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Chromosomal in Medical Dictionary

Angelman Syndrome

... the characteristics of Angelman Syndrome ? Angelman syndrome is a chromosomal disorder caused by the absence of a gene . defects in the chromosome or chromosomal inheritance (for example, fragile X syndrome , Angelman syndrome , ...

Down syndrome

... the two sides of the heart . Down syndrome is the most common chromosomal disorder (1 out of 800). Affected individuals have an extra copy of ... Use: prenatal genetic testing for Down syndrome and other chromosomal disorders, e.g., Patau syndrome , Edward syndrome , Klinefelter ...

Prader

... -Willi syndrome Dr Trisha Macnair Prader -Willi syndrome (PWS) is a chromosomal disorder that results from disruption of chromosome 15. Symptoms include ... a very small proportion of children. defects in the chromosome or chromosomal inheritance (for example, fragile X syndrome , Angelman syndrome , ...

Prader-Willi syndrome

... syndrome Dr Trisha Macnair Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) is a chromosomal disorder that results from disruption of chromosome 15. Symptoms include ... a very small proportion of children. defects in the chromosome or chromosomal inheritance (for example, fragile X syndrome , Angelman syndrome , ...

ADH

... losses are APC(5q), DCC/M ADH 2/M ADH 4(18q), and TP53(17p), [22,28] and chromosome losses are associated with instability at the molecular and chromosomal level. Metadate CD (methylphenidate HCl) 20-mg capsules A once-daily, extended-release, biphasic formulation of methylphenidate for the treatment ...

Amniocentesis

... of pregnancy . An amniocentesis is a procedure used to obtain a small sample of the amniotic fluid that surrounds the fetus to diagnose chromosomal disorders and open neural tube defects (ONTDs) such as spina bifida . Amniocentesis in early pregnancy is not done as a general screening ...

Androgen

... related drugs such as DES and tamoxifen, which may be carcinogen ic under some conditions, have proven to be protective under others. most common chromosomal abnormality resulting in azospermia is Klinefelter‚s syndrome which occurs in 1 in 500 live birth s and results in the destruction of all ...

Anencephaly

... pantalgia; pantaloon embolism ; pantaloon hernia ; pantamorph; pantamorphia; pantamorphic; pant anencephaly ; ... The test can detect chromosomal disorders -- such as Down's syndrome , structural defects -- such as spina bifida (open spine, where the vertebrae fail to close), anencephaly ...

Birth Defects

... defects of the brain, heart , spine, legs, arms, or other organ s. Chorionic villus sampling to test a sample of tissue from the placenta for chromosomal problems. Fetal alcohol syndrome is one of the three most widely known causes of birth defects and mental retardation . It affects one in 750 ...

Bladder

... rectum , liver , spleen , lungs and veins. Flukes first mature inside freshwater snails. Moreover, the gene for Aurora kinase resides at a chromosomal "hot-spot" frequently associated with various human cancer s such as those of breast , bladder , colon , ovary , pancreas , head, and neck. ...

Calcium

... in calcium and zinc . Malnutrition (inadequate amounts of a vitamin , protein , calcium , or other nutrients) Genetic disease s and chromosomal abnormalities Problems experienced by a fetus before birth -- exposure to drugs and medications, infections , positioning, or trauma ... - ...

Colon

... to the urinary tract . If these bacteria are allowed to multi ply, infection results. Moreover, the gene for Aurora kinase resides at a chromosomal "hot-spot" frequently associated with various human cancer s such as those of breast , bladder , colon , ovary , pancreas , head, and neck. ...

Deficiency

... never fantasizes, only a dissatisfied one." Later thinkers embroidered this theme, developing what has become known as the deficiency theory. chromosomal abnormality resulting in azospermia is Klinefelter‚s syndrome which occurs in 1 in 500 live birth s and results in the destruction of all ...

Fetus

... Smallpox vaccination of fetus : See Congenital vaccinia. Search All of MedicineNet For: search help ... Fetus es with congenital or chromosomal abnormalities are often associated with below-normal weight. Infections during pregnancy that affect the fetus , such as rubella , ...

Fragile X syndrome

... syndrome , in which a segment of the X chromosome (one of the chromosomes that determines gender) is abnormal. defects in the chromosome or chromosomal inheritance (for example, fragile X syndrome , Angelman syndrome , Prader-Willi syndrome ) ... FMR1: The gene responsible for the production ...

Gene

... the eye and skin areas such as the ear and nose, graying of the hair , ... Eye Disease s, Hereditary - Transmission of gene defects or chromosomal aberrations/abnormalities which are expressed in extreme variation in the structure or function of the eye . In addition, the paper focuses on ...

Germ

... melanoma , kidney cancer , bladder cancer , certain sarcoma s, testicular and germ cell tumor s, and a number of others. The most common chromosomal abnormality resulting in azospermia is Klinefelter‚s syndrome which occurs in 1 in 500 live birth s and results in the destruction of all ...

Gynecomastia

... variety of anomalies that include testicular atrophy , gynecomastia , eunuchoid habitus, and elevated serum gonad otrophins. The most common chromosomal abnormality resulting in azospermia is Klinefelter‚s syndrome which occurs in 1 in 500 live birth s and results in the destruction of all ...

Hymen

... an opening in the membrane at the entrance of the vagina ( hymen ) Drastic weight reduction Congenital abnormalities of the genital system chromosomal abnormalities Extreme obesity ... In humans, tapeworm disease is most commonly caused by one of three tapeworm species: the pork ...

Hypothyroid

... obesity , including hypothyroid ism . In my experience, these are found in less than 5% of women tested. Precocious puberty also may accompany chromosomal disorders, including Down's syndrome or untreated hypothyroid ism (an underactive thyroid gland ). Major trauma (e.g., ligament damage, ...

Hypothyroidism

... obesity , including hypothyroidism . In my experience, these are found in less than 5% of women tested. Precocious puberty also may accompany chromosomal disorders, including Down's syndrome or untreated hypothyroidism (an underactive thyroid gland ). Major trauma (e.g., ligament damage, ...

Karyotyping

... For Your Information ... SKY (spectral karyotyping ) technology A form of FISH technology, SKY (spectral karyotyping ) visualizes genetic and chromosomal patterns and defects through spectral-im aging hardware and software. Source: UPMC News Bureau - 12/25/97. K+ ( Potassium ) Karyotyping ( ...

Learning Disabilities

... bladder and bowel control problems, skeletal deformities, eating difficulties, dental problems, digestive problems , ... XYY syndrome : A chromosomal disorder that affects males only, caused by the presence of an extra Y chromosome . Symptoms may include increased height, speech delays, learning ...

Metabolic Diseases

... Metabolic diseases Malnutrition (inadequate amounts of a vitamin , protein , calcium , or other nutrients) Genetic disease s and chromosomal abnormalities ... Inherited metabolic diseases also may promote cataract formation. In addition to diabetes , inborn deficiencies of enzyme ...

Noonan syndrome

... . disease s occur as an isolated defect and are not associated with other disease s. However, they can also be a part of various genetic and chromosomal syndrome s, such as Down syndrome , trisomy 13 , Turner's syndrome , Marfan syndrome , Noonan syndrome , ... ...

Ovary

... a condition in which there is too much of a hormone called corticosteroid in the blood ... Moreover, the gene for Aurora kinase resides at a chromosomal "hot-spot" frequently associated with various human cancer s such as those of breast , bladder , colon , ovary , pancreas , head, and neck. ...

Pancreas

... insulin , the substance secreted by the pancreas and needed by the body to utilize sugar . Moreover, the gene for Aurora kinase resides at a chromosomal "hot-spot" frequently associated with various human cancer s such as those of breast , bladder , colon , ovary , pancreas , head, and neck. ...

Placenta

... , breech baby, active genital herpes , multi ple gestation , ... Chorionic villus sampling to test a sample of tissue from the placenta for chromosomal problems. This test is done between the 10th weeks and 12th weeks of a pregnancy . Hormone s released by the placenta (the tissue in the ...

Retardation

... in adults. Restoring normal growth and preventing kidney stones , another common problem in this disorder, are the major goals of therapy. chromosomal analysis, which may be done if mental retardation is present or there is a family history of mental retardation . MONGOLISM - A congenital ...

Skeletal

... from: Metabolic diseases Malnutrition (inadequate amounts of a vitamin , protein , calcium , or other nutrients) Genetic disease s and chromosomal abnormalities ... Skeletal survey What the risks are: There is low radiation exposure. X-ray s machines are monitored and regulated to provide ...

Syndrome

... If you think you may be experiencing this condition in your fishtank or need immediate help in identifying the problem, ... The most common chromosomal abnormality resulting in azospermia is Klinefelter‚s syndrome which occurs in 1 in 500 live birth s and results in the destruction of all ...

Thyroid gland

... of an underactive thyroid gland . This article discusses how it is used and its possible side effects. Precocious puberty also may accompany chromosomal disorders, including Down's syndrome or untreated hypothyroidism (an underactive thyroid gland ). Remember chronic fatigue can also be ...

Toxoplasmosis

... and include genetic problems, malformations of the brain and maternal infection ( rubella , toxoplasmosis ). Fetus es with congenital or chromosomal abnormalities are often associated with below-normal weight. Infections during pregnancy that affect the fetus , such as rubella , ...

Trisomy 13

... heart disease s occur as an isolated defect and are not associated with other disease s. However, they can also be a part of various genetic and chromosomal syndrome s, such as Down syndrome , trisomy 13 , Turner's syndrome , ... sweaty feet can also predispose you to having an ingrown toenail . ...

Trisomy

... heart disease s occur as an isolated defect and are not associated with other disease s. However, they can also be a part of various genetic and chromosomal syndrome s, such as Down syndrome , trisomy 13 , Turner's syndrome , ... Homo cystinuria , a genetic condition characterized by ...

Trisomy 18

... Trisomy 18 Definition: Trisomy 18 is a syndrome associated with the presence of a third (extra) number 18 chromosome . This rare genetic chromosomal disorder arises when a child is born with three copies of chromosome 18, rather than the usual two. It's also known as trisomy 18 . [15] ...

Vitamin

... eat. duration Indefinite ... Malnutrition (inadequate amounts of a vitamin , protein , calcium , or other nutrients) Genetic disease s and chromosomal abnormalities Problems experienced by a fetus before birth -- exposure to drugs and medications, infections , positioning, or trauma ... ...
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