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Auditory in Medical News

New stem cell therapy may lead to treatment for deafness

... of Sheffield has successfully isolated human auditory stem cells from fetal cochleae (the auditory portion of the inner ear) and found they had the ... renewable stem cell system derived from the human auditory organ and have the potential for a variety of ...

Emotions of Music Touch Universal Chord

... in Leipzig, Germany. "We know that our auditory system responds in distinctive ways to consonant ... said Dana Strait, a doctoral candidate in the auditory Neuroscience Laboratory, also at Northwestern ... Chicago; Dana Strait, doctoral candidate, auditory Neuroscience Laboratory, Northwestern University, ...

Now Hear This: Brain Fitness Exercises Improve Listening

... Carhart Memorial Lecture today at the American auditory Society annual meeting in Scottsdale, Arizona. ... by a global team of neuroscientists to improve auditory processing and memory. It consists of six ... trained on the software more than doubled their auditory processing speed, with an average increase of ...

Aging Brain May Contribute to Some Hearing Loss

... Reduction in size of auditory cortex might lead to problems, study suggests ... "We found that a small portion of the brain's auditory cortex is closely related to word recognition, ... a reduction in the size of small portions of the auditory cortex, a section of gray matter in the brain ...

Vision Audio Inc. Announces New EASe Games Designed for Children with Autism

... 1995, Vision Audio's line of EASe (Electronic auditory Stimulation effect) encoded music CDs have ... those with autism, to learn to cope with auditory hypersensitivity as well as central auditory processing disorder (CAPD), also a neurological ...

Sound Pharmaceuticals Receives Additional DoD Funding for Its Hearing Regeneration Product

... a proprietary technology for regenerating auditory sensory cells within the inner ear of mammals ... loss is irreversible and often progressive. Once auditory hair cells are lost they are never replaced. In p27 knockout mice, auditory hair cell regeneration occurs due to the unique ...

Impairments in language development can be detected in infants as young as 3 months

... decoding language requires us to process tiny auditory differences occurring as quickly as 40 ... children who have difficulty processing rapid auditory input are not just showing a simple maturational ... shows that babies who struggle with rapid auditory processing appear to be using different brain ...

Humans have more distinctive hearing than animals, Hebrew U study shows

... recording the activity of single neurons in the auditory cortex while subjects were exposed to sound stimuli. The auditory cortex has a central role in the perception of sounds by the brain. Current knowledge on the auditory cortex was largely based on earlier studies that ...

JCI online early table of contents: March 3, 2008

... known as estrogen receptors, in response to auditory damage by examining hearing loss recovery in mice ... receptor ER-beta had reduced recovery from auditory trauma, and that treatment with ER-beta–binding drugs protected mice from auditory damage. Furthermore, not only was ER-beta found ...

Gender differences in language appear biological

... words without hearing them. Presented in an auditory mode, they heard words aloud but did not see ... words, boys performance depended on how hard auditory areas of the brain worked. If that pattern ... sensory processes that can hold up visual or auditory information and keep it from being fed into the ...

Youngest patient worldwide to have auditory implant in the brain stem

... Murcia, who had been born deaf due to the lack of auditory nerves. She is the youngest patient in the world who has received an auditory implant in the brain stem. As a result of the ... to the brain the sound stimuli received by the auditory passage from the exterior. It is notable that the ...

Pitch Patterns Play Greater Role in Speech Perception

... The brain stem is located early along the auditory pathway, just 7 to 9 milliseconds from the time the auditory signal enters the ear. This is also near where pitch processing begins in the cochlea and the auditory nerve. "Never did I expect we would find that ...

CSHL scientists make progress in determining how the brain selectively interprets sound

... or cocktail parties. Neurons in the brains auditory cortex interpret incoming sound signals and send ... that a very small minority of available auditory neurons react strongly when exposed to any ... standard model of sound representations in the auditory cortex, which predicts that neural ...

Lend me your ears -- and the world will sound very different

... the part of the brain that deals with sound, the auditory cortex, is adapted in each individual and tuned ... Oxford, led by Dr Jan Schnupp, have studied the auditory cortex of the brain and discovered that its ... are adapted to the former; the neurons in the auditory cortex appear to anticipate and respond best to ...

Auditory neurons in humans far more sensitive to fine sound frequencies than most mammals

... of Science, show that in humans, a single auditory neuron in the brain exhibits an amazing ... in sound frequencies far exceeds that of the auditory nerve that carries information from the hair ... Indeed, such frequency tuning in the human auditory cortex is substantially superior to that ...

Songbirds offer clues to highly practiced motor skills in humans

... in their neural circuitry. This process, using auditory feedback, involves a continuous fine-tuning of ... song. Adult songbirds, meanwhile, rely on auditory feedback to maintain their song, and previous ... that if the birds are deaf, or receive garbled auditory feedback via a computer-based intervention, the ...

What's the brain got to do with education?

... brain-based learning styles (e.g. visual, auditory and kinaesthetic learning - or VAK). Although the ... get labelled as "a visual learner" or "an auditory learner" and are only ever taught in either a visual or auditory way, then the science is being seriously ...

Scientists search for brain center responsible for tinnitus

... at UB, weve been able to show that these phantom auditory sensations originated somewhere in brain, not in ... and colleagues discovered that when the brains auditory cortex begins receiving diminished neural signals ... the hearing organ, due to injury or age, the auditory cortex turns up the volume, increasing weak ...

Sensitivity of brain center for 'sound space' defined

... intensively mapped, many important regions for auditory processing remain uncharted territory. Now, ... have identified a region responsible for a key auditory process perceiving sound space, the location of ... in earlier studies that failed to establish the auditory region, called the planum temporale, as ...

Selective attention increases both gain and feature selectivity of the human auditory cortex

... both gain and feature selectivity of the human auditory cortex. The ability to select task-relevant ... results of Kauram ki and colleagues suggest that auditory selective attention in humans cannot be explained ... that selective attention additionally enhances auditory cortex frequency selectivity. The results were ...

Researcher developing new method for hearing loss assessment

... into electric impulses that are sent to the auditory nerve. More than 100,000 people worldwide have ... one person," Kirk said. In addition to the auditory component, the materials will be presented in a ... will be tested in auditory-only, visual-only or auditory plus visual modalities. At the end of the ...

NYU study points to lasting impact of mild hearing loss on neurological processes

... of hearing loss can have a lasting impact on the auditory cortex, according to findings by researchers at ... of neural connections within the subjects auditory cortex, which processes all acoustic cues. The results showed that the projection to auditory cortex had changed following a brief period of ...

SpeechEasy Seeks Proposals For Future Research Studies

... given to proposals which address basic research on responses to perturbed auditory feedback in children between the ages of 8 and 18, including but not ... given to proposals which address basic research on responses to perturbed auditory feedback in children between the ages of 8 and 18, including but not ...

Brain Scans Shed Light on Dyslexia

... readers. Volunteers were shown visual letters and listened to auditory speech sounds corresponding to single letters. The researchers conducted ... Kotrla said. "There are a million different variants of how visual and auditory processing works." More information Visit the International ...

UCI scientists to study brain region linked to autism, schizophrenia

... of the overall function of the planum temporale, located within the auditory cortex. "We still don't know how all of the observations about the ... will observe the brain activity of subjects performing tasks that involve auditory and motor skills. Hickok and Kourosh Saberi, cognitive sciences ...

UCLA Art/Sci Center to host symposium on sound and science

... large and draws from a growing body of research and critical study on the auditory dimension of experience. Commonalities among the various approaches ... national security. The day will conclude with a research presentation on auditory illusions, followed by a reception. Friday, March 6 Day Two of ...

Exjade(R) Benefits Chronically Transfused Patients by Significantly Reducing Toxic Iron That Can Damage Key Organs, According to Landmark Trial

... combination with a short period of oral steroid administration. auditory (high-frequency hearing loss, decreased hearing) and ocular (lens ... with EXJADE therapy in less than 1% of patients in clinical trials. auditory and ophthalmic testing (including slit lamp examinations and dilated ...

A good ear: Rats identify specific sounds in noisy environments

... to know the impact of background noise on the spatial sensitivity of auditory neurons. Martin placed rats in a partially echo-free, sound-proof ... of 25 decibels and a pure sound (made up of one frequency). He found that auditory neurons respond to a pure sound even if there is background noise. ...

St. Jude finds 'dancing' hair cells are key to humans' acute hearing

... as it transforms into an electrical signal that travels to the brains auditory center. Without such amplification, hearing would be far less sensitive, ... and somatic motilitythat have resulted from previous studies of the auditory machinery. The stereociliary theory holds that amplification is ...

Overactive nerves in head and neck may account for 'ringing in the ears'

... in a part of the brain called the dorsal cochlear nucleus that processes auditory and other signals. In normal hearing, the dorsal cochlear nucleus is the first stop in the brain for sound signals arriving from the ear via the auditory nerve. Its also a hub where multitasking neurons process sensory signals ...

Training, Experience Can Change How Brains Work

... in the brain's visual processing area and increased activity in the auditory part of the brain. But as the task became harder, only the non-musicians ... with their musicians. This leads to an ability to focus on a difficult auditory task without having to increase suppression of visual information. The ...

Training and experience can affect brain organization, research shows

... during a task. The scanner confirmed that while activity increased in the auditory part of the brain during the hearing task, activity in the visual part ... theory that this experience leads to an ability to focus on a difficult auditory task without having to increase the suppression of visual information. ...

Research may unlock mystery of autism's origin in the brain

... researchers administered a test called the 40 hertz (cycles per second) auditory steady-state response test. The test measures electromagnetic wave cycles ... the area of the brain that controls language and logic. In the auditory area of the left hemisphere, the group without autism delivered a brain ...

Grant for brain tumor and deafness research

... and traditional cancer therapies are not an option. Currently, treatment involves surgical removal of the tumours but this leads to damage of the auditory nerve and can cause total deafness with potentially devastating effects on the lives of those involved. "Great progress has been made in ...

Famous Names Get Single Neurons Fired Up

... manage to abstract and disregard irrelevant details to recognize highly variable pictures as the same person?" While people process visual and auditory information through separate pathways, the information appears to converge in the hippocampus, a section of the brain associated with long-term ...

Brain Imaging (MRI/PET) and Measurements of Proteins in Spinal Fluid May Improve Alzheimer's Prediction and Diagnosis

... entorhinal cortex, and medial temporal lobe, and (c) scores on certain standard memory, learning and brain function tests, including the Rey auditory Verbal Learning test (RAVL) and the Alzheimer's Disease Assessment Scale (ADAS). From this data they used statistical methods to identify ...

Memory test and PET scans detect early signs of Alzheimer's

... compared a variety of measurements that had previously shown promise as early detectors of Alzheimer's. The measurements included scores on the auditory Verbal Learning Test; the volume of the hippocampus, the part of the brain associated with the formation of new memory; the presence of the ...

SoundBite(TM) Hearing System by Sonitus Medical Receives First Acceptance for Publication in Otology & Neurotology Journal

... Advisory Board, and his co-authors, reported on key measurements of the hearing system related to oral function and oral health, calibration, auditory performance, speech intelligibility, and overall comfort. This acceptance for publication follows the introduction of the SoundBite(TM) hearing ...

Alterations in brain's white matter key to schizophrenia, UCLA study shows

... Schizophrenia, a chronic and debilitating disorder marked in part by auditory hallucinations and paranoia, can strike in late adolescence or early adulthood at a time when people are ready to stand on their own two feet as ...

Standard IQ Test May Undervalue People With Autism

... Myles said. Studies such as this one show that people with autism are able to problem solve and that visual learning might be more helpful than auditory or language-based learning. Still, she said, there's a need for more studies to assess how best to put such knowledge into practice in the real ...
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