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Bacterium in Medical Dictionary

Bacillus anthracis

... Bacillus anthracis : The bacterium that causes anthrax . Anthrax differs from ... goats, and horses. The naturally occurring bacterium Bacillus anthracis produces spores that can ... ism bacillus anthracis . It is caused by a bacterium ( Bacillus anthracis ) that primarily affects ...

Botulism

... is a rare but serious illness caused by the bacterium Clostridium botulinum. The bacterium may enter the body through wounds , or they may ... Clostridium botulinum. The toxins that this bacterium produces are among the most poison ous ...

Campylobacter

... Campylobacter jejuni: A bacterium that typically infects the bowel s. Now the ... test determines if there are antibodies to the bacterium campylobacter in the blood . Campylobacter ... two species of the Campylobacter bacterium. The bacterium is ubiquitous in uncooked poultry. Symptoms ( ...

Clostridium

... and toxin A, one of the two toxins the bacterium produces. (bch´lz´´m), acute ... by the bacillus Clostridium botulinum. The bacterium can grow only in an anaerobic atmosphere, such ... Press) 1976 ... Tetanus is caused by a bacterium called clostridium tetani, which is naturally ...

Lyme Disease

... ticks in a high-risk area are infected with the bacterium that causes Lyme disease . Lyme disease , ... , and flu -like symptoms, caused by the bacterium Borrelia burgdorferi transmitted by the bite of ... in 1975. The disease is caused by a bacterium transmitted by the bite of infected ticks . ...

Trachoma

... mucous membrane of the eyelids caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachoma tis. Trachoma infects ... chlamydia . Chlamydia is caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachoma tis. The disease can be ... intercourse . Chlamydia , caused by the bacterium chlamydia trachoma tis, exists in a number of ...

Tuberculosis

... bacterial infection that's caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis . In this article How ... contagious bacterial infection caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis . It is ... for exposure to Mycobacterium tuberculosis , the bacterium that causes TB. PPD is sometimes used ...

Anaerobic

... of metabolism known as anaerobic (non- oxygen ) glycolysis. The bacterium can grow only in an anaerobic atmosphere, such as that found in canned ... Actinomycosis is usually caused by an anaerobic (disliking oxygen ) bacterium called Actinomyces israelii. This is a common and normally nonpathogenic ...

Borrelia

... Printer-Friendly Format ... Borrelia burgdorferi, the spiral-shaped bacterium that causes Lyme disease , typically is carried by a genus of ticks ... may result in flu -like symptoms (e.g. Lyme disease is caused by a bacterium called Borrelia burgdorferi, which is transmitted to humans by ticks ...

Chlamydia

... infections , and pneumonia . Chlamydia . This STD is caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachoma tis, a microscopic organ ism that lives as a ... transmitted disease ( STD ). The most common sexually transmitted bacterium ( Chlamydia trachoma tis) that infects the reproductive system. CT ( ...

Cholera

... Asiatic cholera , acute infectious disease caused by strains of the bacterium Vibrio cholera e that have been infected by bacteriophages. Cholera ... Cholera is an infection of the small intestine caused by the bacterium Vibrio cholera e. Itcauses a large amount ofwatery diarrhea . ...

Epiglottitis

... common in children between 2 and 6 years old and is usually caused by the bacterium Haemophilus influenza e, although it may be caused by other bacteria or ... that affects the lungs ... Without these immunizations , this bacterium can cause epiglottitis , a potentially life-threatening infection that ...

Gonorrhea

... a highly contagious sexually transmitted disease that is caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae. The mucous membrane s of the genital region may ... Category: Pathology (gnr´), common infectious disease caused by a bacterium (Neisseria gonorrhoeae), involving chiefly the mucous membrane s of the ...

Helicobacter pylori

... What is Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori)? H. pylori is a spiral-shaped bacterium found in the stomach , which (along with acid secretion) damages ... compounds have been used. Many peptic ulcers are caused by the bacterium Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori). Others are caused by regular use of ...

Peptic ulcers

... ) are not associated with stomach cancer . However, infection with a bacterium called Helicobacter pylori is associated with gastric cancer . ... pregnancy and the health of the baby. H. pylori is a spiral-shaped bacterium found in the stomach , which (along with acid secretion) damages ...

Spirochete

... of the chancre . We study Treponema pallidum, the spirochete bacterium that causes syphilis , and Trypanosoma cruzi, the protozoan that causes ... is a multi system infectious disease caused by the corkscrew-shaped bacterium ( spirochete ), Treponema pallidum. This organ ism causes infection ...

Spores

... develops after a state of dormancy or hibernation. Spores of the bacterium Clostridium tetani live in the soil and are found around the world. In ... related to cancer incidence , mortality, and survival ... The bacterium forms spores that can survive and lay dormant in the environment, for ...

Syphilis

... ( STD ), once responsible for devastating epidemic s. It is caused by a bacterium called Treponema pallidum. Syphilis has three stages, each with ... \ cytomegalovirus , ... We study Treponema pallidum, the spirochete bacterium that causes syphilis , and Trypanosoma cruzi, the protozoan that causes ...

Tetanus

... , or " lockjaw " as it's commonly known, is caused by infection with the bacterium Clostridium tetani. One of the reasons that this organ ism is so ... toxoid A substance that is derived from the toxin released by the bacterium that causes the disease tetanus . It is used as a vaccine to prevent ...

Toxin

... Toxin , anthrax : The toxic substance secreted by the bacterium Bacillus anthracis , the causative agent of the disease anthrax . ... Definition This test detects the presence of toxin s produced by the bacterium Clostridium difficile (C. difficile) in the stool . C. difficile is a ...

Actinomycosis

... Actinomycosis is usually caused by an anaerobic (disliking oxygen ) bacterium called Actinomyces israelii. This is a common and normally nonpathogenic (not disease -causing) organ ism found in the nose and throat. ...

Aerobic

... biochemist, demonstrated in 1930 that tumor cells prefer a particular form of metabolism known as an aerobic (non- oxygen ) glycolysis. The bacterium can grow only in an an aerobic atmosphere, such as that found in canned foods . Consequently, botulism is almost always caused by preserved ...

Allergies

... , inhaled substances or substances that come in contact with the skin , are the result of an immune system reaction similar to an attack against a bacterium or virus . Food allergies : Strategies for dining out Don't let food allergies put a dent in your dining out. With careful planning and ...

Anthrax

... or by the ingestion or inhalation of spores . Symptoms: malaise and painless , itchy pustules on the skin . Anthrax is caused by the bacterium Bacillus anthracis . While anthrax commonly affects hoofed animals such as sheep and goats, humans may acquire this disease as well. Anthrax ...

Aspiration

... is needle aspiration (withdrawal) of fluid from the affected bone or joint . By examining the fluid, the doctor can often determine the specific bacterium responsible and choose the best antibiotic with which to initiate treatment . A degree of narcissism is considered normal, where an individual ...

Beta

... . The resultant abnormal hemoglobin (sickle hemoglobin ) deforms the red blood cells when they are under low oxygen conditions. The bacterium responsible for strep throat —group A beta - hemolytic Streptoccus— produces a number of substances that can damage normal body tissue s. ...

Campylobacter enteritis

... Images Campylobacter Jejuni Organ ism ... Campylobacter enteritis is caused by either of two species of the Campylobacter bacterium. The bacterium is ubiquitous in uncooked poultry. Symptoms ( diarrhea , fever , chills , headache ) arise 2 to 11 days after exposure and last one to two weeks. ...

Chagas disease

... bugs and is one of the major health problems in South America, where 20 million people are infected. We study Treponema pallidum, the spirochete bacterium that causes syphilis , and Trypanosoma cruzi, the protozoan that causes Chagas disease in Latin America. ...

Clot

... red blood cells, cells that cause the blood to clot , and the lining of blood vessels. HUS is often caused by the Escherichia coli bacterium in contaminated food . People with HUS may develop acute renal failure . PROTHROMBIN TIME - Test performed by labor atory that measures time ...

Duodenal ulcer

... this condition Endoscopy Unit ... Duodenal ulcer s ( peptic ulcers ) are not associated with stomach cancer . However, infection with a bacterium called Helicobacter pylori is associated with gastric cancer . Duodenal ulcer s often cause a gnawing pain in the upper stomach area ...

Duodenal ulcers

... this condition Endoscopy Unit ... Duodenal ulcers ( peptic ulcers ) are not associated with stomach cancer . However, infection with a bacterium called Helicobacter pylori is associated with gastric cancer . Duodenal ulcers often cause a gnawing pain in the upper stomach area ...

Dysentery

... of the bowel by an ameba. Dysentery can be fatal, usually due to severe dehydration . Dysentery is an infection of the gut caused by a bacterium called Shigella . Alternate Names : Amebic Dysentery , Intestinal Amebiasis See all Pictures & Images Amebiasis Treatment Oral ...

ELISA

... assay ( ELISA ) test. The blood test most often used to screen for Lyme disease is the ELISA test. It detects antibodies to B. burgdorferi, the bacterium that causes Lyme disease . The period between infection with HIV and the development of positive test results on ELISA and Western blot is ...

Escherichia coli

... Source: PR Newswire - 01/13/98. Description: Escherichia coli O157:H7 (or simply E. coli) is just one of the hundreds of strains of the bacterium Escherichia coli . Most strains of E. coli are harmless and live in the intestine s of healthy humans and animals. E. Infections by ...

Food allergies

... , inhaled substances or substances that come in contact with the skin , are the result of an immune system reaction similar to an attack against a bacterium or virus . Food Allergies The body's immune system normally reacts to the presence of toxins , bacteria or virus es by producing a ...

Gangrene

... Types of bacteria that commonly cause infection in wounds are staph (Staphylococcus), strep (Streptococcus), and Clostridium perfringens, a bacterium found in soil and in stool ( feces ) that can cause gangrene . Such a hernia is described as incarcerated, entrapped or strangulated. The ...

Gastric

... Once the condition is stable, the medical history will be obtained and a will be performed. Infection of the stomach or duodenum by a spiral bacterium known as Heliocobacter pylori is responsible for the development of almost all gastric and duodenal ulcers . A fecal odor to the breath (the ...

Gastric cancer

... cancer , also called gastric cancer , is the uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells in the lining of the stomach . However, infection with a bacterium called Helicobacter pylori is associated with gastric cancer . In one study, gastric cancer developed in about 3% of the infected patients and ...

Gastric ulcer

... research shows that most ulcers (80 percent of gastric ulcer s and 90 percent of duodenal ulcers ) develop as a result of infection with a bacterium called Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori). (2) First -line therapy for erosive esophagitis , for maintenance of healed erosive esophagitis , for ...

Gastric ulcers

... research shows that most ulcers (80 percent of gastric ulcers and 90 percent of duodenal ulcers ) develop as a result of infection with a bacterium called Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori). Peptic ulcers - inflamed breaks in the lining of the duodenum ( duodenal ulcers ) or stomach ( ...
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