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Abdomen

... abdominal ... The abdomen is usually divided into 4 quadrants: right -upper quadrant, left -upper ... when the spleen rupture s. Blood leaks out into the abdomen , causing irritation with subsequent ... from a plastic bag through the catheter and into your abdomen , where it stays for several hours ...

Absorption

... s, and sodium which it had already secreted into the renal tubules. These reabsorbed substances ... of the intestine to absorb nutrients adequately into the blood stream. Symptoms of mal absorption ... D, E and K) ... After absorption , it passes into the central nervous system , or the brain. " ...

Acid Reflux

... digestive juices flow backward from the stomach into the esophagus . The resulting heartburn is ... as chest pain . Normally, acid reflux es into the esophagus in only small amounts for short ... es (regurgitates) from the stomach back up into the esophagus . Under normal conditions, there ...

Acid

... requires that the patient swallow 3 tiny tubes into the stomach . Acid reducers may be used ... digestive juices flow backward from the stomach into the esophagus . The resulting heartburn is ... chest pain . The acid material that comes up into the windpipe, from the larger hernias , ...

Airway

... of respiratory therapy. It is used to force air into the nasal passage and keep air passages open. ... , give 2 slow rescue breaths by exhaling into the person's mouth. Children's airway s are ... tube) is inserted through the nose or mouth into the trachea and lungs . Tissue samples may ...

Alveoli

... ( alveoli ), which transfer oxygen from the air into the blood , become damaged. As a result, the ... the transfer of oxygen from the alveoli into the blood . As the air sacs in your lungs ( ... through a series of airway s that branch out into smaller and smaller passages. These airway s end ...

Amniocentesis

... a hollow needle through the abdominal wall into the uterus and withdrawing a small amount of ... inserts a needle through the mother's skin into the amniotic sac to collect about an ounce of ... In amniocentesis , a needle is inserted into the uterus through the abdomen and a sample ...

Amniotic fluid

... sac and through the veins of the uterus and into the circulatory system of the mother. ... . In amniocentesis , a needle is inserted into the uterus through the abdomen and a sample ... inserts a needle through the mother's skin into the amniotic sac to collect about an ounce of ...

Anesthetic

... In this technique, medication is injected into the space around the spinal nerve s. ... . Sometimes medications are injected directly into the region of pain or near a nerve to ... Injection of a local anesthetic and/or steroid into soft tissue or joint spaces can be helpful in ...

Angiography

... iris of the eye . A special dye is injected into a vein in the arm and pictures are taken as the ... which can also be done after dye is injected into the liver . This enables doctors to watch the ... to x-ray the lymph system . A dye is injected into the lymph vessels in the feet. The dye travels ...

Anoscopy

... of the rectum in which a small tube is inserted into the anus to screen, diagnose , and evaluate ... The doctor inserts a lubricated, gloved finger into the rectum to determine if anything will block ... anoscopy (insertion of a tubelike instrument into the anus to look inside the anal canal). ...

Anus

... - the lower part of the uterus that projects into the vagina . Made up of mostly fibrous tissue ... for receiving food , breaking it down into nutrients ( digestion ), absorbing these nutrients into the blood stream and, finally, ... COLOSTOMY ...

Arteriogram

... up on x-ray ) contrast material is injected into a blood vessel for the purpose of identifying ... doctor inserts a thin, flexible tube ( catheter ) into a large artery — usually in your groin ... an arteriogram , the doctor injects a solution into your arteries through a tube, or catheter . ...

Artery

... stomatitis ... The tube is inserted into a large vein or artery directly into the blood stream. Fluids, drugs, or blood ... can be drawn through a needle that is stuck into the disc. Examples: Port -o-cath, Infusaport, ...

Aspiration

... foreign material (often the stomach contents) into the lung can be a result of disorders that affect ... comfortable with an injection of medication into the patient's intravenous line, ... ... - A procedure whereby a needle is inserted into a bursa for the purpose of withdrawing fluid ...

Aspiration pneumonia

... , drink, vomit, or secretions from the mouth) into the lungs . Aspiration pneumonia Powered ... food , drink, vomit, or secretions from the mouth into the lungs . Aspiration pneumonia . This ... — usually stomach contents — into your lungs . Aspiration pneumonia is ...

Back Pain

... commences with fever , chills , bleeding into the skin , rapid heartbeat , headache , back ... pain and soreness where the brassiere straps cut into the shoulder s. An outofproportion chest can ... may mean that the infection has travelled up into the kidney s. This is a potentially serious ...

Bacteria

... by swelling . Bacteria are thought to get into the prostate by way of a backwash into the urethra . So avoiding urinary tract ... : Symptoms & Signs ... If bacteria get into a person's blood stream, usually through a deep ...

Barium

... of a barium containing contrast material into the lower GI tract via the anus . Barium ... ) contrast medium , is then allowed to flow into your colon . A small balloon at the tip of the ... X-ray film. Enema refers to any fluid pumped into the rectum through the anus . Barium ...

Barium enema

... of a barium containing contrast material into the lower GI tract via the anus . A barium ... in which a liquid with barium in it is put into the rectum and colon by way of the anus . ... or colon scopy (a telescopic tube inserted into the back passage to view the inside of the bowel ...

Belching

... caused by a backflow of acid stomach contents into the esophagus . acid or sour taste in ... regurgitation (backflow of stomach contents into the throat). Antacids containing magnesium ... of stomach acids, which spread upward into the throat, and may result in belching or ...

Bends

... resulting in the release of nitrogen bubbles into the body tissue s. It is also known as caisson ... end of the table. A doctorinserts a metal device into her vagina to widen it. In order for us to ... the entering light rays that the brain translates into visual images. I have difficulty doing any ...

Benign

... certain moles are at higher risk for changing into cancer ous growths, including malignant ... ry tumor s ( papilloma s) grow projections out into the hollow part of the bladder . These can be ... standing and walking often causes them to grow into deep layers of the skin . These growths are ...

Bile

... It facilitates digestion by breaking down fats into fatty acids, which can be absorbed by the ... body. Bile from the liver is funnel ed into the gallbladder by way of the cystic duct . ... liver , moved to the gallbladder and excreted into the gut through the biliary tract, to aid in the ...

Bladder

... Bladder cancer spreads by extending into the nearby organ s, including the prostate , ... are classified (staged) by how deeply they invade into the bladder wall, which has several layers. ... tracer flows evenly through the liver and then into the gall bladder and the beginning of the ...

Bleeding

... oozing of pus , fever ). Bleeding into the skin Visibly dead (necrotic) tissue Skin ... is visible on the outside of the body. Bleeding into the spleen or liver is internal hemorrhage . ... extensive plasma loss from blood vessels into the burned area; crush injuries may result in ...

Bleeding into the skin

... Bleeding into the skin Definition: Aside from the common bruise , bleeding into the skin or mucous membrane s is a very ... dots of blood is called petechiae. Bleeding into the skin Visibly dead (necrotic) tissue Skin ...

Bone marrow

... of bone marrow fluid through a needle inserted into the bone. Bone Marrow The soft, fatty ... of bone marrow is taken by inserting a needle into the pelvic bone just below the waist on either ... through a needle from a donor, and then passed into a patient to replace the patient's disease d or ...

Bone marrow biopsy

... of bone and bone marrow by inserting a needle into the hipbone or breast bone. A pathologist views ... of bone marrow is taken by inserting a needle into the pelvic bone just below the waist on either ... The procedure by which a needle is inserted into a bone to withdraw a sample of bone marrow . ...

Bone scan

... s. Bone scan A bone scan can be divided into two basic parts: The injection . You will receive an injection of tracers into a vein in your arm. You'll then wait about two ... small amount of radioactive substance is injected into a vein . Bone scan s and ultrasound scans ...

Brachial plexus

... a nerve bundle from the spinal cord splits into the individual arm nerve s. Lower roots of ... , then passes underneath the clavicle and on into the arm. If this somehow experiences compress ... from a compress ion of the nerve s that pass into the arms from the neck ( brachial plexus ). The ...

Breast milk

... of human milk , ... Digoxin passes into breast milk ; it is not known if digitoxin passes into breast milk . Although most medicines pass into breast milk in small amounts, many of them may ...

Bronchoscopy

... The tube is inserted through the nose or mouth into the lung. A tissue sample can be removed for ... tube) is inserted through the nose or mouth into the trachea and lungs . Tissue samples may ... is passed gently through your nose or mouth and into the lung airway s. Photographs and cell ...

Carbohydrates

... . The body breaks down most sugar s and starches into glucose , a simple sugar that the body can use ... sugar the most. The body turns carbohydrates into blood sugar . Carbohydrates , protein s, ... , protein s, and fats are digested and broken into smaller parts. Carbohydrates - for example, ...

Carbon dioxide

... by which oxygen , essential for life, is taken into the body and the waste product, carbon dioxide , ... during expiration. The lungs bring oxygen into the body when breathing in and send carbon ... carbon dioxide and other products, drains into the hepatic veins. The main job of the ...

Capillary

... facilitate the transfer of oxygen and glucose into a cell and waste products such as carbon dioxide back out into the blood stream to be carried away ... Over ... the blood and crossing the capillary walls into the brain tissue s. Certain compounds can ...

Cardiac

... passing a catheter (a thin flexible tube) into the right or left side of the heart . ... amount of blood the left ventricle ejects into the systemic circulation in one minute, ... heart tissue . Cardiac enzyme s are released into the blood stream in increased concentration ...

Cardiac catheterization

... passing a catheter (a thin flexible tube) into the right or left side of the heart . ... a long, flexible tube ( catheter ) is inserted into a vein or artery and guided into the heart , allowing a close look at the ...

Carotid

... (transducer) sends high-frequency sound waves into your neck. Carotid artery disease occurs ... used in angiography to inject contrast material into the arteries. intra carotid infusion The introduction of fluids and drugs directly into the carotid artery , the main artery in the ...

Cartilage

... is a tough, flexible tissue that turns into bone in many places in the body. Bones all start ... the vocal cords. Air passes through the larynx into the windpipe and then into the lungs . The "Adam's apple" is part of the ...
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