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Brain in Medical Dictionary

Abscess

... search help Printer-Friendly Format ... A brain abscess is an infection in the brain that is encapsulated (confined within its own ... brain. This condition may cause problems with the brain and spinal cord function. ALVEOLAR ABSCESS - ...

Acoustic

... of the nerve that connects the ear to the brain (8th cranial or auditory) nerve . Acoustic ... slow growing. As they grow, they push against the brain but they don't spread into the brain. Signs and ... but they are one of the most common types of brain tumors . They affect approximately 1 out of ...

Acoustic neuroma

... of the nerve that connects the ear to the brain (8th cranial or auditory) nerve . Acoustic ... slow growing. As they grow, they push against the brain but they don't spread into the brain. Signs and ... but they are one of the most common types of brain tumors . They affect approximately 1 out of ...

ADH

... by the pituitary gland at the base of the brain after being made nearby (in the hypothalamus ). ... to be set in motion very early in life as the brain is developing. ADH also can stimulate ... In people who have ADH D , the areas of the brain that control attention use less glucose than ...

ADHD

... to be set in motion very early in life as the brain is developing. ADHD is most often diagnose ... . In people who have ADHD , the areas of the brain that control attention use less glucose than ... ( ADHD ), formerly called hyperkinesis or minimal brain dysfunction, a chronic , neurologically based ...

ALS

... neuron s, those nerve cells reaching from the brain to the spinal cord (upper motor neuron s) and ... disease that affects motor neuron s in the brain and spinal cord, preventing them from sending ... mouth, and throat. The nerve s that connect the brain and spinal cord, called motor neuron s, can also ...

Alzheimer

... cerebral cortex that leads to atrophy of the brain and senile dementia . Alzheimer Disease ... The disease is progressive, and the brain degenerates (see Alzheimer Disease ). ... dementia . It improves blood flow in the brain and contains flavonoids (plant substances) that ...

Amnesia

... has several root causes. Most are traceable to brain injury related to physical trauma , disease , ... alcohol abuse , or reduced blood flow to the brain ( vascular insufficiency). Amnesia , ... trauma or stress , or physical damage to the brain from injury , disease , or alcohol or other ...

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

... is a disease of the motor nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord. It causes progressive loss of ... wasting away of certain nerve cells of the brain and spinal column called motor neuron s. ... neuron s, are located in the spinal cord and brain and normally give signals to muscle s. ...

Anencephaly

... at birth that affects the formation of the brain and the skull bones that surround the head. ... in which the cerebral hemispheres of the brain are absent and replaced by sacs filled with ... defects involve the tissue that grows into the brain and spinal cord. Anencephaly results when the ...

Aneurysm

... aneurysm refers to a blood vessel within your brain that weakens over time and undergoes such widening. Aneurysm in the brain Powered by: This information is provided by an ... stretched it bursts causing bleeding into the brain - a haemmorhagic stroke . aneurysm s (bulges ...

Aneurysm in the brain

... Aneurysm in the brain Powered by: This information is provided by an ... your healthcare professional. Aneurysm in the brain Angina Angina - Stable Angina - Unstable ( ... such as closed head injury , surgery on the brain ( craniotomy ), meningitis or similar ...

Apoplexy

... More on Apoplexy Stroke - destruction of brain tissue as a result of intra cerebral ... ... in the neck that supplies blood to the brain ( carotid artery dissect ion) A tear in the membrane that surrounds the brain and spinal cord, leading to a leak of spinal ...

Arteriovenous malformation

... ... Arteriovenous malformation (AVM) in the brain Basilar artery stroke Reversible ischemic ... blood vessels) damage to tissue s covering the brain (dura) pockets of infection in the brain ...

Atrophy

... bones can break, muscle s can atrophy and the brain can sleep without risk to life, if both kidney s ... - renal failure - neither bone nor muscle nor brain can carry on. Instead, wastes and fluids will ... mucoid cysts . MRI or CT scans of the brain may show atrophy (shrinkage or small brain) ...

Bacteria

... a serious infection of the tissue s around the brain and spinal cord. It can begin and spread quickly. ... Bacteria l meningitis is infection of the brain and spinal cord. The membrane s that cover the brain and spinal cord, which are called the meninges , ...

Bacterial

... a serious infection of the tissue s around the brain and spinal cord. It can begin and spread quickly. ... ? Bacterial meningitis is infection of the brain and spinal cord. The membrane s that cover the brain and spinal cord, which are called the meninges , ...

BAER

... response ( BAER ) test measures responses in brain waves that are stimulated by a clicking sound to ... , which tests equilibrium and balance brain stem auditory evoked response ( BAER ), a test of hearing and brain stem function Treatment may include: ... ...

Behavior

... Moral behavior center: An area of the brain in what is known as the prefrontal cortex. ... age to the prefrontal cortex in the front of the brain tend later to display pathological behavior ... families, ... Having to do with the way the brain affects emotion, behavior , and learning. Some ...

Blindness

... may be caused by injury , by lesion s of the brain or optic nerve , by disease of the cornea or ... the eye , the optic nerve , or the area of the brain responsible for vision can lead to blindness ... to a temporary loss of vision , blindness , brain abscess es, inflammation of ...

Brain aneurysm

... brain aneurysm Most brain aneurysm s develop as a result of the wear and ... with aging . Recent research indicates that brain aneurysm s aren't present at birth ( congenital ...

Brain abscess

... brain abscess Definition: A brain abscess is a mass of immune cells, pus , and other material that can occur when the brain is infected by bacteria or fungus . A ...

Brain Injury

... brain injury : One teen's story After a car accident bounced her brain against her skull , a Minnesota teenager had to ... exceptionally swift recovery from traumatic brain injury . Traumatic ...

Brain attack

... A brain attack caused by a sudden disruption of blood ... body. Physician s have begun to call it a " brain attack " to stress that getting treatment ... the stroke . Loss of neurologic functions ( brain attack ) which occurs suddenly or in a step-wise ...

Brain herniation

... brain herniation Definition: A brain herniation is the displacement of brain tissue , cerebrospinal fluid, and blood ...

Brain surgery

... brain surgery may be needed to treat: brain tumors bleeding ( hemorrhage ) or blood ... in blood vessels (cerebral aneurysm s) ... brain Surgery ...

Brain tumor

... brain tumor s are the most common solid tumor s in ... in the United States are diagnose d with a brain tumor each year. Today, more than half of all children diagnose d with a brain tumor will be cured of the disease . ...

Brain Tumors

... brain tumors are the most common solid tumor s in ... in the United States are diagnose d with a brain tumor each year. Today, more than half of all children diagnose d with a brain tumor will be cured of the disease . ...

Capillary

... or organ . Hydrocephalus Swelling of the brain caused by an accumulation of fluid. Capillary ... BLOOD -BRAIN BARRIER: A barrier created by brain capillaries that prevents many substances from ... and crossing the capillary walls into the brain tissue s. Certain compounds can readily cross ...

Cardiac arrest

... ... Coma is the result of damage to the brain stem and cerebrum that may be caused by severe head or brain injury , cardiac arrest , stroke , diabetes , ... from young, healthy people who have had severe brain damage because of trauma or cardiac arrest (a ...

Carotid

... and how the decrease of blood flow to the brain and can lead to a stroke . Source:WebMD ... neck. These blood vessels bring blood to the brain and eyes . Carotid artery stent ing is a ... of the heart ( coronary arteries ) and the brain ( carotid arteries). Of the peripheral ...

Cerebral palsy

... (sr´brl pl´z), disability caused by brain damage before or during birth or in the first ... following birth . "Cerebral" refers to the brain and " palsy " to a disorder of movement or ... that begin early in life and result from brain injuries or problems ...

Cerebrum

... differentiated neuroepithelial cells, ... The brain stem is the stalk like portion of the brain that joins the spinal cord to the cerebrum , the ... whereas in children, they may arise in the brain stem, cerebrum , and cerebellum . Astrocytomas ...

Cell phones

... ? Rick/ Indiana ... Cell Phones Don't Cause brain Tumors Scorpion Venom Tested Against brain Cancer Technology Could Bring Safer brain Tumor Surgery Brain's Stem Cells Hold Clues ...

Central nervous system

... The central nervous system refers to the brain andspinal cord. These serve as the main ... part of the nervous system that consists of the brain and spinal cord. Central Nervous System The central nervous system is comprised of the brain and spinal cord. The peripheral nervous system ...

Central sleep apnea

... breathing during sleep, caused by problems with brain mechanisms that control breathing . Central ... a variety of severe and life-threatening lower brain stem lesion s. The brainstem controls breathing ... , which is far less common, occurs when your brain fails to transmit signals to the breathing ...

Cerebellum

... muscular system. Cerebellum The part of the brain responsible for coordination of voluntary ... cerebellum (ser-uh-BEL-um) The portion of the brain in the back of the head between the cerebrum and the brain stem. The cerebellum controls balance for ...

Circulation

... constantly pushes oxygen -rich blood to the brain and extremities and transports oxygen -poor blood from the brain and extremities to the lungs to gain oxygen . ... a limited amount of blood and oxygen to the brain until a defibrillator becomes available. ...

Cochlea

... nerve . These signals are then interpreted by the brain as sounds. Mfg/Source: Advanced Bionics. A ... concerning balance from the inner ear to the brain and the cochlea r nerve transmits information ... years. inner ear [ cochlea r] implants, brain aneurysm clips, some artificial heart valves, ...

Concussion

... tic injury to tissue s of the body such as the brain as a result of a violent blow, shaking, or ... of the brain. Concussion and lasting brain damage is an especially significant risk for ... , seizure , or a change in mentation. See brain contusion . Concussion A violent blow to ...
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