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Ketones in Medical Dictionary

Coma

... : Coma in a diabetic due to the buildup of ketones in the blood stream. ketones are a product of metabolizing (using) fats ... high glucose levels without the presence of ketones (a by-product of fat that can cause other ... ...

Diabetic ketoacidosis

... buildup of by-products of fat metabolism ( ketones ), which occurs when glucose is not available ... Ketoacidosis ) Ketone Bodies - Serum ( Serum ketones ) Ketone Bodies - Urine ( ketones - Urine ) ...

Ketones

... ketones - urine Definition: A ketones urine test measures the presence or absence of ketones in the urine . ...

Acetone

... poisoning Definition: This is poisoning from swallowing acetone . ketones ( beta -hydroxybutyric acid , acetoacetic acid , and acetone ) are the ... of rapid or excessive fatty acid breakdown. As with glucose , ketones are present in the urine when the blood levels surpass a certain ...

Flood

... or from flood ing. As a byproduct of this process, chemicals called ketones flood the blood stream. Together with excess sugar , the extra ketones can build up to dangerous, even life-threatening levels. This condition ...

Acidosis

... treatment of pediatric patients suffering from congenital lactic acidosis . Uncontrolled diabetes leads to diabetic acidosis , in which ketones build up in the blood . Patients have sweet- smell ing breath, and may suffer confusion , unconsciousness , and death . (see also Diabetes ...

Alcoholic ketoacidosis

... Alcoholic ketoacidosis Definition: Alcoholic ketoacidosis is an accumulation of ketones (a type of acid ) in the blood , caused by excessive alcohol consumption . Alcoholic Encephalopathy (Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome ) Alcoholic ...

Carbohydrates

... 6 small meals a day! ... Unavailability of carbohydrates from starvation or uncontrolled diabetes mellitus increases the production of ketones . Too high a ketone level causes the blood chemistry to become acidic, a condition that's potentially life-threatening. The body cannot store ...

Cornea

... long-term risks are not yet known. (back to top) ... A deformity of the cornea in which the cornea resembles the end of a football. ketones ... Inflammation of the cornea ( keratitis ) or membrane s of the eye ( uveitis ) Nerve damage Meningitis ( inflammation of the ...

Diet

... A diet that supplies an abnormally high amount of fat , and small amounts of carbohydrates and protein . Ketosis An abnormal increase in ketones in the body, usually found in people with uncontrolled diabetes mellitus . Optimal Diet Calculator The optimal diet calculator is being ...

Gestational Diabetes

... diabetes . A dietitian can help to create and adjust a meal plan based on: the needs of both mother and baby blood glucose levels ketones in the urine appetite ... Women with a multi ple pregnancy are more likely to miscarry and more likely to face other complications such ...

Glucagon

... are waiting for the person to revive, keep him on his side to prevent choking . If the person is not better in 15 minutes, call 911. TREATING HIGH ketones ... The main function of the pancreas is to produce digestive enzyme s and hormone s, such as insulin and glucagon , which regulate blood ...

Hyperglycemic

... hyperglycemic hyperosmolar coma is a complication of type 2 diabetes that results in extremely high glucose levels without the presence of ketones (a by-product of fat that can cause other ... Response, hyperglycemic : A response resulting in a high blood sugar and specifically ...

Leukocytes

... detects leukocytes (white blood cells [WBCs]) in the urine . The presence of WBCs in the urine may indicate a urinary tract infection . ketones . ...

Pregnancy test

... to be higher with a female fetus soon after conception . Blood tests including CBC and blood chemistry (chem-20) Urine analysis for ketones and severity of dehydration Pregnancy test s ... Barium enema , sigmoidoscopy , or colonoscopy (if colon cancer is suspected) Liver ...

Smell

... smell ing stools or "hematochezia" to describe red or maroon-colored stools . Uncontrolled diabetes leads to diabetic acidosis , in which ketones build up in the blood . Patients have sweet- smell ing breath, and may suffer confusion , unconsciousness , and death . ...

Starvation

... not the same as starvation . Unavailability of carbohydrates from starvation or uncontrolled diabetes mellitus increases the production of ketones . Too high a ketone level causes the blood chemistry to become acidic, a condition that's potentially life-threatening. Anorexia nervosa can ...

Urinalysis

... glucose in the blood stream. Test strips are available to patients commercially can submerge in urine to detect the presence or concentration of ketones . Treatment ... (The) Yellow IRIS urinalysis workstationDiagnostic urinalysis system for detection of microscopic abnormalities in the ...
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