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Blood in Medical Dictionary

Abdomen

... spleen ) Chest (e.g., heart , lungs , major blood vessels) Joints (e.g., shoulder s, hips, ... tender and painful when the spleen rupture s. blood leaks out into the abdomen , causing irritation ... Pain in the lower abdomen . You may also have blood or mucus in your stools , fever , unexplained ...

Abdominal aortic aneurysm

... aneurysm Definition: An aneurysm is when a blood vessel becomes abnormally large or balloons outward. The abdominal aorta is a large blood vessel that supplies blood toyour abdomen , the pelvis , and legs. ...

Abdominal mass

... abdomen febrile urinary tract infection blood in the urine ( hematuria ) urinary ... can be a sign of an abscess , a problem with a blood vessel (such as an aneurysm ), an enlarged ... to thrive ) Anemia (a low number of red blood cells) Fever and irritability Bone pain ....

Abdominal Pain

... in the stomach that may cause vomiting or blood in the stool . This pain and bleeding can ... loss of hair on the head when recovering Poor blood circulation and feeling cold Dry, rough, ... such as nausea , vomiting , fever , or blood in the urine . ...

Abscess

... Radioactive abscess scan uses white blood cells tagged with radioactive indium and x-ray ... organ isms and destroyed tissue from the white blood cells that were carried to the area to fight the ... yellowish pus consists of bacteria , white blood cells and dead tissue . Abscess Between ...

ABO incompatibility

... with A or B antigen s whose mothers have type O blood . ABO Incompatibility Abortion Abortion ... reaction , caused when fetal and maternal blood mingle before birth ) Rh incompatibility ( ... immune reaction that occurs in the body if two blood samples of different, incompatible ABO types are ...

Abdominal ultrasound

... sound waves and a computer to create images of blood vessels, tissue s and organ s; can provide an ... show abnormalities A CBC shows elevated white blood cell count, indicating infection . ... A CBC shows infection by an elevated white blood cell count. abdominal ultrasound ...

Absorption

... These reabsorbed substances return to the blood . Mal absorption can result from a broad ... to absorb nutrients adequately into the blood stream. Symptoms of mal absorption include ... of heart muscle are not receiving adequate blood supply ( ischemia ). The breakdown and ...

Acanthosis nigricans

... [ Support Group ] ACE inhibitors for high blood pressure [Medication] ... state, as evidenced by high blood levels of C-reactive protein ; prothrombotic state, indicated by high blood levels of fibrinogen ; polycystic ovary ...

Accidents

... major trauma , or the spontaneous bursting of a blood vessel in the brain ( aneurysm ). Acute ... of your head forward and then backward), blood vessel destruction, and even paralysis . Put ... to detect cerebro vascular accidents ; ... blood pressure , pulse rate and respiration were ...

ACE levels

... ACE LEVELS - This is a blood test which measures the concentration of angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) in the blood stream. SACE ( ACE Levels ) Sachets Sacral ... ... Determination of ACE levels requires a blood sample. The patient need not be fasting . Risks ...

Acetone

... , ketones are present in the urine when the blood levels surpass a certain threshold. Acetone ... abundance of ketone bodies ( acetone ) in the blood stream. arsenic (found in rat poison ) ... even though it is in normal amounts in the blood stream. Histo toxic anoxia can also be caused by ...

Acid

... done to measure the levels of uric acid in blood serum or in urine . Anti - acid ... about six months. An amino acid found in blood and urine . Amino acid s are building blocks ... (benzodiazepam, alprazolam) VII. High blood uric acid (a risk factor for gout ) High ...

Acidosis

... alkaline reserves. In acidosis , the pH of the blood is abnormally low. Acidosis - metabolic ... Acidosis A condition that causes the pH of the blood to drop and become more acidic. Diabetes ... abundance of ketone bodies ( acetone ) in the blood stream. Keto acidosis ...

Acne rosacea

... or eyelids. It may cause redness, prominent blood vessels, swelling , or skin eruptions similar ... the nose and face. It causes redness and lumps. blood vessels become more visible. Sometimes the nose ... age. Symptoms include dilation of the blood vessels and pimples ( acne rosacea ) in the ...

ACTH

... ACTH through the pituitary, which can raise blood pressure , stores sodium and excretes ... of glucocorticoid hormone ( ACTH ) in the blood stream that is being produced by an ad renal ... glands release their hormone s into the blood in response to the level of the regulating ...

Acute

... that is characterized by the presence in the blood and bone marrow of large numbers of unusually immature white blood cells destined to become lymphocyte s. ... leukemia (ALL) is a type of cancer of the blood and bone marrow — the spongy tissue ...

Acute kidney failure

... waist level. They act as filters that keep your blood free of by-products and toxins . Acute Kidney Failure Decreased blood flow to the kidney s for a period of time. This may occur from blood loss or shock . An obstruction or blockage ...

Acute lymphocytic leukemia

... leukemia (ALL) is a type of cancer of the blood and bone marrow — the spongy tissue inside bones where blood cells are made. Acute lymphocytic leukemia ... characterized by large numbers of immature white blood cells that resemble lymph oblasts. acute ...

Acute lymphoblastic

... that is characterized by the presence in the blood and bone marrow of large numbers of unusually immature white blood cells destined to become lymphocyte s. Adult ... disease in which too many immature white blood cells (called lymph oblasts) are found in the ...

Acute myelogenous leukemia

... leukemia (AML) is a type of cancer of the blood and bone marrow — the spongy tissue inside bones where blood cells are made. Acute myelogenous leukemia : ... Acute myelogenous leukemia is a cancer of blood -forming tissue s of the bone marrow . It is ...

Acute renal failure

... in a dehydrated child) Embolization of the blood clot to the lungs ( pulmonary embolism ) Formation of new blood clots Calling your health care provider: ... ... that injures the kidney s. Losing a lot of blood can cause sudden kidney failure . Some drugs or ...

Adenoma

... suggested. Liver tumor s ( adenoma s) Low blood sugar ( hypoglycemia ) High blood uric acid (a risk factor for gout ) High blood lactic acid Increase in ...

Adhesion

... . anemia . A state in which the number of red blood cells or the hemoglobin is below normal, ... acute myeloid leukemia with t(8;21)(q22;q22). blood 90 (4): 1643-8, 1997. [PUBMED Abstract] ... ... results in internal bleeding , breakdown of the blood and tissue from the lesion s, and ...

Adrenal glands

... . The adrenal glands are fed by numerous blood vessels, so surgeons need to be alert to ... hormone s that help control the heart rate, blood pressure , the way the body uses food , and ... of different hormone s. They help to control blood pressure , salt and water balance, and help our ...

Adrenaline

... by the ad renal medulla in response to low blood glucose , exercise , and stress . ... epinephrine . an increase in heart rate and blood pressure , as the heart and lungs work ... spinal cord injuries , ... Increase in blood lactic acid and failure to increase ...

Aerobic bacteria

... , or disease . An aerobic Bacteria , blood Culture For Aspartate Aminotransferase ( AST ) ... Transaminase ( AST ) AST Biopsy -- Detailed blood Culture for An aerobic Bacteria ( An aerobic Bacteria , blood Culture For) ... Deep in the abscess , an ...

Aerobic

... your heart and lungs and improves blood flow. Health benefits are numerous, including ... the circulation of oxygen through the blood . Aerobic s and Fitness Association of ... oxygen and your heart pumps harder to send blood to the muscle s. Aerobic exercise Type ...

Aging

... Aging changes in the heart and blood vessels COMMON PROBLEMS Heart and blood vessel disease s are fairly common in older people. Common disorders include high blood pressure and orthostatic hypotension . ...

Aging changes

... Aging changes in the heart and blood vessels COMMON PROBLEMS Heart and blood vessel disease s are fairly common in older people. Common disorders include high blood pressure and orthostatic hypotension . ...

AIDS

... anti -inflammatory drugs (NS AIDS ) and other blood pressure -lowering drugs can increase the blood pressure -lowering effects of beta -blockers ... Are you taking blood thinners or NS AIDS (e.g., ibuprofen, naproxen, ...

Agranulocytosis

... a deficit or absolute lack of granulocytic white blood cells ( neutrophil s, basophils, eosinophil s). ... which there is an insufficient number of white blood cells called neutrophil s or granulocyte s. ... Thrombocytopenic Purpura ) Bleeding Disorders blood Transfusion ... Neutropenia is sometimes ...

Albumin

... Albumin transports many small molecules in the blood (for example, bilirubin , calcium , ... mainly in the liver . It helps keep the blood from leaking out of blood vessels. When albumin levels drop, fluid may ...

Aldosterone

... loss through the kidney s and so helps control blood pressure . Cortisol (or hydrocortisone) and ... renin / aldosterone mechanism which controls blood pressure by converting angiotensin I to angiotensin II, two protein s involved in regulating blood pressure . eplerenone A selective aldosterone ...

Allergen

... s stimulate the lymphocyte s (small white blood cells) to produce what are known as allergic ... up and produces antibodies that circulate in the blood and attach to mast cells. Eosinophil s are white blood cells that react to allergen s (substances that ...

Alpha

... and smooth muscle . This action relaxes the blood vessels and leads to an increase in blood flow and a lower pressure for the control of ... amount of alpha -1 antitrypsin (A1AT) in your blood serum . Alpha 1-adrenergic blockers are ...

Alpha-1 antitrypsin

... amount of alpha-1 antitrypsin (A1AT) in your blood serum . Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency ... made by the liver that is released into the blood stream. AATD is a genetic disease that can ... . The liver releases this protein into the blood stream. AAT helps protect the lungs against ...

ALT

... and heart cells that is released into the blood stream when the liver or heart is damaged. ... d. Low levels of ALT are normally found in the blood . However, when the liver is damaged or disease d, it releases ALT into the blood stream, causing levels of the enzyme to rise. ...

Alveoli

... and carbon dioxide are exchanged with the blood . Autoimmune disease A disease that develops ... oxygen is exchanged for carbon dioxide in the blood . amblyopia ... Alveoli The tiny air sacs ... which inhaled oxygen is transferred to the blood stream and carbon dioxide is passed back to the ...

Amino acids

... also provide these nutrients. regulation of blood levels of amino acids , which form the building ... its release and reducing its solubility in the blood . See monograph (PDF format). Mfg: Aventis ... of fats, glucose and amino acids in the blood , combating infections , as well as neutralising ...
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