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Bacterium in Medical News

Bacteria May Be Connected to Colic

... THURSDAY, Aug. 6 (HealthDay News) -- A bacterium normally found in the mouth, skin and intestines ... a new study says. Researchers found the bacterium Klebsiella along with gut inflammation in the ... uncontrollable crying. "We believe that the bacterium may be sparking an inflammatory reaction, causing ...

Pinpointing cause of colic: UT Houston researchers identify organism

... called Klebsiella , a normally occurring bacterium that can be found in the mouth, skin and ... half of which had colic, researchers found the bacterium and gut inflammation in the intestines of the babies with colic. "We believe that the bacterium may be sparking an inflammatory reaction, causing ...

Peptic ulcer bacterium alters the body's defense system

... children and if not treated with antibiotics, the bacterium remains in the body for life. The immune system ... Helicobacter pylori and thereby enable the bacterium to develop a chronic infection. 'If we could ... pylori ', Kindlund continues. In addition, the bacterium makes the immune system increase the number of ...

Simple measures may prevent transmission of stomach ulcer bacteria

... The stomach ulcer bacterium Helicobacter pylori is not transmitted through ... therefore possible to prevent the spread of the bacterium in developing countries through some fairly ... in an area in Dhaka in Bangladesh, where the bacterium Helicobacter pylori is very common. The results ...

The microbial hydrocarbon diet

... investigated the activity of enzymes from the bacterium Bacillus cereus DQ01, which can digest the hydrocarbon n-hexadecane. The bacterium was initially isolated from the Daqing oil field ... usually involves the application of a cultured bacterium that has been optimized to feed on the specific ...

Researchers identify new leprosy bacterium

... HOUSTON - A new species of bacterium that causes leprosy has been identified through ... secondary infection and fatal shock. The DLL bacterium had never been studied. The research team also ... genes to other mycobacteria. They found that the bacterium had the most in common with Mycobacterium leprae ...

Researchers describe how chronic inflammation can lead to stomach cancer

... which is induced by infection with the bacterium Helicobacter pylori ( H. pylori ) in the ... and is more common in men. Infection with the bacterium Helicobacter pylori ( H. pylori ) is the main ... through person to person transmission, and the bacterium lives within the stomach just above the stomach ...

Pathogen that causes disease in cattle also associated with Crohn's disease

... more likely to have in their gut tissues the bacterium that causes a digestive-tract disease in cattle called Johne's disease. The role this bacterium may or may not play in causing CD is a top ... meaning one or more animals in the herd carry the bacterium and may develop Johne's disease or spread the ...

Salmonella: Trickier than we imagined

... but also for scientists who study the rod-shaped bacterium that causes misery for millions of people. In ... and substances in or out of the colon. The bacterium employs several proteins enabling it to loosen ... one of the two most common types; that bacterium and Salmonella enteritidis together cause more ...

Chemical engineering researchers identify biofilms that cause infections

... (AI-2) for biofilm formation. Each E. coli bacterium produces this compound and then releases it in ... and through a process called quorum sensing each bacterium re-absorbs the AI-2 when a specific concentration ... an entirely new set of behaviors for the bacterium in this case, signaling when and how to begin ...

Novel toxin receptor discovered for ulcer-causing stomach pathogen

... toxin gets into cells, a feat that helps the bacterium live in one of the most inhospitable environments ... For a percentage of the infected, however, the bacterium packs a nasty punch. H. pylori is responsible for ... have tried for years to understand how the bacterium survives in the human stomach, said Steven ...

Scientists find how bacteria in cows' milk may cause Crohn's disease

... bleeding and diarrhoea. The team found that a bacterium called Mycobacterium paratuberculosis releases a ... Until now, however, it has been unclear how this bacterium could trigger intestinal inflammation in humans. ... Professor Rhodes added: "We also found that this bacterium is a likely trigger for a circulating antibody ...

Group B Strep: A Threat to Newborns That Doesn't Have to Be

... (HealthDay News) -- One in four women carries the bacterium Group B streptococcus, the most common cause of ... to make sure they are tested for presence of the bacterium -- and that they make sure steps are taken during ... believe that babies who are infected take the bacterium into their bodies by ingesting GBS-containing ...

UVa researcher awarded $3.6 million grant to fight drug-resistant bacteria

... plans to take a unique approach to treating the bacterium Clostridium difficile, which is growing ... the colon. Clostridium difficile (C. diff) is a bacterium that causes diarrhea and can lead to more serious ... appetite, nausea and abdominal pain. Because the bacterium is proving resistant to antibiotics, Guerrant ...

Broccoli May Ward Off Serious Stomach Ailments

... which are rich in sulforaphane, resulted in lower levels of H. pylori , a bacterium that is closely associated with the risk of stomach damage and gastric ... percent because of crowding and poor economic conditions," Fahey said. The bacterium is spread by person-to-person contact. The study included 48 infected ...

Poultry and diabetics at risk from gas gangrene bug

... Harrogate today (Monday, 30 March) that Clostridium perfringens, the bacterium responsible for gas gangrene in people, can also cause necrotic enteritis ... Intensive study of C. perfringens during World War 2 showed that the bacterium produces a potent toxin. Recent work using modern molecular genetic ...

Helicobacter pylori can multiply in autophagic vesicles

... Although the innate and adaptive immune responses are activated, the bacterium is rarely eliminated and infections can last for decades if left ... the award of the 2005 Nobel Prize in Physiology for the discovery of the bacterium H. pylori by Robin Warren and Barry Marshall, our understanding of H. ...

APIC 2009 'Targeting Zero' Initiative Offers Practical Tools, Evidence-Based Elimination Strategies to Prevent the Deadliest Healthcare-Associated Infections

... care settings and Acinetobacter baumannii , an antibiotic-resistant bacterium causing infections in wounded military personnel. "APIC will ... to 20 times greater than previous incidence estimates. C. difficile is a bacterium that causes diarrhea and more serious intestinal conditions such as ...

NC State researchers find new bartonella species that infects humans

... Veterinary Medicine, and NC State colleague Dr. Ricardo Maggi isolated the bacterium Bartonella melophagi from samples of human blood. B. melophagi is ... in blood samples from both women; Bartonella henselae , a strain of the bacterium which has been associated with human neurological illnesses and fatigue, ...

JCI online early table of contents: Nov. 6, 2008

... TUMOR IMMUNOLOGY: Harnessing a bacterium to help boost antitumor immune therapy Nina Bhardwaj, Mojca Skoberne, ... in a mouse model of melanoma (an aggressive type of skin cancer). The bacterium Listeria monocytogenes can cause listeriosis. However, in the study, a ...

Pakistan introduces vaccine to prevent top child killer

... a new combination vaccine that will protect its children against the bacterium Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) and four other common childhood diseases. Hib, a bacterium that can cause deadly meningitis and pneumonia, is one of the top killers ...

Steroids aid recovery from pneumonia, UT Southwestern researchers say

... sore throat and nausea. Pneumonia caused by the Mycoplasma pneumoniae bacterium is generally a less severe form of the disease that can occur in any age ... cases. In the current study, mice infected with the M pneumoniae bacterium were treated daily with a placebo, an antibiotic, a steroid, or a ...

New research from Rhode Island Hospital may help predict outcomes for stomach cancer patients

... infection brought on by Helicobacter pylori ( H. pylori ), a common bacterium that causes stomach inflammation and ulcers. Surgery is the most common ... H.pylori , and colleagues initially set out to learn more about what the bacterium does to normal stomach cells. They focused on GKN1 and GKN2 because these ...

Vaccinated infants well-protected against severe pneumococcal infection in Norway

... pneumococcal infections among young children. Pneumococcus is a bacterium that can cause serious illnesses in some young children, e.g. meningitis, ... ill are previously healthy without any known predisposing factors. The bacterium is present in the nose of up to 80 - 90% of healthy young children. A ...

Being an MRSA carrier increases risk of infection and death

... Diseases, currently available online. MRSA is an antibiotic-resistant bacterium that can cause a variety of serious infections. The bacterium most commonly colonizes the nostrils, although it can be found in other ...

How to Have Your Tomatoes, and Eat Them, Too

... of tomatoes have been found not to contain the Salmonella Saintpaul bacterium that has sickened 228 cases so far. Safe tomatoes include ones you've ... salmonella. Handling tomatoes contaminated with salmonella can spread the bacterium to anything the handler touches, including hands, kitchen utensils, ...

Jacobs-Wagner named Howard Hughes Investigator

... and her team have made several startling discoveries by studying the bacterium Caulobacter crescentus, which has several advantages for researchers. For instance, the bacterium undergoes distinct morphological changes during its cell cycle, which has ...

Weill Cornell science briefs May 2008

... are often damaged by stroke. Global Risk Infection by Deadly bacterium Can Be Prevented With Proper Sanitation As urban sprawl spreads ... to transmission of leptospirosis, a life-threatening disease caused by the bacterium Leptospira. Over a half-million people are infected, killing 1 in 10, each ...

Steno 'Superbug' Genome Shows Extreme Drug Resistance

... Steno, one the most recent "superbugs" to claim lives, reveals that the bacterium has an incredible ability to resist antibiotics and other drugs, according ... the Steno genome. This process, they hope, will help them learn how this bacterium works, so they can discover how to best combat it. The organism, which ...

Bacterial toxin closes gate on immune response, Penn researchers discover

... of Medicine have demonstrated that a bacterial toxin from the common bacterium Staphylococcus aureus shuts down the control mechanism of the tunnel, ... SMase C is made by, among other bacteria, S. aureus, a pathogenic bacterium that causes a range of infections from minor skin lesions to toxic shock. ...

Acne And Rosacea Getting You Down? Laser, Light And Cosmetic Treatments Give Patients A Much-Needed Boost

... effects. Lasers and light sources are thought to work by targeting the bacterium responsible for causing acne, Propionibacterium acnes, which contains a ... This bacterium can absorb various lasers and light, which cause the bacterium to burst and become destroyed -- leading to an improvement in the ...

One Strain Behind Epidemic of Staph Infections

... study found most MRSA infections in community linked to single evolving bacterium MONDAY, Jan. 21 (HealthDay News) -- A single strain of an evolving bacterium has been responsible for most of the community-associated ...

U.S. Food Safety: Foodborne Illnesses a Menu for Disaster

... prevent infection. BOTULISM Botulism is a disease caused by the bacterium Clostridium botulinum . The organism thrives in environments which lack ... of Listeria infection, caused by eating food contaminated with the bacterium Listeria monocytogenes , is on the wane, said Tauxe. Pregnant women, ...

Rogue bacteria involved in both heart disease and infertility

... a change in the macrophage that makes it rigid and unable to move. The bacterium also disturbs the macrophages production of toxins in a process that transforms them into signaling molecules, which support functions that keep the bacterium alive. C. pneumoniae really wants to hijack the cell functions for ...

Replidyne Pipeline Featured at 47th Annual Interscience Conference on Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy

... production and prevent spore-formation of the Gram-positive C. difficile bacterium without inhibiting other key organisms that are essential for normal ... About Clostridium difficile C. difficile is a Gram-positive anaerobic bacterium that causes C. difficile-associated disease (CDAD). CDAD is on the rise ...

Bacteria 'See' the Light

... In that way, light is an important environmental signal that tells the bacterium where they are. They use this information in deciding how to behave," ... animal or human, it's inside the body where it is dark. However, when the bacterium is ejected from the host, it finds itself in the outside world where there ...

Genes key to staph disease severity, drug resistance found hitchhiking together

... event. One of the ways Staphylococcus bacteria become drug-resistant is through horizontal gene transfer, whereby resistance genes move from one bacterium to another. Staph bacteria also can exchange virulence genes using the same mechanism, but this was previously assumed to occur separately from the ...

New test for safer biomedical research results

... in a high percentage of cell samples. Twenty-two percent of tested cultures were contaminated with one of the various types of the parasitic bacterium called mycoplasma. "What we noticed about the results," says Markus Schmitt, "was that contaminations were frequent in some laboratories, while ...

Higher drug doses needed to defeat tuberculosis, UT Southwestern researchers report

... I haven't met many adults who are at that weight." About one-third of the world's population is infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the bacterium that causes TB, and as many as 2 million people die from the disease each year. TB, which is the leading cause of death among people infected with ...

Bcl6 gene sculpts helper T cell to boost antibody production

... machines that churn out lots of antibodies. In the adaptive immune system, B cells present an antigen - a distinctive piece of an invading bacterium or virus - to T cells. The bound antigen converts a nave T cell to a helper T cell that secretes cytokines which help the B cells expand and produce ...
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