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Muscle in Medical Dictionary

Abdomen

... from the chest by the diaphragm , the powerful muscle spanning the body cavity below the lungs . ... abdomen and chest are separated by a sheetlike muscle called the diaphragm . The esophagus passes ... skin rashes , tiredness, or joint pain . The muscle s of the abdomen must have a small gap through ...

Achalasia

... of the throat down into the stomach . A ring of muscle called the lower esophageal sphincter ... Achalasia is an uncommon disorder of the smooth muscle of the esophagus , the muscular tube that ... . This occurs when your lower esophageal muscle ( sphincter ) doesn't relax properly to let ...

Achilles Tendon

... of the ankle that connects the powerful calf muscle s to the heel bone (calcaneus). Achilles ... by: overuse of the Achilles tendon tight calf muscle s tight Achilles tendon s lots of uphill ... large tendon that connects the two major calf muscle s to the back of the heel bone. When the calf ...

Agitation

... ; change in taste ; dry eyes ; excessive muscle tone; feeling of constant movement of self or ... Anxiety , agitation , or hyperactivity . muscle tremor s. Rapid heartbeat . Nausea or ... abnormal sucking in of the chest and abdominal muscle s (retractions) as the child struggles to take a ...

Alpha

... that blocks receptors in arteries and smooth muscle . This action relaxes the blood vessels and ... the alpha 1-receptors of vascular smooth muscle , thus preventing the uptake of catecholamines by the smooth muscle cells. This causes vasodilation and allows ...

ALS

... taste and touch. It doesn't affect involuntary muscle s, such as the muscle s that control heart beat and bladder and ... nerve s (lower motor neuron s) that control muscle movement . ALS is one of a group of ...

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

... attacks the nerve cells that control voluntary muscle s. It may begin with muscle twitching or weakness in an arm or leg. ... for supplying electrical stimulation to the muscle s. AMYOTROPHIC LATERAL SCLEROSIS ( ALS ) - A ...

Anaerobic

... when there is not enough oxygen in the muscle s. As a result, fats cannot be used for energy ... of anaerobic exercise that often increases muscle mass, tones muscle s, and increases strength. Respiratory di ...

Anaerobic exercise

... of anaerobic exercise that often increases muscle mass, tones muscle s, and increases strength. Respiratory di ... This is due to lactic acid building up in the muscle s (a product of anaerobic exercise ) which will ...

Angina

... by chest pain that occurs when the muscle s of the heart receive an insufficient supply ... (one of the vessels that supply the heart muscle with blood rich in oxygen ) depriving the heart muscle (myocardium) of blood and oxygen . Angina ...

Anterior

... body. It depends on four ligament s and other muscle s and tendon s to function properly. ... ... Serratus anterior : One of the serratus muscle s of the back and thorax . The serrautus ... Compartment Syndrome (ACS) When walking , the muscle s in the front of the leg help slow the forefoot ...

Anti

... pain and inflammation . Anti - smooth muscle anti body Powered by: This information is ... fever , ease headache , reduce joint and muscle pain , and relieve serositis ( inflammation of ... are generally not very helpful in treating the muscle pain associated with fibromyalgia . Small ...

Apgar score

... the adequacy of respiration , heart action, muscle tone, skin color , and reflexes. Total ... at birth , based on heart rate, breathing , muscle tone, color and reflex irritability . aphagia ... at increased risk for CP. Presence of abnormal muscle tone or movement s may indicate CP, as may the ...

AST

... . AST is in high concentration in heart muscle , liver cells, skeletal muscle cells, and to a lesser degree, in other tissue ... as well as a gauge of damage to the heart , muscle , brain, and kidney ) white blood count over ...

Ataxia

... problem. The term " ataxia " describes a lack of muscle coordination when performing voluntary movement ... lack of coordination of the voluntary muscle s resulting in irregular movement s of the body. ... to be expressed. ATAXIA : Lack of voluntary muscle coordination. ATTENUATED: Weakened or decreased. ...

Athetosis

... condition marked by slow, writhing, involuntary muscle movement s. Basal gangliaA section of the brain ... The slow sinuous twisting movement s of muscle s ( athetosis ) or sustained muscle contraction ( dystonia ) may be caused by a ...

Atrophy

... normal size. Temporary atrophy may occur in muscle s that are not used, as when a limb is encased ... ATROPHY - A wasting of a body tissue (e.g. muscle , brain) tissue that can be seen with advanced ... atrophy is the decrease in size and wasting of muscle tissue . ...

Back Pain

... felt in your lower back may come from the spine, muscle s, nerve s, or other structures in that region. ... association with a number of causes, including muscle strain , injury to the back, overuse, muscle disorders, pressure on a nerve root, poor ...

Biceps

... Biceps : The biceps is a muscle that has two heads or origins. In Latin, biceps ... Short head: ORIGIN: Apex, ... The biceps muscle bends the arm at the elbow and rotates the ... of the spine and cerebral cortex. biceps A muscle having two heads. The most familiar is the large ...

Biofeedback

... blood pressure , skin temperature , and muscle tension. Biofeedback uses your mind to ... automatic body functions such as heart rate, muscle tension, breathing , perspiration, skin ... to track when your bladder and urethra l muscle s contract, you can gain control over these ...

Bladder Problems

... ? Yes. Women who exercise certain pelvic muscle s have fewer bladder problems later on. These muscle s are called pelvic floor muscle s. If you plan to have a baby, talk to your ...

Blepharospasm

... is an involuntary contraction of one of the muscle s that controls the eyelids, causing them to ... a blepharospasm . It happends whenyour eyelid muscle s repeatedly and rhythmically contract. In some ... Alternative Names: ... Spasm s of the muscle close to the eye ( blepharospasm ) Inability ...

Blood clots

... artery . When this happens, the heart muscle will no longer receive an adequate supply of oxygen -rich blood , and the heart muscle can be damaged. Blood clots . Clots can ... tumor s in internal structures (e.g., bones, muscle s, organ s, soft tissue ). increase the ...

Blood

... primarily by the contraction of the heart muscle . It's measurement is recorded by two numbers. ... low levels of calcium . Tetany (prolonged muscle spasm ) may occur if serum levels of calcium ... coronary arteries supply blood to the heart muscle . The right coronary artery supplies both the ...

Brain Injury

... ) ... disease s that affect the nerve s and muscle s, such as a stroke , tumor , nerve injury , ... or poor function of the tongue or the muscle s in the throat and esophagus large tonsils ... their brain injury is and how big it is, their muscle tone may be too tight, too loose, or a ...

Breathing

... use of your entire lung and keep your chest muscle s active. They allow you to get more oxygen ... abnormal sucking in of the chest and abdominal muscle s (retractions) as the child struggles to take a ... so that an increased flow of blood reaches the muscle s and allows them to cope with the demands of ...

Bronchospasm

... due to contraction of smooth airway muscle . For treating bronchospasm : Adults and ... reversible obstructive airway disease . muscle s within the breathing passages contract ( ... airway s, and reversible tightening of the tiny muscle s that surround the airway s ( bronchospasm ). ...

Bursa

... between tendon and bone, skin and bone, and muscle s. What is a “ Knee Joint and Bursa ... cavities near joints where tendon s or muscle s pass over bony projections. They assist ... tissue s"including bone, tendon , ligament , muscle , or skin "rub against one another. bursa s ...

Bursitis

... the movement between the bones, tendon s and muscle s near the joints . BURSITIS - Refers to ... lines many joints and allows tendon s and muscle s to move easily when the joint is moving. In ... ... Inflammation (like a bursitis from muscle s or tissue s rubbing over the osteochondroma) ...

Cachexia

... : Physical wasting with loss of weight and muscle mass caused by disease . Patients with advanced ... weakness and a loss of weight, fat , and muscle . CACHEXIA : General ill health and ... (ka-KEK-see-a) Loss of body weight and muscle mass, and weakness that may occur in patients ...

Cardiomyopathy

... Cardiomyopathy is any disease of the heart muscle in which the heart loses its ability to pump ... Cardiomyopathy is a disease of the heart muscle . The name comes from the roots "cardio" meaning heart , "myo" meaning muscle and "pathy" meaning disease . ...

Cerebral palsy

... of the brain. Cerebral palsy may involve muscle stiffness ( spasticity ), poor muscle tone, uncontrolled movement s, and problems ... of disorders that cause problems with using your muscle s and moving your body. Cerebral palsy is ...

CBC

... a cell . CBC (increased eosinophil s) muscle biopsy (trichinella cysts are seen in the muscle ) Serology studies CPK (may show elevated levels of muscle enzyme s) ... CBC and blood chemistries ...

Central nervous system

... rings called vertebrae , joined together by muscle s and ligament s. Central Nervous System ... pain relievers; seizure medicines; muscle relaxants; sleeping pills; ... central ... to six months after the initial strep throat , muscle weakness and poor coordination may develop, ...

Cerebellum

... is the part of the brain that coordinates muscle movement s and provides accuracy and harmony to ... The cerebellum helps co-ordinate movement , muscle s, balance and posture. Both brain stem and ... nerve s (connecting the cerebellum to the muscle groups) can interfere with the fine tuning of ...

Chest pain

... from inadequate oxygen supply to the heart muscle . Angina can be caused by coronary artery ... by decreased oxygen delivery to the heart muscle . angioma A noncancerous tumor made up of ... poor blood flow and oxygen supply to heart muscle ), arrhythmias (an irregular heart beat) and ...

Chill

... s , shaking Warm skin , sweating Fatigue muscle aches , pains ( myalgia s) General ill feeling ( ... , yellow skin or eyes , joint pain , muscle aches or pains--especially if these symptoms ... have chill s , headaches , dizziness , or muscle aches . You have a high temperature . You have ...

Chills

... , shaking Warm skin , sweating Fatigue muscle aches , pains ( myalgia s) General ill feeling ( ... , yellow skin or eyes , joint pain , muscle aches or pains--especially if these symptoms ... You have chills , headaches , dizziness , or muscle aches . You have a high temperature . You have ...

Cilia

... (aqueous humor). It also contains the cilia ry muscle , which changes the shape of the lens when your ... ry body A structure in the eye that contains muscle s which will affect the focusing of the lens . ... a headache , due to spasm of the cilia ry muscle . This may be more severe in the first 2-4 ...

Clavicle

... to ease your pain and relax your shoulder muscle s. One can start behind the ear and trace the muscle to the clavicle . Nodes generally are deep and medial to the muscle , which is kneaded to try to find the nodes. ...
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