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Lower in Medical Dictionary

Abdomen

... and loss. Abdominoplasty can help flatten the lower abdomen and tighten stretched skin . ... pain in her pelvis . By the end of the day, her lower back ached. The abdomen and liver should ... find the source. Causes ... Pain in the lower abdomen . You may also have blood or mucus in ...

Abdominal Pain

... or hunger discomfort in the upper abdomen or lower chest that is relieved by antacids, milk , or ... the belly button and then moving to the right lower side of the abdomen Nausea Vomiting ... and bleeding can vary from mild to severe. lower abdominal pain ...

Achalasia

... into the stomach . A ring of muscle called the lower esophageal sphincter encircles the esophagus ... stomach . Achalasia . This occurs when your lower esophageal muscle ( sphincter ) doesn't relax ... Diffuse esophageal spasm Hypertensive lower esophageal sphincter (the muscle at the end ...

Anoscopy

... to look inside the anus , rectum , and the lower part of the large intestine ( colon ) for ... . Anoscopy : An exam of the anus and lower rectum using a short, lighted tube called an ... called an anoscope to examine the anus and lower part of the rectum . How is the cause and ...

Anus

... at the end of the anal canal. cervix - the lower part of the uterus that projects into the ... the body. Bladder : The muscular bag in the lower abdomen where urine is stored. Catheter : A ... occurs. Hemorrhoids are dilated veins in the lower rectum and anus . They affect 50 percent of ...

Aortic stenosis

... heart . Normally, blood passes from the left lower chamber of the heart , called the left ... Stenosis : Narrowing of the valve between the lower left heart chamber of the aorta - ... ; displaced aorta ; and enlargement of the lower right chamber ... Severe aortic stenosis ...

Atria

... heart , are out of sync with the ventricle s, or lower chambers of the heart . Atria l ectopic ... receive blood from the veins and pass it to the lower chambers of the heart . atrophy ... - ... which is an abnormal opening between the two lower chambers of the heart ... Liver function ...

Back Pain

... Back pain in the lower back or low back pain is a common concern, ... Back pain - low Definition: Pain felt in your lower back may come from the spine, muscle s, nerve ... FUNNY! Question: I've been having trouble with lower back pain , so my gynecologist did a ...

Barium

... a barium containing contrast material into the lower GI tract via the anus . Barium enema The ... by an enema to allow x-ray examination of the lower intestinal tract. Barium refers to barium ... colon visible on an x-ray ) suggest ... lower GI X-Ray ( Barium Enema ) LP (Spinal Tap) ...

Barium enema

... a barium containing contrast material into the lower GI tract via the anus . A barium enema is ... enema X-ray . Your child's barium enema or lower GI has previously been scheduled while you were ... by an enema to allow x-ray examination of the lower intestinal tract. Barium enema Rectal ...

Bleeding in the stomach

... a diverticulum) are the most common causes of lower GI bleeding . When taken frequently, these ... in the colon ) are the most common causes of lower GI bleeding . However, sometimes massive or ... a diverticulum) are the most common causes of lower GI bleeding . However, sometimes massive or ...

Blood pressure

... guidelines identify normal blood pressure as lower than 120/80 - many experts think 115/75 is ... HealthDay - Multi ple Lifestyle Changes Help lower Blood Pressure HealthDay ... High blood ... and higher one is the systolic; the second and lower one is the diastolic. High blood pressure ...

Body weight

... -lowering medications Medications taken orally to lower blood glucose . low body weight (less ... chronic disease s. cadmium (KAD-me-um) ... lower body weight is helpful even if you're only 10 ... backpack. FIBULA - A long bone in the lower leg that is adjacent to the tibia . The fibula ...

Brachial plexus

... cord splits into the individual arm nerve s. lower roots of the brachial plexus (a complex network of nerve s that is formed chiefly by the lower 4 cervical [neck] nerve s and the first ... entity for breast cancer patients. The lower branch of the brachial plexus of nerve s exits ...

Bronchiolitis

... years of age and is the leading cause of serious lower respiratory illness in infants . ... tract. RSV also can cause infection in the lower respiratory tract, such as pneumonia in the ... cold , with half of the infections resulting in lower respiratory tract infections , called ...

Cervix

... Cervix Information: The cervix is the lower end of the uterus . It is located at the top of ... be seen during a pelvic exam. cervix - the lower part of the uterus that projects into the ... lifting the baby out. cervix . The narrow, lower end of the uterus that merges with the vagina ....

Cramp

... with their periods. It is usually felt in the lower abdomen and/or in the lower back. Some women have cramp s that are so ... Menstrual cramp s are sharp pains in a woman's lower abdomen that occur when her menstrual period ...

Cramps

... with their periods. It is usually felt in the lower abdomen and/or in the lower back. Some women have cramps that are so severe ... Menstrual cramps are sharp pains in a woman's lower abdomen that occur when her menstrual period ...

Cystitis

... leads to inflammation and infection in the lower urinary tract . Interstitial cystitis ... Urinary Tract Infection ) SYMPTOMS" Pain in the lower abdomen and back; frequent, urgent, and painful ... side effects, and how it should be taken. The lower urinary tract consists of the bladder and the ...

Digital rectal exam

... A digital rectal exam is an examination of the lower rectum to check for hemorrhoids , anal ... inserts a lubricated, gloved finger into the lower part of the rectum to feel the prostate for ... can only detect polyp s in the rectum , the lower few inches of the bowel . Digital rectal ...

Ectropion

... properly. This condition usually affects the lower lid. Ectropion formation may be congenital ... As tears collect, the bucket overflows and the lower eyes may water constantly ... Ectropion ... tissue where bacteria may thrive. If your lower eyelids droop low enough (a condition called ...

Enema

... a barium containing contrast material into the lower GI tract via the anus . Barium Enema See ... Risks ... Your child's barium enema or lower GI has previously been scheduled while you were ... by an enema to allow x-ray examination of the lower intestinal tract. Barium Enema - ...

Esophagus

... in the UnitedStates. Ulcers can occur in the lower esophagus , stomach , or any part of the small ... GERD symptoms". Trauma tic rupture of the lower esophagus can occur with significant blunt ... ESOPHAGEAL VARICES - Dilated vessels in the lower end of the esophagus that result from portal ...

Femoral

... artery : A large artery that starts in the lower abdomen and goes down into the thigh The ... hernia occurs in the abdomen , often in the lower left or lower right . A femoral hernia occurs in the ...

Fibula

... FIBULA - A long bone in the lower leg that is adjacent to the tibia . The fibula ... a smaller bone that parallels the tibia in the lower leg and makes up the lateral , or outside, ... bone) and the fibula and tibia (bones of the lower leg) meet to form a hinge joint . The front of ...

Flank pain

... colic ky ( spasm -like) may radiate or move to lower in flank, pelvis , groin , genital s ... ... menstrual flow ... Evaluate pain in the lower back on either side of the spine ( flank pain ). ... may result in pressure in the pelvis and lower abdomen and strong- smell ing urine . ...

Groin

... Groin pain Alternative Names: Pain - groin ; lower abdominal pain ; Genital pain ; Perineal ... fold or depression marking the juncture of the lower abdomen and the inner part of the thigh. ... divides into 2 vessels that supply blood to the lower trunk and both legs. In the chest, the aorta is ...

Hemorrhoids

... Hemorrhoids are painful, swollen veins in the lower portion of the rectum or anus . ... time. Hemorrhoids are dilated veins in the lower rectum and anus . They affect 50 percent of ... In a woman: dull, constant pain in the lower abdomen along with vaginal discharge and ...

Hip

... there and move up over your left foot, ankle, lower leg, knee and thigh into the left hip . ... areas around the neck, shoulder s, upper back, lower back and hip areas. Discomfort may start on one ... then the leg is rotated inward and outward. The lower left portion of the abdomen is palpate d. ...

Ileum

... in the abdominal wall where the tip of the lower small intestine , the ileum , ... Indiana ... intestine called the ileum (in the right lower abdomen ) is especially prone to damage from Crohn's disease . This lower abdominal X-ray shows narrowing ( stenosis ) of ...

Incisor

... erupt is usually a middle, front tooth on the lower jaw , known as the central incisor . This is followed by the second central incisor on the lower jaw . Next, the four upper incisor s usually ... come the two top-center incisor s and two more lower incisor s. The first four molars and pointed ...

Jaw

... Definition: Your jaw bone contains your lower teeth . This is the bone that moves up and down ... for the mouth and teeth for chewing. The lower jaw bone is called the mandible and the upper ... is called the m axilla . Disclaimer: ... The lower jaw . mania A mental disorder. Characterized ...

Leg pain

... . Alternate Names : Anterior Tibia Pain , lower Leg Pain , Pain - Shins Definition Shin splints are pains in the front of the lower legs caused by exercise , usually after a period ... evaluation by a physician . I have severe lower leg pain when I walk even a short distance. My ...

Lipoprotein

... clogs the arteries and is bad for you. The lower it is, the better. SOLUTIONS"Here are several ways to lower the amount of LDL cholesterol in your blood ... diabetics should consider taking medication to lower their cholesterol , particularly those who have ...

Lobe

... is going on in the body? lobe 1. The fleshy lower part of the ear. 2. A well-defined portion of an ... visual information ... ITAPVR: Left lower Lobe Pulmonary Artery Wedge Angiogram - ... mass, left lung - CT scan Lung nodule, right lower lung - CT scan Lung with squamous cell cancer ...

Lumbar

... bones ( vertebrae ), disks, or nerve s of the lower back ( lumbar spine). See also spinal fusion ... vertebrae Definition: Pain felt in your lower back may come from the spine, muscle s, nerve ... cord to one degree or another. LUMBAR : 1. lower back region. 2. Of, relating to, or constituting ...

Mallory

... Mallory -Weiss tear s lower gastrointestinal bleeding : lower GI bleeding originates in the portions of the ... such severe vomiting that tears occur in the lower part of the esophagus cancer of the ...

Mandible

... mandible , is the largest and main bone of the lower part of the face. The chief areas of the ... by the temporal bone in the skull and the lower jaw bone (or mandible ). A dislocated jaw ... . Temporomandibular joint s (TMJ) connect the lower jaw ( mandible ) to the skull . Problems ...

Menstrual Cramps

... Menstrual cramps : Cramp ing in the lower abdomen , usually in the first or second day ... with their periods. It is usually felt in the lower abdomen and/or in the lower back. Some women have cramps that are so severe ...

Muscle

... Our muscle s up here are too tight, but also the lower trapezius is the antagonist or the muscle that ... Diffuse esophageal spasm Hypertensive lower esophageal sphincter (the muscle at the end ... relax the lip muscle s. Drape the upper and the lower lips and look at the mucous membrane sides down ...
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