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Bones in Medical Dictionary

Bone marrow

... soft, fatty tissue filling the cavities of the bones where blood cells are formed. Bone marrow ... Bone marrow The spongy inner part of large bones where blood cells are made. Bone marrow ... A spongy tissue located within the body's flat bones --including the hip and breast ...

Bone scan

... that uses a radioactive chemical to view the bones in your body. The chemical is called a ... that cancer has spread (metastasized) to the bones from another site in the body, such as the ... bone scan A technique to create images of bones on a computer screen or on film. A small amount ...

Broken bones

... Fractures ( broken bones ): First aid A fracture is a broken bone. It ... Also call for emergency help if: ... Broken bones (also called fractures ) in the foot are very common. In fact, about 1 out of every 10 broken bones occurs in the foot. Here's why. The human foot ...

Bunion

... is the surgical treatment of a deformity of the bones of the big toe and foot ( bunion ). Alternative ... The foot is made up of tarsal bones, metatarsal bones and phalanges Next Image > ... Bunion s are ... s , hammertoe s, or other abnormalities in the bones of the foot scar tissue that has grown over ...

Calcium

... Calcium is important for building strong bones and teeth . According to the American Academy of ... strong teeth and bones. The teeth and bones contain 99 percent of the calcium in the body. ... adult's total body weight . The teeth and the bones contain the majority of the body's calcium ...

Carpal

... cramp " and "seam stress ' cramp . Bounded by bones and ligament s, the carpal tunnel is a narrow ... of the thumb can result. The meta carpal bones in the hand connect the bones in the finger to ...

Cartilage

... that turns into bone in many places in the body. bones all start out as cartilage in the fetus . ... Images Overview & Description ... The bones and cartilage that make up your nasal ... loses its ability to protect the ends of the bones as the joint moves. The ends of ...

Disk

... part of a vertebral disk is forced through the bones of the spinal column. What is going on in the ... cartilage layer between two vertebrae (the bones that make up the spine). Also called ... piece of specialized tissue that separates the bones of the spinal column. There is a possibility ...

Dislocation

... and subluxation refer to the displacement of bones that form a joint . Dislocation Related ... When a bone is dislocated, the ends of opposing bones are usually forced out of connection with one ... a joint . ( Joints are areas where two or more bones come together.) A dislocated bone is no longer in ...

Eardrum

... the eardrum ( tympanic membrane ) or the small bones in the middle ear. Eardrum repair - series: ... canal and the inner ear. The ossicle s are small bones which connect the tympanic membrane to the ... surgery damage to the chain of three small bones attached to the eardrum ... - In case the ...

Flat bones

... Flat bones Definition: Flat bones consist of a layer of spongy bone between two ... Examples include the skull and ribs. Flat bones have marrow , but not a bone marrow cavity . ...

Fractures

... s and Phalanges? The metacarpal s are the five bones in wrist leading to the fingers. The phalanges are your finger bones. Fractures ( broken bones ): First aid A fracture is a broken bone. It ... cause of more than 1. Fractures of the bones are classified in a number of ways. A simple ...

Fracture

... s and Phalanges? The metacarpal s are the five bones in wrist leading to the fingers. The phalanges ... by diving accidents . Fracture s ( broken bones ): First aid A fracture is a broken bone. It ... to any injury that results in a broken bone or bones of the face. 1 2 ... Fracture d Tooth A ...

Hip

... people with osteoporosis , a condition in which bones become brittle and more prone to fracture . ... evidenced by menopausal status (P The hip bones of approximately 80% of patients with nail- ... with loss of bone strength. To understand why our bones become more fragile as we age, it is necessary to ...

Joint

... microscope. Joint s are the areas where two bones meet. Most joint s are mobile, allowing the bones to move. Joint s consist of the following: ... ... Joint s are areas where two or more bones come together. If a sudden impact injures a ...

Joints

... of the joints . Joints are the areas where bones come together. They allow the skeleton to be flexible for movement . In a joint , bones do not directly contact each other. Instead, they ... Bursitis ... Joints are the areas where two bones meet. Most joints are mobile, allowing ...

Ligament

... Tough, fibrous connective tissue that holds bones together at joints . For Your Information Books ... A ligament and the bones at the base of the palm of the hand , just ... foot . Within a joint , ligament s attach bones to other bones, tendon s attach muscle s to ...

Long bones

... Long bones Definition: Long bones are hard, dense bones that provide strength, structure, and mobility ...

Marrow

... soft, fatty tissue filling the cavities of the bones where blood cells are formed. Bone marrow ... Bone marrow The spongy inner part of large bones where blood cells are made. Bone marrow ... A spongy tissue located within the body's flat bones --including the hip and breast ...

Metacarpal

... the knuckle may be depressed. The metacarpal bones in the hand connect the bones in the finger to the bones in the wrist. There are 5 metacarpal ...

Metatarsal

... Metatarsal s: Five cylindrical bones extending from the heel (the tarsus) to the toes. ... the body. Then move to the four metatarsal bones that run along the top and middle of the foot. ... (called phalanges) and their connecting long bones ( metatarsal s). Each toe (phalanx) is made up ...

Osteogenesis imperfecta

... a genetic (inherited) disorder characterized by bones that break easily without a specific cause. An ... at birth . Osteogenesis imperfecta causes bones to break for no apparent reason. Idiopathic ... , a genetic disorder characterized by bones that break easily, often from no apparent cause ...

Ossicle

... OSSICLE S - The tiny bones of the middle ear; stapes, malleus, and incus [ ... donation from: ... ossicle s - three small bones that are connected and transmit the sound waves to the inner ear. The bones are called: malleus incus stapes ... ...

Osteoarthritis

... l joints . In these joints , the ends of the bones are covered with cartilage , a durable substance that allows the bones to glide over each other with minimal friction ... is the joint 's cushion. It covers the ends of bones and allows free movement . If it becomes rough, ...

Osteoma

... Osteoporosis and Aging ( Aging Changes in the bones - Muscle s - Joints ) ... Osteoma lacia ... for information on how to make the bones strong again. Osteoma rk NTx point-of-care ... be insufficient and bring about a "softening" of bones ( osteoma lacia ), which produces pain and ...

Osteomyelitis

... the bone. Infection is more common in the long bones of the body, but it can affect any bone in the ... infection of the bone, particularly the long bones in children. Osteomyelitis is an acute or ... for the detection of osteomyelitis in long bones and in patients with diabetic foot ulcers ...

Osteomalacia

... for information on how to make the bones strong again. Vitamin D levels may be insufficient and bring about a "softening" of bones ( osteomalacia ), which produces pain and bony ... levels. The excess calcium released by the bones leads to osteoporosis and osteomalacia (both ...

Osteoporosis

... (or porous bone) is a disease in which bones become weak and are more likely to break. Without ... Osteoporosis , which means "porous bones," causes bones to become weak and brittle - so brittle that even ... at greater risk then because estrogen helps the bones retain calcium , and after menopause the body ...

Otosclerosis

... and limits the motion of the small conducting bones in the middle ear. Stroke ... To restore ... removal of all or part of the stapes, one of the bones in the middle ear, and replacement with a tiny ... drugs. Changes in ear bones. Stiffening of the bones in your middle ear ( otosclerosis ) may affect ...

Pelvis

... X-ray is an examination involving images of the bones of the lower torso. Pelvis : The lower part ... Pelvis The bony circle formed by the hip bones and the sacrum and coccyx of the lower back. ... can slow the digestive processes down. Where bones must support weight, such as the legs and pelvis ...

Pubis

... symphysis pubis - the joint between the pubic bones of the pelvis . Causes include: ... Pubis ... mostly in adolescents . The 10 hip and leg bones are the innominate or hip bone (fusion of the ... tumor s of the ilium , ischium, or pubis (the bones of the pelvis ); and sacroiliitis ( inflammation ...

Skeleton

... to the body. Joints are the areas where bones come together. They allow the skeleton to be flexible for movement . In a joint , bones do not directly contact each other. The human ... faster than old bone is removed. As a result, bones become larger, heavier, and denser. X-ray s ...

Skull

... FRACTURE - The trauma tic separation of cranial bones at a suture line. [ Med Help International ] [ ... one large bone, there are actually several major bones that are connected together. The major bones that compose the skull of a newborn include the ...

Sprain

... s are strong, flexible fiber s that hold bones together. When a ligament is stretched too far ... of bone growth located in the ends of long bones ) are weaker than the muscle s or tendon s. ... elastic bands of tissue that keep the ankle bones in place. READER'S ANKLE SPRAIN DID NOT ...

Sprains

... s are strong, flexible fiber s that hold bones together. When a ligament is stretched too far ... of bone growth located in the ends of long bones ) are weaker than the muscle s or tendon s. ... is also possible to fracture the outside foot bones in this type of injury . Sprains occur most ...

Suture

... Skull of a Newborn ... Suture s allow the bones to move during the birth process. They act like ... perpendicular to that suture , and the fused bones act as a single bony structure. The choice of ... suture ; ... This joining of skull bones makes a subtle "groove" or ridge that persists ...

Synovia

... l joints . In these joints , the ends of the bones are covered with cartilage , a durable substance that allows the bones to glide over each other with minimal friction ... and knees. There are also joints between the bones of the spine. Each sac contains a small ...

Tibia

... l torsion is an inward twisting of the shin bones (the bones that are located between the knee and the ... infection of the bone, particularly the long bones in children. It most commonly affects ...

Ulna

... Ulna : The larger of the two long bones within the forearm. (The smaller one is the ... movement that can decrease the angle between the bones of the elbow - and extension; ... It involves the upper arm bone ( humerus ), two lower arm bones (radius and ulna ) and supporting ligament s. ...

Vertebrae

... ... Vertebrae . Your spine is made up of 24 bones stacked on top of one another, plus the sacrum and tailbone ( coccyx ). Vertebrae are the bones of the back. In a compress ion fracture of the ... the arm and hand . Vertebrae The individual bones of the spinal column which are stacked on top of ...
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