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Heart in Medical Dictionary

Aerobic

... your body Aerobic exercise strengthens your heart and lungs and improves blood flow. Health ... : Brisk physical activity that requires the heart and lungs to work harder to meet the body's ... Particularly important to prevent coronary heart disease is aerobic or cardiovascular ...

Alcoholic cardiomyopathy

... excessive, habitual use of alcohol weakens the heart muscle . Cardiomyopathy - Alcoholic ( ... Cardiomyopathy ) ... Directly damage heart muscle ( alcoholic cardiomyopathy ), which may weaken the heart , leading to ...

Aldosterone

... including diuretics used to treat congestive heart failure such as spironolactone or eplerenone ... ... of normal cells, or other disorders, such as heart failure or kidney disease , cause the adrenals ... the treatment of hypertension and congestive heart failure . aldosterone - an overproduction of ...

Ambulatory

... Normal Values : Normal variations in heart rate occur with activities. No significant ... Holter monitor ing, this procedure records your heart rhythms for an entire 24-hour period. That means ... Arrhythmia or dysrhythmiaAbnormal rhythm in heart s that contract in an irregular way. * ...

Amputation

... health care provider. In fact, amputation , heart attack and stroke all stem from the same ... affects the major arteries, the result may be a heart attack or stroke . ebullioscope; ebullism; ... ) put people who have diabetes at risk for heart disease , stroke , amputation , and eye and ...

Amphetamine

... (CNS) stimulants -- drugs that increase your heart rate and give you more energy and stamina. ... talkativeness, faster breathing and heart rate, more energy, and sleeplessness. ... ) node which is the natural pacemaker of the heart . Sinus tachycardia occurs in response to ...

Aneurysm

... (dilatation) of an artery , vein , or the heart . At the area of an aneurysm , the wall is ... in the aorta (the main artery from the heart to the body). An aneurysm is a weak spot that ... of a weak spot in the wall of an artery or heart chamber. Cardiac shunt A defect in the wall ...

Angina

... pain that occurs when the muscle s of the heart receive an insufficient supply of oxygen . ... artery (one of the vessels that supply the heart muscle with blood rich in oxygen ) depriving the heart muscle (myocardium) of blood and oxygen . ...

Angina pectoris

... pain that occurs when the muscle s of the heart receive an insufficient supply of oxygen . ... ) Atherosclerosis CAD ( Coronary heart Disease ) Cardiac Disease ( heart Disease ) CHD ( ...

Angioplasty

... in a coronary artery during or after a heart attack ... Angioplasty is a therapeutic ... open narrowed or blocked blood vessels of the heart ( coronary arteries ). It is not considered to ... The coronary arteries supply blood to the heart muscle . The right coronary artery supplies ...

Anomaly

... during fetal development . Some congenital heart defects, including Eb stein 's Anomaly , may ... us return Truncus arteriosus Hypoplastic left heart Hypoplastic right heart Eb stein 's anomaly ... They have an ...

Anterior

... the posterior . The anterior surface of the heart is toward the breast bone (the sternum ). ... (LAD) branch supplies the front part of the heart . The left circumflex (LCX) branch supplies the left lateral and back side of the heart . The front ( anterior ) portion produces ...

Aorta

... that stems from the left ventricle of the heart to carry blood to most of the body. ... normally comes from the left side of the heart , and the pulmonary artery normally comes ... arteries come from the opposite sides of the heart from where they should. ABDOMINAL AORTA - ...

Aortic Aneurysm

... BELLY PAIN , OR IF YOU THINK YOU ARE HAVING A heart ATTACK OR STROKE , IMMEDIATELY GO TO A ... in the aorta (the main artery from the heart to the body). An aneurysm is a weak spot that ... Fallot's Syndrome (Tetrology of Fallot) Fast heart beat ( Rapid Heartbeat ) ... ESWL should not ...

Aortic dissection

... wall of the aorta (the major artery from the heart ). This condition may also involve abnormal ... vital organ s of the body, such as the brain, heart , kidney s, lungs , and intestine s. Dissect ... ... - aortic dissection * - aspirin and heart disease - atherosclerosis * - atrial ...

Aortic stenosis

... in the left ventricle (lower chamber) of the heart . Aortic stenosis may be present in varying ... means narrowing of the aortic valve in the heart . Normally, blood passes from the left lower chamber of the heart , called the left ventricle , through the ...

Aortic insufficiency

... Definition: Aortic insufficiency is a heart valve disease in which the aortic valve ... to the electrical conduction system of the heart during surgery (causing arrhythmias ) ... or bobbing of the head in synchrony with the heart beat, a sign of aortic insufficiency ...

Arrhythmia

... s are deviations from the normal cadence of the heart beat, which cause the heart to pump improperly. Arrhythmia Related ... disturbance in the rate or rhythm of the heart beat. Arrhythmia s , atria l: Abnormal ...

Arrhythmias

... are deviations from the normal cadence of the heart beat, which cause the heart to pump improperly. Arrhythmias , atria l: Abnormal heart rhythm due to electrical disturbances in the ...

Arteriosclerosis

... disease is commonly thought of as affecting the heart , but atherosclerosis and arteriosclerosis ... of the arteries , and over time can lead to heart attack s and stroke . Arteriosclerosis , or ... involuntary functions such as breathing and heart beat. Arteriosclerosis ( Atherosclerosis ) ...

Artery

... is commonly used to open blocked arteries in the heart . Coronary Artery Disease Related ... inside the arteries that supply blood to the heart (the coronary arteries ). This buildup is ... The coronary arteries supply blood to the heart muscle . The right coronary artery supplies ...

Arthralgia

... rheumatic carditis ( inflammation of the heart ) changes in the electrocardiogram ( EKG ) ... the electrical activity of the heart . Rheumatic fever Chiefly childhood disease ... chorea . It is often recurrent and can lead to heart valve damage. ARTHRALGIA : Pain in a ...

Asthma

... include those with chronic disorders of the heart or lungs (such as asthma and cystic ... ... Can a bubble bath reduce your risk of heart disease ? Could a manicure ease your asthma ... and patients who have asthma , emphysema , or heart disease are at increased risk for anaphylactic ...

Atherosclerosis

... -- is the underlying cause of almost all heart attack s and strokes . If you have the ... is known for affecting the arteries of the heart ( coronary arteries ) and the brain ( carotid ... impair blood flow to the all the organ s. The heart , brain and legs are most often affected. ...

Atria

... l fibrillation describes a rapid, irregular heart rhythm. The irregular rhythm, or arrhythmia , results from abnormal electrical impulses in the heart . The irregularity can be continuous, or it can ... Atria l fibrillation and flutter are abnormal heart rhythms in which the atria , or upper chambers ...

Atresia

... atresia is a serious birth defect in the heart which causes congenital heart disease . What is going on in the body? With ... tricuspid atresia , and hypoplastic left heart syndrome . Sept ostomy does not correct the ...

Atrial fibrillation

... fibrillation describes a rapid, irregular heart rhythm. The irregular rhythm, or arrhythmia , results from abnormal electrical impulses in the heart . The irregularity can be continuous, or it can ... cardiac arrhythmias , irregularities in the heart 's rhythm. Nearly 2 million Americans have ...

Atrial septal defect

... 10 percent of all children born with congenital heart disease . For unknown reasons, girls have atrial ... methods. Abnormal changes in the sound of the heart beats can be heard when a doctor listens to the heart with a stethoscope. An atrial septal defect ...

Atrial flutter

... overly rapid contraction s of the atrium of the heart (usually at a rate of 250-350 contraction s per ... Atrial Septal Defect s Atrioventricular Block ( heart Block ) Auricular Flutter ( Atrial Flutter ) AV Block ( heart Block ) Bacterial Pericarditis Bradycardia ...

Autonomic neuropathy

... regulate functions such as blood pressure , heart rate, bowel and bladder emptying, and ... from sitting or lying down rapid or irregular heart beats nausea or vomiting difficulty ... system Noninvasive diagnostic system assesses heart rate variability (HRV) for screening of ...

Bacteria

... is an infection of the lining of the heart . This infection can occur in any person ( infant , child or adult) who has heart disease present at birth ( congenital heart disease ), or can occur in people without ...

Bacterial

... is an infection of the lining of the heart . This infection can occur in any person ( infant , child or adult) who has heart disease present at birth ( congenital heart disease ), or can occur in people without ...

Beriberi

... of thiamine ( vitamin B 1). It can damage the heart and nervous system. Beriberi : A syndrome ... of multi ple nerve s (poly neuritis ), heart disease (cardiopathy), and edema ( swelling ) ... beriberi , which affects the nerve s and heart , is caused by a lack of thiamine in the diet ....

Beta

... Beta blockers : How do they affect target heart rate? Q. I'm taking beta blockers for high blood pressure . How do they affect my target heart rate during exercise ? No name/ Connecticut ... ... of certain hormone s ( catecholamines ) on the heart . This helps slow the ...

Biofeedback

... measures bodily functions, like breathing , heart rate, blood pressure , skin temperature , ... you to control automatic body functions such as heart rate, muscle tension, breathing , ... you learn to control some body functions such as heart rate and muscle tension. It can help with ...

Bleeding disorder

... , liver disease or stomach ulcer s Liver , heart or kidney disease ; high blood pressure ; ... physician who specializes in problems of the heart . EKG A tracing of the electrical activity of the heart . The bleeding disorder is corrected by ...

Blood clots

... clot that forms in a vessel or within the heart and remains there is called a thrombus. ... ... Blood Clots : Infections May Trigger heart Attack Weakened Immune System May Cause ... the coronary artery . When this happens, the heart muscle will no longer receive an adequate ...

Blood

... the chamber on the upper right side of the heart . Most of the blood flows to the left side ... produced primarily by the contraction of the heart muscle . It's measurement is recorded by two ... High blood pressure increases the risk of heart failure , ...

Blood disorders

... operation. People who have liver problems, heart failure , high blood pressure , or certain ... allergy and immunology , cardiology ( heart ), endocrinology ( hormone disorders), ... of the skin , joints , kidney s, lungs , heart and central nervous system . Blood disorders ...

Blood pressure

... produced primarily by the contraction of the heart muscle . It's measurement is recorded by two ... High blood pressure increases the risk of heart failure , heart attack , stroke , and kidney failure . ...
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