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Radiation in Medical Dictionary

Chemotherapy

... atopic dermatitis . When chemotherapy or radiation therapy reduces the numbers of neutrophil s ... s) is influenced by reproductive hormone s. radiation and chemotherapy have unpleasant side effects, ... of a cure. Side effects of chemotherapy and radiation therapy Further spread of the cancer ...

Chest X-ray

... the chest. An x-ray is a type of high-energy radiation that can go through the body and onto film, ... test that involves exposing the chest briefly to radiation to produce an image of the chest and the internal ... produced by cough ing. To put the risks of radiation from X-ray s into perspective: a four-hour ...

Chest X

... the chest. An x-ray is a type of high-energy radiation that can go through the body and onto film, ... test that involves exposing the chest briefly to radiation to produce an image of the chest and the internal ... produced by cough ing. To put the risks of radiation from X-ray s into perspective: a four-hour ...

Cobalt

... Cobalt Knife a.k.a. Cobalt Scalpel Focused radiation therapy system for noninvasive stereotactic ... (such as iridium and cobalt 60) release radiation energy as they break down. The trace minerals ... cadmium, fluoride, benzene, pesticides , ... radiation therapy Treatment using ...

CT

... rotates around your body and sends small doses of radiation through it at various angles. E CT OPIC ... and regulated to provide the minimum amount of radiation exposure needed to reproduce the image. SIDE ... of the body using X-ray s. Again the dose of radiation is dependent on the amount of slices that are ...

Enteritis

... is radiated, the normal intestine in the radiation field can be damaged. Gastro enteritis - ... eco mania ; econazole; economic botany; ... radiation Enteritis radiation Sickness Rapid Heartbeat Rapidly Progressive ...

Gamma

... Gamma ray: High-energy electromagnetic radiation emitted by certain radionuclides when their ... ganglion cyst ... gamma knife radiation therapy in which high-energy rays are aimed at a ... ... Gamma Knife Device provides 201 beams of radiation for treatment of multi ple types of brain ...

Gastrectomy

... [57,58] Patients who progress are treated with radiation therapy ,[59-61] rituximab,[62] surgery (total gastrectomy or partial gastrectomy plus radiation therapy ),[63] chemotherapy ,[47] or combined ... ( partial removal of the stomach ) High dose radiation therapy ... Related procedures include hand ...

Impotence

... or maintain an erection. intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT). A form of delivering external beam radiation that allows for more precise focusing of the radiation beams. Impotence , diarrhea , constipation ...

Injury

... therapies (such as OB/GYN surgeries, prior radiation or chemotherapy , and previous abdominopelvic ... Treatment s for prostate cancer , including radiation and prostate removal , can damage the nerve s ... of the joint capsule may produce swelling . radiation injury to the brachial plexus following ...

Inoperable

... ... In inoperable lung cancer , combining radiation with chemotherapy is proving to prolong the ... overall survival duration, or both compared to radiation alone. Blalock carried out the first ... or metastatic non-small cell lung cancer . radiation therapy is best reserved for older, debilitated ...

Mastectomy

... is a better choice than a lumpectomy followed by radiation in these instances: ... Mastectomy ... , sometimes called lumpectomy) followed by local radiation is often preferable. Many women who have had a ... for DCIS is a lumpectomy usually followed by radiation therapy or simple mastectomy with the removal ...

Prosthesis

... , or for treatment or diagnosis . implant radiation (ray-dee-AY-shun) ... FDA approved the Urolume ... , such as a penile prosthesis , ... radiation therapy may be used in addition to surgery . In ... cases of malignant lumps, lumpectomy followed by radiation therapy is as effective as a radical mastectomy ...

Radiation therapy

... radiation therapy — also called radiotherapy or ... such as gamma rays or X-ray s. radiation Therapy for Cancer : Questions and Answers Key Points radiation therapy uses ...

Radiation enteritis

... radiation enteritis Definition: Enteritis occurs when ... is radiated, the normal intestine in the radiation field can be damaged. Exposure of the abdomen to radiation can cause ...

Radioisotope

... test in which a two-dimensional picture of a radiation source in the biliary system is obtained by the ... or arm vein . There is a slight amount of radiation from the radioisotope . Most of this radiation exposure occurs to the kidney s and bladder as ...

Radon

... ... The most prominent source of environmental radiation is radon gas. This gas comes from radioactive ... In the UK, the majority of the background radiation we absorb comes from radon gas (roughly 58 per ... smoke, or passive smoking ) air pollution radiation at your job, for medical exams, or in your ...

Right

... vascular bundles on pelvic CT and evaluation of radiation dose to structures putatively involved in ... your family. A person who makes sure that the radiation machine delivers the right amount of radiation to the correct site in the body. The coronary ...

Sunburn

... to reduce time of exposure to high-intensity UV radiation (the sun is strongest from 11 am to 3 pm), ... ... caused by prolonged exposure to ultraviolet radiation from the sun, tanning beds or other sources. ... increases the risk for melanoma later. UVB radiation causes sunburn , and scientists have long ...

Tonsillectomy

... to remove the tonsils ( tonsillectomy ). radiation therapy . radiation therapy followed by surgery . Neck surgery ... neck dissect ion). Neck surgery followed by radiation therapy . If your child gets severe ...

Tumor

... a treatment for cancer in combination with radiation therapy . tumor necrosis therapy (TNT) ... , sometimes called lumpectomy) followed by local radiation is often preferable. Non- cancer ous tumor s, ... on the degree to which the tumor has spread. radiation therapy may be used in addition to surgery . ...

X-Ray

... X-ray : 1. High-energy radiation with waves shorter than those of visible light. ... conditions of the bone. X-RAY - A form of radiation (short wavelength on the electromagnetic ... X-ray s are a form of electromagnetic radiation like light, but of higher energy, so they can ...

Bone marrow transplant

... the body is destroyed with high doses of chemotherapy with or without radiation therapy . Bone marrow transplant ation is also sometimes used. In this ... into a patient who has been treated with high dose chemotherapy or radiation therapy . Patients may use their own marrow , which in some cases has ...

Bone tumors

... or blood clot Guide procedures such as surgery , biopsy and radiation Detect and monitor disease s such as cancer or heart disease ... ... , an orthopedic surgeon experienced in bone tumors , a pathologist, radiation oncologists, pediatric oncologists, rehabilitation specialists, ... ...

Brachial plexopathy

... Muscular Dystrophy (Landouzy-Dejerine) ... Late toxic effects of radiation therapy , though uncommon, can include radiation pneumonitis, cardiac events, arm edema , brachial plexopathy , and the ...

Brachial plexus

... nerve s ( nerve s that lie between a pair of adjacent ribs) ... radiation injury to the brachial plexus following adjuvant nodal radiation therapy is a rare clinical entity for breast cancer patients. The ...

Brain tumor

... tumor and brain cancer information and treatment s such as surgery , radiation therapy , and chemotherapy . Source:Government ... Brain Tumor : A ... tumor s sometimes can be treated with a form of laser treatment or radiation and often require surgery . Brain tumor Primary brain tumor ...

Carcinogen

... about the long-term carcinogen ic effects of psoralen and ultraviolet A radiation (PUVA) for treatment of skin disorders . Many authors have found an ... teratogen ic, mutagenic or carcinogen ic agents such as drugs, chemicals, radiation or infection paternal age over 55 years at the time of conception ... ...

Clubfoot

... Clubfoot Foreign body detection What the risks are: There is low-level radiation exposure. X-ray s are monitored and regulated to provide the minimum amount of radiation exposure needed to produce the image. However, there is an increased ...

Concomitant

... [8-11] In a meta-analysis of studies adding chemotherapy to radiation therapy in adults with nasopharyngeal carcinoma , concomitant chemotherapy plus radiation therapy offered a significant benefit for survival, locoregional disease ...

Cord blood

... own blood production system suppressed by anti cancer drugs, radiation therapy , or both. Getting More Stem Cells Out of Cord Blood Bathing ... cells from bone marrow or peripheral blood while a patent receives radiation and/or chemotherapy for malignant disease or immunologic disorders. ...

CT scan

... basis (i.e., does not require overnight hospitalization ). The amount of radiation used in a CT scan is low, and the procedure is considered to be safe. ... of many picture slices of the body using X-ray s. Again the dose of radiation is dependent on the amount of slices that are taken. CT SCAN (CT OR ...

Diabetic neuropathy

... Following gastrectomy ( partial removal of the stomach ) High dose radiation therapy ... GEN or unspecified; prefer specifics; /diag: consider also ... of the urethra pressure from nearby tumor s scarring from previous radiation therapy urinary tract infection cancer neuromuscular disorders, ...

Dissect

... drainage ... Lymph node dissect ion with or without mastectomy or radiation therapy to the breast with curative intent.[11] ... Aortic Dissect ... , painful swelling of the arm, can occur after node dissect ion or radiation treatment of the lymph node s. Common complications include a leaky ...

Eyes

... the eye or eye socket will occur. Eye late effects may be caused by radiation treatment s for certain childhood cancer s. Eyes , particularly the ... front of the eyeball), can be damaged easily by exposure to ultraviolet radiation from the sun and from other sources of ultraviolet light, such as a ...

Gestational age

... RDS (administered as soon as possible, ... Timing of the exposure to radiation relative to the gestational age of the fetus may be more critical than the actual dose of radiation delivered. the more premature an infant , and the smaller the birth ...

Hysterectomy

... salpingo- oophorectomy , and node sampling followed by postoperative radiation therapy . Preoperative intra cavitary and external-beam radiation therapy followed by hysterectomy and bi lateral salpingo- oophorectomy ...

Immune

... system function and symptoms related to cancer and treatment 76; 38 radiation therapy and chemotherapy plus acupuncture ; 38 radiation therapy and chemotherapy alone ... 2. Immune system activity - ...

Immune System

... system function and symptoms related to cancer and treatment 76; 38 radiation therapy and chemotherapy plus acupuncture ; 38 radiation therapy and chemotherapy alone ... 2. Immune system activity - ...

Intravenous

... decrease the risk of bone fractures and improve survival in myeloma . radiation therapy to treat tumor s in the bone ... Intravenous drug users ... nutrients when a person is unable to eat normally. total-body irradiation radiation therapy to the entire body. Usually followed by bone marrow or ...
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