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Thyroid in Medical Dictionary

Alcoholism

... , aging , candidiasis , stress , allergies , thyroid problems, hypoglycemia , diabetes , and poor ... seizures alcoholism diabetes thyroid disorder others in which birth defects may be ... in people with , alcoholism , diabetes , and/or thyroid problems. Some studies indicate that as little ...

Anaplastic thyroid cancer

... Anaplastic thyroid cancer grows very rapidly and is an invasive type of thyroid cancer . It occurs most often in people over age 60. The cause is unknown. thyroid function tests are usually normal. ...

Aplastic

... of the disorder is unknown. An aplastic thyroid cancer grows very rapidly and is an invasive type of thyroid cancer . It occurs most often in people over age 60. The cause is unknown. thyroid function tests are usually normal. In ...

Autoimmune disease

... . A degenerative autoimmune disease of the thyroid gland that ultimately results in a marked reduction in the amount of thyroid hormone produced. hay fever ... Many other ... In the case of Grave's disease , the thyroid gland produces too ...

Autoimmune disorders

... as other conditions such as Bell's palsy and thyroid dysfunction. Symptoms ... Neil Williams and ... This test is performed to confirm the cause of thyroid problems or other autoimmune disorders . The ... in response to microsomes escaping from damaged thyroid cells. Children with acquired hypothyroidism ...

Caffeine

... It may also be a sign of overactivity of the thyroid gland or underlying disease . ... alcohol excess, stress , caffeine , overactive thyroid or excessive thyroid hormone intake, and certain drugs. ...

Calcitonin

... is a hormone produced in the C cells of the thyroid gland . Its role in humans is unclear. In ... A hormone formed by the C cells of the thyroid gland . It helps maintain a healthy level of ... ) (Nasal- Systemic ) ... Calcitonin , a thyroid hormone , is administered in some cases. ...

Carcinoma

... the picture) at the level of the second rib. thyroid carcinoma is a cancer that occurs in the ... in the neck, just below the Adam's apple. The thyroid gland makes and stores hormone s that regulate ... in childhood. PAPILLA RY CARCINOMA OF THE thyroid - The most common ...

Chronic thyroiditis

... Chronic thyroiditis is an inflammation of the thyroid gland that frequently results in hypothyroidism (lowered thyroid function). Chronic Thyroiditis (Hashimoto's ... as chronic thyroiditis ( inflammation of the thyroid gland ). These antibodies are present in a ...

Cretinism

... produced in infants and children due to lack of thyroid hormone . It usually results from a congenital ... TSH -dependent hyperthyroidism thyroid hormone resistance ... The findings of ... some of the molecular changes that occur in thyroid cancer and in congenital lack of iodide ...

Cysts

... and nephrostomies. Other disorders of the thyroid are rare. They include genetic defects, ... or malignant tumours. For more information about thyroid disease see our factsheet How to maintain a healthy thyroid ... LA is of special benefit in women in whom ...

Endocrine

... the body hyperthyroidism , or a high level of thyroid hormone s hypothyroidism , or a low level of thyroid hormone s ... endocrine glands Glands ... 11 - ENDOCRINE SYSTEM Adrenals Pancreas thyroid 12 - LYMPH ATICS Lymph System 13 - ...

Endocrine System

... s and release them into the blood stream. The thyroid gland is part of the endocrine system . ... 11 - ENDOCRINE SYSTEM Adrenals Pancreas thyroid 12 - LYMPH ATICS Lymph System 13 - ... nutrition ally deficient. Carcinoma of the thyroid gland is an uncommon cancer but is the most ...

Endocrine glands

... or more of the endocrine glands , including the thyroid gland . Age. thyroid nodules that develop in people younger than age ... or embedded in the posterior surface of the thyroid gland . They secrete the hormone parat hormone ....

Gland

... After the gland is ablated, people may need thyroid hormone supplementation, if the entire gland is no longer functioning. Once you have thyroid disease , it is a lifelong ailment and needs ... in an emergency to help the body react. The thyroid gland ...

Goiter

... treated if it is causing symptoms. The enlarged thyroid can be treated with radioactive iodine to shrink ... Goiter is an enlargement of your thyroid gland . The thyroid is a small, butterfly-shaped gland weighing ...

Hormone

... USUALLY CLEARS UP IN A MATTER OF WEEKS] ... thyroid hormone is important for the body's metabolism ... is a condition caused by low levels of thyroid hormone in the body. The thyroid gland responds by getting larger and forming a ...

Hormone levels

... the body, including the reproductive hormone s, thyroid hormone s, ad renal hormone s, pituitary ... be measured to evaluate the pituitary: Serum thyroid stimulating hormone (rarely used) Cortisol ... thyroiditis is the number one cause of low thyroid hormone levels , a condition called ...

Hyperthyroid

... Hyperthyroid ism means overactivity of the thyroid gland , resulting in too much thyroid hormone in the blood stream. The over-secretion of thyroid hormone s leads to overactivity of the body's ...

Hyperthyroidism

... . Hyperthyroidism means overactivity of the thyroid gland , resulting in too much thyroid hormone in the blood stream. The over-secretion of thyroid hormone s leads to overactivity of the body's ...

Hypoparathyroidism

... due to lack of secretion of the para thyroid gland . hypopituitarism ... Cure of ... the blood can be caused by an underactive para thyroid gland ( hypoparathyroidism ), problems that ... the parathyroid glands during surgery on the thyroid gland . Sometimes, however, it develops because ...

Hypothalamus

... gland below the brain. Production of thyroid hormone s: The process of hormone synthesis ... release TSH . TSH subsequently stimulates the thyroid to produce thyroid hormone , T3 and T4. Research has associated ...

Hypothyroid

... Hypothyroid ism is a decreased activity of the thyroid gland which may affect all body functions. The ... Hypothyroid ism is the condition in which the thyroid is underactive and is producing an insufficient amount of thyroid hormone s. Hypothyroid ism is the most ...

Hypothyroidism

... Hypothyroidism is a decreased activity of the thyroid gland which may affect all body functions. The ... Hypothyroidism is the condition in which the thyroid is underactive and is producing an insufficient amount of thyroid hormone s. Hypothyroidism is the most ...

IV

... cases. Stage IV Papilla ry and Follicular thyroid Cancer Medulla ry thyroid Cancer Anaplastic thyroid Cancer ... For an IV P , dye is injected ...

Larynx

... sensory loss in the throat and larynx . The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland that lies in front ... ), just below your voice box ( larynx ). The thyroid gland uses iodine from food to make two thyroid hormone s, thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine ...

Medulla

... resulting in anemia , ... Medulla ry thyroid Cancer Multi ple Endocrine Neoplasia Type 2 Clinical Description Prevalence Medulla ry thyroid Cancer and C- Cell Hyperplasia ... of MEN 2 Subtypes MEN 2A Familial Medulla ry thyroid Carcinoma MEN 2B ... Medulla ry cystic ...

Metabolism

... the cystine cannot be transported out. thyroid cancer : Cancer of the gland in front of the neck that normally produces thyroid hormone which is important to the normal ... of turning the food you eat into energy). The thyroid gland is critical for maintaining body ...

Myxedema

... ile: Hypothyroidism (subnormal activity of the thyroid gland ) that starts after birth and is manifest ... with severe hypothyroidism and lack of thyroid hormone in the adult. In the child it is known ... Myxedema coma can respond well to thyroid hormone medication and treatment in an ...

Papilla

... familial forms. PAPILLA RY CARCINOMA OF THE thyroid - The most common thyroid cancer and usually affects women of ... Forums ] ... Papilla ry carcinoma of the thyroid is the most common cancer of the ...

Parathyroid glands

... or embedded in the posterior surface of the thyroid gland . They secrete the hormone parat hormone ... . During this operation all or nearly all of the thyroid is removed. The procedure is called a near total ... glands are located in the throat near the thyroid gland . They secrete parathyroid hormone ( PTH ...

Pituitary gland

... gland sends signals to other glands (eg, thyroid gland ) to produce hormone s (eg, thyroid hormone ). The pituitary gland is a ... -regulating system) is not working normally. thyroid stimulating hormone : A hormone produced by ...

Plummer

... Med J 2 (3945): 331-3, 1936. Hyperfunctioning thyroid nodules ( toxic adenoma , toxic multi ... occurs when one or more adenoma s of your thyroid produce too much thyroxine . Medical ... , toxic multi nodular: Condition in which the thyroid gland contains multi ple lumps ( nodules ) that ...

Smoking

... of aldehydes and tars; ... Smoking and thyroid Disease Hyper- and Hypothyroidism . Cyanide m, found in tobacco smoke, interferes with thyroid hormone production. Smoking triples the risk for developing thyroid disease , particularly auto immune hyper- and ...

Subacute thyroiditis

... to be caused by viral infection of the thyroid gland . The condition often occurs after a viral ... of the upper respiratory tract. If the thyroid is tender and enlarged but not necessarily ... ) ... The inflammation can cause excess thyroid hormone stored in the gland to leak into your ...

Thyroid scan

... thyroid scan Definition: A thyroid scan is a nuclear medicine examination that uses ... iodine to help determine whether a patient has thyroid problems, including hyperthyroidism , cancer , ...

Thyrotoxicosis

... or thyrotoxicosis occurs when the thyroid releases too many of its hormone s over a short ... cause this problem. Thyrotoxicosis (excess thyroid hormone , which increases the basal metabolic ... Thyroiditis - Inflammation of the thyroid gland , is often called thyroiditis . Thyroidits ...

Thyroid disease

... thyroid DISEASE CAN'T BE CURED, BUT READER CAN LIVE ... was diagnose d with Hashimoto's disease . thyroid disease s can be broadly divided into the following categories: Overproduction of thyroid hormone ( hyperthyroidism ) Underproduction ...

Thyroid function tests

... thyroid function tests Definition: thyroid function tests are common tests used to evaluate thyroid function. Refer to the following articles for ...

Thyroid cancer

... thyroid cancer occurs more often in people between the ages of 25 and 65 years. thyroid cancer can occur in all age groups. People who ... and tonsils , and skin disorders . thyroid cancer : Cancer of the gland in front of the ...
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