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Atrophy in Medical Dictionary

Atrophy

... atrophy Related Category: Pathology (t´rf), ... from its fully developed normal size. Temporary atrophy may occur in muscle s that are not used, as when a limb is encased in a plaster cast. atrophy - A wasting of a body tissue (e.g. muscle , ...

Multiple system atrophy

... Multiple system atrophy : See: Shy-Drager syndrome , which is also known as multiple system atrophy with postural hypotension . Search All of ... Printer-Friendly Format ... Multiple system atrophy Definition: Multiple ...

Muscle atrophy

... Muscle atrophy Definition: Muscle atrophy refers to the wasting or loss of muscle ... from disease or lack of use. Muscle atrophy refers to the wasting or loss of muscle ...

Muscular atrophy

... Muscular atrophy is the decrease in size and wasting of muscle ... . Muscle s that lose their nerve supply can atrophy and simply waste away. Other images that might ... vs. Inactive Muscle ... Spinal muscular atrophy Dr Trisha Macnair We look at the causes and ...

Optic nerve atrophy

... Optic nerve atrophy Definition: Optic nerve atrophy involves tissue death of the nerve that ... from the eye to the brain. Optic Nerve atrophy Optic Nerve Glioma ( Optic Glioma ) Optic ...

Spinal muscular atrophy

... Spinal Muscular atrophy (SMA) is a genetic condition in which the ... nerve s do not work properly. Spinal muscular atrophy Dr Trisha Macnair We look at the causes and symptoms of the genetic disorder spinal muscular atrophy , as well as the forms of care patients receive. ...

Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus

... to as "DIDMOAD" ( diabetes insipidus , diabetes mellitus , optic atrophy , and deafness ). Only the insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus and optic atrophy are necessary to make the diagnosis . Type 2 diabetes can develop ...

Spasm

... tetany ). They can be severe and painful. Pictures & Images Muscular atrophy ... Laryngo spasm is a brief spasm of the vocal cords. It can be ... S. Manifestations include MUSCLE WEAKNESS ; FASCICULATION; muscle atrophy ; SPASM ; MYOKYMIA; ... caused by the release of serotonin and other ...

Vulva

... associated with menopause , (2) treatment of vulva l and vagina l atrophy , (3) treatment of hypoestrogenism due to hypogonadism , castration , ... moderate to severe hot flashes and symptoms of vulva r and vagina l atrophy . CANDIDIASIS - Infection of the skin or any mucous membrane by ...

AIDS

... experience a wide variety of changes in their bodies. Sometimes it's an unusual redistribution of fat in conditions known as lipodystrophy and lipo atrophy , which are linked to certain anti - HIV drugs. Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome ( HIV ) AIDS ( HIV ) HIV Human Immuno deficiency ...

Alcohol Abuse

... broad range of medical problems. Alcohol can reduce production of the sex hormone testosterone in males, resulting in impotence and testicular atrophy . Alcohol has a high caloric value but a low nutrition al value. Alcohol abuse is thought to be responsible for 34,000 death s in the UK each ...

Alcoholic neuropathy

... multiplex Mononeuropathy Necrotizing vasculitis ... Although alcoholic peripheral neuropathy may contribute to muscle weakness and atrophy by injuring the motor nerve s controlling muscle movement , alcoholic neuropathy more commonly affects sensory fiber s. ...

Alzheimer

... Disease Related Category: Pathology (ls´h´´mrz, ls-), degenerative disease of nerve cells in the cerebral cortex that leads to atrophy of the brain and senile dementia . Alzheimer Disease and Down Syndrome Introduction Alzheimer disease (AD) is the most common form of ...

Ammonia

... are usually high. Prothrombin time may be prolonged and not correctable with Vitamin K . CT scan of the head may be normal, or may show general atrophy (loss of tissue ). Lactulose, a synthetic sugar , changes the characteristics of intestinal bacteria , decreases the amount of ammonia ...

Atria

... Fainting ... atria The upper chambers of the heart that receive blood from the veins and pass it to the lower chambers of the heart . atrophy ... - Atria l Septal Defect : Abnormal opening between the two upper chambers - Coarctation of the Aorta : Narrowing of the aorta , the large ...

Atrophic vaginitis

... women and those whose ovaries have been surgically removed. Adhesion s form and there is a high susceptibility to infection . Vagina l atrophy ( atrophic vaginitis ) is thinning and inflammation of the vagina due to a decline in estrogen . It occurs most often after menopause . The ...

Brain abscess

... the skull . Next section ... Abnormal sinus drainage Sensorineural hearing loss Malformed bone or other tissue s Brain abscess Cerebral atrophy (loss of brain tissue ) Brain tissue swelling Hydrocephalus (fluid collecting in the skull ) ... The infection may extend from the ...

Bronchiolitis

... emphysema ; panagglutinable; panagglutinins; panama hat; pan american health organ ization; panangiitis; panarteritis; pan arthritis ; pan atrophy ; panblastic; pan bronchiolitis ; ... respiratory infections , such as croup , influenza , pertussis , epiglottitis , pneumonia , RSV ...

Burn

... II ... lipodystrophy; partial heart block ; partial hysterectomy ; partial ileal bypass; partial ism; partial ist; partial lipo atrophy ; partial pressure; partial pressures; partial response; partial sclerectasia; partial seizure ; partial -thickness burn ; ... Another ...

Carpal tunnel syndrome

... and faint tingling to excruciating pain , but generally only burning, tingling, or numbness in the thumb and first three fingers. Crippling atrophy of the thumb can result. Factsheet: Carpal tunnel syndrome This factsheet covers the signs, symptoms, investigations and treatment s for ...

Carpal

... and faint tingling to excruciating pain , but generally only burning, tingling, or numbness in the thumb and first three fingers. Crippling atrophy of the thumb can result. The meta carpal bones in the hand connect the bones in the finger to the bones in the wrist. There are 5 meta ...

Castration

... ... Indications: (1) treatment of moderate to severe vasomotor symptoms associated with menopause , (2) treatment of vulva l and vagina l atrophy , (3) treatment of hypoestrogenism due to hypogonadism , castration , or primary ovarian failure, ... Based on good evidence, castration ...

Celiac disease

... a protein c alled gluten, which is found in wheat, rye, barley, and oats. The diagnosis of celiac disease is usually made by finding villous atrophy in the resected intestine . Surgery is often required for diagnosis and to avoid perforation during therapy. Gluten-induced entero pathy ...

Cervical

... emphysema ; panagglutinable; panagglutinins; panama hat; pan american health organ ization; panangiitis; panarteritis; pan arthritis ; pan atrophy ; panblastic; pan bronchiolitis ; pancake kidney ; pancarditis; pance; pan cervical ... ACOG Statement on Alternatives to Hysterectomy (August ...

Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease

... appear before the age of 30. Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease - also known as hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy (HMSN) or peroneal muscular atrophy - is the name given to a group of conditions where the nerve s to the muscle s, particularly in the lower leg and hands, ... ...

Cilia

... lens . Glaucoma ... Cilia ry Body Cimetidine (H2 Receptor Antagonists) Cinfacrom (Merbromin Overdose) Circumcision Circumscribed Brain atrophy (Pick's Disease ) ... Ce cilia Johnson Advanced Osteoporosis Patient David H. Johnson, MD Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, ...

Ciliary body

... the lens . Glaucoma ... Ciliary Body Cimetidine (H2 Receptor Antagonists) Cinfacrom (Merbromin Overdose) Circumcision Circumscribed Brain atrophy (Pick's Disease ) ... 6) ciliary body - the part of the eye that produces aqueous humor. 7) cornea - the clear, dome-shaped surface that ...

Circumcision

... Shaken Baby Syndrome , ... Ciliary Body Cimetidine (H2 Receptor Antagonists) Cinfacrom (Merbromin Overdose) Circumcision Circumscribed Brain atrophy (Pick's Disease ) ... The doctor may need to thread a tube ( catheter ) into the tip of the penis , through the urinary canal ( urethra ), and ...

Dorsal

... the central nervous system produce neurological disease called neurosyphilis which can include tabes dorsal is, general paresis , and optic atrophy . At this time the virus infects nerve s (namely, the dorsal root ganglia) where it remains latent (lies low) for years. Colles fracture ...

Dressing

... sexual arousal. peritonitis ; periodic polyserositis; periodic system; periodontal; periodontal abscess ; periodontal anaesthesia; periodontal atrophy ; periodontal attachment loss; periodontal cyst ; periodontal disease ; Periodontal Disease Index; periodontal dressing s; ... ...

Electromyography

... evaluate your risk for TIA or stroke ... In chronic alcoholic myopathy , serum creatine kinase often is normal, and muscle biopsy shows atrophy , or loss of muscle fiber s. Electromyography (EMG) may show features characteristic of alcoholic myopathy or neuropathy . ...

Encephalitis

... spread into brain tissue . encatarrhaphy; encauma; en caustic ; encelitis; encephal-; encephalaemia; encephalalgia; encephalatrophic; encephal atrophy ; encephalauxe; encephale isole; encephalic; encephalic vesicle ; encephalithogenic protein ; encephalitic; encephalitis ; ... Louis ...

Epidemic

... fleas (called bubonic plague ) or from person to person by respiratory ... encephal-; encephalaemia; encephalalgia; encephalatrophic; encephal atrophy ; encephalauxe; encephale isole; encephalic; encephalic vesicle ; encephalithogenic protein ; encephalitic; encephalitis ; encephalitis , ...

Epididymitis

... Epididymitis may eventually cause Shrinkage of the affected testicle ( atrophy ) Scrotal abscess , the infected tissue fills with pus Chronic epididymitis , which can occur when untreated acute epididymitis leads ...

ERCP

... the pancreatic ducts through an endoscope Drugs (such as diuretics). Eino; Eranko's fluorescence stain; erasion; erastian; erato; erb; Erb atrophy ; Erb-Charcot disease ; Erb disease ; ERBF; erbium; Erb palsy ; Erb paralysis ; Erb sign; Erb spinal paralysis ; Erb-Westphal sign; ercalcidiol; ...

Essential Tremor

... type of tremor , known as essential tremor , ... essential hypertension ; essential oils; essential phthisis bulbi; essential progressive atrophy of iris ; essential pruritus ; essential tachycardia ; essential telangiectasia ; essential thrombocythaemia; essential thrombocytopenia ; ...

Fatigue

... Erythema Edema The shedding or sloughing-off of the outer layer of skin (desquamation) Increased skin pigment (hyperpigmentation) atrophy Skin itching ( pruritus ) Skin pain ... Fatigue - extreme in flu and can last 2-3 weeks; there is only mild fatigue with a cold ....

Fatty liver

... check for other disorders, such as alcoholic liver injury or fatty liver . Other symptoms include severe diarrhea , enlarged fatty liver , atrophy of muscle s and glands , mental apathy , and generally retarded development. Kwashiorkor is treated by adding protein s to the diet , usually ...

Femur

... of the femur ) from changes in blood supply. High blood pressure ( hypertension ). Repeated infections , bruising , skin thinning ( atrophy ). For example, a femoral block anesthetizes the leg from the thigh down (its name comes from femur , the thighbone). atelectasis ; pate; ...

Fluid imbalance

... Floppy Mitral Valve ( Mitral Valve Prolapse ) Flu (The Flu ) Fluid Imbalance Fluid in the Chest ( Pleural Effusion ) Focal Cerebral atrophy (Pick's Disease ) ... Normal values are: 0 to 4.7 pg/ml. Elevated ADH levels can indicate a CNS infection , fluid imbalance , CNS tumor , ...
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