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Strains in Medical Dictionary

Escherichia coli

... bacteria normally found in the colon . Some strains that cause diarrhea are acquired during ... simply E. coli) is just one of the hundreds of strains of the bacterium Escherichia coli . Most strains of E. coli are harmless and live in the ...

Sprain

... Sprain s and strains Overview People are able to move because muscle ... become painful and swell. Sprain s and strains Definition Sprain refers to damage or tearing ... Printer-Friendly Format ... Sprain s or strains are uncommon in younger children because their ...

Sprains

... Sprains and strains Overview People are able to move because muscle ... will become painful and swell. Sprains and strains Definition Sprain refers to damage or tearing ... or tearing of a muscle . Sprains or strains are uncommon in younger children because their ...

Strains

... Sprains and strains Overview People are able to move because muscle ... bands of fibrous tissue called tendon s. strains are tears in the muscle . Sometimes called ... or improper lifting techniques. Sprains and strains are common. Anyone can have them. MUSCLE ...

Chicken pox

... and seven other existing vaccine s (which are only effective on known strains ) and elderberry was successful on all strains . Further tests are now being conducted on other virus es such as ...

Contusion

... soft tissue beneath the skin . contusion s ( bruises ) sprains strains The most commonly sprain ed or strain ed joint is the ankle. The three ligament s involved in ankles sprains / strains include the following: ... A contusion is common in contact sports ...

Scarlet fever

... ... scarlet fever Fever and skin reaction caused by certain strains of streptococcus bacteria , usually following a streptococcal infection ... fever , Steven's-Johnson syndrome and parvo virus infection . Some strains produce toxins that can lead to a scarlet fever rash . This rash ...

Amputation

... cover anything from traction to amputation , hand reconstruction to spinal fusion or joint replacements. They also treat broken bones , strains and sprains , and dislocation s. Between 70% and 90% of osteosarcoma s in the limbs can be treated with limb -sparing surgery and ...

Antigen

... of mutation s within the antibody -binding sites so that the resulting virus es cannot be inhibited well by antibodies against previous strains making it easier for ... ANTIGEN - A foreign substance, bacteria , or virus that can stimulate the production of antibodies. [ Med Help ...

Broken bones

... Bone graft s may be used to allow for proper healing or to speed the healing process. Pictures & Images ... They also treat broken bones , strains and sprains , and dislocation s. Some specific procedures done by orthopedic surgeons are listed as separate entries in this book, including ...

Bruise

... mean serious injury . Get prompt medical care for these types of bruise s . Bruise d, aching bones or muscle s Eyestrain Sprains and strains Rheumatism ... bruise Discoloration of the skin due to a buildup of blood in the underlying soft tissue s. Also called a contusion . ...

Cellulose

... A complex carbohydrate such as cellulose , starch, or glycogen. POLYVAL ENT VACCINE : A vaccine that is active against multi ple viral strains . Very rarely, patients with hypercalciuria may be given the drug sodium cellulose phosphate, which binds calcium in the intestine s and ...

Cholera

... Cholera Related Category: Pathology (kl´r) or Asiatic cholera , acute infectious disease caused by strains of the bacterium Vibrio cholera e that have been infected by bacteriophages. Cholera was discovered in 1883 to be due to infection with ...

Colon

... a stoma . Urine empties through the stoma into a bag outside the body. A type of common bacteria normally found in the colon . Some strains that cause diarrhea are acquired during travel. esophagitis Inflammation of the esophagus , often caused from a reflux of acid from the ...

Compress

... careful handwashing to avoid the spread of infection . RICE (Rest, Ice, Compress ion, Elevation) and crutches may be necessary for more serious strains . Don't apply ice directly to the skin , always use an ice pack wrapped in soft material ... Place warm, moist compress es over your inflamed ...

Conjunctivitis

... International ] [ Search ] [ Ask the Doctor Forums ] ... Conjunctivitis is a common eye infection . This article discusses the most common strains of conjunctivitis , the recommended treatment , and how to prevent it. Conjunctivitis . Inflammation of the mucous membrane of the ...

Craniosynostosis

... occurs in about 1 in 2000 live birth s. It occurs more often with a twin pregnancy or if the shape of the uterus is abnormal and con strains the growth of the baby's head. Craniosynostosis is also seen more often: ... People who have a condition called craniosynostosis have to cope ...

Disabilities

... Sports Physical Sports Safety for Adolescents Sports Safety for Adults Sports Safety for Children Sports Safety for Summer Sprains strains ... Another important development has been the increased ability of persons with disabilities , including those who have cerebral palsy and ...

Drug Resistance

... antiretro viral drugs; provides drug susceptibility information in 2 weeks, ... Other complications include drug resistance to particular TB strains and a relapse of the disease in some patients. ^ Top ... HIV Patients Not So Concerned About Drug Resistance ? HIV Treatment ...

Fever

... and hands. Infection of the inner lining of the heart and heart valves ( endocarditis ). Fever and skin reaction caused by certain strains of streptococcus bacteria , usually following a streptococcal infection of the throat, middle ear or skin . schizophrenia ... Fever , ...

Hantavirus

... of the Arteries ( Atherosclerosis ) ... hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS) Acute respiratory disease caused by newly discovered strains of the hantavirus . Source: Medscape - 7/03/97. Syndrome , Hantavirus pulmonary Syndrome , HDR Syndrome , Hecht Syndrome , HELLP ...

Influenza

... people againstthe flu . Each year, scientists from the World Health Organ isation's (WHO) Global Influenza Surveillance Network monitor the strains of flu virus that are circulating in humans round the world. Influenza is a common viral infection . It is caused by three virus es - ...

Macrophage

... subclass of Mononuclear Leukocytes ). Properties include phagocytosis and antigen presentation to T-cells . MACROPHAGE TROPIC VIRUS : HIV strains that preferentially infect macrophage s in cell culture experiments. macrophage A type of white blood cell that surrounds and kills ...

Muscle strain

... the injury . As the pain decreases, using heat helps, accompanied by stretching and light exercise s to bring blood to the injured area. See strains - first aid. Muscle strain s. Overuse, such as too many hours hunched over a steering wheel, often triggers muscle strain s. Neck muscle s, ...

Mycoplasma pneumonia

... this term is used to describe cases of pneumonia caused by virus es, fungi, or parasites . Tetracyclines are effective against some types ( strains ) of Mycoplasma pneumonia e, Streptococcus pneumonia e, Chlamydia l pneumonia e, and Haemophilus influenza e. However, bacteria that are ...

Norwalk

... and Guatemala. Recent studies of travel in these destinations rank noroviruses second to E. coli for causing diarrhea . There are many different strains of noroviruses, including Norwalk virus , that all cause similar symptoms. Children and adults are most likely to be affected. Many different ...

Paratyphoid

... ; paratype; paratyphlitis; paratyphoid ; ... Typhoid fever is caused by the bacteria Salmonella typhi (S typhi). There are 107 different strains of this bacteria . Paratyphoid is caused by Salmonella enteritidis paratyphi A, B or C. It's usually a much milder infection than typhoid . ...

Plague

... off of the shelves of your local pharmacy. If you rely on these drugs for ... Yet infection still plague s us, despite these gains. Many strains of bacteria are now resistant to the drugs that once killed them. Most virus es are impervious to anti viral drugs. disease , mammary ; ...

Polio

... Entero viruses are transient inhabitants of the gastrointestinal tract. Picornaviruses are small virus es with an RNA genome. There are three strains of polio virus. Polio myelitis Definition: Polio myelitis is a disorder caused by a viral infection ( polio virus) that can affect the ...

Polyp

... A complex carbohydrate such as cellulose , starch, or glycogen. POLYVAL ENT VACCINE : A vaccine that is active against multi ple viral strains . Polyp henonE An extract of green tea. Two formulations (cream and ointment) are being investigated in phase III trials for the topical ...

Prostatitis

... ( inflammation of the prostate gland ), epididymo- orchitis ( inflammation of the testes and the epididymis , ... caused by susceptible strains of indicated organ isms [extensive list included in the product monographs] in the following conditions: acute sinusitis ; lower respiratory ...

Pulmonary

... course. A second disease , hantavirus pulmonary syndrome , was identified in the United States in 1993 and is caused by at least three strains of the virus . It is known to be carried by deer mice, white-footed mice, and cotton rats. The main examination for the diagnosis is ...

Radial head dislocation

... Puffy Face ( Facial Swelling ) Pulled Elbow (Nursemaid's Elbow) Pulled Elbow ( Radial Head Dislocation ) Pulled Muscle ( strains ) Pulmonary Actinomycosis ... Radial Head Dislocation ( Dislocated Elbow in Children) Radial Head Subluxation ( Dislocated Elbow in ...

Resistance

... trihydro chloride . LY353381 hydro chloride A hormone substance used in the treatment of some types of cancer . In the past 20 years, some strains of gonococcal bacteria have developed resistance to penicillin. If so, the disease will respond to other antibiotics . In general, this ...

Respiratory disorders

... in the past decade has shown that acupuncture can be very effective for respiratory disease s including respiratory disorders . Various strains of strep are among the causes of other disease s, including pneumonia (see Chapter 6 on respiratory disorders ); otitis media (fluid in the ...

Salmonella

... from three to five days. Salmonella typhi Typhoid fever is caused by the bacteria Salmonella typhi (S typhi). There are 107 different strains of this bacteria . Paratyphoid is caused by Salmonella enteritidis paratyphi A, B or C. Salmonella enteritis Shigella enteritis ...

Scalded skin syndrome

... Scalded skin syndrome is caused by infection with certain strains of a bacteria called staphylococcus. During the infection , the staphylococci produce a poison (exo toxin ) that is responsible for the skin ...

Shigella

... Shigella is spread by contaminated food or from person to person (principally via a fecal-oral route). New strains of bacteria of the genus Shigella have been associated with food poisoning from ground meat. Shigella infection Diarrhea : Cancer ...

Sphincter

... the gallbladder which normally is released into the duodenum portion of the small intestine through the sphincter of Oddi. As the child strains , the anus stretches and the mucous lining cracks like a split lip. The passing stools irritate the wound and cause the surrounding muscle s ...

Stools

... , confusion , collapse, coma , and, ... They develop when stools are dry and hardened and moving the bowel s requires exertion. As the child strains , the anus stretches and the mucous lining cracks like a split lip. Blood flecks in your stools , particularly if the blood is dark or ...
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