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agents in Medical Dictionary

Terrorism

... Terrorism using chemical agents. These chemical agents are poison ous gases, liquids or solids that ... on people, animals or plants. Most chemical agents are capable of causing serious injuries or death . Biological Terrorism agents What are biological terrorism agents? ...

Acute bronchitis

... and Quchi (LI 11). Acute bronchitis is usually caused by infectious agents such as bacteria or virus es. It may also be caused by physical or chemical agents -- dusts, allergen s, strong fumes -- and those from chemical cleaning ...

Anoscopy

... of the anal canal with an anoscope. ANTAGONISM: Opposing action between agents (eg, drugs), or when the combined effect is less than the effect of one of the agents alone. ANTENATAL: See Prenatal . Anoscopy : An exam of the anus and ...

Anti

... to measure anti -streptolysin O (ASO) antibodies. Anti - allergy agents are available as both nasal sprays and eye drops for use against nasal ... can be hard. This article gives an outline of some new anti - viral agents (Relenza and Tamiflu) which have a role in treating cases of influenza . ...

Asbestos

... inhalation reveals the lengthy process needed to prove that harmful agents in the environment affect our health. Dr Irving J. National Asbestos ... fall into are allergic, organic , in organic , and poison ous, with many agents occupying more than one category. Elevations in ACE are seen ...

Injection

... Injection s for Stress Incontinence Collagen , one of the bulking agents used for injection s, is a natural tissue from cows. Injection s in ... prescribed if nausea was not controlled in groups 1 and 2. Contrast agents can be administered through a vein (IV), by injection , or taken ....

Platelet

... muscle cells grow in the wall of the artery . PLATELET S: Active agents of inflammation when damage occurs to a blood vessel. They are not ... could bleed to death . The presence of both clotting and anti -clotting agents in the blood ensures a balanced system. A platelet . ...

Ricin

... 1978. Amphote ricin B by injection (e.g., Fungizone) or Antithyroid agents (medicine for overactive thyroid) or Azathioprine (e.g., Imuran) or ... ... primary fungal infection in the lungs . Treatment is with antifungal agents (e.g. amphote ricin B, ... The castor oil pack should be left on ...

Systemic

... " anti histamine tablets. taken by mouth "topical" anti - allergy agents e.g. corticosteroids , non-steroidals and antihistamines, available as ... antibiotics , and other anti -inflammatory and immunologic agents may be necessary. Poly chondritis is a systemic (body-wide) illness. ...

Therapeutic

... "Mangafodipir may enhance the therapeutic index of anti cancer agents by both protecting normal cells and increasing antitumoral activity of ... example, gentamicin), Bactrim, cimetidine, heavy metal chemo therapeutic agents (for example, Cisplatin), and nephro toxic drugs -- such as ...

Viral

... or catfish. This article gives an outline of some new anti - viral agents (Relenza and Tamiflu) which have a role in treating cases of influenza . ... Infections ? Fingertip infections are caused by bacterial or viral agents that penetrate the skin by means of a wound. ...

Abrasion

... toxins that: ... It does not usually occur after superficial injury to the eye such as cornea l abrasion . Less frequently, infectious agents may enter the eye from the blood stream, such as with herpes virus or candida yeast infection . in families with a history of allergies ...

Absorption

... SEPA (soft enhancer of percutaneous absorption ) is an absorption enhancer for transdermal delivery and effectively increases the passage of agents through the skin . Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome is caused by deficiency of the B- vitamin thiamine , and can also be seen in people who ...

Acetone

... , copper, nickel, beryllium, zinc , phenol, formaldehyde, disocyanate, and acetone . You should avoid toners, astringents, scrubs, exfoliating agents and products that contain alcohol or acetone . Hydroxy acids and tretinoin (for example, Retin A) may sensitize the skin to sun and can worsen ...

Acne

... acne which results from the bacterial infection of cysts deep within the skin . Generally requires treatment with antibiotics and other agents (Isotretinoin). Without treatment cystic acne may result in scarring. Acne is a distressing skin problem. This article covers the ...

Adolescent depression

... of childhood and adolescent depression and of familial transmission of this disorder from parent to child would seem to argue that the same agents used for adults would be effective in childhood. Disease - Adolescent depression Depression in children Definition: A disorder occurring ...

Allergic reactions

... than eight weeks8 it can be tempting to continue to smoke while using patches . Contacts/further information ... How these anti -inflammatory agents inhibit late phase allergic reactions occurs via a variety of mechanisms, including decreasing the density of mast cells along mucosa l surfaces, ...

Allergen

... are examples of allergen s. Allergen s, or allergy -causing substances, can be airborne substances (e.g., pollen s, dust, smoke), infectious agents ( bacteria , fungi, parasites ), foods (strawberries, chocolate, eggs), contactants ( poison ivy , chemicals, dyes ), ... Effect of humour on ...

Alopecia

... taste perception. ALOPECIA : Partial or complete hair loss . Certain chemo therapeutic cancer drugs cause hair loss because these agents target rapidly dividing cells, including hair cells. Alopecia The loss of hair , which may include all body hair as well as scalp hair . ...

Anesthesiology

... or, less often, a dentist who is specialized in the practice of anesthesiology , the branch of medicine involving the use of drugs or other agents that cause insensibility to pain . Children's Hospital Boston possesses appropriate state-of-the-art angiographic and hemodynamic equipment and ...

Antibiotic Resistance

... "Related links" section of this guide for more information on antibiotics and antibiotic resistance . PREVIOUS NEXT: Pros and cons ... These agents are used twice daily and help suppress the growth of a particular type of bacteria , which plays a role in the development of acne , called ...

Antimicrobial

... agent: A general term for drugs, chemicals, or other substances that either kill or slow the growth of microbe s. Among the antimicrobial agents are anti bacterial drugs, anti viral agents, antifungal agents, and antiparisitic drugs. Antimicrobial medications are prescribed. ...

Antigen

... body senses a foreign substance, called an antigen , the immune system is triggered. The immune system normally protects the body from harmful agents such as bacteria and toxins . Hypersensitivity - Altered reactivity to an antigen , which can result in pathologic reactions upon subsequent ...

Atypical pneumonia

... refers to a type of pneumonia that does not follow the typical signs and symptoms of pneumonia . A number of different viral and bacterial agents have been identified which can cause this form of respiratory infection .. Atypical pneumonia Definition: Atypical pneumonia refers to ...

Barium

... . iodine-based dye, barium solution) may be administered prior to CT scan to allow organ s and structures to be seen more easily. Contrast agents can be administered through a vein (IV), by injection , or taken orally. Abdominal x-ray s after lactose - barium meal Allergy Skin ...

Bioterrorism

... weapons programs that developed means of exposing large populations to plague bacteria . Today, plague is one of the most feared potential agents of bioterrorism , ... In 2001 a number of people in the United States were exposed to spores that were sent through the mails and contracted ...

Blindness

... brain and spinal cord, may cause fatigue , headaches , seizures , or paralysis on one side of the body. The eight types of HHV are causative agents of cold sores , blindness , cancer s and life-threatening conditions in immuno-suppressed individuals. Retinoblastoma is usually confined to ...

Calcium channel blockers

... blood vessels. Examples of calcium channel blockers are diltiazem, verapamil, nifedipine, and amlodipine. Researchers have injected chemical agents such as verapamil, collagen ase, steroids, calcium channel blockers , and interferon alpha -2b directly into the plaques. People who were ...

Carcinogen

... must be taken continually to avoid optic nerve damage. fetal or parental exposure to potentially teratogen ic, mutagenic or carcinogen ic agents such as drugs, chemicals, radiation or infection paternal age over 55 years at the time of conception ... Stool in the GI tract is full of ...

Cellulose

... Inc. ketorolac tromethamine 0.4%-ophthalmic, Acular LS Source: First DataBank, Inc. You also can take fiber and stool bulking and softening agents such as psyllium (Metamucil, Konsyl and other brand names) or methyl cellulose (Citrucel), stool lubricants such as docusate sodium (Colace), ...

Cold sore

... in those prone to cold sore s (prior to sun exposure, etc.) has been shown to decrease exacerbations. The eight types of HHV are causative agents of cold sore s , blindness , cancer s and life-threatening conditions in immuno-suppressed individuals. ...

Cold sores

... in those prone to cold sores (prior to sun exposure, etc.) has been shown to decrease exacerbations. The eight types of HHV are causative agents of cold sores , blindness , cancer s and life-threatening conditions in immuno-suppressed individuals. ...

Congenital Heart Disease

... no harm to children with viral pneumonia . A child with chronic lung disease or congenital heart disease may be given specific anti viral agents for pneumonia caused by respiratory syncitial virus or influenza A. ...

Conjunctiva

... in the conjunctiva (the clear skin that lines the eye ). The mucus helps the overlying watery layer to spread evenly over the eye . These agents act locally in the nasal or conjunctiva l lining to prevent the allergen ( pollen ) from triggering an allergic reaction ... Although the ...

Consciousness

... blessing He intends for you to be in this world. This drug causes un consciousness but little pain relief so it is often used with other agents to control pain . Very rarely, it can be toxic to the liver in adults, causing death . It also has the potential for causing serious cardiac ...

Cystic acne

... acne which results from the bacterial infection of cysts deep within the skin . Generally requires treatment with antibiotics and other agents (Isotretinoin). Without treatment cystic acne may result in scarring. Cystic acne : This is a type of localized infection ( abscess ) ...

Deep venous thrombosis

... complications such as deep venous thrombosis , stroke , and heart attack . Fountain infusion system and catheter System delivers thrombolytic agents to dissolve blood clots , indicated for treatment of occluded peripheral arteries and hemo dialysis graft s, and deep venous thrombosis . ...

Delusion

... Search All of MedicineNet For: search help Printer-Friendly Format ... Delusion s - strange, unshakeable beliefs that, for example, secret agents are watching them or that they're being taken over by an outside force, such as aliens, computers or evil spirits. Delusion al Depression ( ...

Dextrose

... in small amounts. Elliotts B solution Electrolyte/ dextrose solution used as a diluent for intra thecal administration of chemo therapeutic agents methotrexate sodium and cytarabine in treatment of meningeal leukemia and lymph ocytic lymphoma . GLUCOSE - A sugar known as dextrose ...

Drowsiness

... condition characterized by muscle stiffness, high fever , and drowsiness , which can be caused by some antipsychotic medications and anesthetic agents ... chlorpheniramine (Piriton), may cause drowsiness as a side effect; this is less of a problem with newer "non-sedating" antihistamines e.g. ...
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