and recovery. Although the basic measure for presbyopia is ...

Misuse of Vicks VapoRub may harm infants and toddlers

... airways and 8 percent in the inflamed airway, in addition to the increase in secretion due to the inflammation. Mucus clearance, as measured by ciliary beat frequency in the trachea, also decreased by 36 percent during in vitro testing. VVR is not indicated for patients under age 2. However, Dr. ...

St. Jude finds 'dancing' hair cells are key to humans' acute hearing

... we still cannot really exclude stereociliary motility from contributing to cochlear amplification, because eliminating somatic motility also reduces ciliary motility. So, it is not possible to totally isolate either form of motility. In fact, we hypothesize that the two mechanisms might work together in ...

When poor communication pokes you in the eye

... phase. The same applies also to the formation in healthy eyes of elastic and transparent lenses, which focus light beams. With the aid of the ciliary muscles, the lens can change its degree of curvature and thus set itself on varied, far distant objects. As a result, a pin sharp image is created on ...

Some Immature Brain Cells May Promote Tumors

... from people with glioblastoma multiforme to develop a cell that ignored the effects of two proteins -- bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP2) and ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF) -- that usually cause brain stem cells to grow. Instead, the cells partially responded to one protein (BMP2) and not the ...

Neurotech Announces Completion of Enrollment of its Phase II/III Retinitis Pigmentosa and Phase II Dry Age Related Macular Degeneration Clinical Studies

... AMD). NT-501 is an intraocular, cell containing polymer implant designed to provide the continuous, long-term release of the therapeutic protein, ciliary Neurotrophic Factor (CNTF), directly into the back of the eye by means of the Company's proprietary Encapsulated Cell Technology (ECT). "This is a ...

Newborns With Respiratory Distress Potentially Have Rare Genetic Disease

... distress should be evaluated for primary ciliary dyskinesia, a rare genetic disease that has ... that about 80 percent of patients with primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD) have a history of newborn ... Also known as immotile cilia syndrome, ciliary aplasia or Kartagener Syndrome, PCD causes ...

Prestigious Wilson Award Goes To Yale Cell Biologist Joel Rosenbaum

... polycystins, which are mechano-receptors in the ciliary membrane. Through a signaling pathway, the ... to defects in receptors or channels on the ciliary membrane, or to the complete lack of the cilium ... causing the cilia to shorten, and permitting the ciliary basal bodies/centrioles to migrate to the center ...

Loss of Antenna Leads to Cancer in Insects

... Cell, Fox Chase Cancer Center researchers describe the strong link between ciliary signaling and cancer and identify the rogue engineers responsible for ... or PKD, arises from genetic mutations that cause flawed kidney-cell ciliary signaling. PKD is the most common serious hereditary disease, affecting ...

'Oncomodulin'- Path To Nerve Regeneration

... a sugar mannose and forskolin which helps the cell receptors to become sensitised to protein messengers and this combination was more potent than ciliary neurotrophic factor CNTF in the same conditions. Oncomodulin has been known to scientists for more than two decades to be present ...

A Protein May Help In Weight Loss Treatment

... acts directly within muscles to increase the body's metabolism to burn fat while at the same time suppressing appetite. The protein is knows as the ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF). The Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada, the Canadian Institutes of Health Research, and the Canadian Diabetes ...
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(Date:7/9/2014)... how a complex protein pivotal in the development of ... discovery answers a key question about one of the ... the subject of tens of thousands of research papers ... Zhang, a research student in Professor Sir Philip Cohen,s ... protein complex, called NF-κB, is activated. The results ...
(Date:7/9/2014)... associate professor of plant pathology and microbiology ... the 2014 Alexopoulos Prize by the Mycological ... the science of mycology the study of fungi ... plant pathogens, and medically important fungi. , The award ... mycologist. Stajich received the award last month in East ...
(Date:7/9/2014)... selection refers to species, selection for traits that are ... natural selection enhances opportunities to mate, the tail of ... the University of California, Riverside have now found that ... placenta are linked. Describing the life histories of ... Poeciliidae, the researchers found that species with placentas tend ...
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(Date:7/10/2014)... (Boston) Emergency Medical Service (EMS) responders felt better ... receiving focused tactical training according to a new study ... This is the first study to specifically examine the ... scene where a shooter has not yet been neutralized ... , Incidents such as the Columbine High School shooting, ...
(Date:7/10/2014)... baby" an infant seemingly cured of HIV that was reported ... infection in The New England Journal of Medicine ... two years of not taking antiretroviral therapy without evidence of ... in the case. , "Certainly, this is a ... staff involved in the child,s care, and the HIV/AIDS research ...
(Date:7/10/2014)... of Huddersfield could help to improve the quality of ... such as butter, mayonnaise, yoghurt and fruit drinks ... for her work. , Katerina gained her MSc degree ... now she has embarked on research for a PhD. ... is investigating the potential of carbohydrates extracted from the ...
(Date:7/10/2014)... men with localized prostate cancer were more likely ... received less effective treatments and survived for shorter ... depressed, a UCLA study has found. , The ... factors such as bias against the mentally ill, ... man,s lack of investment in his general health ...
(Date:7/9/2014)... DC (July 10, 2014) If you think winning is ... for kids think again: Winning along with other mental bonuses ... of which falls into one of 11 big fun factors, ... winning is all important when it comes to the "fun" ... and quantify what goes into this elusive conceptuntil now. , ...
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