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Spinal in Medical Dictionary

ALS

... nerve cells reaching from the brain to the spinal cord (upper motor neuron s) and the spinal cord to the peripheral nerve s (lower motor ... that affects motor neuron s in the brain and spinal cord, preventing them from sending impulses to ...

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

... of the motor nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord. It causes progressive loss of motor ... disease s of the nerve s that come from the spinal cord responsible for supplying electrical ... away of certain nerve cells of the brain and spinal column called motor neuron s. Amyotrophic ...

Angioma

... Angioma ) Spider Angioma Spina Bifida spinal Dysraphism ( Spina Bifida ) spinal Rachischisis ( Spina Bifida ) spinal Cord Abscess Spondylolisthesis Spontaneous ...

Atrophy

... For: search help Printer-Friendly Format ... spinal muscular atrophy Dr Trisha Macnair We look at the causes and symptoms of the genetic disorder spinal muscular atrophy , as well as the forms of care patients receive. spinal Muscular Atrophy (SMA) is a genetic ...

Back Pain

... . Low back pain may be caused by a number of spinal disorders. Following are some common causes: ... back pain , herniated disk s, narrowing of the spinal canal ( spinal stenosis ), and degeneration of the disc spaces ...

Bacteria

... - Pathogen ic infections of the brain, spinal cord, and meninges . Bacteria l ... infection of the tissue s around the brain and spinal cord. It can begin and spread quickly. ... l meningitis is infection of the brain and spinal cord. The membrane s that cover the brain ...

Bacterial

... infection of the tissue s around the brain and spinal cord. It can begin and spread quickly. ... - Pathogen ic infections of the brain, spinal cord, and meninges . Bacterial vaginosis is ... meningitis is infection of the brain and spinal cord. The membrane s that cover the brain ...

Brain abscess

... condition may cause problems with the brain and spinal cord function. Brain abscess es commonly ... causes of increased pressure from cerebral spinal fluid and papilledema are brain tumors and ... encephalitis . brain abscess , meningitis , spinal epidural abscess , osteomyelitis ), and tumor ...

Brain herniation

... in brain damage and/or death damage to the spinal cord (particularly if the person moves during the ... in brain damage and/or death Damage to the spinal cord (particularly if the person moves during the ... tion Foramen magnum hernia tion ... When spinal fluid is removed during an LP, the risks include ...

Cavity

... expands slowly, causing progressive damage to the spinal cord due to the pressure exerted by the fluid. Symptoms result from the spinal cord damage. The cavity of the canal leading ... used for gynecologic cancer s. Under general or spinal anesthesia , hollow applicators are placed ...

Central nervous system

... the nervous system that consists of the brain and spinal cord. Central Nervous System The central nervous system is comprised of the brain and spinal cord. The peripheral nervous system includes ... of the nervous system made up of the brain and spinal cord. The central nervous system . Central ...

Cerebellum

... processes input from other areas of the brain, spinal cord and sensory receptors to provide precise ... Disease s that damage the cerebellum , spinal cord, and peripheral nerve s (connecting the ... head. It then travels down the spine, around the spinal cord and nerve s, and back up to the head. ...

Cervical

... vertebra is one of 33 bony segments that form the spinal column of humans. There are 7 cervical , 12 ... back pain , herniated disk s, narrowing of the spinal canal ( spinal stenosis ), and degeneration of the disc spaces ...

Cervical spondylosis

... multiple sclerosis (MS), radiation damage to the spinal cord), cervical spondylosis (degeneration of ... hernia tion of a cervical disc, a cervical spinal cord tumor , ... MRI scan of the spine may ... back pain , herniated disk s, narrowing of the spinal canal ...

Chiropractic

... spine may lead to pain and reduced function. spinal adjustment (manipulation) is one form of therapy chiropractor s use to treat restricted spinal mobility. Chiropractic Care. There are ... or inflamed joints ). Chiropractic spinal manipulation & Headache A controlled ...

Claudication

... buttocks, legs and feet due to narrowing of the spinal canal ( spinal stenosis ). This is different from claudication ... (This is called claudication .) Pressure on the spinal nerve s, like that from a herniated disk . ...

Cramp

... s and is usually caused at rest, typically by spinal stenosis , that is, a narrowing of the spinal column, impinging on the nerve s to the leg. ... ing in patients with multiple sclerosis and spinal injuries . Diazepam (Valium) can be taken as a ...

Dorsal

... tabes dorsal is, progressive degeneration of the spinal cord occurs causing an inability to walk. ... pain from that stubbed toe — enter the spinal cord in an area called the dorsal horn. ... peripheral nerve s to the dorsal horn of the spinal cord, across the cord via the anterior ...

Disk

... conditions that affect the size of the lumbar spinal canal. ^ Top ... The disk is now ready to ... which is designed to relieve pressure on the spinal cord or nerve root that is being caused by a ... disk is forced through the bones of the spinal column. What is going on in the body? Hernia ...

Encephalitis

... a diffuse inflammation of the brain and spinal cord, usually of viral origin, often ... es). Membrane surrounding the brain and spinal cord ( meningitis ). Sinus es ( sinusitis ), ... of the membrane surrounding the brain and spinal cord) or both. encephalitis , which is an ...

Fractures

... heals for 6 to 10 weeks. If there is bone in the spinal canal, surgery to remove the bone and fuse the ... of the disks Poor alignment of the vertebrae spinal stenosis (narrowing of the spinal canal) ... Stress fractures often go ...

Fracture

... . Bone loss can weaken bones in the spine causing spinal fracture s and compress ions. FRACTURE ... of the disks Poor alignment of the vertebrae spinal stenosis (narrowing of the spinal canal) ... - Any fracture , especially one ...

Herniated Disk

... use only. Herniated Disk Repair Lumbar spinal Surgery - Series See all Pictures & Images ... of the disks Poor alignment of the vertebrae spinal stenosis (narrowing of the spinal canal) Strain or tears to the muscle s or ...

Hospitalization

... pregnancy . Hospitalization , traction , or spinal surgery should only be considered if nerve ... on: ... CAUSES"Backache, or pain felt in the spinal column, is one of the most common reasons for hospitalization in the Western world. Your spinal column has a complicated interconnection of ...

Hydrocephalus

... of flow, or overproduction of the cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) that is found inside the ventricle s ... be present in the child, usually disorders of the spinal cord or the musculo skeletal system such as ... deficiency , and of course, ... Buildup of spinal fluid within the brain ( hydrocephalus ). Fluid ...

Injection

... injects the drugs into the lower part of the spinal column. - Injection s of vitamin E , ... drug into the space between the wall of the spinal canal and the covering of the spinal cord. epi gastric Having to do with the upper ...

Lead Poisoning

... of head injury Infections of the brain and spinal cord Premature birth Exposure to tobacco , ... tumor s of the skull base or high cervical spinal cord, thyroid disease , spinal arthritis , lead poisoning , ... ...

Lumbar

... and above the sacral vertebrae in the spinal column. The 5 lumbar vertebrae are ... Lumbar puncture (spinal tap) Q. What does a spinal tap tell my doctor? Sandi/ Illinois ... Lumbar spinal surgery is used to correct problems with ...

Medulla

... section of the brainstem, located next to the spinal cord. The medulla is the site of important ... medulla , a central collecting region. The spinal cord ends near the first lumbar vertebra in ... conus medulla ris. The fibrous extension of the spinal cord is the filum terminale. There are 4 major ...

Medulla oblongata

... of the brainstem, immediately adjacent to the spinal cord. Houses important cardiac and respiratory ... oblongata The part of the brain just above the spinal cord that includes the control centers for ... section of the brainstem, located next to the spinal cord. The medulla is the site of important ...

Membrane

... membrane s that cover and protect the brain and spinal cord. meningioma (meh-nin-jee-O-ma) A type of ... membrane s that cover and protect the brain and spinal cord. Meningioma s usually grow slowly. TCS ... of the membrane s surrounding the brain and spinal cord. The disease is highly contagious and is ...

Meningitis

... membrane s that cover and protect the brain and spinal cord. Meningitis 101 Summary & ... or viral infection that invades the cerebral spinal fluid (CSF). Cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) is the fluid within the open spaces ...

Meningioma

... ). It may occur within the skull or in the spinal canal. Meningioma s occur more often in women ... in the membrane s that cover the brain and spinal cord (the meninges ). Click the icon to see an ... membrane s that cover and protect the brain and spinal cord. Meningioma s usually grow slowly. ...

Meninges

... s of the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord) are covered by 3 connective tissue layers ... - The surrounding membrane s the brain and spinal cord. There are three layers: the dura mater ... MENINGES : Membrane s surrounding the brain or spinal cord. Part of the blood -brain barrier. See ...

Multiple Sclerosis

... sheath that insulates neuron s in the brain and spinal cord. Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic ... nervous system is made up of the brain and spinal cord (see Multi media file 1). Multiple ... that surround the nerve cells of the brain and spinal cord (a process called ... Multiple sclerosis ...

Muscle spasm

... Transverse myelitis can cause low back pain , spinal cord dysfunction, muscle spasm s, a general ... of the disks Poor alignment of the vertebrae spinal stenosis (narrowing of the spinal canal) ... Once the exam is complete, your ...

Muscular atrophy

... to you - Active vs. Inactive Muscle ... spinal muscular atrophy Dr Trisha Macnair We look at the causes and symptoms of the genetic disorder spinal muscular atrophy , as well as the forms of care patients receive. spinal Muscular Atrophy (SMA) is a genetic ...

Myelin

... Polyneuropathy . MYELOPATHY: Any disease of the spinal cord. Myelin sheath The cover that surrounds ... surrounds the nerve fiber s in the brain and spinal cord. Plaque Patches of scar tissue that ... that surround the nerve cells of the brain and spinal cord (a process called demyelination), ... ...

Myelitis

... Myelitis , transverse: A disease of the spinal cord in which there is demyelination ( erosion ... paralysis . Myelitis ( inflammation of the spinal cord) Risk factors and causes of shingles ... ... ( ACUTE ) " COMBAT INFLAMMATORY PROCESS IN spinal CORD"Ice Bag, continuously changing Fomentations ...

Myelomeningocele

... disorder ( birth defect) where the backbone and spinal canal do not close before birth . ... of the spine do not completely form, and the spinal canal is incomplete. Myelomeningocele - the ... , cerebrospinal fluid, nerve s and part of the spinal ....
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