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Distal in Medical Dictionary

Distal

... distal : The more (or most) distant of two (or more) things. For example, the distal end of the femur (the thigh bone) is the end ... knee ; the end more distant from the torso. distal renal tubular acidosis Definition: The term " ...

Dorsal

... an inability to walk. Synthes dorsal distal radius plate For fixation of fractures , osteotomies, and carpal fusions involving the distal radius; applied to the dorsal aspect. ... dextra faciei diaphragm aticae hepatis; pars distal is; pars dorsal is ... These are considered ...

Femur

... of the Femur Above the Knee Tumor s of the distal (lower end) femur destroy the bone near the ... people with osteoporosis . For example, the distal end of the femur (the thigh bone) is the end ... knee ; the end more distant from the torso. The distal bile duct is the far end of the cystic duct ...

Proximal

... palmar creases, a proximal one and a more distal one, neither of which extends all the way across ... blood flow), diarrhea , kidney disease (see distal renal tubular acidosis and proximal renal ... than another part. For example, the fingers are distal to the shoulder . The opposite is proximal . ...

Renal tubular acidosis

... remain too acidic. Renal tubular acidosis - distal ; Renal tubular acidosis type I; Type I RTA; RTA - distal ; Classical RTA Prevention : There is no ... blood flow), diarrhea , kidney disease (see distal renal tubular acidosis and proximal renal ...

Barium

... of cancer s detected by colonoscopy About 3% of patients with no distal adenoma s have advanced proximal neoplasia. There is a 3-fold increase in this rate in patients with distal adenoma s. A barium enema is often used to diagnose bowel ...

Barium enema

... of cancer s detected by colonoscopy About 3% of patients with no distal adenoma s have advanced proximal neoplasia. There is a 3-fold increase in this rate in patients with distal adenoma s. A barium enema is often used to diagnose bowel ...

Confusion

... veins . Mental confusion , especially of time, place or person. distal A location farther from a point of reference. For example, the foot is distal to the knee , relative to the center of the body. Out of confusion , ...

Humerus

... and radius (synostosis). There is an ulnar anlage present from the distal ( hand side) humerus to the wrist, with considerable bowing of the ... bone screw for use in bone-to-bone fixation in the metaphyseal area, distal humerus , trochanteric area, and in the ankle where the bone is dense; .....

Hyperkalemia

... is too much potassium in the blood . another defect in the distal tubule, but it is different from classic distal RTA and proximal RTA because it results in high levels of potassium ...

Hypokalemia

... K-Dur 20. Type 4 RTA is caused by another defect in the distal tubule, but it is different from classic distal RTA and proximal RTA because it results in high levels of potassium ...

Knee

... pelvis -- and extend all the way down to the knee . For example, the distal end of the femur (the thigh bone) is the end down by the knee ; the end more distant from the torso. The distal bile duct is the far end of the cystic duct , the end away from the ...

Median nerve

... distal median nerve dysfunction Definition: distal median nerve dysfunction is a form of peripheral neuropathy ( nerve ...

Metacarpal

... including use in repair of numerous bone fractures (phalangeal, distal radius, metacarpal , radial head, olecranon , ankle), osteotomies, ... of the forearm -- the radius and, indirectly, with the ulna -- and distal ly (on their far ends) with the five metacarpal bones ... ...

Shoulder

... the center of the body than another part. For example, the fingers are distal to the shoulder . The opposite is proximal . distal pancreatectomy ... ...

Alcoholic neuropathy

... neuropathy Axilla ry nerve dysfunction Brachial plexopathy Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (hereditary) Common peroneal nerve dysfunction distal median nerve dysfunction Mononeuritis multiplex Mononeuropathy Necrotizing vasculitis ... Although alcoholic peripheral neuropathy may ...

Amputation

... Also called clitorectomy or clitoridectomy. Amputation through the upper thigh (above knee amputation ) is the standard means of treating distal femoral osteosarcoma s. Amputation Amputee Coalition of America (ACA) National Amputation Foundation, Inc. Arthritis Arthritis ...

Autoimmune disorders

... rheumatoid arthritis ... Researchers have now discovered the abnormal gene responsible for the inherited form. More often, however, classic distal RTA is a complication of disease s that affect many organ systems ( systemic disease s), like the autoimmune disorders Sjgren's ... ...

Brachial plexopathy

... hand . - Brachial Plexopathy - Carpal Tunnel Syndrome - Cervical Spondylosis - Common Peroneal Nerve Dysfunction - Dermatomyositis - distal Median Nerve Dysfunction - Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy - Facioscapulohumeral Muscular Dystrophy (Landouzy-Dejerine) ... Late toxic ...

Cecum

... Cecum The first part of the large bowel . Congenital Refers to a disorder which is present at birth . distal Away from the point of origin. Cecum The beginning of the large intestine and the place where the appendix attaches to the intestinal tract. ...

Deafness

... case is different. Consult your baby's physician for information about your baby's risks. Other disease s and conditions associated with distal RTA include hyperparathyroidism , a hereditary form of deafness , analgesic nephropathy , rejection of a transplanted kidney , renal medulla ...

Diabetic ketoacidosis

... tumor Cushing's syndrome - exogenous Cushing's syndrome - ectopic Diabetic ketoacidosis Primary thrombocythemia Renal tubular acidosis - distal Rhabdomyolysis Thyro toxic periodic paralysis ... ...

Flaccid

... cupularis recessus epitympanici; pars cystica; pars descendens aorta e; pars descendens duodeni; pars dextra faciei diaphragm aticae hepatis; pars distal is; pars dorsal is pontis; pars endocrina pancreatis; pars exocrina pancreatis; pars flaccid a ... The plaque is visible and palpable whether ...

Hand

... and endlessly rearranging objects in an effort to keep them in precise alignment with each other. COLLES FRACTURE - A common fracture of the distal radius at the wrist joint due to a fall on an outstretched hand . Her skills in analytical thinking, problem solving and negotiation were ...

Hypothermia

... Device for noninvasive treatment of hypothermia by rewarming the body core by application of negative pressure and a thermal load (heat) to a distal appendage. Mfg: Aquarius Medical Corporation. Source: FDA approvals - 2/17/97. Brr'ing on the Layers: Preventing Frostbite and Hypothermia ...

Ileum

... ) with approximately 90% in the appendix . The remainder occur in the ileum , stomach , colon , or rectum . Crohn's disease affects the distal ileum and colon , but may occur in any part of the gastrointestinal tract, from the mouth to the anus and perianal area. ...

Lesion

... anesthetic . The anesthetic should keep you from feeling pain during the operation. Lesion s of the Femur Above the Knee Tumor s of the distal (lower end) femur destroy the bone near the knee and the tumor may spread to the adjacent muscle ( quadriceps ), blood vessels ( femoral ...

Medulla

... the medulla ; it secretes adrenaline ( epinephrine ) when stress occurs. TREATMENT " ... Other disease s and conditions associated with distal RTA include hyperparathyroidism , a hereditary form of deafness , analgesic nephropathy , rejection of a transplanted kidney , renal medulla ...

Metabolic acidosis

... acidosis include severe dehydration -- resulting in decreased tissue perfusion (decreased blood flow), diarrhea , kidney disease (see distal renal tubular acidosis and proximal renal tubular acidosis ), ... Surgery —These problems may make a condition called metabolic ...

Muscular dystrophy

... at birth characterized by muscle weakness , contracture s of multi ple joints , and hyperextensibility (looseness) of joints , particularly distal joints (well away from the trunk). Muscular dystrophy (MD) is a broad term that describes a genetic (inherited) disorder of the muscle s. ...

Mycosis

... vesicle ; papulovesicular; papyraceous; papyraceous scars; papyrine; papyrograph; papyrography; papyrus; par; para; para- actino mycosis ; ... distal subungual onycho mycosis (DSO) is the most common type of fungal nail infection . It is caused by the same fungi that cause most cases of ...

Myasthenia gravis

... nerve dysfunction Becker's muscular dystrophy Brachial plexopathy Cervical spondylosis Common peroneal nerve dysfunction Dermatomyositis distal median nerve dysfunction Duchenne's muscular dystrophy ... LAMBERT-EATON SYNDROME - A condition characterized by muscle weakness that ...

Obstructive uropathy

... uropathy -- urinary tract disease due to obstruction; and Urinary tract infections . Other disease s and conditions associated with distal RTA include hyperparathyroidism , a hereditary form of deafness , analgesic nephropathy , rejection of a transplanted kidney , renal medulla ...

Onychomycosis

... by a fungus . Onychomycosis is ringworm of the nails usually caused by trychophyton rubrum. return to top Conventional treatment ... distal subungual onychomycosis (DSO) is the most common type of fungal nail infection . It is caused by the same fungi that cause most cases of ...

Olecranon

... heels (Achilles), and toes. Recently (6/2001) approved for expanded indications including use in repair of numerous bone fractures (phalangeal, distal radius, metacarpal , radial head, olecranon , ankle), osteotomies, arthrodesis, and correction of hallux valgus . ...

Orthopaedics

... (ed). Campbell's Operative Orthopaedics . 10th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Mosby; 2003. Sauv-Kapandji procedure Orthopedic procedure performed at the distal radioulnar joint to restore pronation and supination. Ref: Wheeless' Textbook of Orthopaedics . See Sauv-Kapadji. ...

Oxygen

... needed to carry oxygen to vital organ s. Disease d kidney s, however, often don't make enough EPO. Oxygen deprivation to the tissue s distal to the occlusion become ischemic and die ( necrosis ). Atrial fibrillation is a risk factor for arterial embolism due to the release of blood ...

Pda

... right shunt through the ductus increases their risk of serious complications including brain hemorrhage . PDA : Amplatzer Duct Occluder- distal Portion Exposed - 552 KB medium sized file PDA : Amplatzer Duct Occluder- Device Fully Exposed - 362 KB PDA : Amplatzer Duct Occluder- Release ...

Placenta

... before the birth of the baby. cystica; pars descendens aorta e; pars descendens duodeni; pars dextra faciei diaphragm aticae hepatis; pars distal is; pars dorsal is pontis; pars endocrina pancreatis; pars exocrina pancreatis; pars flaccid a membranae tympani; pars foetalis placenta e; ... ...

Popliteal

... Poor Skin Turgor ( Skin Turgor ) Popliteal Cyst (Baker's Cyst ) Pork Tapeworm (Taeniasis) Porphobilinogen (PBG) ... Tumor s of the distal (lower end) femur destroy the bone near the knee and the tumor may spread to the adjacent muscle ( quadriceps ), blood vessels ( femoral ...
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