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Pituitary in Medical Dictionary

Acromegaly

... release of a particular chemical from the pituitary gland in the brain causes increased growth in ... of growth hormone produced by the pituitary gland . ACROMEGALY - A condition that ... growth hormone in the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland . Acromegaly Definition: Acromegaly ...

ACTH

... ACTH -producing tumor - This pituitary tumor , which also is called a basophilic ... hormone ( ACTH ). ACTH is produced in the pituitary gland in response to the release of another ... Adrenocorticotropic hormone . Produced by the pituitary gland , which stimulates the adrenal glands to ...

Adenoma

... grow very slowly and do not spread from the pituitary gland to other parts of the body. villous ... ular tissue . For example, an adenoma of the pituitary gland may cause it to produce abnormal amounts ... caused by a noncancerous tumor of the pituitary gland ( adenoma ). Dietary fibre and ...

Anterior

... hGH is produced in the anterior portion of the pituitary gland by somatotrophs under the control of ... do. A hormone secreted by the anterior pituitary gland , responsible for stimulating ovulation ... depend on its secretions for stimulation. The pituitary has two distinct lobes, anterior and posterior ...

Cortisol

... The production of cortisol is triggered by the pituitary hormone ACTH . Cortisol is a glucocorticoid ... that controls the ad renal gland , by the pituitary gland , which stimulates the adrenal glands to ... A deficiency of growth hormone from the pituitary gland or of cortisol from the adrenal glands ...

Craniopharyngioma

... from embryonic tissue that forms part of the pituitary gland . A craniopharyngioma is a tumor that develops in the region of the pituitary gland (the main endocrine gland , which is ... Craniopharyngioma : Tumor located near the pituitary stalk. Often close to vital structure, making ...

Diabetes insipidus

... s as a result of decreased production of the pituitary hormone vasopressin (an antidiuretic hormone ... insipidus A metabolic disorder in which the pituitary gland produces inadequate amounts of ... indicate: diabetes insipidus or damage to the pituitary gland . ...

Dwarfism

... hormone , usually due to malfunction of the pituitary gland . pituitary dwarfism involves abnormally short stature ... Get our RSS news feed ... Dwarfism , pituitary Short stature . When caused by inadequate amounts ...

Endocrine glands

... and can cause tumor s in the parathyroid and pituitary gland s and the pancreas . The Carney complex ... estrogen s, aldosterone , and cortisol . pituitary gland The pituitary is the most important of the endocrine glands ( ...

FSH

... an autosomal dominant manner. It causes the pituitary gland to release more FSH and LH, which ... hormone s normally produced in the brain by the pituitary gland , may stimulate the underdeveloped ova to ... (part of the brain). GnRH causes the pituitary gland to make luteinizing hormone (LH) and ...

Gigantism

... release of a particular chemical from the pituitary gland in the brain causes increased growth in ... or gigantism . It's more common, however, for pituitary tumours to occur in adulthood. Acromegaly ... arms and legs makes the child unusually tall. pituitary adenoma s can produce excess growth hormone . ...

Gonad

... adrenal hyperplasia . In puberty , the pituitary gland increases its production of gonad ... luteinizing hormone -releasing hormone ) on the pituitary gland , ... Gonad otropin-releasing hormone ... ... Treatment with clomiphene induces the pituitary gland to produce more FSH , which in turn ...

Growth hormone

... deficiency of growth hormone produced by the pituitary gland to stimulate the body to grow. Growth ... hormone which is released from the anterior pituitary gland . Growth hormone stimulates growth in ... Growth hormone does what it says The pituitary gland is responsible for producing many ...

Hormone

... hormone which is released from the anterior pituitary gland . Growth hormone stimulates growth in ... Growth hormone s are produced by the pituitary gland , which is attached to the hypothalamus (a part of the brain that affects the pituitary gland ) located at the base of the brain. ...

Hypopituitarism

... Hypopituitarism , also called an underactive pituitary gland , is a condition that affects the anterior (front) lobe of the pituitary gland - usually resulting in a partial or ... may be caused by tumor s of the pituitary gland or hypothalamus , head trauma , brain ...

Hypothalamus

... for temperature regulation and control of the pituitary gland . hypothermia ... Hypothalamus The ... by the brain's hypothalamus and in the pituitary gland below the brain. Production of thyroid ... , hormone production by the hypothalamus and pituitary gland s (two organ s within the brain) increases ...

Luteinizing hormone

... urine . Luteinizing hormone is produced by the pituitary gland . See an illustration of the pituitary gland . Alternate Names : Luteinizing Hormone ... hormone A hormone secreted by the anterior pituitary gland , responsible for stimulating ovulation ...

Pituitary gland

... pituitary gland Sheehan's syndrome is a rare condition involving the pituitary gland that can occur in women after severe blood loss during childbirth . pituitary gland The ...

Pituitary dwarfism

... pituitary dwarfism : Dwarfism caused by a lack of growth hormone , usually due to malfunction of the pituitary gland . pituitary dwarfism involves abnormally short stature ...

Pituitary tumor

... These pituitary tumor s may be either functioning or nonfunctioning. Tumor s that make one or more of the pituitary hormone s are called functioning tumor s, while ... hormone s are called nonfunctioning tumor s. pituitary tumor s are abnormal growths in the ...

Prolactin

... Prolactin oma is the most common type of pituitary adenoma and is also referred to as a prolactin ... These tumor s account for at least 30% of all pituitary adenoma s. Prolactin is also known as the ... which a noncancerous tumor ( adenoma ) of the pituitary gland in your brain overproduces the hormone ...

Prolactinoma

... Prolactinoma is the most common type of pituitary adenoma and is also referred to as a prolactin ... These tumor s account for at least 30% of all pituitary adenoma s. Prolactinoma is one type of tumor that develops in the pituitary gland . The cause of ...

TSH

... hormone , a hormone produced by the pituitary gland at the base of the brain in response to ... produced in the hypothalamus , stimulates the pituitary gland to release TSH . TSH subsequently ... with the receptor and mimics the action of the pituitary hormone TSH . TSH Thyroid-stimulating ...

Tumor

... or back pain . When tumor s develop in the pituitary gland , they are usually small, localized, ... that start in one type of hormone -producing pituitary cells. Pseudo tumor cerebri is a condition ... in addition to surgery . 9. Although rare, a pituitary tumor (a usually benign tumor ) can cause ...

ADH

... ADH (antidiuretic hormone ): A peptide molecule that is released by the pituitary gland at the base of the brain after being made nearby (in the ... . ADH Antidiuretic hormone . One of the hormone s produced by the pituitary gland . A shortage of this hormone causes increased loss of body fluids ...

Benign

... which are non cancer . These grow very slowly and do not spread from the pituitary gland to other parts of the body. benign , slow-growing, painless ... parts of the body. This is called a metastasis . 9. Although rare, a pituitary tumor (a usually benign tumor ) can cause an overproduction of ...

Down syndrome

... disorder Endocrine disease s, including problems with the thyroid, pituitary ( pituitary dwarfism ), ad renal , pancreas , or sexual glands ... Moreover, no ...

Endocrine

... : Understanding Hyperthyroidism Summary & Participants ... pituitary - The pituitary gland is located at the base of the brain. No larger than a pea, the ...

Hormone levels

... the reproductive hormone s, thyroid hormone s, ad renal hormone s, pituitary hormone s, and many others. Low sex hormone levels 'increases death ... changes, such as high levels of sodium and simple sugar s ... pituitary thyroid-stimulating- hormone ( TSH ) levels are low in these patients, ...

Hypothalamic

... . This area is located behind the eyes and helps control the pituitary gland , particularly in response to stress . Larger hypothalamic ... ovary or testes . These scans should be repeated periodically, because pituitary and hypothalamic tumor s grow slowly and may not be ... Alcohol ...

Primary brain tumor

... brain tumor s Structural abnormality of the brain, ventricle s, pituitary gland pituitary masses Lesion s or masses (any location) Acoustic neuroma Optic ...

Serum calcium

... is increased. Parathyroid biopsy shows tumor or hyperplasia pituitary evaluation may reveal the following signs: Cranial CT scan or MRI of head may reveal a pituitary tumor . Serum calcium . May be low due to vitamin D and amino acid ...

Short stature

... follow the family's inherited short stature (shortness). Dwarfism , pituitary Short stature . When caused by inadequate amounts of growth hormone (as ... use is often avoided. Growth hormone deficiency is sometimes called pituitary dwarfism . Syndrome , Coffin-Lowry: An X-linked form of mental ...

Testosterone

... The FSH and testosterone levels are both lower than normal if a man's pituitary gland is not making enough hormone s or if the hypothalamus (another ... often effective in restoring normal sexual function. In puberty , the pituitary gland increases its production of gonad otropins, which in turn ...

Thyroxine

... ... Thyroxine (T4) is produced by your thyroid gland when the pituitary gland releases thyroid-stimulating hormone . Only a small amount of ... which thyroxine and triiodothyronine are released is controlled by your pituitary gland and your hypothalamus — an area at the base of your brain ...

Visual field

... the nerve to the eyes , sits right , very close to the top of the pituitary gland . And if the pituitary gland enlarges, it can press on the optic chiasm and cause visual field ...

Acoustic

... radio surgery is mostly used in the treatment of small benign and malignant brain tumors (including meningioma s, acoustic neuroma s, and pituitary cancer ). Most people don't need any treatment but surgery may be necessary to remove some tumours (such as acoustic neuroma s or brain ...

Acoustic neuroma

... radio surgery is mostly used in the treatment of small benign and malignant brain tumors (including meningioma s, acoustic neuroma s, and pituitary cancer ). Acoustic neuroma ACP (American College of Physician s) Acquired Acquired deafness Acquired epileptiform aphasia Acquired ...

Acute adrenal crisis

... , sweating , abdominal pain , nausea and vomiting , or even loss of consciousness . Acute adrenal crisis Ectopic Cushing's syndrome pituitary Cushing's (Cushing's disease ) What the risks are: ... ...

Acute

... or disease . Adenocarcinoma See Carcinoma . Adenoma A benign tumor made up of gland ular tissue . For example, an adenoma of the pituitary gland may cause it to produce abnormal amounts of hormone s. Bronchiolitis , Viral - An acute inflammatory disease of the upper ...
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