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Kidney in Medical Dictionary

Abdominal mass

... organ (such as the liver , spleen , or kidney ), a tumor , or an accumulation of feces . ... will order blood tests and an X ray of the kidney s. Other tests, including ultrasound , may also ... blood in the urine high blood pressure kidney failure ... Symptoms include a change in ...

Acidosis

... acid in the body fluids. Pictures & Images kidney s ... Acidosis A condition that causes the pH ... (RTA) is a disease that occurs when the kidney s fail to excrete acids into the urine , which ... may lead to impairment of breathing and kidney function. Young children with acidosis ...

Acute kidney failure

... Acute kidney Failure Overview The kidney s are a pair of small organ s that lie on either ... free of by-products and toxins . Acute kidney Failure Decreased blood flow to the ...

Acute renal failure

... ... Acute renal failure - In this form of kidney failure , the kidney s stop functioning properly because of a sudden ... may be present. Acute Renal Failure Some kidney problems happen quickly, like an accident that ...

Acute nephritic syndrome

... that cause inflammation of the internal kidney structures (specifically, the glomeruli). ... inflammation of the internal structures of the kidney , often caused by an immune response triggered ... adult will develop what is known as 'end-stage kidney disease ', leaving them in need of permanent ...

Acute unilateral obstructive uropathy

... Definition: Urine is drained from the kidney s through tubes called ureter s. Obstructive ... reflux (backflow of urine from bladder to kidney ) Nephrolithiasis ( kidney stones ) Idiopathic hydronephrosis of ...

Adrenal glands

... triangular-shaped glands located on top of the kidney s. When adrenal glands produce excessive ... ad renal gland sits directly on top of the kidney s and consists of 2 separate organ s, the cortex ... . adrenal glands Located on top of the kidney s, these glands produce hormone s helpful in ...

Airway

... 30% also have rheumatoid arthritis . kidney involvement ( kidney dysfunction) is seen in 40% of patients. The ... people who have sleep apnea , whether they have kidney failure or not, include losing weight, changing ...

Albumin

... them to prevent their being filtered out by the kidney s. Albumin is produced mainly in the liver ... in certain cells within the liver , bone, kidney s, intestine , and placenta . ACB ( albumin ... , inflammation , and serious liver and kidney disease . serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase ...

Aldosterone

... . This regulates salt and water loss through the kidney s and so helps control blood pressure . ... or other disorders, such as heart failure or kidney disease , cause the adrenals to release an ... The adrenal glands are located just above the kidney s. The ad renal cortex is the surface layer. It ...

Alkalosis

... many different conditions. Pictures & Images kidney s ... Alkalosis - respiratory Causes, ... characterized by enlargement of certain kidney cells, alkalosis , hypokalemia , and increased ... in acidosis (as in diabetic ketoacidosis , kidney disease , and severe diarrhea ) or respiratory ...

Alport syndrome

... syndrome develop progressive loss of renal ( kidney ) function, and sometimes progressive deafness ... . Alport syndrome , a form of nephritis , a kidney disease Canavan disease of the brain ... An inherited condition that results in kidney disease . It generally develops during early ...

Amyloidosis

... Amyloidosis and kidney Disease On this page: Primary Amyloidosis ... Research For More Information About the kidney Failure Series ... Amyloidosis , primary : ... the body. Amyloid deposition may occur in the kidney , brain, liver , heart , skin , and lungs . ...

Analgesic nephropathy

... Analgesic Nephropathy (Painkillers and the kidney s) An analgesic (AN-ul-JEE-zik) is any medicine ... nephropathy involves damage to one or both kidney s caused by overexposure to mixtures of ... is one type of toxic injury to the kidney . It is usually a result of prolonged or chronic ...

Anatomy

... ( axilla ). - joint , anatomy of * - kidney * - laparoscopy - lateral col lateral ... see AcuNav. Acidosis African Americans and kidney Disease Fact Sheet Alport Syndrome Amyloidosis and kidney Disease Analgesic Nephropathy : Painkillers and ...

Anemia

... normal. Anemia is common in people with kidney disease . Healthy kidney s produce a hormone called erythropoietin , or ... cells are crescent-shaped rather than the normal kidney shape. The sickled cells tend to clog narrow ...

Artery

... stenosis may cause eventual failure of the kidney if it progressively blocks the artery . This ... renal failure if there is only one functional kidney or if both renal arteries are affected. ... to the body. (See also vein .) artificial kidney : Another name for a dialyzer. Hepatic ...

Autoimmune hepatitis

... Neuropathy Autosomal Dominant Polycystic kidney Disease ( Polycystic kidney Disease ) ... autoimmune hepatitis , which ... , also known as IgA nephropathy , which causes kidney damage chronic fatigue syndrome , which causes ...

Autosomal dominant

... disorders. Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD). Signs and symptoms of this ... ), almost half of the patients develop chronic kidney failure between the ages of 40 and 60. The rarer form ( autosomal recessive PKD ) causes kidney failure in early childhood. Hereditary ...

Back Pain

... or elsewhere include: Bladder infection kidney stone Endometriosis Ovarian cancer Ovarian ... ( prostatitis may cause low back pain while a kidney infection may cause ... MRI scan of the ... on and is more severe in the evening. If the kidney is infected, your child may complain of pain ...

Biopsy

... a needle, for examination under a microscope. A kidney biopsy can help find a diagnosis and ... performed to determine the type and severity of kidney and liver disease . - Biopsy - Skin ... Improvement in response to frequent feeding s kidney stones or ...

Birth Defects

... Birth defects . Some babies are born without kidney s or with abnormally formed kidney s. The kidney abnormality is sometimes part of a syndrome ...

Bladder

... the normal amount of urine produced by the kidney s. Bladder outlet obstruction refers to any ... awareness campaign conducted by the National kidney and Urologic Disease s Information ... stones Dr Rob Hicks Most people have heard of kidney stones and gall bladder stones. However, ...

Bladder stones

... stones Dr Rob Hicks Most people have heard of kidney stones and gall bladder stones. However, most ... Esophageal Varices ... It may also cause kidney infection and kidney or bladder stones . Drinking plenty of clear ...

Blood

... heart failure , heart attack , stroke , and kidney failure . Blood Supply Shrinkage Due to Mad ... HealthDay ... Blood tests may reveal kidney disease if the blood contains high levels of wastes that the kidney s are supposed to remove. LOW BLOOD SUGAR ...

Blood pressure

... heart failure , heart attack , stroke , and kidney failure . BLOOD PRESSURE - The force that ... the risk of heart attack , heart failure , kidney failure and stroke . Treatment that brings ... lab tests or ultrasound s you may take. kidney s also help regulate blood pressure and ...

Body weight

... this can cause: irregular heart beat damaged kidney s eroded teeth . Daily monitoring of body ... day. Eating more protein than that taxes the kidney s and can be harmful. To maintain balance when ... in ADH production, or (3) a defect in the kidney s' response to ADH . This test measures changes ...

Bone disorders

... ( hormone problems) blood -clotting problems kidney disease irregular heart beat. Other bone ... known whether this medicine effects bone loss. kidney disease or Lipid s in blood , sudden and large ... and reduce the risk of nephrocalcinosis and kidney stones . Children with this disorder would ...

Bone marrow

... begin phase II/III clinical trials . Healthy kidney s produce a hormone called erythropoietin , or ... to carry oxygen to vital organ s. Disease d kidney s, however, often don't make enough EPO. ... blood pressure What is the difference between kidney failure and ...

BUN

... ( BUN ) test is a test of how well your kidney s are working. It measures the amount of nitrogen ... showing high protein levels (especially with kidney impairment) or microscopic blood in the urine ... mg/dL ( blood urea nitrogen , an indicator of kidney function) blood calcium less than 8 mg/dL ...

Calcium

... is, disease s of the para thyroid gland or kidney s). Calcium deficiency : A low level of ... ( hormone problems) blood -clotting problems kidney disease irregular heart beat. Calcium is ... stones account for more than 75 percent of all kidney stones . They are more common in men than in ...

Chronic

... build up inside the bone marrow . Chronic kidney Disease Overview Normal kidney s and Their Function The kidney s are a pair of bean-shaped organ s that lie on ...

Chronic gouty arthritis

... effects of medications Chronic gouty arthritis kidney stones kidney dysfunction ... There are a number of ... including acute and chronic gouty arthritis , kidney stones , and deposits of uric acid in ...

Chronic renal failure

... Chronic renal failure : Slow progressive loss of kidney function over the span of years, resulting in permanent kidney failure . Chronic renal failure Dr Rob Hicks ... , called CRF, is a disease in which the kidney s gradually stop working. As a rule, this process ...

Congenital

... damage, fracture ) ... Congenital kidney Diseases There are two types of congenital kidney disease . In one, malformations present at birth ... with abnormalities of the testicles, penis , or kidney s, as well as those with inguinal hernia ( ...

Congestive Heart Failure

... failure ORGAN FAILURE Acute or chronic kidney disease Acute or chronic liver disease ... ... - Rapid breathing - Cough ing ... Acute kidney failure Chronic kidney failure Chronic glomerulonephritis ...

Creatinine clearance

... clearance test is done to check how well your kidney s are working. Creatinine clearance : 90"140 ... : A test that measures how efficiently the kidney s remove creatinine and other wastes from the ... . Low creatinine clearance indicates impaired kidney function. endo esophagitis ; endoexonuclease; ...

Creatinine

... - serum The test is performed to evaluate kidney function. If kidney function is abnormal, creatinine levels will ... the urine . Can be measured to assess overall kidney function. An abnormally elevated blood ...

Cutaneous

... through a small incision in the back to the kidney , where ultrasound breaks up the kidney stones . The stone fragments are then removed. ... the back and creates a tunnel directly into the kidney . Using an instrument called a nephroscope, the ...

Cystinosis

... Cystinosis - an inherited disorder whereby the kidney s have excessive excretion or certain amino acids . This leads to severe kidney stones What are the symptoms of kidney failure ? Wilson's disease is treated with ...
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