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Compound in Medical Dictionary

Placebo

... For example, in a controlled clinical trial, ... Placebo An inactive compound having no physiological effect; an inert substance identical in appearance ... placebo therapy. shave biopsy (BY-ahp-see) ... Woman receiving the compound were three times more likely to fracture an arm, leg, or hip than if ...

Absorption

... has been removed), enzyme s from the pancreas , and a normal intestine s. ^ Top ... Chocolate contains oxalate - a naturally occurring compound in cocoa beans - which in large amounts may inhibit absorption of calcium . Absorption unreliable. Should not be used in children or patients ...

AIDS

... body susceptible to many other disease s. Acute A sudden onset of symptoms or disease . Adenocarcinoma See Carcinoma . GEM 91: An antisense compound in Phase Ib/II clinical trials (91-006 and 91-007) for the treatment of HIV infection and AIDS . GEM 92: In development related to the ...

Allergies

... that are the cause of increasingly frequent and painful headaches . The skin around the tibia will be examined for open wounds , sign of a compound or open fracture . Certain medications may cause problems during surgery so that your physician should know all about your medications and ...

Ammonia

... to a coma -state resulting from increased ammonia transferred to the brain because of the inability of the liver to remove this toxic compound ... Eliminate, by metabolizing and/or secreting, the potentially harmful biochemical products produced by the body, such as bilirubin from the ...

Anti

... to the painful area. One good method is to use ice for the first 48 to 72 hours, then use heat after that. Tetraethyl lead : An anti -knock compound added to motor fuel. Also known as tetraethylplumbane, tetraethyl lead has highly adverse effects on human health. It causes lead poisoning . The ...

Barium enema

... A procedure in which a liquid with barium in it is put into the rectum and colon by way of the anus . Barium is a silver-white metallic compound that helps to show the image of the lower gastrointestinal tract on an x-ray . barium solution ... Barium enema detects about 30%-50% of ...

Belching

... those containing aluminium may cause constipation . Magnesium carbonate can cause belching due to carbon dioxide being liberated from the compound in the stomach . Giardiasis ( Giardia lamblia) Intestinal Complications of Inflammatory Bowel Disease Intestinal Gas ( Belching , ...

Bilirubin

... Total and direct bilirubin are usually measured to screen for or to monitor liver or gall bladder dysfunction. Bilirubin : A yellow-orange compound produced by the breakdown of hemoglobin from red blood cells. Common Misspellings: billirubin Search All of MedicineNet For: search help ...

BUN

... carries protein to cells throughout the body. After the cells use the protein , the remaining waste product is returned to the blood as urea, a compound that contains nitrogen. Blood urea nitrogen : Abbreviated BUN . A measure primarily of the urea level in blood . Urea is cleared by the ...

Burn

... lightning ... Laser beams can burn or destroy healthy tissue , cause injuries that are painful and sometimes permanent, and actually compound problems they are supposed to solve. The severity of a burn depends on what substance caused it and how long the substance had contact with the ...

Caffeine

... upset. It may also be a sign of overactivity of the thyroid gland or underlying disease . Propoxyphene/Aspirin/ Caffeine (Oral) (Darvon compound 32; Darvon Compound-65; PC-Cap) Propoxyphene and Acetaminophen (Darvocet-N 50; Darvocet-N 100; E-Lor; Propacet 100; Wygesic; Propoxyphene with APAP; ...

Calcium stones

... Calcium stones . Roughly four out of five kidney stones are calcium stones . These stones are usually a combination of calcium and oxalate, a compound that occurs naturally in some fruits and vegetables. Calcium stones are most common. They are two to three times more common in men, usually ...

Cannabis

... ; Intoxication - marijuana ( cannabis ) Receive our free newsletter or manage your subscriptions Get our RSS news feed ... Brain's Cannabis compound Fights Inflammation Diuretic May Ease Sleep Apnea Hearing Aids: Get Used to Your Hearing Aid Inexpensive Mail-Out Can Help Fight ...

Carcinoma

... along the inner side of the arm and hand . CARCINOMA : A malignant tumor . CARDIOMYOPATHY : A disease of the heart muscle s. CARNITINE: A compound involved in transferring fatty acids across mitochondrial membrane s. carcinoma in situ (KAR-si-NO-ma in SYE-too) Cancer that involves only ...

Cardiomyopathy

... other reasons not yet known. Specific types of cardiomyopathy include: ... CARDIOMYOPATHY : A disease of the heart muscle s. CARNITINE: A compound involved in transferring fatty acids across mitochondrial membrane s. CARDIOMYOPATHY (Keshan Disease , Muscular Dystrophy of the Heart ) ...

Cartilage

... membrane , ... Articular cartilage is a complex, living tissue that lines the bony surface of joints . Glucosamine is a natural compound in your body that helps make your cartilage strong and rigid. Osteoarthritis causes the breakdown of joint cartilage and can affect any ...

Caustic

... Kali bich. is a caustic compound useful for colds and sinusitis . People needing this remedy become very chill y when ill with a characteristic pain in one spot. ...

Circulation

... to a coma -state resulting from increased ammonia transferred to the brain because of the inability of the liver to remove this toxic compound from the circulation . system, the considerations to be made invariably concerned the determining political aspects. The postage stamp had still ...

Coma

... to a coma -state resulting from increased ammonia transferred to the brain because of the inability of the liver to remove this toxic compound ... An acute ly high glucose level carries the risk of a diabetic coma . In addition, ... GHB (also called Liquid XTC, G, blue nitro): Once ...

Confusion

... to a coma -state resulting from increased ammonia transferred to the brain because of the inability of the liver to remove this toxic compound ... Although you may have many reasons for delay (such as fear, guilt, and confusion ), any delay in reporting can and will be regarded as ...

Contusion

... ) A broken skull bone ( skull fracture ) A blood clot in or around your brain ( hematoma ) PREVIOUS ... ADL 2-1294 A proprietary opiate compound formulated to provide relief of hyperalgesia following abrasion s, burns , contusion s, or other cutaneous injuries . As in the United ...

Corticosteroids

... that may increase WBC count s include epinephrine , allopurinol, aspirin, chloroform, heparin, quinine, corticosteroids , and triamterene. A compound that belongs to the family of compounds called corticosteroids (steroids). Glucocorticoids affect metabolism and have anti -inflammatory and ...

Crabs

... treatment , including environmental cleaning, should eradicate the lice . Crabs An informal or slang term for pubic lice . LindaneA benzene compound that is used to kill body and pubic lice . Lindane works by being absorbed into the louse's central nervous system , causing seizures and death ....

Dandruff

... rinses. Cradle cap in infants eventually clears up without treatment , though it can last several months. Selenium sulfide lotion -- the base compound for many dandruff shampoos -- can be used. This shampoo is spread over the infected skin , left in place for 10 minutes, then rinsed off. ...

Enema

... A procedure in which a liquid with barium in it is put into the rectum and colon by way of the anus . Barium is a silver-white metallic compound that helps to show the image of the lower gastrointestinal tract on an x-ray . barium solution ... A barium enema is often used to ...

Food

... Lane Room 1685, HFE 88 Rockville, MD 20857 ... A food or dietary supplement that is believed to provide health benefits. nutrient A chemical compound (such as protein , fat , carbohydrate, vitamins , or minerals ) that make up food s . These compounds are used by the body to function and ...

HDL

... with primary hypercholesterolemia (heterozygous, ... Most important, it boosts the amount of HDL ("good") cholesterol in the blood . This compound helps prevent the buildup of LDL ("bad") cholesterol , the artery -clogging fat that provides the raw material for a heart attack . And the ...

Hiv infection

... MD: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Agency for Health Care Policy and Research, 1994. Huber, Jeffrey T. GEM 91: An antisense compound in Phase Ib/II clinical trials (91-006 and 91-007) for the treatment of HIV infection and AIDS . GEM 92: In development related to the ...

Lactic acid

... and kidney function. The mineral, calcium , has to be combined with another substance in order that it might be maintained in a stable compound ( calcium lactate is calcium plus lactic acid ). Dry skin - Try using a moisturizer that contains at least one of the following ingredients: ...

LDL

... Association recommends a target for LDL - cholesterol of 2.5 mmol/l and European guidelines are more stringent than British Guidelines. This compound helps prevent the buildup of LDL ("bad") cholesterol , the artery -clogging fat that provides the raw material for a heart attack . ...

Lyme Disease

... burgdorferi transmitted by the bite of a deer tick. See also tick removal. Lyme Disease Benches FSU Football Quarterback FDA: Lyme Disease compound Risky Health Tip: Ticks Carry Lyme Disease Warm Weather Kicks Off Tick Season Health Highlights: Aug. 21, 2006 Get All the Buzz on Bug Bites ...

Mercury

... children to mercury . The type of mercury found in thiomersal-containing vaccine s is thought to be safe. Thimerosol (Mersol) is a mercury compound with activity against bacteria and yeast s. Prolonged use may result in mercury toxic ity. Recommended dosage Dosage varies with product and ...

Metastasis

... usually cured with surgery . Prompt medical attention and aggressive therapy are important for the best prognosis . GBC-590 A carbohydrate-based compound believed to disrupt the cellular recognition processes identified in cancer and metastasis . Neoplasm s - New abnormal growth of tissue . ...

Organic

... good health. vitiligo A skin condition characterized by sharply defined white patches that contain no skin color (pigment). An organic compound composed of both an amino group and an acidic carboxyl group; amino acids are the basic building blocks of protein s. Aminoaciduria The abnormal ...

Pharmacist

... Some women use "natural" progesterone creams (available in health food stores or via mail order) or prescription progestin creams (made by a compound pharmacist ) to correct low progesterone levels. Be sure to ask your health care provider or pharmacist about possible side effects or drug ...

Proctitis

... For Your Information ... PROCTITIS : Inflammation of the rectum . PRODROME : A symptom that indicates the onset of a disease . PRODRUG: A compound that the body converts into active drug . cysts ; paraphysis; parapineal; paraplasm; par aplastic ; paraplectic; paraplegia ; paraplegia ...

Prodrome

... PRODROME : A symptom that indicates the onset of a disease . PRODRUG: A compound that the body converts into active drug . PROGENITOR: Parent or ancestor. The first is known as the prodrome , which are a cluster of warning ...

Protein

... Protein is the most abundant class of all biological molecules, comprising about 50 percent of cellular dry weight. protein An organic compound composed primarily of amino acids . protein uria ... Protein s that activate the immune system (cytokines), such as interleukin-2 and ...

Salve

... salve to numb the anal area during the test. The salve should be applied 15 to 20 minutes before the examination starts. Treacle: A medicinal compound once in wide use as an antidote to poison s. Treacle was a kind of salve . It was reputed to be a remedy against venom ous bites in ...
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