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Potassium in Medical Dictionary

ACTH

... signs: fasting glucose , elevated serum potassium , low ... Corticotropin ( ACTH ... blood pressure , stores sodium and excretes potassium . Water retention in the tissue s is another ... principally by plasma volume, serum potassium concentration and angiotensin II and to a lesser ...

Arrhythmias

... heart ( cardiac arrhythmias ). Low serum potassium ( hypokalemia ) occurs when serum potassium falls below 3.0 mM. Various arrhythmias ... arrhythmias and death . Normal blood potassium should be in the range of 3.8 to 5.0 ...

Chloride

... a mineral. Chloride , along with sodium and potassium , are known as the electrolyte minerals . ... which includes the measurement of the sodium , potassium , C02, and chloride concentrations in venous ... electrolytes in the human body are sodium , potassium , bicarbonate, chloride , magnesium, calcium ...

Digoxin

... muscle , enabling it to pump more efficiently potassium -sparing Diuretics — Helps the body retain potassium , an important mineral that is often lost when ... as digoxin , steroids and sedatives. The potassium -lowering effect of loop diuretics can upset the ...

Electrolytes

... electrolytes in the human body are sodium , potassium , bicarbonate, chloride , magnesium, calcium ... charged ions (cations) include sodium , potassium , calcium , and magnesium (usually drawn ... from the breakdown of salts, including sodium , potassium , magnesium, and chloride . The kidney s ...

Hyperkalemia

... HYPERKALEMIA : High levels of potassium in the blood . HYPERLIPIDEMIA: High levels of ... Joints ... Hyperkalemia (too much potassium in the blood ) in children (albuterol) Other ... for these uses. back to top ... High serum potassium ( hyperkalemia ) occurs at ...

Hypokalemia

... HYPOKALEMIA - Abnormal decrease in blood potassium concentration. Can result in cardiac arrhythmias and death . Normal blood potassium should be in the range of 3.8 to 5.0 ... Definition: Hypokalemia means low serum potassium (low blood levels of ...

Minerals

... can be measured, including sodium , potassium , calcium , and glucose . Primary ... changes affecting the transport of calcium , potassium , or other minerals ; impaired muscle energy ... Electrolytes are minerals , such as potassium , calcium , and sodium . A severe imbalance of ...

Muscle cramps

... ability to regulate body temperature potassium deficiency Heart arrhythmias ... ... or difficult breathing . Symptoms of low potassium may include muscle cramps and irregular heart beat. However, regular monitoring of potassium levels will ensure that a low ...

Potassium

... potassium excess: Too much potassium in the blood , usually because of kidney ... For further information, see: Hyperkalemia and potassium balance. ...

Potassium hydroxide

... or debris samples are placed on a slide with a potassium hydroxide (KOH) solution and gently heated. The ... > Health > Poison s & Overdoses > potassium Hydroxide : Poison ous Ingredient potassium Hydroxide - ... ...

Potato

... and Other Vegetables You can remove some of the potassium from potato es and other vegetables by peeling ... rabbit and game. Many foods are rich in potassium , including scallops, potato es, figs, bananas, ... A balanced diet generally contains enough potassium for the body's needs. For decades, sugar ...

Arrhythmia

... s and antiarrhythmics. The level drops if the kidney s excrete potassium into urine instead of returning it to the blood supply. Since potassium helps regulate nerve and muscle health and heart rate, low levels ...

Cardiac

... cardiac arrhythmia . The level drops if the kidney s excrete potassium into urine instead of returning it to the blood supply. Since potassium helps regulate nerve and muscle health and heart rate, low levels ...

Chlorine

... in the blood as acids, bases, and salts (such as sodium , calcium , potassium , chlorine , magnesium, and bicarbonate) and can be measured by labor ... carry an electrical charge). Electrolytes in the body include sodium , potassium , chlorine , ... Some physician s recommend swimming, since the moist ...

Dialysis

... for people being treated with medications (such as diuretics) that affect potassium levels and for people receiving kidney dialysis . Monitor the success of therapy to correct an abnormal high or low blood potassium level. Generalized pruritus is found in about 13% of all individuals ...

Hyperaldosteronism

... gland or a tumor containing that type of tissue . Low blood potassium levels can be caused by excessive production in the adrenal glands of ... " as in Liddle's Syndrome ) Hypokalemic periodic paralysis (low potassium during an episode of paralysis ) Cushing's syndrome (rare) ... ...

Paralysis

... and paralysis ... ... The level drops if the kidney s excrete potassium into urine instead of returning it to the blood supply. Since potassium helps regulate nerve and muscle health and heart rate, low levels ...

Urine pH

... treatment . Urine Odor Urine Output - Decreased Urine pH Urine potassium ( potassium - Urine ) Urine Protein - 24 Hour (24-Hour Urine Protein ) ... ...

Abuse

... laxative abuse is done, then rectal bleeding , bowel damage, and chronic diarrhea may result. Excessive laxative use removes an excess of potassium and sodium , leading to muscle spasm s, dehydration , and eventual cardiac arrest . Alcohol and drug abuse can cause ED by dam aging ...

Acid

... acid sequence (i.e. TVGYG and mutation s) responsible for the selection of the K+ ions and would model the selectivity filter found in the KcsA potassium channel structure. ...

Acidosis

... Metabolic acidosis (for example, caused by uncontrolled diabetes ) or alkalosis (for example, caused by excess vomiting ) can affect blood potassium . metabolic acidosis (met-ah-BOL-ik as-id-O-sis) A condition in which the blood is too acidic. It may be caused by severe illness or sepsis ...

Acute kidney failure

... myopathy within days to weeks, but severe cases may be fatal from acute kidney failure and disturbances in heart rhythm secondary to increased potassium levels. There are 2 kinds of kidney failure : acute (sudden) and chronic (long-lasting). If you have acute kidney failure , you may need ...

Adrenal glands

... working well. You have internal bleeding . You are taking certain types of blood pressure medicines that cause the body to hold onto extra potassium . Poorly functioning adrenal glands (ad renal insufficiency or Addison's disease ). Hypothyroidism . A condition (called diabetes ...

Aldosteronism

... " as with a tumor of the ad renal gland ; "Pseudo hyper aldosteronism " as in Liddle's Syndrome ) Hypokalemic periodic paralysis (low potassium during an episode of paralysis ) Cushing's syndrome (rare) ... Patients with primary hyper aldosteronism will haveincreased aldosterone ...

Aldosterone

... - an overproduction of the aldosterone hormone can lead to high blood pressure and to those symptoms associated with low levels of potassium (i.e., weakness , muscle aches , spasm s, and, sometimes, paralysis .) ... Examples of hormone s include aldosterone , antidiuretic ...

Amylase

... abnormally high levels of amylase (a digestive enzyme formed in the pancreas ) and changes in blood levels of calcium , magnesium, sodium , potassium , bicarbonate, sugar and fats. These include lipase, which helps to digest fat , and amylase that helps to digest starchy foods . It also ...

Angioedema

... implications. Dry cough . Rash or itching . Allergy like symptoms. Allergic reaction with generalized swelling ( angioedema ). Excess potassium in the body ( hyperkalemia ), especially in people with kidney failure . have kidney disease are taking a diuretic (water tablet) have a ...

Anterior

... mediastinotomy. Some also possess varying degrees of glucocorticoidactivity. Their secretion is regulated principally by plasma volume, serum potassium concentration and angiotensin II and to a lesser extent by anterior pituitary ACTH . ...

Antibody

... Lyme Disease Serology ( Lyme Disease Antibody ) Lyme Disease Antibody Lymph Node Biopsy Lymph Node Culture Lytes ( Sodium ) Lytes ( potassium ) ... These types are distinguished from Rheumatoid arthritis primarily by the absence of a particular antibody found in the blood of most ...

Autoimmune thyroiditis

... lymph ocytic thyroiditis ; Autoimmune thyroiditis Causes, incidence , and risk factors: Text Continued Below ... You shouldn't take potassium iodide if you have multi nodular goiter , Graves' disease or autoimmune thyroiditis . A healthy diet . A diet high in fruits and vegetables ...

Bleeding

... which may cause amenorrhea , as well as other symptoms that can include the other extreme with excessive bleeding ( menorrhagia ). ALUM: potassium aluminum sulfate, or ammonium aluminum sulfate, used especially as an emetic (an agent that induces vomiting ), an astringent (a substance that ...

Bone disorders

... and kidney stones . Children with this disorder would likely receive large doses of oral alkali, such as sodium bicarbonate or potassium citrate, to treat acidosis and prevent bone disorders , kidney stones , and growth failure. acute trauma of the head and face acute ...

Cobalt

... Many of these minerals are parts of other compounds in the body. The positive reactions were most noted for cobalt sulphate (118 cases, 6.4%), potassium dichromate (115 cases, 16.0%), nickel chloride (108 cases, 15.0%) mercuric chloride (106 cases, 14.7%), Beihai detergent powder (63 cases, 8.8%), ...

Crush injury

... which include the abuse of drugs such as heroin, cocaine , or amphetamine s; trauma with crush injury ; the depletion of phosphate or potassium ; ... ...

Diarrhea

... smell something awful and feel something wet all over your hand . OK, a diaper blowout, you think. Watery diarrhea Hypokalemia (low blood potassium ), which can cause leg cramps Low acid in the stomach Dehydration Abdominal pain and cramp ing Weight loss Facial flushing or redness ......

Dietary recommendations

... are increasing fluid intake, restricting sodium , and reducing protein intake. A lower risk for calcium stones is also associated with higher potassium intake. Dietary recommendations include eating soy protein , which contains weak estrogen -like substances. The theory states that soy ...

Diet

... diet is used in people with abnormal kidney function to prevent worsening of their kidney disease . The diet is often low in sodium and potassium as well. DIET PILLS NOT A GOOD IDEA FOR NURSING MOM -- OR THE REST OF US Question: Are there certain medications or dietary supplements to ...

Digestive problems

... problems , inadequate absorption of fats, after-meal stomach pain , and thinness. Body sweat will have very large amounts of sodium , potassium , and chloride salts. Any, or all, of these symptoms may occur. management of digestive problems , which may involve: appropriate diet ...

Digit

... digit alis, amphetamine s, and anti tumor medicines ( chemotherapy ) a high level of calcium in the blood ( hypercalcemia ) a low level of potassium in the blood ( hypokalemia ) alcohol abuse viral hepatitis (an infection of the liver ) ... Digit al photographs were taken of the ...
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