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Cerebellum in Medical News

Springer to publish the Cerebellum

... Springer and the Society for Research on the cerebellum (SRC) will partner to publish the journal The cerebellum with effect from Volume 7, March 2008. The ... to Springers neuroscience portfolio. The cerebellum is a quarterly, international journal devoted to ...

Abnormal Brain Circuits May Prevent Movement Disorder

... colleagues identified two discrete areas along the pathway that links the cerebellum to the motor cortex that together determine whether a mutation carrier ... disruption abrogated the effects of the first lesion. Normally, the cerebellum (a region that controls movement) puts the breaks on the motor cortex by ...

Drugs to Treat Lung Damage in Preemies May Harm Brain

... permanently decreased the number of neurons in the cerebellum. "The cerebellum connects to other brain structures, so when granule cells in the cerebellum are lost, you also have detrimental effects on cognitive function in ...

Sensitive, Smart and Strong - Too Bad it's Just a Robotic Arm

... decided that the best approach was to model the human cerebellum. The cerebellum is a fist-sized organ at the base of the brain that coordinates sensation ... are currently using software to simulate important aspects of how the cerebellum processes and integrates information. "It's the first ...

Cocaine's effects on brain metabolism may contribute to abuse

... transporters had significantly higher metabolism in the thalamus and cerebellum compared with normal mice. This elevated metabolism may be linked to ... serotonin. These results also support the idea that the thalamus and the cerebellum play key roles in cocaine's mechanism of effect on sensory input, ...

Scientists Track Impact of DNA Damage in the Developing Brain

... evidence that cells known as cerebellar interneurons are targeted for DNA damage and are a likely source of neurological problems in humans. The cerebellum coordinates movement and balance. The cerebellar interneurons fine tune motor control. "These data will be important for understanding the ...

Cold Spring Harbor Protocols features tissue culture methods for immune cells and neurons

... Cold Spring Harbor Protocols ( http://www.cshprotocols.org/cgi/content/full/2008/13/pdb.prot5080 ). Primary cultures of granule neurons from the cerebellum provide an excellent model system for molecular and cell biological studies of neuronal development and function. Many fundamental insights into the ...

Treadmill Workouts Help Stroke Survivors

... in the group limited to stretching. And magnetic resonance imaging showed an increase of blood flow carrying more oxygen to the brainstem and cerebellum for those who worked on the treadmill. "The most important clinical aspect of the study is that it is saying recovery can occur long after a ...

Childhood brain tumor traced to normal stem cells gone bad

... just in the brain, but in other organs as well. Medulloblastomas, usually diagnosed in children between 2 and 5 years of age, affect the brain's cerebellum region, which is involved in controlling body movements. They make up about 30 percent of childhood brain tumors, and account for 250 to 300 new ...

Genetic mutation linked to walking on all 4s

... for the expression of very low density lipoprotein receptor (VLDLR), a protein which is known to be critical to the proper functioning of the cerebellum during development. Although the families lived in isolated villages 200-300 km apart and reported no ancestral relationships, the scientists ...

Brookhaven scientists explore brain's reaction to potent hallucinogen

... who experience an almost immediate high that starts fading away within 5 to 10 minutes. High concentrations of the drug were localized to the cerebellum and visual cortex, which are parts of the brain responsible for motor function and vision, respectively. Based on their results and published data ...

St. Jude finds signaling system that halts the growth of a childhood brain cancer

... mechanisms that govern the proliferation of cells called granule neuron progenitors (GNPs). These cells go on to develop into neurons in the cerebellum during the first year of life. But the disruption of this differentiation process can trigger medulloblastoma. We were interested in whether ...

Youngest patient worldwide to have auditory implant in the brain stem

... there, access to the brain stem was effected by means of open cranial surgery of 3cm x 3 cm, thus enabling the brain surgeon to slightly retract the cerebellum to gain access to the exact spot where the implant had to be placed. Once the electrodes system is installed and while the operation was taking ...

Research at Rice may help explain aspects of synesthesia

... via Wiley InterScience at http://www.interscience.wiley.com/journal/ana . The ventrolateral nucleus (VL) of the thalamus is connected to the cerebellum and motor cortex and therefore thought to be involved in motor function. Ro's study found that the VL also plays a role in sensory processing and ...

Area deep within the brain found to play role in sensory perception

... The ventrolateral nucleus (VL) of the thalamus is connected to the cerebellum and motor cortex and therefore thought to be involved in motor function. A new study to be published in Annals of Neurology, the official journal of ...

Paralyzed Patients Can Be Trained To Walk With Robotic Treadmill

... ankles. An enhancement in the blood flow to the cerebellum was also evident from the images obtained through ... threshold level of change was required in the cerebellum for an increased ability to walk. The researchers have arrived at a conclusion that a cerebellum plays a significant role in locomotor recovery ...

Dyslexia due to cerebellum abnormality

... to have been linked to reduced activity in the cerebellum // of the brain that controls movement, ... hand. During the tasks, activation of the cerebellum in the dyslexic individuals was only about 12% of ... but the findings indicated "strongly" that the cerebellum was a key structure affected in dyslexia. ...

Chiropractic Care Helps Children With Learning Disorders and Dyslexia

... a small part located at the back of the brain called the cerebellum. The cerebellum plays a vital role in learning. It helps the brain coordinate and ... the function of the spine and strongly stimulate nerve pathways to the cerebellum and other parts of the brain. "In the case of children, this may, in turn, ...

Chiropractic Care May Help Children With Learning Disorders

... a small part located at the back of the brain called the cerebellum. The cerebellum plays a vital role in learning. It helps the brain coordinate and ... the function of the spine and strongly stimulate nerve pathways to the cerebellum and other parts of the brain. 'In the case of children, this may, in turn, ...

Imaging study affords renewed thrust on smoking cessation treatments

... functions, such as respiration, heart rate, and arousal), and the cerebellum (the portion of the brain responsible for the coordination of movement and ... recently published NIDA-supported study suggest that a portion of the cerebellum called the vermis may be a key factor in modulating the brain's dopamine ...

Autistic traits evident in relatives

... was by contrast, smaller than average. Also, reductions in the cerebellum region were obtained. The cerebellum is important for co-ordinating movement, and is considered to play a key ...

Manic Depression Linked With Shrinking Brain

... matter tissue was concentrated in areas of the brain which control memory, face recognition and co-ordination, namely the hippocampus, fusiform and cerebellum respectively. "For the first time, we have shown that as people with bipolar disorder get older, a small amount of tissue is lost in parts ...

Boffins Identify Fifth Gene Behind Joubert Syndrome

... team of researchers has identified a new genetic cause for Joubert syndrome (JS), an inherited condition that affects development of the cerebellum and brainstem-the structures in the brain that coordinate movements and regulate basic functions such as breathing, swallowing, heart rate and ...

Researchers Discover Gene Essencial to Cerebellum Formation

... protein, and compared them with mice that express the gene normally. Their conclusions provide new insight into origin of nerve cells that form the cerebellum in higher organisms. In a second research project, led by Francisco Real and Eduardo Soriano and funded by the Fundació La Caixa, the scientists ...

Chemotherapy's Effects on the Brain

... metabolism rate was, the more difficulty she had performing the memory test." The scans revealed that blood flow to the frontal cortex and cerebellum spiked as the chemotherapy patients performed the memory tests, indicating a rapid jump in these brain regions' activity level. "The same area ...

Chemotherapy causes mental fog

... the important region of the frontal cortex in women who had undergone chemotherapy 5-10 years ago. A spike in blood flow to the frontal cortex and cerebellum was also observed in these women while executing memory tests. This shows a swift leap in activity level. "The same area of the frontal lobe that ...

Memory Loss and Amnestic MCI – Precursors of Alzheimer Diseas

... with MCI showed a lower level of activation in the prefrontal cortex (during formation and retrieval), left hippocampus (during retrieval) and left cerebellum (during formation) and an increased level of activation in the posterior frontal lobes (during retrieval). ‘These findings suggest that we should ...

Novel Treatment to Cure People with Learning Disabilities

... they plan to stimulate the dormant parts of the cerebellum, using a series of balance and eye exercises. Hence these techniques would expand the cerebellum and encourage it to work better without needing to use chemical treatment. Mr. Dore basically sells fire-resistant paint and said in a press ...

Researchers Develop Mouse Model Of Brain Tumor

... poorly developed brain cells. These tumors are usually formed in the second part of the brain called the cerebellum. It may be recalled here that the cerebellum is the seat of judgment in human beings. The cause of medulloblastomas, which are aggressive tumors, is unknown as of now. Researchers are continuing ...

Language development linked to Foxp2 gene

... did not live long. The results suggest that mutations of this gene can cause disruptions in the maturation of neurons in the development of the cerebellum that is responsible for coordination of voluntary muscular movements like speech etc. Researchers are hopeful that this study may open ways for ...

Brain changes observed in people with sleep apnoea

... reduction in the grey matter volume in specific areas of the brain. These were the left frontal cortex, which controls upper airway function, and the cerebellum at the back of the brain, which controls heart and lung function. This raises the intriguing possibility that these changes may actually cause sleep ...

Psychiatric issues common in brain disease

... hardly surprising - who wouldn't be depressed if diagnosed with degenerative brain disease? What's new here is that the researchers believe that the cerebellum may be involved in cognition and emotion. Previously, it's been assumed the role of this part of the brain was confined to control of movement. ...

Cleft lip and palate are due to abnormality in brain structure

... with Full Scale IQ, which measures verbal and non-verbal skills. Those with clefting also showed decreased volume in the posterior cerebrum and cerebellum as well as decreased cerebrospinal fluid.// The left temporal lobe was most affected in the subjects with clefting, the Iowa team noted, where ...
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