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Substance in Medical Dictionary

Abuse

... of sexual orientation or religion. Poverty and substance abuse increase the risk. Abuse of spouse ... Histories Clinical Management of Patients With substance Abuse Histories Inpatient Management Plan ... ... and make it hard to meet your obligations. substance abuse - ...

Addiction

... Addiction is a dependence on a behavior or substance that a person is powerless to stop. The term has ... partial ly replaced by the word dependence for substance abuse . Addiction s What is an addiction ? ... chronic or habitual use of any chemical substance to alter states of body or mind for other than ...

Allergen

... Allergen Definition: An allergen is a substance that can cause an allergic reaction. Allergen s ...... Allergen s Allergen Allergy -provoking substance An antigen (substance that elicits an ... of histamine . Allergen : Allergen is a substance that causes an allergic reaction. Allantoin: A ...

Alpha

... of hypertension . Alpha -feto protein is a substance produced by the liver of a fetus . The exact ... into the urethra . Alpha fetoprotein : substance produced by the fetus that is measured in the ... in the blood . Alpha Hydroxy : An active substance with exfoliating and emollient properties. ...

Antibiotic

... s. Originally, an antibiotic was a substance produced by one microorganism that selectively ... Hospital , Boston, MA. ANTIBIOTIC : A substance derived from mold or bacteria that inhibits ... drugs called quinolone antibiotic s . OGX-011 A substance that is being studied as a treatment for ...

Antigen

... s . Antigen s Definition: An antigen is any substance that causes your immune system to produce ... destroying connective tissue . Antigen Any substance (such as a toxin or enzyme ) capable of ... antibodies. antiserum ... ANTIGEN : Any substance that antagonizes or stimulates the immune system ...

Bilirubin

... breakdown of hemoglobin (the oxygen -carrying substance in red blood cells), is produced when the body ... Disease . bilirubin (bil-ih-ROO-bun) substance formed when red blood cells are broken down. ... contains an excessive amount of bilirubin , a substance released when old red blood cells break down. ...

Cholesterol

... Definition: Cholesterol is a soft, waxy substance found in all parts of the body. This includes the ... in the diet . CHOLESTEROL - A crystalline substance of a fatty nature found in brain, nerve s, ... of vitamin D . Cholesterol is a waxy substance that can be found in all parts of your ...

Contact dermatitis

... that results from an allergy to a particular substance (e.g. jewelry dermatitis , poison ivy , ... dermatitis occurs when the skin touches a substance that irritates the skin or causes an allergic ... occurs when the skin comes into contact with a substance that produces a reaction. Some of these ...

Dependence

... requires a steady concentration of a particular substance to avoid experiencing withdrawal symptoms. ... dependence ( addiction ) is compulsive use of a substance despite negative consequences which can be ... At first , a tolerance of alcohol develops. substance dependence ...

Dermatitis

... dermatitis occurs when the skin touches a substance that irritates the skin or causes an allergic ... that results from an allergy to a particular substance (e.g. jewelry dermatitis , poison ivy , ... occurs when the skin comes into contact with a substance that produces a reaction. Some of these ...

Hormone

... a woman's risk of: ... Hormone : A chemical substance produced in the body that controls and regulates ... or other drugs. HORMONE : An active chemical substance formed in one part of the body and carried in the ... activity. See Pituitary Gland . hormone A substance formed in an organ of the body and carried by ...

Intrinsic factor

... nd(); ... Intrinsic factor is a natural substance normally present in the stomach . It is ... does not make intrinsic factor normally. A substance called intrinsic factor helps the intestine s ... who have this disorder do not produce the substance in the stomach that allows the body to absorb ...

Personality disorders

... disorder , personality disorders or substance abuse . For an overview of the debate on ... disorders in alcoholics and other patients with substance abuse histories is extremely high. Henderson ... disorder , depression , anxiety disorders , substance abuse , and other personality disorders . ...

Placebo

... a method of research in which an inactive substance (a placebo ) is given to one group of ... compound having no physiological effect; an inert substance identical in appearance to the treatment drug ... of investigating drugs in which an inactive substance (the placebo ) is given to one group of ...

Radioisotope

... ... bone-seeking radioisotope A radioactive substance that is given through a vein , and collects in ... commonly used PET brain radiopharmaceutical is a substance similar to sugar or glucose and it is called ... , or a harmless radioactive highlighting substance called a radioisotope . ...

Saliva

... calcium salts, tartar forms as a hard brownish substance that irritates gums and causes them to recede. ... the power of HIV to infect. Dander is a substance found in animal saliva , dandruff , and urine ... infected by eating or inhaling the virus . A substance that increases production of saliva and tears. ...

Substance Abuse

... substance Abuse Overview People abuse substances such as ... that our society pays a significant cost. substance abuse - substance abuse is used to describe a pattern ...

Titer

... a measurement of the amount or concentration of a substance in a solution. It usually refers to the amount of ... serum . Titer : The degree of dilution of a substance such as an antibody , reflecting the strength of ... not recognize as self. Titer A dilution of a substance with an exact known amount of fluid. For example, ...

Toxic

... Chemical Dependency Recovery ( Diet and substance Abuse Recovery ) Diet and substance Abuse Recovery Diet for Liver Disease Drug Recovery ( Diet and substance Abuse Recovery ) ... Alcohol has a toxic ...

Toxicology screen

... or lavage fluids) if performed soon after the substance is ingested. Toxicology screen ing may test ... Chemical Dependency Recovery ( Diet and substance Abuse Recovery ) Diet and substance Abuse Recovery Diet for Liver Disease ...

Toxin

... Toxin , anthrax : The toxic substance secreted by the bacterium Bacillus anthracis , ... HONselect: Anaphyla toxin s Anaphyla toxin substance capable of releasing histamine and other ... the rectum . Botox injection s come from a substance botulism toxin . When used properly and ...

Toxins

... bacteria , plants, or animals. ANTI VIRAL : A substance or process that destroys or weakens a virus or ... vomiting . Anaphyla toxins Anaphyla toxin substance capable of releasing histamine and other ... people, an immune response is triggered by a substance that is generally harmless, such as a specific ...

Aging

... that involves many areas of your body. There is no single product, pill or substance which could cure all of the ills of aging . Aging and Osteoporosis ... tobacco use make announcements discour aging the use of this dangerous substance worthwhile. Antitrust laws are intended to ensure open and fair ...

Allergies

... Allergies are an abnormal reaction of the body's immune system to a substance that for most people is harmless. In this article What are allergies ? ... reactions caused when the immune system reacts to a specific foreign substance ( allergen ). In people who are allergic to animals, their bodies are ...

Aloe

... resin with hydrating/softening properties. Alpha Hydroxy : An active substance with exfoliating and emollient properties. Althea: Botanical root believed ... salve can soften skin and prevent inflammation . aloe -emodin A substance found in certain plants, including aloe vera. It belongs to a family of ...

Anaphylactic shock

... reaction that occurs within minutes of exposure an allergy -causing substance ( allergen ). Anaphylaxis also is called anaphylactic shock . It ... leading to anaphylactic shock . May be so allergic to a substance that skin testing could cause a severe allergic reaction called ...

Anaphylaxis

... reaction that occurs within minutes of exposure an allergy -causing substance ( allergen ). Anaphylaxis also is called anaphylactic shock . ... An immune system protein made to fight infection . Antigen A foreign substance detected that provokes an immune reaction. Anaphylaxis is a severe ...

Antibiotics

... A molecule inside or on the surface of a cell that binds to a specific substance and causes a specific physiologic effect in the cell . Complications ... callus , increased pain and swelling , and fever . ANTIBIOTIC : A substance derived from mold or bacteria that inhibits the growth of other ...

Antibody

... This leads to an immune response against that tissue type, cell , or substance that is part of the body. ANTIBODY - Specific substances produced by ... ism essentially alerts other cells of the immune ... Antibody A substance formed by the body to help defend it against infection . Antiemetic agent ...

Antisocial personality disorder

... Unless the underlying pathology is treated, attempts to permanently stop substance dependence are ineffective. Psychopath ologies that are associated with substance dependence include antisocial personality disorder , bipolar disorder ...

Arthritis

... joints , the ends of the bones are covered with cartilage , a durable substance that allows the bones to glide over each other with minimal friction and ... hormone s used to treat endometriosis , and some cancer drugs. A substance that is used to treat rheumatoid arthritis , and is being studied in ...

Bacterial Infections

... infections . These drugs inhibit the action of p-aminobenzoic acid , a substance bacteria need in order to reproduce. Then, as damage to the immune ... creates a wall around the bacteria and forms an abscess . A substance used to treat bacterial infections . It belongs to the family of drugs ...

Bile

... the liver into the intestine s. The gallbladder stores bile , a substance the liver produces to aid digestion . The most common disorder of the ... from 2 sources: the foods you eat and your liver . making bile , a substance that aids in digestion and helps rid the body of harmful substances ...

Bleeding

... as an emetic (an agent that induces vomiting ), an astringent (a substance that contracts tissue s), and a styptic (a substance that tends to check bleeding by contracting ... ...

Borderline Personality Disorder

... that commonly occur with bulimia nervosa , such as depression , substance abuse , and borderline personality disorder , can make treatment of ... history of suicide . A history of suicide attempts. Depression . substance abuse . Recent death of a friend or spouse. This can include ...

Burn

... they are supposed to solve. The severity of a burn depends on what substance caused it and how long the substance had contact with the eye . Damage is usually limited to the front of the ...

Caffeine

... can set up its own vicious cycle. Caffeine has been identified as a substance in this context, but as yet there is insufficient evidence to establish whether caffeine -related symptoms constitute substance abuse and dependence . " Caffeine is thought to stimulate sperm , ...

Chalk

... A chalk y substance used in x-ray studies of the digestive tract to highlight abnormalities. ... after the patient has a barium enema . Barium is a white, chalk y substance that coats the organ s so they will show up on the x-ray . Joint ...

Dental

... Composed primarily of calcium salts, tartar forms as a hard brownish substance that irritates gums and causes them to recede. Transcen dental ... and make a safe transition into adulthood, teens face many risks: substance abuse , sexually transmitted infections , pregnancy , violence , abuse ...
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