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Abstinence in Medical News

New Texas Study Reveals Serious Flaws in Abstinence Programs

... in sexuality education classes reveals that abstinence programs are plagued with factual errors, use ... - focused on the state that receives more federal abstinence dollars than any other and that has one of the ... materials with factual errors. abstinence programs recklessly discourage the use of condoms ...

Nicotine gum effective for gradual smoking reduction and cessation

... groups. The study assessed initial 24-hour abstinence and 28-day abstinence, and participants were ... quitting. The odds of smokers achieving 24-hour abstinence were 40 to 90% higher using active gum compared ... helped smokers reduce smoking, achieve initial abstinence and maintain abstinence. The advantage of active ...

Abstinence-Only Programs Fall Short of Teens' Needs

... much to prevent teen sexual activity is because abstinence can mean different things to teens than it does ... that have been created to encourage abstinence have treated abstinence and sexual activity as opposites. However, ...

When it comes to abstinence teens, adults aren't speaking the same language

... that have been created to encourage abstinence have treated abstinence and sexual activity as opposites. However, ... "This paper demonstrates that increasing abstinence intention does not lead to less sex. In fact, ...

Waxman Sham Hearing Distorts Abstinence Education Benefits

... criticizing Congressman Henry Waxman's biased abstinence education hearing today before the House ... "Chairman Henry Waxman's hostility to abstinence education, heedless of studies showing positive ... should not detract from the true benefits of abstinence education programs. Just yesterday, the Heritage ...

Former substance abusers rarely relapse after organ transplantation

... family alcohol history and pre-transplant abstinence of less than 6 months showed small but ... and on testing interventions to promote continued abstinence post-transplant, the authors conclude. An ... for transplantation of patients with duration of abstinence shorter than six months. ...

Marijuana withdrawal as bad as withdrawal from cigarettes

... by people when they quit smoking cigarettes. abstinence from each of these drugs appears to cause several ... was obtained using rigorous scientific methods - abstinence from drugs was confirmed objectively, procedures were identical during each abstinence period, ...

Baclofen Aids Abstinence in Alcoholics With Cirrhosis

... News) -- The drug baclofen promotes alcohol abstinence in alcoholics with cirrhosis of the liver, says ... or a placebo (42 patients). Total alcohol abstinence and duration of this abstinence were assessed during outpatient visits. Relapse ...

Catalyst Pharmaceutical Partners Announces Positive Phase II Trial Results for Vigabatrin in the Treatment of Cocaine Addiction

... to those receiving placebo. Achievement of abstinence for an extended period during treatment is the ... cocaine addicted patients to potentially achieve abstinence for much longer time periods. The data confirm ... treatment could significantly increase abstinence compared to placebo. Subjects were randomly ...

New Research Identifies Effective Teen Sex Education Programs and Other Interventions

... of sex education programs that support both abstinence and the use of contraception for sexually active ... examined in the report that focus on both abstinence and contraception had a positive effect on teen ... many adults, none of the programs that discussed abstinence and contraception hastened the initiation of sex ...

Young People Engaging In Sexual Activity Differ on Definitions of Virginity, Abstinence

... 16 years old and differed on their notion of both abstinence and virginity. More than 83 percent of ... instructors delivering sex education or abstinence programs to youth, and to scientists conducting ... Researchers found definitions of abstinence among the young people were somewhat different. ...

'Parents Speak Up' National Campaign Encourages Parent-Child Communication About Sex

... children. "The study adds a new dimension to the larger debate on abstinence education and intervention programs," said Doug Evans, Ph.D., director of ... George Washington University and the study's lead author. "We found that abstinence messaging delivered to parents through mass media is efficacious in ...

New study finds continued abstinence is key to increased survival from alcohol-related liver disease

... and consultant hepatologist at Southampton General Hospital, found that abstinence from alcohol is the key factor in long-term prognosis, even with ... found that the degree of cirrhosis on biopsy had less impact on survival. abstinence from alcohol at one month after diagnosis of cirrhosis was the more ...

CASA* Evaluation of Welfare Demonstration Program in New Jersey Finds Effective Approach to Addiction Recovery and Employment

... are also documented in a corresponding article, "Improving 24-Month abstinence and Employment Outcomes for Substance-Dependent Women Receiving Temporary ... striking outcomes suggest that a long term care strategy of treatment and abstinence first create the conditions where employment can better be achieved and ...

Accuracy, efficacy and ethics of abstinence-only programs questioned by public health experts

... Santelli. "These studies clearly demonstrate that federal promotion of abstinence has failed in its primary goal of helping young people delay initiation of ... and comprehensive sex education programs. He found that most abstinence programs did not delay initiation of sex and only 3 of 9 had any ...

Putting Health Before Politics: How the United States Senate Can Fix Global HIV/AIDS Funding

... transmission of HIV, in countries with generalized epidemics, only on abstinence and faithfulness programs. PEPFAR recipients that do not meet this ... of condoms or other contraceptives in preventing the spread of HIV. As abstinence and partner reduction programs have outpaced programs that enable ...

Better-Educated Smokers More Likely to Quit After Seeing Ads

... there was no statistically significant difference between the groups in abstinence from smoking after one year or in their response to messages about ... in places where smoking is less restricted. They also have less access to abstinence aids such as medications and counseling," so seeing an anti-smoking ad may ...

Quitting Marijuana Just as Hard as Quitting Cigarettes

... also gave an overall score for the discomfort they experienced during each abstinence period. Overall withdrawal severity associated with marijuana alone and tobacco alone was similar in frequency and intensity. Marijuana abstinence seemed to produce more pronounced sleep disturbance, while general mood ...

Survey: Two-thirds of Illinois public schools provide comprehensive sex education

... survey covered the four basic topics required to be rated "comprehensive:" abstinence until marriage or older, HIV/AIDS, other sexually transmitted diseases, ... the last ten years, supported by federal incentives, has been to emphasize abstinence and exclude information about contraception," said Lindau. "Given that a ...

New neuroimaging study identifies 'brain signature' for cigarette cravings

... professor of Neurology at Penn, this study is the first to show how abstinence from nicotine produces brain activation patterns that relate to urges to ... CBF across two scanning sessions which varied by length of periods of abstinence from smoking. Fifteen regular smokers were included in the study. Each ...

FRC: Teen Birth Rate Increase Demonstrates Need for Authentic Abstinence Education

... Research Council (FRC) declared today. FRC called for a focus on authentic abstinence education as the best form of prevention for youth in the country. ... advantages in life. This report illustrates not only the importance of abstinence programs, but also of programs to encourage the formation and survival of ...

Substance abuse practitioners ask 'what is recovery?'

... Philadelphia, PA, November 1, 2007 abstinence from alcohol and drugs is just the starting point in defining "recovery" ... behind key components of the definition. Sobrietymeaning complete abstinence from alcohol and all other nonprescribed drugsis regarded as necessary, ...

Genetic variation affects smoking cessation treatment

... allele of the gene benefited from bupropion treatment and maintained abstinence longer while doing poorly on placebo, with a 32.5% abstinent rate vs. ... in the CYP2B6*1 group did well on both bupropion and placebo, with similar abstinence rates at the end of treatment and after a six month follow-up. Rachel ...

FRC Deplores House Vote to Fund Planned Parenthood

... addition, the appropriations legislation passed by Congress allows federal funding for controversial needle exchange programs and denies funding to abstinence programs. It appears the federal government is in the business of encouraging bad behavior." "I applaud Representative Mike Pence and all ...

FRC: Ryan Bill Increases Abortion While Claiming to 'Reduce Need' for Abortion

... programs without any provision for parents to opt their children out of such programs. "This misbegotten measure contains no funding for abstinence programs nor anything to encourage teens and young adults to refrain from risky sexual behavior. Nothing in the bill would strengthen parental ...

Planned Parenthood Recognizes National HIV Testing Day

... plays an active role in education. PPRM's skilled educators, who teach comprehensive, medically-accurate, age appropriate sex education, promote abstinence and disease prevention. The CDC recommends that everyone know their HIV status. Tests are available from Planned Parenthood health centers and ...

The Time To Rethink Male Circumcision Is Now, Group Says In Launching www.intactamerica.org

... is higher than other industrialized nations with low circumcision rates. The only reliable means of preventing sexual transmission of HIV remains abstinence or use of a condom." Approximately 75% of the world's men are not circumcised and remain intact throughout their lives. Even in America, the ...

Intact America Launches Campaign to Change How America Thinks About Male Circumcision

... is higher than other industrialized nations with low circumcision rates. The only reliable means of preventing sexual transmission of HIV remains abstinence or use of a condom." Approximately 75% of the world's men are not circumcised and remain intact throughout their lives. Even in America, the ...

Less Than a Year After CDC Announced the U.S. HIV Epidemic Is Much Larger Than Previously Thought, Public's Sense of Urgency Is Down, Even Among Some Higher Risk Groups

... for not only the general public, but also among African Americans and Latinos. Despite a polarizing debate in recent years about such issues as abstinence and condoms, six in ten Americans believe that spending more money on HIV prevention in the U.S. will lead to meaningful progress, and about half ...

Federal Cigarette Tax Increase and Current Economy Will Change Smoker's Habits

... (2) Survey of 1,046 smokers. Richard Day Research. March 2009. (3) Hughes JR, Keely J, Naud S. Shape of the relapse curve and long-term abstinence among untreated smokers. 2004 Addiction, 99, 29-38. Contacts: Mark Polisky, GolinHarris 312-729-4417 ...

Teen Birth Rate Up For Second Year in a Row

... that parents are most influential. Fully 73% of adults and a plurality of teens wish that teens were getting more information about both abstinence and contraception, rather than either/or. NCHS data on changes in the teen birth rate between 2006 and 2007 indicate: ...

Federally-Funded Study Says Focus Should Be on Total Calories, Not Particular Foods

... energy balance in losing weight and maintaining a healthy weight, that is, counting calories in and calories out, not focusing on specific foods or abstinence from particular foods and beverages that are enjoyed. There is no miracle diet for weight loss. Calories matter when it comes to losing ...

International Partnership for Microbicides Receives US $130 Million from UK Government and the Gates Foundation

... in supporting research on an HIV prevention method that would put the power to prevent HIV in the hands of women, who often are unable to insist on abstinence or condoms," said Dr. Tachi Yamada, President of the Global Health Program at the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. "We've learned a great deal ...

First brain study reveals benefits of exercise on quitting smoking

... can significantly reduce smokers' nicotine cravings. Ten regular smokers were asked to cycle at a moderate pace for ten minutes, after 15 hours of abstinence from nicotine. They were then given an fMRI scan while they viewed a series of 60 images. Some visuals featured cigarettes and would normally induce ...

Go Red Corazon(R) 'Que nos dice el corazon?' National Casting Call Event

... hearts -- 80% of cardiac events in women could be prevented if women make the right choices for their hearts, involving diet, exercise and abstinence from smoking -- Cardiovascular disease kills approximately 450,000 women each year: about one every minute -- More women die of ...

Go Red For Women(R) Hosts Casting Call to Beat No. 1 Killer of Women With Celebrity Supporter Andie MacDowell

... that eighty percent of cardiac events in women could be prevented if women make the right choices for their hearts, involving diet, exercise and abstinence from smoking. That's why on February 6, 2009, National Wear Red Day, the American Heart Association's Go Red For Women(R) movement is launching a ...

Study Suggests Sugar May Be Addictive

... depression and a drop in dopamine levels. In other words, they confirmed a neurochemical link with the rats' behavior. But longer periods of abstinence didn't "cure" the rats. Instead, there were long-lasting effects with the animals: They ingested more sugar than before, as if they were craving the ...

Ability to quit smoking may depend on ADHD symptoms, Columbia researchers find

... the nicotine patch and regular cessation counseling. Compared to smokers without A.D.H.D., smokers of both A.D.H.D. subtypes combined showed lower abstinence rates throughout the study. Breakdown of the A.D.H.D. group by subtype, however, revealed a more complicated picture. The researchers found ...

Drug-related preference in cocaine addiction extends to images

... "Tasks like the ones developed here could be used clinically to predict the effectiveness and outcomes of drug-addiction treatment, including abstinence or relapse," Goldstein said. As a follow-up, she added, "Simultaneous neuroimaging studies are needed to investigate the brain structures that ...

Hope for treating relapse to methamphetamine abuse

... will appear in the February 2009 issue of Synapse , now available online. "Reinstatement of drug-seeking behavior after an extended period of abstinence is the number-one cause of drug-addiction relapse," said Brookhaven neuroanatomist Stephen Dewey, who led the research team. "This animal study ...
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