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Metabolism in Medical Dictionary

Adrenal glands

... hormone s helpful in regulating the body's metabolism . adrenaline ... The adrenal glands are ... hormone s that affect water balance and metabolism in the body. The adrenal glands produce ... a hormone called cortisol , which regulates metabolism and blood pressure . These include ...

Aerobic

... by the body. afterbirth ... aerobic metabolism A chemical process in which oxygen is used to ... Also known as aerobic respiration , oxidative metabolism , or cell respiration . aerobic respiration ... and are likely to do regularly. Studying the metabolism of cancer at the cellular level, Otto Warburg, ...

Diabetes mellitus

... diabetes mellitus A disorder of carbohydrate metabolism resulting from insulin deficiency . ... chronic disorder of glucose ( sugar ) metabolism caused by inadequate production or use of ... to absorb glucose , necessary for cellular metabolism and energy production. Pregnancy Diabetes ...

Endocrinology

... p171 ... Di vision of Endocrinology and metabolism , Johns Hopkins Hospital , Baltimore, MD, and ... article Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and metabolism ANZAC Research Institute FPA (formerly the ... Matthew I. Kim, MD - Endocrinology & metabolism Last Updated: October 3, 2005 ... ...

Gland

... organ in the body. The hormone also regulates metabolism , which explains why people with an underactive ... how fast the body converts food into energy ( metabolism ). Parathyroid hormone , or PTH , is produced ... the neck produces hormone s that help control metabolism . With aging , the thyroid often becomes lumpy ...

Inborn errors

... Inborn errors of metabolism Definition: Inborn errors of metabolism are rare genetic disorders in which the body ... ) normally. Many of the inborn errors of metabolism in young infants cause symptoms such as ...

Metabolism

... metabolism Definition: metabolism refers to all the physical and chemical ... body that create and use energy, such as: ... metabolism - The series of biochemical reactions in living ...

Metabolite

... is any substance produced or used during metabolism ( digestion ). In drug use, the term usually refers to the end product that remains after metabolism . METABOLITE : Any substance produced by metabolism or by a metabolic process. [134-136] In the ...

Phenylketonuria

... deficiency present at birth that disrupts metabolism and causes brain damage. This rare inherited ... Nutrition al Considerations ( Inborn Errors of metabolism ) Phenytoin - Serum ( Therapeutic Drug ... ( PKU ). This is an genetic error in metabolism of phenylalanine , an amino acid found in ...

Thyroid gland

... Brown, M.D., Di vision of Endocrinology and metabolism , Johns Hopkins Hospital , Baltimore, MD. Review ... Essential for the regulation of growth and metabolism . thyroxine ... thyroid gland (THIGH-royd) ... hormone . The thyroid helps regulate growth and metabolism . thyroid hormone ... The thyroid gland ...

Thyroxine

... and control the rate of chemical reactions ( metabolism ) in the body. Alternate Names : Thyroxine ... secreted by the thyroid gland which regulates metabolism ) levels and high TSH (thyroid-stimulating ... , or T-4, which controls the body's rate of metabolism . Hypothyroidism is easily treated by using ...

Uric acid

... s. Uric acid is the end product of p urine metabolism (purines are building blocks of RNA and DNA). ... is a waste product formed from the breakdown ( metabolism ) of substances in food called purines. Most of ... which is a disorder of uric acid metabolism , gout , excess intake of vitamin D , urinary ...

Vitamin B

... a deficiency in vitamin B can affect the metabolism of fats and protein s and this is thought to ... of these. Vitamin B 1 (thiamin) For energy metabolism , especially from carbohydrates Bread, potato ... ( vitamin B 1) acts as a co enzyme in the metabolism of the body. Vitamin C , vitamin B 1 ( ...

Alkaptonuria

... Alkaptonuria Definition: Alkaptonuria is a rare inherited disorder of metabolism , characterized by urine that turns black when exposed to air. Another ... in adulthood. Alkaptonuria is a rare inherited disorder of metabolism characterized by urine which turns black when exposed to air. Another ...

Anaerobic

... leaving behind a waste product called lactate. Studying the metabolism of cancer at the cellular level, Otto Warburg, a Nobel prize-winning ... demonstrated in 1930 that tumor cells prefer a particular form of metabolism known as anaerobic (non- oxygen ) glycolysis. The bacterium can grow ...

Calcitonin

... a naturally occurring hormone involved in calcium regulation and bone metabolism . Calcitonin is given by self-administered injection . Calcitonin : ... occurring non-sex hormone involved in calcium regulation and bone metabolism . calcitonin A hormone formed by the C cells of the thyroid gland ....

Cortisol

... has many functions. It helps the body break down food for energy ( metabolism ), and it helps the body manage stress . Cortisol level Powered ... adrenal glands to release a hormone called cortisol , which regulates metabolism and blood pressure . The medulla (inner portion) produces and ...

Creatinine

... in the urine . CREATININE - A waste product of protein metabolism that is found in the urine . Can be measured to assess overall kidney ... the urine , while a high concentration of the body's waste products of metabolism (such as urea and creatinine ) may be found in the blood . In ...

Cystinuria

... Garrod set forth the charter group of what he called " inborn errors of metabolism ." The 4 conditions he labeled as inborn errors were albinism , ... alkaptonuria . In addition to PKU , a variety of other amino acid metabolism disorders can be detected by these tests, including tyrosinosis, ...

Diabetes

... mellitus (ml´ts), chronic disorder of glucose ( sugar ) metabolism caused by inadequate production or use of insulin , ... Diabetes ... insulin c ells are unable to absorb glucose , necessary for cellular metabolism and energy production. Diabetes mellitus , also called diabetes , ...

Diabetic ketoacidosis

... of diabetes mellitus caused by the buildup of by-products of fat metabolism ( ketones ), which occurs when glucose is not available as a fuel ... for example, by hyperventilating. KETONES - A byproduct of fat metabolism . An overabundance of ketones in the blood stream is seen in a severe ...

Enzyme

... first attributed a disease to an enzyme defect: an inborn error of metabolism . ENZYME -LINKED IMMUNOABSORB ENT ASSAY - The enzyme -linked ... . It can be congenital due to inherited enzyme abnormality ( metabolism , INBORN ERRORS ) or acquired due to disease of an endocrine organ ...

Galactosemia

... Galactosemia - Nutrition al Considerations ( Inborn Errors of metabolism ) Galactosemia Screen ( Galactose -1-Phosphate Uridyltransferase) ... disease to an enzyme defect, to what Garrod called an "inborn error of metabolism ." Today, newborns are routinely screened for certain enzyme defects ...

Glands

... . The ad renal cortex produces hormone s that affect water balance and metabolism in the body. The adrenal glands are very important manufacturers ... every activity of daily living, including the processes of digestion , metabolism , growth, reproduction, and mood control. To evaluate the heart , ...

Gout

... of arthritis that occurs secondary an inherited abnormality of p urine metabolism , resulting in the deposition of uric acid crystals ( sodium urate) ... of kidney stones are hyperuricosuria which is a disorder of uric acid metabolism , gout , excess intake of vitamin D , urinary tract infections , and ...

Hormone

... essential chemicals the body produces. It regulates growth, fertility , metabolism and many more bodily functions. Antidiuretic hormone ( ADH ) test, ... A MATTER OF WEEKS] ... Thyroid hormone is important for the body's metabolism . Hypothyroidism is a condition caused by low levels of thyroid hormone ...

Hyperthyroid

... over-secretion of thyroid hormone s leads to overactivity of the body's metabolism . Hyperthyroid ism is easily treated. With treatment , you can ... - Source:MedicineNet ... Hyperthyroid ism is an imbalance of metabolism caused by overproduction of thyroid hormone . Pictures & Images ...

Hyperthyroidism

... over-secretion of thyroid hormone s leads to overactivity of the body's metabolism . Hyperthyroidism is easily treated. With treatment , you can lead ... - Source:MedicineNet ... Hyperthyroidism is an imbalance of metabolism caused by overproduction of thyroid hormone . Pictures & Images ...

Hypoglycemia

... - or diabetes mellitus chronic disorder of glucose ( sugar ) metabolism caused by inadequate production or use of insulin , a hormone produced ... sugar ) is the predominant finding in a number of inborn errors of metabolism . Severe low blood sugar ( hypoglycemia ) Doll-like features in ...

Hypothyroid

... of the thyroid gland which may affect all body functions. The rate of metabolism slows causing mental and physical sluggishness. The most severe form of ... in the neck that produces two hormone s called T3 and T4, which control metabolism . In hypothyroid ism , levels of these hormone s are lower than normal. ...

Hypothyroidism

... of the thyroid gland which may affect all body functions. The rate of metabolism slows causing mental and physical sluggishness. The most severe form of ... in the neck that produces two hormone s called T3 and T4, which control metabolism . In hypothyroidism , levels of these hormone s are lower than normal. ...

Intentional weight loss

... Weight loss will occur with decreased food intake, increased metabolism , or both. See also intentional weight loss . Alternative Names: Loss of ... Hyperthyroidism . The thyroid hormone s regulate every aspect of your metabolism , from your heart rate to how quickly you burn calorie s. Un ...

Ketones

... absence of ketones in the urine . KETONES - A byproduct of fat metabolism . An overabundance of ketones in the blood stream is seen in a severe ... threshold. ketones The initial breakdown products of fatty acid metabolism . Unavailability of carbohydrates from starvation or uncontrolled ...

Lactic acid

... chemical processes in the body that do not require oxygen ( anaerobic metabolism ). Lactic acid osis occurs when lactic acid accumulates in the ... cell histiocytosis ... The main byproduct of this inefficient metabolism is a chemical called lactic acid . This is the same lactic acid ...

Leukodystrophy

... any of several closely related inheritable disorders of the breakdown ( metabolism ) of certain fats (long chain fatty acids). These disorders affect the ... lipid storage: A series of disorders due to inborn errors in lipid metabolism resulting in the abnormal accumulation of lipid s in the wrong places ...

Lipid

... levels as: Total Cholesterol ... A byproduct of lipid ( fat ) metabolism in the body. It is also found in many foods and can be present in high ... the depletion of phosphate or potassium ; or an underlying defect in the metabolism of carbohydrates or lipid s. ...

Oxygen

... and oxygen ation of the heart muscle itself. Studying the metabolism of cancer at the cellular level, Otto Warburg, a Nobel prize-winning ... demonstrated in 1930 that tumor cells prefer a particular form of metabolism known as anaerobic (non- oxygen ) glycolysis. The respiratory ...

Pku

... ( PKU )An enzyme deficiency present at birth that disrupts metabolism and causes brain damage. This rare inherited defect may be linked to the ... in infants other metabolic diseases , such as inborn error of metabolism use of cocaine , amphetamine s, alcohol or certain other recreational ...

Porphyria

... group of metabolic disorders that result from a disturbance in porphyrin metabolism , causing increased formation and excretion of porphyrin or its ... the chance of side effects ... Porphyria A disease of the metabolism characterized by skin lesion s, urine problems, neurologic ...

Protein S

... of calcium , potassium , or other minerals ; impaired muscle energy metabolism ; and impaired protein s ynthesis. The cell ’s protein s ... help maintain muscle s, nerve s, and bones. It is also used in energy metabolism and protein s ynthesis. magnetic resonance im aging (mag-NET-ik ...
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