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Down in Medical Dictionary

Bilirubin

... cells contain hemoglobin , which is broken down to heme and globin. Bilirubin circulates in ... blood cells), is produced when the body breaks down old red blood cells. Normally, the liver ... . Bilirubin is formed when the body breaks down old red blood cells. The liver usually ...

Bile

... . It facilitates digestion by breaking down fats into fatty acids, which can be absorbed by ... bile , a fluid made by the liver to break down fats during digestion . Bile acid ... amounts of enzyme s necessary for breaking down ingested foods (e.g. Pancreatitis , Cystic ...

Carbohydrates

... such as starches and fiber . The body breaks down most sugar s and starches into glucose , a ... carbohydrates Complex carbohydrates are broken down by the body into simple sugar s for energy, are ... , they produce acids that can strip and break down the calcium and protein in tooth enamel, ...

Chromosome

... They also look for chromosome defects, such as down syndrome . Ultrasound scans to check the baby ... mother and father to have Wilson's disease . down syndrome (DS) is a genetic disorder (you have ... chromosome in addition to the usual pair. down syndrome is an example of a condition caused by ...

Cold

... breath and stub out your last cigarette cutting down gradually by using a 'mind' method like ... . " And to be honest, even when I try to sit down with the kids, by the time I actually SIT down to eat, my dinner is cold . Sometimes I prefer ...

Down syndrome

... down syndrome is a genetic disorder that includes a ... impairment , and other health problems. down syndrome occurs in about one in every 800-1,000 ... equal number of boys and girls. Less than 25% of down syndrome cases occur due to an extra chromosome ...

Femur

... to this ball is a metal stem, which is inserted down into the centre or marrow space of the femur . ... end of the femur (the thigh bone) is the end down by the knee ; the end more distant from the ... block anesthetizes the leg from the thigh down (its name comes from femur , the thighbone). ...

Femoral

... that starts in the lower abdomen and goes down into the thigh The femoral artery starts as a ... inguinal hernia s, women more commonly have them down into the leg a condition called femoral hernia ... block anesthetizes the leg from the thigh down (its name comes from femur , the thighbone). ...

First

... lower may indicate an underactive thyroid. Write down the result for five days. First , ... " And to be honest, even when I try to sit down with the kids, by the time I actually SIT down to eat, my dinner is cold . Sometimes I prefer ...

Hand

... , help to bend the wrist on your other hand down by pressing the back of your hand and holding it down for 15 to 30 seconds. IL-2, on the other hand ... sciatica -- a sensation of numbness or tingling down the back of your leg. Lack of blood supply to ...

Knee

... the muscle at the front of the thigh. Lie down on the floor and lift you leg straight up in the ... the ankle or knee . The pain travels down your legs below the knee . You have weakness ... part of the pelvis -- and extend all the way down to the knee . For example, the distal end ...

Lactase

... pregnancy onward. Lactose must be broken down by lactase into the simple sugar s galactose ... the small intestine where it breaks lactose down into a form that can be absorbed by the blood . ... which contain the enzyme that helps break down lactose . You can get this in a tablet form, and ...

Metabolism

... cells contain hemoglobin , which is broken down to heme and globin. The term "inborn of ... is nourished by oxygen which it uses to break down nutriments; without oxygen it dies. Invading ... toxins are actually enzyme s that, by breaking down host tissue s, prevent the localization of ...

Pelvis

... buttock, passes near the hip , and then leads down the leg. Irritation or injury to any part of ... bones and tissue that extends from your skull down to your pelvis . A sense of pressure in the ... . Low back pain . Sometimes this pain spreads down one or both legs. Abnormal discharge, such as ...

Pharynx

... tube: A tube that is passed through the nose and down through the naso pharynx and esophagus into ... Air enters through the mouth and nose and passes down the pharynx (throat) and through the larynx (voice box). Air then continues down through the trachea (windpipe) which branches ...

Prolapse

... of these tissue s allows the uterus to slip down into the vagina . Rectal prolapse ... is the abnormal protrusion of the rectal mucosa down to or through the anal opening. Mitral prolapse : Drooping down or abnormal bulging of the mitral valve cusps ...

Regurgitation

... Cough ing, especially at night or when lying down Difficulty swallowing solids and liquids (late ... bend over to tie your shoes or when you're laying down at night. The most common cause for mitral ... your baby, everything you worked so hard to get down comes right back up -all over your shirt. ...

Sciatica

... the low back to behind the thigh and radiating down below the knee . Sciatica Definition ... runs from the lower part of the spinal cord, down the back of the leg, to the foot. Sciatica ... nerve in the body. This nerve , which passes down through the upper leg, can experience neuralgia ...

Senility

... employment, depression . As people with down syndrome age, they face an increased chance of ... It was once thought that nearly all adults with down syndrome developed Alzheimer disease ( ... on top of their mental handicap most people with down syndrome were slated for premature senility . ...

Shoulder

... bone) and radiates to the left shoulder and down the upper arm; less frequently, it spreads to the ... s), knee ( cartilage tears, wearing down of or injury to the cartilage cushion, ... ... over the left side of the top of the head and down the left side of the back of the head and the ...

Syndrome

... overcame symptoms that were initially severe. down Syndrome Related Category: Pathology ... and characteristic physical features. down syndrome occurs in about one in every ... equal number of boys and girls. Less than 25% of down syndrome cases occur due to an extra ...

Trisomy

... chromosome in addition to the usual pair. down syndrome is an example of a condition caused by ... cases. CAUSES"Also called trisomy 21, down syndrome occurs during fetal development , but ... in 1 out of 700 live birth s. People with down syndrome , also called trisomy 21, develop a ...

Uvula

... piece of soft tissue that can be seen dangling down from the soft palate over the back of the ... uvula The soft flap of tissue that hangs down at the back of the mouth (at the edge of the ... . The uvula is the soft tissue that hangs down at the back of the throat. The cleft in the ...

Amino acids

... glargine differs from human insulin in three amino acids , slowing down its release and reducing its solubility in the blood . See monograph (PDF ... syrup urine disease , a condition caused by the body's inability to break down certain amino acids . Good alternatives for toddlers are soy or rice ...

Amylase

... trypsin and chymotrypsin digest protein s. The enzyme amylase breaks down carbohydrate foods . Another enzyme , lipase, breaks down fats, into smaller molecules called fatty acids and cholesterol . The ...

Appetite

... can suffer with head sweats or joint abnormalities. This will slow down bone loss and keep your weight and appetite under control. It will also ... feel better. Food : Eating foods that are high in calcium helps slow down bone loss. Radiation sickness may be fairly mild and transitory, ...

Birth Control

... get pregnant. Exercise : You should exercise regularly. This will slow down bone loss and keep your weight and appetite under control. It will also ... method. Pregnancy or the use of birth control pills can slow down gallbladder activity and increase the risk of gallstones . So can ...

Bladder

... Once a medical problem has been ruled out, commonsense measures can cut down on the number of bed-wetting episodes until the child outgrows the ... especially childbirth and hysterectomy , can lead to a dropping down of the bladder . This can result in loss of control and leakage of urine ...

Blurred vision

... these symptoms first appear, fainting can often be avoided if you lay down or sit down with your head bent forward. This comes with a wide-ranging list of ...

Breathing difficulty

... Breathing difficulty - lying down Definition: Breathing difficulty while lying down is an abnormal condition in which a person must keep the head elevated (by ...

Childbirth

... it refers to the entire process as an infant makes its way from the womb down the birth canal to the outside world. Childbirth Research ... especially childbirth and hysterectomy , can lead to a dropping down of the bladder . This can result in loss of control and leakage of urine ...

Colic

... Death Syndrome ) Croup ... Inconsolable crying is often put down to colic but no-one yet knows what colic is and there's no definite ... not improved by changes in position, radiating from the back, down the flank, and into the groin . Nausea and vomiting are common. ...

Colic

... Death Syndrome ) Croup ... Inconsolable crying is often put down to colic but no-one yet knows what colic is and there's no definite ... not improved by changes in position, radiating from the back, down the flank, and into the groin . Nausea and vomiting are common. ...

Connective tissue

... that results in milky skin , white hair , and pink or blue eyes . down syndrome . LIGAMENT - Strong connective tissue that serves to ... . They help fight disease and heal wounds . But protein s also break down into waste products that must be cleaned from the blood by the kidney ....

Cortisol

... renal cortex. Cortisol has many functions. It helps the body break down food for energy ( metabolism ), and it helps the body manage stress . ... Health Facts Cortisol Claims Stopped by FTC Diet : The Diet From down Under more>> ... Hydrocortisone ( cortisol ; Cortamed) Hydrocortisone ...

Depression

... life and activity. Depression affects people differently. Some feel down for extended periods of time; for others the feelings of depression come ... Depression may be described as feeling sad, blue, unhappy, miserable, or down in the dumps. Most of us feel this way at one time or another for short ...

Dermabrasion

... wheel with roughened surface similar to fine-grained sandpaper. Sands down skin layers making wrinkles less visible. In dermabrasion , a wire brush buffs or sands down irregular acne scars. Micro dermabrasion is a new technique in which ...

Digestion

... Definition ... Digestion is the process by which food is broken down into smaller pieces so that the body can use them to build and nourish ... Digestion begins in the mouth when food is chewed and starch is broken down by ptyalin, an enzyme secreted in saliva . Food then enters the ...

Duct

... ... These stones are then expelled from the gallbladder and travel down the bile duct , the tube that connects the gallbladder to the ... which result in inadequate amounts of enzyme s necessary for breaking down ingested foods (e.g. Pancreatitis , Cystic fibrosis , Lactase ...

Duodenum

... sample. It may be treated with chemicals to see if an enzyme that breaks down urea is present. An elevated gastrin level may indicate tumor s in ... a thin, lighted tube (endoscope) is passed through the mouth and down into the first part of the small intestine ( duodenum ). A smaller ...
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