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Antibody in Medical Dictionary

Antibody

... antibody -dependent cell -mediated cytotoxicity: An immune response in which antibody , by coating target cells, makes them vulnerable to attack by immune cells. antibody -dependent cell -mediated cytotoxicity is ...

Antibody titer

... antibody titer Occasionally, the body makes an error and ... cell , or substance that is part of the body. antibody Titer The antibody level in the blood is a reflection of the ...

Antigen

... the accumulation of mutation s within the antibody -binding sites so that the resulting virus es ... some throbbing. Antigen leukocyte cellular antibody test (ALCAT). The practitioner draws samples of ... or hepatitis A virus test) and a positive antibody test (called an IgM anti -HAV ...

Ataxia

... ATTENUATED: Weakened or decreased. AUTO antibody : 1. An antibody that is active against some of the tissue s of the organ ism that produced it. 2. An antibody directed against the body's own tissue . ...

Complement

... and serve as the primary mediator in antigen - antibody reactions of the B cell mediated immune ... started in several ways, especially by antigen - antibody complexes. Alternative or Complement ary ... of events, usually triggered by an antigen - antibody complex, in which each component of the ...

ELISA

... ELISA Definition: A rapid test where an antibody or antigen is linked to an enzyme as a means of detecting a match between the antibody and antigen . ELISA tests are utilized to ... HIV infection by using two different types of antibody tests, ELISA and Western Blot. The first ...

Gamma globulin

... hepatitis a nd as treatment for disorders with antibody deficiencies. ganglion cyst ... IV gamma ... safe. In rheumatoid arthritis , a group of antibody molecules called collectively RF, or rheumatoid ... Gamma globulin IgG is the most common type of antibody , comprising about 80% of the body's total. It ...

Hepatitis a

... or hepatitis A virus test) and a positive antibody test (called an IgM anti -HAV antibody test) mean you currently have an acute ... certain high risk groups.) ... HEPATITIS A antibody ( Anti HA) - Main labor atory test used to ...

Hepatitis

... or hepatitis A virus test) and a positive antibody test (called an IgM anti -HAV antibody test) mean you currently have an acute ... a nd as treatment for disorders with antibody deficiencies. ganglion cyst A benign , ...

Immunoglobulin

...... Immunoglobulin E (IgE) Reagin, Reaginic antibody One of five classes of immunoglobulin s made ... genetic defect that produces high levels of the antibody immunoglobulin (IgE). It causes serious skin ... of protein in blood plasma that acts as an antibody to activate allergic reactions . About 50% of ...

Lyme Disease

... in flu -like symptoms (e.g. LYME DISEASE antibody - A blood test which measures for the presence ... (LH) Lyme Disease Serology ( Lyme Disease antibody ) Lyme Disease antibody Lymph Node Biopsy Lymph Node Culture Lytes ...

Plasma

... and then replaced. PLASMA CELLS: Large antibody -producing cells that develop from B cells. See ... tests detect the presence or absence of the antibody reagin. Two other common brain conditions in ... is called the OraQuick Advance Rapid HIV -1/2 antibody Test. It can provide results in 20 minutes using ...

Protein

... the human body. Schwannoma ... M protein An antibody or part of an antibody found in unusually large amounts in the blood ... ... In rheumatoid arthritis , a group of antibody molecules called collectively RF, or rheumatoid ...

Rheumatoid factor

... Rheumatoid factor : Rheumatoid factor is an antibody that is measurable in the blood . It is ... rheumatoid factor is present in the blood (an antibody found in the blood of most, but not all, ... In rheumatoid arthritis , a group of antibody molecules called collectively RF, or rheumatoid ...

RPR

... a blood test for syphilis that looks for an antibody that is present in the blood stream when a ... tests, such as FTA-ABS (fluorescent treponemal antibody test) Spinal fluid examination in ... tests detect the presence or absence of the antibody reagin. Venereal disease research labor ...

Smooth muscle

... Anti - smooth muscle antibody Powered by: This information is provided by an ... Positive ANA Positive anti - smooth muscle antibody Positive anti - liver kidney microsomal antibody Positive anti -mitochondrial ...

Titer

... The degree of dilution of a substance such as an antibody , reflecting the strength of the solution. ANA ... arthritis , lupus , and scleroderma . antibody Titer The antibody level in the blood is a reflection of the ...

Allergen

... Allergy -provoking substance An antigen (substance that elicits an antibody response) is responsible for producing allergic reactions by inducing ... mold spores , and animal dander. These substances interact with IgE antibody on the mast cells inside the nose. This causes discharge of histamine . ...

Anaphylaxis

... hypersensitivity reaction to a previously encountered antigen . antibody An immune system protein made to fight infection . Antigen A foreign ... can result in sharp blood pressure drops and difficulty breathing . antibody ... anaphylaxis (a severe, whole-body allergic reaction that can ...

Asymptomatic

... the woman is asymptomatic . These patients are sometimes called antibody -negative asymptomatic (without symptoms) carrier s, because they do not have any symptoms of AIDS and there is no detectable quantity of antibody in the blood serum . LEONARD STERN, MD: The body is remarkably ...

B virus

... an HbsAg or hepatitis B virus surface antigen test) and a positive antibody test (called IgM anti -HBc or IgM hepatitis B virus core antibody test) mean you currently have an acute hepatitis B ... Hepatitis ...

Breast milk

... of enzyme s, one of which has been found to encourage specific antibody production helping to reduce skin problems in children. Breast milk ... gastrointestinal secretions. IgA may also be an important and effective antibody in sites other than mucosa l tissue s, such as the central nervous ...

Cell

... bone marrow , matures in the thymus and expresses what appear to be antibody molecules on their surfaces but, unlike B-cells , these molecules cannot ... bone marrow . B cells are sometimes called B lymphocyte s. They secrete antibody and have a number of other complex functions within the human immune ...

Clinical Trials

... for use alone but clinical trials have tested the ability of the antibody to be used in combination with the p urine analogs pentostatin, fludarabine, and cladribine, and rituximab, a monoclonal antibody specific for the CD20 antigen , ... Pravachol is the most studied ...

Colostrum

... of skin problems during breast-feeding and also increase specific antibody production providing the child with an improved immune response . It ... weeks of pregnancy . These frequent feeding s provide your baby with antibody -rich first milk called colostrum and tell your breasts to make ...

Delta

... a nd fulminant hepatitis . A test known as anti - delta agent antibody is positive and used to confirm the diagnosis . Medical therapy ... associated with cancer chemotherapy . drug ... Hepatitis D antibody Test ( Hepatitis Virus Test or Panel) Hepatitis D Virus ( Delta ...

Enzyme

... is a larger molecule consisting of amylase bound to a protein (an auto antibody ). Unlike amylase , macro amylase is filtered very slowly from the ... liver . Measured in blood to assess liver injury . ANTI -NUCLEAR antibody TEST - Labor atory test, when positive suggests the presence of some ...

Fluorescein

... by visual stimuli) ... fluorescein eye examination fluorescent antibody titer fluorescent treponemal antibody absorption test fluoroquinolones focal and segmental hyalinosis ...

Gamma

... prevention of hepatitis a nd as treatment for disorders with antibody deficiencies. ganglion cyst ... gamma knife Radiation therapy in ... en que se realiza el examen: ... In rheumatoid arthritis , a group of antibody molecules called collectively RF, or rheumatoid factor , is complexed to ...

Immune System

... invading allergen s are dam aging and in response the body produces an antibody ("IgE") to attack them. The body's immune system protects against ... International ] [ Search ] [ Ask the Doctor Forums ] ... HEPATITIS C antibody ( Anti -HC) - Labor atory test that detects antibodies produced by ...

Immunofluorescence

... substance and a fluorescence microscope to detect the binding of the antibody through the production of a characteristic visible light under UV light. ... antigen by immunofluorescence (positive for EBV) Epstein-Barr virus antibody titer s can help distinguish acute infection from past infection ...

Lipid

... involved in blood clotting and is referred to as anti -phospho lipid antibody syndrome (APS). Certain auto immune conditions, including antiphospho lipid antibody syndrome and some auto immune arthritis conditions African-American ...

Lumbar

... Luteinizing Hormone (LH) Lyme Disease Serology ( Lyme Disease antibody ) Lyme Disease antibody Lymph Node Biopsy ... epiglottidis; Petit, Alexis; Petit, Antoine; ...

Lymph node biopsy

... Luteinizing Hormone (LH) Lyme Disease Serology ( Lyme Disease antibody ) Lyme Disease antibody Lymph Node Biopsy Lymph Node Culture Lytes ( Sodium ) Lytes ( ...

Membrane

... ( kidney ) basement membrane protein s. Alternative Names: GBM antibody test; antibody to human glomerular basement membrane How the test is performed: Text ...

Myeloma

... Myeloma : A tumor of antibody -producing cells, called plasma cells, that are normally found in the ... primary amyloidosis have a condition called multiple myeloma . The antibody fragments come together to form amyloid deposits in different organ s, ...

Neutrophil

... of drugs called hematopoietic ( blood -forming) agents. This auto antibody , called anti neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody , also has been found in the blood of patients with other vasculitic ...

Node

... Luteinizing Hormone (LH) Lyme Disease Serology ( Lyme Disease antibody ) Lyme Disease antibody Lymph Node Biopsy Lymph Node Culture Lytes ( Sodium ) Lytes ( ...

Passive

... which individuals with advanced disease (who have low levels of HIV antibody production) are infused with plasma rich in HIV antibodies or an immunoglobulin concentrate ( HIV IG) from such plasma . passive antibody therapy Treatment with injection s of antibodies made in another ...

Primary amyloidosis

... Primary amyloidosis occurs when the body's antibody -producing cells do not function properly and produce abnormal protein fiber s made of antibody fragments. Some people with primary amyloidosis have a condition called ...
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