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Microorganism in Medical Dictionary

Antibiotic

... infections caused by bacteria and other microorganism s. Originally, an antibiotic was a substance produced by one microorganism that selectively inhibits the growth of another. ... or bacteria that inhibits the growth of other microorganism s (such as bacteria or fungi). Antibiotic s ...

Chlamydia

... Category: Pathology (klmd´), genus of microorganism s that cause a variety of disease s in humans ... transmitted disease caused by parasitic microorganism s. These microorganism s cause a wide range of infections in humans, ...

Culture

... Culture : A culture is the propagation of microorganism s in a growth media. Any body tissue or fluid ... tract infection that determines the number of microorganism s present in a given quantity of urine . ... that involve the growing of bacteria or other microorganism s to aid in diagnosis . Culture Helps Keep ...

Immunity

... Inoculation with weakened or dead microorganism s to develop immunity and prevent disease caused by the regular strain of that microorganism . vaccine A preparation of killed or weakened microorganism s, given to treat or prevent disease . Note: ...

Infection

... in the urinary system that begins when microorganism s cling to the opening of the urethra (the ... Infection - Invasion and multi plication of microorganism s in body tissue s, which may be clinically ... to PTB through complex interactions between microorganism s and maternal/ fetal natural defense ....

Inoculation

... ] ... Inoculation with weakened or dead microorganism s to develop immunity and prevent disease caused by the regular strain of that microorganism . vaccine A preparation of killed or weakened microorganism s, given to treat or prevent disease . ...

Macrophage

... response to foreign invaders such as infectious microorganism s. Macrophage s Macrophage A large white ... of white blood cell that surrounds and kills microorganism s, removes dead cells, and stimulates the action ... into macrophage s that can engulf and destroy microorganism s and secrete a variety of cytokines that ...

Microorganism

... microorganism and the infection resulting from it, which ... of virus es that cause encephalitis . microorganism s can infect healthy skin , but more often they ... can lead to serious complications. microorganism s called Chlamydia and Myco plasma may also ...

Pus

... cells, white blood cells, and live and dead microorganism s. The pus commonly becomes encapsulated ... clulas de tejido destruido, glbulos blancos y microorganism os muertos y vivos. drain pus from infected ... in culture media to observe for the growth of microorganism s. They can be. Many skin -deep infections , ...

Vaccine

... immune system to respond to a tumor or to microorganism s, such as bacteria or virus es. A vaccine ... the body recognize and destroy cancer cells or microorganism s. vaccine adjuvant ... vaccine A preparation of killed or weakened microorganism s, given to treat or prevent disease . vagina ....

Virus

... cilia ry function, allowing themselves or other microorganism invaders (such as bacteria ) access to the ... reproduce. viscera ... Virus es are minute microorganism s that commandeer the machinery of the body's own ... to survive and reproduce. virus (VYE-rus) A microorganism that can infect cells and cause disease . ...

Bacteria

... drinking or eating infected food or water. bacteria Single-celled microorganism s with one of three basic shapes: rod-like (bacilli), spherical (cocci) ... disease . bacteria (bak-TEER-ee-uh) A large group of single- cell microorganism s. Some cause infections and disease in animals and humans. The ...

Drug Resistance

... sulfa drugs. DRUG RESISTANCE : The ability of some disease -causing microorganism s, such as bacteria , virus es, and myco plasma , to adapt themselves, ... problem. Antibiotic resistance : The ability of bacteria and other microorganism s to withstand an antibiotic to which they were once sensitive (and were ...

Eye infections

... . Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted disease caused by parasitic microorganism s. These microorganism s cause a wide range of infections in humans, including infections of ...

Infections

... Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted disease caused by parasitic microorganism s. Fingertip Infections What are Fingertip Infections ? There are ... are thought to contribute to PTB through complex interactions between microorganism s and maternal/ fetal natural defense mechanisms. (14-16). A major ...

Monocyte

... >10% of the white blood cells. Monocyte s recognize a variety of microorganism s, especially gram-negative bacteria . Activated monocyte s turn into macrophage s that can engulf and destroy microorganism s and secrete a variety of cytokines that modulate the activity of other ...

Parasites

... ova exam Normal Values : The presence of normal bacteria and other microorganism in the stool is normal. What abnormal results mean: ... Parasites ... die from it. External ear infections may be caused by many different microorganism s— bacteria , fungi, yeast s, virus es or parasites . There are ...

Parasite

... ova exam Normal Values : The presence of normal bacteria and other microorganism in the stool is normal. What abnormal results mean: ... Parasite s ... humans; ... External ear infections may be caused by many different microorganism s— bacteria , fungi, yeast s, virus es or parasite s . There ...

Pathogen

... ), and fungi (such as yeast ). PATHOGEN : Any disease -producing microorganism or material. PATHOGEN ESIS: The origin and development of a disease . ... lactobacilli by an overgrowth of pathogen ic and nonpathogenic microorganism s, (such as Gardnerella vagina lis, ... Lymphocyte s recognize ...

Phagocyte

... . phagocyte An immune system cell that can surround and kill microorganism s and remove dead cells. Phagocyte s include macrophage s. phantom limb ... natural killer cells (cyto toxic cells), actually destroy the infectious microorganism s. What are disorders of the immune system ? During an infection , a ...

Rickettsia

... can cause infection . RMSF is caused by Rickettsia rickettsii, a microorganism carried by rodents and other small mammals inhabiting infested areas. Ticks who feed on these animals acquire the microorganism and pass it along in their saliva . Typhus , African tick: One of ...

Sepsis

... agents). Anti sepsis implies scrupulously clean and free of all living microorganism s. SEPSIS : The presence of harmful microorganism s or associated toxins in the blood and tissue s. See Septicemia . ...

Systemic

... lupus erythematosus . disinfectant A chemical agent used to destroy microorganism s on inanimate objects. This may be more severe in the first 2-4 ... infection or disease state. It may also become systemic when the microorganism s gain access to the lymph atic or vascular system. Stoma An ...

Typhus

... Category: Pathology any of a group of infectious diseases caused by microorganism s classified between bacteria and virus es, known as rickettsia s. ... similar to, but milder than, epidemic typhus , caused by a related microorganism , Rickettsia typhi (mooseri), transmitted to humans by rat fleas ...

Vaccination

... against a disease . vaccination Inoculation with weakened or dead microorganism s to develop immunity and prevent disease caused by the regular strain of that microorganism . vaccine ... Vaccination s . Children who receive the pneumococcal ...

Acid

... your GERD symptoms. Acid -fast stain Definition: The acid -fast stain is a test used to examine a specimen for the presence of microorganism s, specifically myco bacteria which include the bacteria that cause tuberculosis . Acid , folic: One of the B vitamins that is a key factor ...

Acid-fast stain

... Acid-fast stain Definition: The acid-fast stain is a test used to examine a specimen for the presence of microorganism s, specifically myco bacteria which include the bacteria that cause tuberculosis . ACID-FAST STAIN - SPUTUM - A special microscopic slide ...

Adenovirus

... ( flu ) or a cold caused by a virus such as corona virus , adenovirus , or a rhino virus . Pharyngitis is caused by a variety of microorganism s. Most cases are caused by a virus , including the virus causing the common cold , flu ( influenza virus ), adenovirus , mononucleosis , ...

Allergy

... substances to which a person is allergic, ... Allergy is a reaction of the immune system . Normally, the immune system responds to foreign microorganism s and particles, like pollen or dust, by producing specific protein s called antibodies that are capable of binding to identifying molecules, ... ...

Anaerobic

... of fatty plaques within the arteries that can lead to the obstruction of blood flow. AsepticWithout contamination with bacteria or other microorganism s. Exercise is anaerobic when there is not enough oxygen in the muscle s. As a result, fats cannot be used for energy and glucose is not ...

Anorexia

... include epi gastric abdominal pain and anorexia . Complications include perforation , penetration (into adjacent organ s), and bleeding . The microorganism Helicobacter pylori has been implicated in the development of peptic ulcer disease . People who are underweight, such as those who suffer ...

Antibiotics

... , increased pain and swelling , and fever . ANTIBIOTIC : A substance derived from mold or bacteria that inhibits the growth of other microorganism s (such as bacteria or fungi). Antibiotics are used to treat infectious diseases . Sudden growth of a different type of bacteria than the ...

Antibiotic Resistance

... Antibiotic resistance : The ability of bacteria and other microorganism s to withstand an antibiotic to which they were once sensitive (and were once stalled or killed out right ). Also called drug resistance . Search ...

Bone infection

... pus is produced within the bone, which may result in an abscess . The abscess then deprives the bone of its blood supply. Infecting microorganism s may also reach the bone via the blood stream, the most common means of bone infection in children. Osteomyelitis is characterized by pain , ...

Brain abscess

... when bacteria or fungi infect part of the brain. Inflammation develops in response. Infected brain cells, white blood cells, and live and dead microorganism s collect in a limited area of the brain. Infants and children with bacterial meningitis may develop hydrocephalus , brain abscess and ...

Central nervous system

... tissue s, such as the central nervous system . IgA inhibits the binding of micro- organ isms to mucosa l surfaces, thus preventing entry. Other microorganism s elude treatment by hiding in hard to reach areas such as the central nervous system and bones. There are several causatives for swim bladder ...

Chemotherapy

... energy staying healthy rather than worrying about how you look. Chemotherapy Definition: Chemotherapy refers to drugs that are used to kill microorganism s ( bacteria , virus es, fungi) and cancer cells. Most commonly, the term is used to refer to cancer -fighting drugs. Chemotherapy ...

Communicable disease

... Communicable Disease s Related Category: Pathology illnesses caused by microorganism s and transmitted from an infected person or animal to another person or animal. Poliomyelitis is a communicable disease caused by viral ...

Common cold

... gland . A shortage of this hormone causes increased loss of body fluids through the kidney s. Pharyngitis is caused by a variety of microorganism s. Most cases are caused by a virus , including the virus causing the common cold , flu ( influenza virus ), adenovirus , mononucleosis , ...

Communicable Diseases

... Communicable Diseases Related Category: Pathology illnesses caused by microorganism s and transmitted from an infected person or animal to another person or animal. Dr David Heymann, WHO executive director of communicable ...
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