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Protein in Medical Dictionary

Absorption

... reabsorbs substances such as glucose , protein s, and sodium which it had already secreted ... the failure to absorb specific sugar s, fats, protein s, or vitamins , or it can be a general mal ... megaloblastic anemia . The iron in the animal protein enhances absorption of the iron in the ...

Acid

... acid s are the main building blocks for human protein s. Amino acid : One of the 20 building blocks of protein . The sequence of amino acid s in a protein and, hence, the function of that ...

Albumin

... Albumin is the protein of the highest concentration in plasma . ... drugs). ALBUMIN - A small molecular weight protein , produced by the liver and a major component ... albumin is a test that measures the amount of protein in urine . Pictures & Images White Nail ...

Allergy

... like pollen or dust, by producing specific protein s called antibodies that are capable of binding ... 48 hours if colic is due to cow's milk protein allergy 4. Predigested protein is hypoallergenic CHARACTERISTICS: 1. Taste ...

Alpha

... the control of hypertension . Alpha -feto protein is a substance produced by the liver of a fetus . The exact function of this protein is unknown. After birth , the infant 's liver ... is an inherited condition where a person lacks a protein known as alpha -1-antitrypsin. There may be low ...

Alpha-1 antitrypsin

... (AATD) is a lack of alpha-1 antitrypsin , a protein made by the liver that is released into the ... ... Alpha-1 antitrypsin (AAT) is a protein that is made in the liver . The liver releases this protein into the blood stream. AAT helps protect the ...

Amino acids

... are organic compounds that combine to form protein s. When protein s are digested, amino acids are left . ... : The building blocks of polyp eptides and protein s. Search All of MedicineNet For: search help ...

Amyloidosis

... of disease s (called amyloidosis ) in which protein deposits (amyloid) accumulate in one or more ... characterized by the deposition of the fibrous protein "amyloid" in one or more locations within the ... disease characterized by abnormal deposits of protein in one or more organ s or body systems. ...

Antibody

... (Ig) Immunoglobulin s (antibodies) are protein s produced by plasma cells (or B-Cells , a type ... against red blood cells. Antibodies are protein s produced by the immune system . Normally, ... them to be destroyed. Antibody A special protein built by the body as a defense against foreign ...

Antigen

... Prostate -specific antigen ( PSA ) is a protein produced by the cells of the prostate gland . ... the immune system to produce antibodies (ie, protein s that fight antigen s). Antigen s are often ... as bacteria or virus es. CD34 antigen A protein found on the surface of some bone marrow and ...

Antiserum

... electrophoretogram (the paper graph used with protein electrophoresis ), which contains the unidentified protein . CRP is detected with the use of antiserum ... antigen ) in several tests that measure the protein and ...

Antithrombin III

... the amount of antithrombin III (AT III), a protein that helps prevent and regulate blood clotting. Antithrombin III is a protein in the blood that blocks the formation of ... transgenic form Antithrombin III is a plasma protein that helps prevent harmful blood clotting (for ...

Ascites

... AST (Aspertate Aminotransferase) - Enzyme or protein that leaks from the damaged liver . Measured in ... cavity ), increased albumin and blood protein , gastrointestinal disturbances, bleeding , ... regarded as a sign of liver failure from protein malnutrition and correlated on blood tests ...

Aspartic acid

... amino acid , one of the 20 building blocks of protein . A amino acid that is not essential to the human diet , aspartic acid was discovered in protein in 1868. It has a role as a neurotransmitter. ... This allows the body to process all dietary protein , even when the dietary ...

Bence-Jones protein

... Bence-Jones protein - quantitative Definition: This test measures the presence of Bence-Jones protein s (free immunoglobulin light chains) in urine . Since Bence-Jones protein s are relatively small, they can be filtered by ...

Beta

... name/ Connecticut ... BETA INTERFERON - A protein liberated by fibroblasts in response to a viral ... remove the large, complex beta -2-microglobulin protein s from the blood stream. CHEM OKINES: Also ... ism also contains a substance that resembles protein s found in the heart . Medications such as ...

Body weight

... cold , medication, and surgery . To do so, protein intake should be between 1 to 2 grams per ... (70-kilogram) person can eat 70 to 114 grams of protein per day. Eating more protein than that taxes the kidney s and can be ....

Bovine

... Bovine collagen (Zyderm, Zyplast) A protein which forms skin , bones and cartilage ; ... bovine lact albumin intolerance (cow's milk protein ) soy milk protein intolerance acrodermatitis entero pathica ...

Breast

... The surgical removal of the breast . These protein s phosphorylate the checkpoint kinases Chk1 and Chk2 and regulate numerous tumor suppressor protein s including p53 and the breast and ovarian cancer susceptibility protein BRCA1. THYMUS : A mass of gland ular ...

BUN

... of urea nitrogen (a breakdown product of protein metabolism ) in the blood . BUN ( Blood ... metabolic acidosis Urinalysis showing high protein levels (especially with kidney impairment) or ... Blood Urea Nitrogen ( BUN ) Blood carries protein to cells throughout the body. After the cells ...

Calorie

... diet : Total energy intake - 26 percent protein , 28 percent fat , 46 percent complex ... up more calorie s than the diet supplies. protein and calorie intake can be increased by intake ... or several small meals during the day. Liquid protein drinks may be helpful. (and there's NO ...

Candida

... of being involved in the disease or its protein product may suggest that it could be the ... to PPD (a skin test for tuberculosis protein ). The left arm represents a positive reaction to Candida protein . Candida vulvovaginitis also has been ...

Carbohydrates

... into blood sugar . Carbohydrates , protein s, and fats all contain calorie s When we eat, carbohydrates , protein s, and fats are digested and broken into smaller ... contain key nutrients ( vitamins , minerals , protein , carbohydrates , fat , and water). Whether ...

Celiac

... the inner lining of the small intestine to protein s (gluten). Celiac disease is a digestive condition triggered by consumption of the protein gluten, which is found in bread, pasta, cookies, ... (CD) is a lifelong intolerance to gluten, a protein found in wheat, oats, barley and rye. ...

Celiac disease

... condition triggered by consumption of the protein gluten, which is found in bread, pasta, cookies, ... (CD) is a lifelong intolerance to gluten, a protein found in wheat, oats, barley and rye. Celiac ... intestine is damagedfromeating gluten and other protein s found in wheat, barley, rye, and possibly oats. ...

Cell

... is a test that looks for characteristic marker protein s on the surface of B- lymphocyte s (a type of ... and fusion of secretory vesicles carrying protein s and lipid s to defined areas of the plasma ... is to break down carbohydrates , fats, and protein s into molecules small enough to be absorbed ...

Ceruloplasmin

... amount of ceruloplasmin (a copper-containing protein ) in blood serum . CERULOPLASMIN - A copper carrying protein in the blood stream. Lower than normal values ... Doctor Forums ] ... CERULOPLASMIN - Serum protein measured by labor atory to help in the ...

Chromosome

... A microscopic structure, made of a complex of protein s and DNA, that is found within each cell of ... gene on chromosome 13 responsible for making protein s necessary to properly use the element copper is ... Within 3 years, the scientists had isolated the protein s these two genes produce—polycystin-1 ...

Colic

... , sleeplessness, or colic due to cow's milk protein intolerance. 3. Provides results within 48 hours if colic is due to cow's milk protein allergy 4. In the absence of obvious ... gas are all symptoms that may be associated with protein allergy . Colic Colon cancer ...

Colic

... , sleeplessness, or colic due to cow's milk protein intolerance. 3. Provides results within 48 hours if colic is due to cow's milk protein allergy 4. In the absence of obvious ... gas are all symptoms that may be associated with protein allergy . Colic Colon cancer ...

Collagen

... ... Collagen is a strong, fibrous protein that lends strength and elasticity to ... vessels. Collagen is a fibrous type of protein that makes up your body's connective tissue s, ... ) ... collagen (KAHL-uh-jen): The major protein found in tissue s, cartilage , and bones. ...

Congenital protein C

... Congenital protein C or S deficiency Definition: These inherited ... of the Vitamin K -dependent plasma protein s C or S that are naturally occurring anticoagulants. - Congenital protein C or S Deficiency - DIC (Disseminated Intra ...

Connective tissue

... cell that makes and secretes collagen protein s. fibroid (FYE-broyd) A benign smooth- ... because of stiffness that occurs overnight. protein s help build and maintain muscle , bone, skin , ... They help fight disease and heal wounds . But protein s also break down into waste products that must ...

Consumption

... Home Care: ... The consumption of soybean protein c auses a decline in LDL cholesterol levels. ... of animal products, and intake of calcium and protein was investigated in the Netherlands Cohort ... with diabetes , excessive consumption of protein may be harmful. Experts recommend that people ...

C-reactive protein

... C-reactive protein Definition: C-reactive protein is a test that measures the concentration of a protein in serum that indicates acute inflammation ....

Creatinine

... urine . CREATININE - A waste product of protein metabolism that is found in the urine . Can ... (kree-AT-ih-nin): A waste product from meat protein in the diet and from the muscle s of the ... to the bottom of a test tube. CREATININE : A protein found in muscle s and blood and excreted by ...

Dialysis

... ... PRE- DIALYSIS DIET Eating a low- protein diet before starting dialysis may help preserve kidney function. protein restriction can delay the start of dialysis . ... healthcare provider will determine whether a low- protein diet would be useful. HEMO DIALYSIS : ...

Dietary recommendations

... fluid intake, restricting sodium , and reducing protein intake. A lower risk for calcium stones is ... Dietary recommendations include eating soy protein , which contains weak estrogen -like substances. The theory states that soy protein might compete with your body's own estrogen ...

Diet

... chronic kidney disease Definition: A low- protein diet is used in people with abnormal kidney ... and nutrition . Food 's building blocks ... protein and fat in your child's diet : protein and fat do not affect the body's blood ...

Disease

... antibodies targeted specifically against protein s on the foreign cells. Gum disease ( ... p49 3F12 kinase; p53; p53-activating kinase; p54 protein kinase; p57lck; p57 serine protein ase; p60 tumour necrosis factor ...
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