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Molecule in Medical Dictionary

Hemoglobin

... protein found in every red blood cell . Hemoglobin , a protein molecule present in all red blood cells, is responsible for transporting oxygen ... of hemoglobin in a volume of blood . Hemoglobin is the protein molecule within red blood cells that carries oxygen and gives blood its red ...

ADH

... Names: Arginine vasopressin; Antidiuretic hormone ; AVP; Vasopressin How the test is performed: ... ADH (antidiuretic hormone ): A peptide molecule that is released by the pituitary gland at the base of the brain after being made nearby (in the hypothalamus ). ADH D medications: Are they ...

Adhesion

... a rigid deformity. Surgery is necessary in these cases. Baer MR, Stewart CC, Lawrence D, et al.: Expression of the neural cell adhesion molecule CD56 is associated with short remission duration and survival in acute myeloid leukemia with t(8;21)(q22;q22). Blood 90 (4): 1643-8, 1997. ...

Amino acids

... search help Printer-Friendly Format ... Amino Acids Peptides Peptides Protein s Glycoproteins Amino Acid (a.a.) Monoamine Small organic molecule containing both a carboxyl group and an amino group bonded to the same carbon atom. Amino acids are molecules that (in technical terms) contain ...

Antibiotics

... ear infections are described as: ... An anti cancer drug that belongs to the family of drugs called antineoplastic antibiotics . receptor A molecule inside or on the surface of a cell that binds to a specific substance and causes a specific physiologic effect in the cell . Complications that ...

Antibody

... identifying them for attack by the immune system . ANTIEMETIC: A drug used to treat nausea or vomiting . antibody (AN-tee-BOD-ee): A molecule that protects the body against disease by attacking foreign tissue s or organ isms. Antibodies are also called immunoglobulin s. - Antibody ...

Central nervous system

... Ceresine (previously CPC-211) An investigational cytoprotective drug for the prevention of central nervous system ischemia . Ceresine, a small molecule drug , reduces the accumulation of lactic acid in the brain that occurs after head injury or stroke . The syndrome can affect the central ...

Deficiency

... known form of nutrition al disorder in the world, iron deficiency results in anemia because iron is necessary to make hemoglobin , key molecule in red blood cells responsible for the transport of oxygen . G6PD deficiency is the most common enzyme deficiency in the world, with ...

Diphtheria

... to transferrin (a protein that binds to and is taken up by rapidly growing cells, such as tumor cells). Once inside, the toxin portion of the molecule kills the tumor cells. Miscellaneous -- measles , congenital syphilis , diphtheria , nasal polyps ( benign growths), overuse of ...

Enzyme

... Source: PR Newswire - 07/25/00. Amylase is an enzyme that is filtered out of the blood by the kidney s. Macro amylase is a larger molecule consisting of amylase bound to a protein (an auto antibody ). Unlike amylase , macro amylase is filtered very slowly from the blood by the ...

Epstein

... lymphoma , immunoblastic lymphoma , and nasopharyngeal carcinoma . ecchymosis ... Epstein -Barr Virus May Trigger Multiple Sclerosis molecule May Drive Multiple Sclerosis -Linked Disorder Multiple Sclerosis : Blocking Fat Hormone Might Slow MS Multiple Sclerosis Drug to Return ...

Epstein-barr Virus

... lymphoma , immunoblastic lymphoma , and nasopharyngeal carcinoma . ecchymosis ... Epstein-Barr Virus May Trigger Multiple Sclerosis molecule May Drive Multiple Sclerosis -Linked Disorder Multiple Sclerosis : Blocking Fat Hormone Might Slow MS Multiple Sclerosis Drug to Return ...

Genes

... carotdea; radiografa de la arteria izquierda E stenosis carotdea; radiografa de la arteria derecha ... DNA: Genes are composed of DNA, a molecule in the memorable shape of a double helix, a spiral ladder. Each rung of the spiral ladder consists of two paired chemicals called bases. There are ...

Head Injury

... injury , the cause usually is clear. Other clues to the cause of coma may be available from the people who called for help. Ceresine, a small molecule drug , reduces the accumulation of lactic acid in the brain that occurs after head injury or stroke . the failure to remember events ...

Hemoglobinuria

... nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) Definition: Paroxysm al nocturnal hemoglobinuria is a rare, acquired disorder of blood cells in whicha specific molecule on the surface of the cells leads to premature destruction of the cells. paroxysm al nocturnal hemoglobinuria (dark urine in the morning that ...

Hemophilia B

... or manage your subscriptions ... hemophilia B - caused by a deficiency of factor IX. von Willebrand disease - a part of the factor VIII molecule known as von Willebrand factor or ristocetin cofactor is reduced. There is no cure for hemophilia b ut there are treatment s that can allow a ...

Hyaline Membrane Disease

... (RDS): Formerly known as hyaline membrane disease , a syndrome of respiratory difficulty in newborn infants caused by a deficiency of a molecule called surfactant . (These membrane s are very prominent in premature infant s who develop respiratory di stress syndrome ; it is often ...

Hypothalamus

... infection , radiotherapy, or surgery to the gland ; or following a head injury . Antidiuretic hormone ( ADH ): A relatively small (peptide) molecule that is released by the pituitary gland at the base of the brain after being made nearby (in the hypothalamus ). it increases water and ...

Immunoglobulin

... environmental and food allergen s. RF is an antibody that attaches to a substance in the body called immunoglobulin G (IgG), forming a molecule known as an immune complex. This immune complex can activate various inflammatory processes in the body. The B cell , or B lymphocyte , is ...

Injury

... bruising , sexually moles ting, or restraining. Sexual abuse is the infliction of non-consensual sexual contact of any kind. Ceresine, a small molecule drug , reduces the accumulation of lactic acid in the brain that occurs after head injury or stroke . HOW CAN THE PEDIATRICIAN TELL IF MY ...

Iron deficiency

... common known form of nutrition al disorder in the world, iron deficiency results in anemia because iron is necessary to make hemoglobin , key molecule in red blood cells responsible for the transport of oxygen . Iron deficiency anemia Definition: Anemia is a condition where red blood ...

Iron deficiency anemia

... common known form of nutrition al disorder in the world, iron deficiency results in anemia because iron is necessary to make hemoglobin , key molecule in red blood cells responsible for the transport of oxygen . Iron deficiency anemia Definition: Anemia is a condition where red blood ...

Keratin

... of monocyte s / macrophage s , Langerhans cells , astrocytes, keratin ocytes and glial cells. HIV invades cells by attaching itself to the CD4 molecule (CD4 receptor). euglobulin clot lysis time; euglycaemia; euglycaemic; eugnathia; eugnathic anomaly ; eugnosia; eugonic; Eugregarinida; ...

LDL

... is a test that measures the amount of low-density lipoprotein ( LDL ) cholesterol in blood serum . LDL (low-density lipoprotein ): A molecule that is a combination of lipid ( fat ) and protein . Lipoprotein s are the form in which lipid s are transported in the blood . V LDL ...

Metabolize

... increase in the frequency of benign liver tumor s may exist, particularly after 4-8 years of birth control pill use. This simple sugar molecule is produced when the foods that we eat are metabolize d. These people cannot metabolize foods that contain large amounts of phenylalanine ...

Organic

... Minerals are needed in small amounts to support human life. Information ... Kidney Parts and Organic Substances antibody (AN-tee-BOD-ee): A molecule that protects the body against disease by attacking foreign tissue s or organ isms. Antibodies are also called immunoglobulin s. Murmur s ...

Oxygen

... out at high pressure into the arteries. The high pressure is generated by powerful contraction of the heart muscle . The oxygen -carrying molecule in red blood cells. hemolysis The destruction of red blood cells. While oxygen therapy is often recommended for patients with emphysema , ...

Pallor

... suggests intestinal motility dysfunction. headaches pallor nausea dizziness ... because iron is necessary to make hemoglobin , key molecule in red blood cells responsible for the transport of oxygen . In iron deficiency anemia , the red cells appear abnormal and are unusually small ...

Paroxysm

... nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) Definition: Paroxysm al nocturnal hemoglobinuria is a rare, acquired disorder of blood cells in whicha specific molecule on the surface of the cells leads to premature destruction of the cells. Paroxysm al atria l tachycardia : Abbreviated PAT. Bouts of rapid, ...

Pituitary gland

... in the jaw , hands and feet. In children or teenagers, this can cause giantism . Antidiuretic hormone ( ADH ): A relatively small (peptide) molecule that is released by the pituitary gland at the base of the brain after being made nearby (in the hypothalamus ). Treatment with clomiphene ...

Polyp

... urination ( polyuria ) Weakness or tiredness ... Polyp eptide Many peptides joined together. For example, insulin . Protein A molecule composed of many amino acids and with a complex structure. For example, immunoglobulin , casein . Glyco protein A protein c oated with ...

Porphyrins

... levels; Porphyrins - total; Coproporphyrin levels Normal Values : ... Porphyrins are naturally involved in the production of haem - a molecule that is vital in red blood cells for carrying oxygen . The process involves converting two substances known as porphyrin precursors through a ...

PTH

... from some people may be more difficult than from others. PTH is broken down in the body into three different molecular forms: the intact PTH molecule and several smaller fragments which include an amino acid or N-terminal, a midregion or midmolecule, and a carboxyl or C-terminal. PTH Urine ...

Retrovirus

... RETROVIRUS : A type of virus that, when not infecting a cell , stores its genetic information on a single-stranded RNA molecule instead of the more usual double-stranded DNA. HIV is an example of a retrovirus . retrovirus A virus that produces DNA from RNA (the ...

Semen

... has ejaculated. What might cause this? Tammy/ Georgia ... Semen may worsen cervical and uterine cancer 4 September 2006 A hormone -like molecule found in semen could worsen cervical and uterine (womb) cancer , research has suggested. When semen changes from its usual cream-white ...

Serum

... induce inflammatory reactions. Serum iron , as measured in the labor atory, is really transferrin-associated ferric iron. Each transferrin molecule can carry 2 iron atoms. Normally about 30% of the available sites are filled. This is called the percent transferrin saturation. Serum iron ...

Serum iron

... Serum iron , as measured in the labor atory, is really transferrin-associated ferric iron. Each transferrin molecule can carry 2 iron atoms. Normally about 30% of the available sites are filled. This is called the percent transferrin saturation. Serum iron ...

Uterine Cancer

... in women who take estrogen , compared to those who do not. Semen may worsen cervical and uterine cancer 4 September 2006 A hormone -like molecule found in semen could worsen cervical and uterine (womb) cancer , research has suggested. Uterine cancer or other known or suspected ...
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