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Cells in Medical Dictionary

Abscess

... Radioactive abscess scan uses white blood cells tagged with radioactive indium and x-ray s to ... and destroyed tissue from the white blood cells that were carried to the area to fight the ... pus consists of bacteria , white blood cells and dead tissue . Abscess Between the Gum ...

Acid Reflux

... chronic acid reflux is believed to cause the cells at the bottom of the esophagus to transform into gland ular cells similar to cells in the stomach lining. The continuous pH ...

Acute

... large numbers of unusually immature white blood cells destined to become lymphocyte s. Acute ... the spongy tissue inside bones where blood cells are made. ACUTE ADRENAL CRISIS - An abrupt ... disease in which too many immature white blood cells (not lymphocyte s) are found in the blood and ...

Acute lymphocytic leukemia

... the spongy tissue inside bones where blood cells are made. Acute lymphocytic leukemia is a ... by large numbers of immature white blood cells that resemble lymph oblasts. acute ... disease in which too many immature white blood cells (called lymph oblasts) are found in the blood ...

Acute myelogenous leukemia

... the spongy tissue inside bones where blood cells are made. Acute myelogenous leukemia : ... disease in which too many immature white blood cells (not lymphocyte s) are found in the blood and ... leukemia . is characterized by low red blood cells ( anemia ), low white blood cell count ( ...

Adenocarcinoma

... Neoplasm - or tumor , tissue composed of cells that grow in an abnormal way. Normal tissue is ... the growth of abnormal cells. These cancer ous cells multi ply out of control, and form a tumor . As ... s. Adenocarcinoma starts in gland ular cells in the lining of the small intestine and is the ...

Adhesion

... . A state in which the number of red blood cells or the hemoglobin is below normal, reducing the ... Interest: INTEGRIN-mediated interactions between cells and extracellular matrix protein s influence a ... it cannot be cast off each month. Instead, the cells cause bleeding and scars. Adhesion s, or scar ...

Allergen

... interact with IgE antibody on the mast cells inside the nose. This causes discharge of ... to mast cells. Eosinophil s are white blood cells that react to allergen s (substances that cause ... outdoors. A substance released from certain cells in response to allergen s, associated with the ...

Allergy

... react with host tissue s or immune effector cells that are autoreactive to endogenous ... ... , known as a sympathomimetic. White blood cells (WBC) General term for a variety of cells responsible for fighting invading germs, ...

Alpha

... Alpha -blockers work by blocking special sites on cells called alpha -receptors. These cells are found in the muscle s around blood vessels ... factor alpha (TNF alpha ) gene expression in cells and TNF alpha release ...

Amyloidosis

... Amyloidosis , primary : A disorder of plasma cells (special white blood cells that produce antibodies), this is one of a group ... and resulting from a cancer of the blood cells called myeloma . Hereditary amyloidosis is ...

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

... , or ALS , is a disease of the motor nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord. It causes ... neurological disease that attacks the nerve cells that control voluntary muscle s. It may begin ... is a progressive wasting away of certain nerve cells of the brain and spinal column called motor ...

Anemia

... to produce the proper number of red blood cells needed to carry oxygen to vital organ s. ... that occurs when there are fewer red blood cells than normal, or there is a low concentration of ... ... Anemia is a condition where red blood cells are not providing adequate oxygen to body ...

Antibody

... substances produced by specialized blood cells ( plasma cells) as a reaction to an antigen ... (antibodies) are protein s produced by plasma cells (or B-Cells , a type of lymphocyte ), ... ... antibodies can identify substances on cancer cells or normal substances that may help cancer ...

Antigen

... (APC) Antigen -presenting cell , Accessory cells T lymphocyte s are part of the immune system ... antigen ( PSA ) is a protein produced by the cells of the prostate gland . The PSA test ... of lymph atic tissue with T cells, B cells and macrophage s which recognize antigen s and ...

Aplastic

... blood cells, including red and white blood cells as well as platelet s. Aplastic anemia ... failure of the bone marrow , where red blood s cells are made, causes a dramatic drop in red and white ... (an-ah-PLAS-tik) A term used to describe cancer cells that divide rapidly and have little or no ...

Asymptomatic

... pain or discomfort but has infection -fighting cells in his semen . ASYMPTOMATIC INFECTION ... is actively multi plying, infecting, and killing cells of the immune system . Lyme disease may be ... blood disorder that forms abnormal red blood cells high cholesterol levels in the blood , ...

Autoimmune disease

... and produces antibodies to attack its own healthy cells and tissue . Autoimmune Disease s . People ... develops when the immune system attacks normal cells or organ s. Autoimmune disease Disease in which the body makes antibodies against its own cells or tissue s. Titer ... AUTOIMMUNE DISEASE ...

Autoimmune Diseases

... and produces antibodies to attack its own healthy cells and tissue . Autoimmune Diseases . People ... body makes antibodies that work against its own cells or tissue s. Rheumatic disease s ( disease s ... diseases that attack the bile ducts or liver cells Severe reactions to prescription drugs ...

Basal cell carcinoma

... carcinoma develops from abnormal growth of the cells in the lowest layer of the epidermis and is the ... that arises from the basal cells, small round cells found in the lower part (or base) of the ... of the skin is made up of squamous cells. Basal cells are found below the squamous cells. The most ...

Bilirubin

... is derived from the breakdown of red blood cells is known as indirect bilirubin . Bilirubin ... begins with the breakdown of red blood cells by phagocytic cells. Red blood cells contain hemoglobin , which is broken down to ...

Benign

... Benign tumor A localized overgrowth of cells that does not spread to other parts of the body. ... cell of the body. In a benign tumour the cells do not spread to other parts of the body and so ... large. Cancer ous tumor s may shed cancer cells that spread to other parts of the body. This is ...

Beta

... the stomach ). Within the pancreas , the beta cells are located in areas called the islets of ... that take place when HIV and white blood cells meet. Beta blockers reduce the heart ... (sickle hemoglobin ) deforms the red blood cells when they are under low oxygen conditions. ...

Biopsy

... under a microscope to determine whether cancer cells are present. Breast biopsy : Interpreting ... a diagnosis (eg, to determine whether abnormal cells such as cancer cells are present). biopsy Removal and exam of a ...

Blood

... cord blood and may provide the donated stem cells to another matched individual in their network. ... cell count (WBC). The number of white blood cells in a volume of blood . Normal range varies ... atories but is generally between 4,300 and 10,800 cells per cubic millimeter (cmm). White blood ...

Bone marrow

... is the tissue that manufactures the blood cells and is in the hollow part of most bones. This ... filling the cavities of the bones where blood cells are formed. Bone marrow is the soft, ... material found inside bones. It contains immature cells known as hematopoietic or blood -forming stem ...

Bone marrow biopsy

... numbers of both mature and immature bone marrow cells are present. No signs of infection are present. ... examine the number, size, and maturity of blood cells and/or abnormal cells ... Bone marrow biopsy A procedure in which ...

Brain tumor

... the day. brain tumor The growth of abnormal cells in the tissue s of the brain. Brain tumor s ... A brain tumor is any growth of abnormal cells or uncontrolled proliferation of cells in the brain. GLIOBL AST OMA MULTI FORME - ...

Breast

... is a malignant tumor that has developed from cells of the breast . A malignant tumor is a group of cancer cells that may invade surrounding tissue s or spread ... in Women What is breast cancer ? When abnormal cells grow uncontrollably, they are called cancer s. ...

Breast Cancer

... is a malignant tumor that has developed from cells of the breast . A malignant tumor is a group of cancer cells that may invade surrounding tissue s or spread ... the nipple. breast cancer in situ Abnormal cells that are confined to the ducts or lobules in the ...

Calcitonin

... Calcitonin is a hormone produced in the C cells of the thyroid gland . Its role in humans is ... . calcitonin A hormone formed by the C cells of the thyroid gland . It helps maintain a ... YOU SHOULD DO ... medulla ry - develops in cells that produce calcitonin , a hormone that does ...

Cancer

... Cancer is an abnormal growth of cells. Cancer cells rapidly reproduce despite restriction of space, ... of the body where it is located and the kind of cells that comprise it. The most common types of cancer cells and their locations are: Goto: ... Cancer ...

Carbon dioxide

... and cervical biopsy , and the abnormal cells are visible through the colposcope. Carbon ... help Printer-Friendly Format ... Red blood cells ( Erythrocyte s) cells in the blood that de liver oxygen to tissue ...

Carcinoma

... is a disease in which cancer (malignant) cells are found somewhere in the body, but the place ... the growth of abnormal cells. These cancer ous cells multi ply out of control, and form a tumor . As ... skin because it arises from hormone -producing cells that resemble nerve cells. More on Adeno ...

CBC

... also includes information about the red blood cells that is calculated from the other measurements: ... , but a complete blood count checks the blood cells themselves. You are here : AllRefer.com > ... Megaloblastic Anemia - View of Red Blood cells CBC Alternate Names : Complete Blood Count ......

Cell

... unit of protoplast which contains a nucleus. Some cells (red blood cells) may be nonnucleated. [ Med ... Germ cell tumor s develop from primitive cells that normally mature into ova (eggs) in the ... is a lower than normal number of red blood cells in the blood . Red blood ...

Cervical

... is a disease in which malignant ( cancer ) cells form in the tissue s of the cervix . Human ... cervical cancer represents true invasion of cells beyond the epithelium into surrounding tissue ... ? Cervical dysplasia is an abnormal growth of cells on the cervix . The cervix is the lower part ...

Cervical dysplasia

... ? Cervical dysplasia is an abnormal growth of cells on the cervix . The cervix is the lower part ... a woman has abnormal changes in the top layer of cells of her cervix . These changes are an early sign ... in the size, shape, and organ ization of adult cells of the cervix . Often a precursor lesion for ...

Cervix

... two kinds of cells: rectangular-shaped columnar cells on the surface of the cervix and in the cervical canal; and flat, scalelike squamous cells on the surface of the cervix . The cervix : ... , or infertility . It can be used to evaluate cells obtained from many parts of the body, but is most ...

Chemotherapy

... the drugs used cause some damage to healthy cells as well. These can include hair loss , ... of drugs work in different ways to fight cancer cells and shrink tumor s. Chemotherapy drugs ... parts of the body. This helps to kill cancer cells that have spread from the original site of the ...
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