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Sphincter in Medical Dictionary

Achalasia

... . A ring of muscle called the lower esophageal sphincter encircles the esophagus just above the ... This occurs when your lower esophageal muscle ( sphincter ) doesn't relax properly to let food enter your ... esophageal spasm Hypertensive lower esophageal sphincter (the muscle at the end of the esophagus that ...

Electromyography

... & Images Electromyography ... External sphincter electromyography Definition External sphincter electromyography helps physician s determine how well the external urinary sphincter muscle is working by measuring the electrical ...

Sphincter

... sphincter otomy, which means cutting of the sphincter or muscle that lies at the juncture of the ... and pancreatic ducts. Purpose ... Internal sphincter : Part of the muscular bladder wall acts as the ...

Stress incontinence

... , or because of malfunction of the urethra l sphincter . Stress Incontinence in Women What is ... helpful for men who have weakened urinary sphincter s from treatment of prostate cancer or an ... develop. Conditions that affect the external sphincter may include multiple sclerosis , neurogenic ...

Toxin

... Botulinum toxin injection . Injected into the sphincter , botulinum toxin paralyzes the muscle and ... toxin are injected directly into the esophageal sphincter to paralyze and then relax the sphincter , allowing food to pass readily into the ...

Appendix

... Removal ( Appendectomy ) Arthrodesis ( Spinal Fusion ) Artificial sphincter - Rectal or Urinary (Inflatable Artificial sphincter ) ASD Repair ( Congenital Heart Defect Corrective Surgery ) ... ...

Appendectomy

... Removal ( Appendectomy ) Arthrodesis ( Spinal Fusion ) Artificial sphincter - Rectal or Urinary (Inflatable Artificial sphincter ) ASD Repair ( Congenital Heart Defect Corrective Surgery ) ... The ...

Drug

... have not yet found a drug that works selectively on the urethra l sphincter muscle , but drugs used to reduce muscle spasm s or tremor s are sometimes used to help the sphincter relax. DRUG RESISTANCE : The ability of some disease -causing ...

Endoscopic

... Endoscopic sphincter otomy or endoscopic retrograde sphincter otomy (ERS) is a relatively new endoscopic technique developed to ...

Esophageal manometry

... manometry is a test to measure the motor action of the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) and esophageal body. Esophageal Manometry See all Pictures ... into the esophagus to measure the pressure exerted by the esophageal sphincter . X ray of the esophagus . Barium may be swallowed to act as a ...

Fainting

... congestion . All of these drugs have been used to relax the urethra l sphincter in patients where the sphincter does not relax well. Even if not fatal, sting allergy symptoms can ...

Muscle spasm

... have not yet found a drug that works selectively on the urethra l sphincter muscle , but drugs used to reduce muscle spasm s or tremor s are sometimes used to help the sphincter relax. Transverse myelitis can cause low back pain , spinal cord ...

Nasal congestion

... congestion . All of these drugs have been used to relax the urethra l sphincter in patients where the sphincter does not relax well. ...

Reflux

... is often the result of conditions that affect the lower esophageal sphincter (LES). The LES, a muscle located at the bottom of the esophagus , ... that strengthens the barrier to acid reflux when the lower esophageal sphincter does not work normally and there is gastro-esophageal reflux . ...

Saliva

... as xerostomia, or dry mouth. Smoking loosens the lower esophageal sphincter and reduces the amount of saliva you produce, so your esophagus is less well rinsed. Avoid drinking alcohol, since it loosens the esophageal sphincter . Lose weight if you are obese. How snakes bite: Snakes that inject ...

Spinal fusion

... disk disease . Arthrodesis ( Spinal Fusion ) Artificial sphincter - Rectal or Urinary (Inflatable Artificial sphincter ) ASD Repair ( Congenital Heart Defect Corrective Surgery ) Atrial ...

Stoma

... the valve between the esophagus and stoma ch (lower esophageal sphincter , or LES). STOMA CH ACID IN ESOPHAGUS A HE ALT H RISK, ME DIC ... infants , the valve at the upper end of the stoma ch (the esophageal sphincter ) hasn't closed properly. This should change by the end of the first ...

Stomach

... against the valve between the esophagus and stomach (lower esophageal sphincter , or LES). STOMACH ACID IN ESOPHAGUS A HE ALT H RISK, ME DIC ... infants , the valve at the upper end of the stomach (the esophageal sphincter ) hasn't closed properly. This should change by the end of the first ...

Tremor

... have not yet found a drug that works selectively on the urethra l sphincter muscle , but drugs used to reduce muscle spasm s or tremor s are sometimes used to help the sphincter relax. Some people experience other movement problems, including ...

Absorption

... secreted by the liver and stored in the gallbladder which normally is released into the duodenum portion of the small intestine through the sphincter of Oddi. Bile , released after a meal containing fats, aids in absorption ... remains in the stomach for one to six hours until it liquefies ...

Acid Reflux

... pain . Normally, acid reflux es into the esophagus in only small amounts for short periods of time. A muscle called the lower esophageal sphincter prevents excessive reflux . Strange Bedfellows: Acid Reflux and Sleep Apnea Discussing Sleep Problems With Your Doctor Snoring : Sonorous ...

Acute

... ). lymph node s; pancreatic plexus ; pancreatic polyp eptide; pancreatic pseudocyst ; pancreatic pseudocyst s; pancreatic RNase; pancreatic sphincter ; pancreatic steatorrhoea; pancreatic veins; pancreatin; pancreatitis ; pancreatitis , acute necrotizing; ... Acute A sudden onset of ...

Alpha

... -blockers work by blocking special sites on cells called alpha -receptors. These cells are found in the muscle s around blood vessels and in the sphincter muscle s that act as a valve at the opening of the bladder into the urethra . Alpha fetoprotein : Substance produced by the fetus that ...

Anal fissures

... colon cancer Trauma or foreign body ... Anal fissures , which are narrow tears that extends from the muscle s that control the anus (anal sphincter s) up into the anal canal. Colon polyps : small growths of excess tissue that often grow on a stem or stalk. You may be able to prevent anal ...

Barium

... to act as a contrast agent. Barium reveals the outlines of the esophagus in greater detail and makes it easier to see its constriction at the sphincter . Endoscopy . iodine-based dye, barium solution) may be administered prior to CT scan to allow organ s and structures to be seen more easily. ...

Biliary obstruction

... secreted by the liver and stored in the gallbladder which normally is released into the duodenum portion of the small intestine through the sphincter of Oddi. The preferred approach to biliary obstruction is percutaneous trans hepatic radiologic catheter bypass or endoscopic ally placed ...

Bile

... secreted by the liver and stored in the gallbladder which normally is released into the duodenum portion of the small intestine through the sphincter of Oddi. Bile is a by-product of protein metabolism which is created in the liver and excreted into the intestine s via the bile ....

Bladder

... by the liver and stored in the gall bladder which normally is released into the duodenum portion of the small intestine through the sphincter of Oddi. About 15 percent of the population will experience kidney or bladder stones during their life. This article covers the signs, ...

Burns

... foot conditions (e.g. The surgeon will pass a thin instrument through the urethra to de liver electrical or laser energy that burns away sphincter tissue . Possible complications include bleeding that requires a transfusion and rarely problems with erections. FDP's may be increased in ...

Caustic

... exposure to heat, electricity, radiation, or caustic chemicals. Three degrees of burn are commonly recognized. Sometimes the lower esophageal sphincter relaxes abnormally or weakens, allowing caustic stomach acids to back up into your esophagus (esophageal reflux ). contact with a caustic ...

Colds

... Leaking can happen when medicines affect any of these muscle s or nerve s. For instance, medicines to treat high blood pressure may make the sphincter muscle s too tight or too loose. Medicines to treat colds can have the same effect. medications, or other tactics, but some resistant ...

Delirium

... or reversible incontinence related to urinary tract infection , constipation , or delirium stress incontinence caused by weak pelvic and sphincter muscle s urge incontinence caused by damaged or irritable nerve s ... In its severest form, withdrawal combined with malnutrition can lead ...

Digestion

... secreted by the liver and stored in the gallbladder which normally is released into the duodenum portion of the small intestine through the sphincter of Oddi. Bile , released after a meal containing fats, aids in absorption and digestion of the ... Having something sweet at the end of a ...

Duodenum

... secreted by the liver and stored in the gallbladder which normally is released into the duodenum portion of the small intestine through the sphincter of Oddi. Unistep Plus Wall stent enteral endo prosthesis Stent for use for relief of malignant obstructions of the colon and duodenum as ...

Esophageal spasm

... or uncoordinated contraction s of the smooth muscle of the esophagus . Achalasia Diffuse esophageal spasm Hypertensive lower esophageal sphincter (the muscle at the end of the esophagus that allows food to pass into the stomach ) Nutcracker esophagus Scleroderma ... diffuse ...

Esophagus

... area; also referred to as the SVESC (Surgi- Vision esophageal stylet coil) ... Between the esophagus and stomach is the esophageal sphincter . This is a circular valve which can open and close. But its strength is damaged by drugs, tobacco (smoked or chewed), or certain foods . ...

Fits

... bit of the brain is affected. Common ones include: ... A cuff that fits around the bladder neck (or anal canal for the artificial rectal sphincter ) A pressure regulating balloon A pump that inflates the cuff ... This formula fits very well with the basic advice health advice of 20-30 ...

Gallbladder

... secreted by the liver and stored in the gallbladder which normally is released into the duodenum portion of the small intestine through the sphincter of Oddi. (mp-´m), persi stent purulent discharge into a cavity such as the pleura l space or the gallbladder . Empyema results as a ...

Heartburn

... where the acidic stomach contents back up into the esophagus causing pain in the chest area. This reflux usually occurs because the sphincter muscle between the esophagus and stomach is weakened. Heartburn may cause burping, nausea , or bloating . It often is worse after ...

Incontinence

... may occur as a result of weakened pelvic muscle s that support the bladder and urethra , or because of malfunction of the urethra l sphincter . Incontinence (Loss of Bladder Control) Bladder Control for Women Cystocele: Fallen Bladder Cystoscopy and Ureter oscopy ...
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